Chem Res Toxicol 1996 Jul-Aug;9(5):882-90
Laboratory of Genetic and Biochemical Toxicology, Istituto di Mutagenesi e Differenziamento, C.N.R., Pisa, Italy.
N,N-Diethylformamide (DEF) is a hepatotoxic polar solvent in which metabolism has not been investigated. In this study we examined the following: (a) the oxidative metabolism of DEF using both liver microsomes from rats pretreated with selected P450 inducers and purified P450 enzyme (2B1, 2E1, 2C11); and (b) the effect of administration of DEF and its metabolite, the monoethylformamide (MEF), on induction and/or inhibition of the P450 isoforms in rats. DEF was deethylated by microsomal P450-dependent oxidation forming acetaldehyde and MEF according to Michaelis-Menten kinetic parameters. Read More