Eur Urol Focus 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.
Department of Urology, Biruni University, Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:
Context: Although percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) has been performed for decades and has gone through many refinements, there are still concerns regarding its more widespread utilization because of the long learning curve and the potential risk of severe complications. Many technical details are not included in the guidelines because of their nature and research protocol.
Objective: To achieve an expert consensus viewpoint on PCNL indications, preoperative patient preparation, surgical strategy, management and prevention of severe complications, postoperative management, and follow-up. Read More