8,446 results match your criteria publication subject


Computational diagnostic methods on 2D photographs: a review of the literature.

J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Institut Imagine, Paris Descartes University-Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.

Here we provide a literature review of all the methods reported to date for analyzing 2D pictures for diagnostic purposes. Pubmed was used to screen the MEDLINE database using MeSH (Medical Subject Heading) terms and keyworks. The different recognition steps and the main results were reported. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effectiveness of different types of skin grafting for treating venous leg ulcers: A protocol for systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(15):e25597

Affiliated Hospital of Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China.

Background: Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) are the most common ulcer on the lower extremity, with 4% of patients over the age of 65 suffering from VLUs worldwide. As a recurrent, chronic, disabling disease, VLUs are associated with prolonged disability, substantial socioeconomic impact, and significant psychosocial morbidity. At present, Skin grating is one of the most effective treatments for non-healing ulcers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Safety and efficacy of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in aortic stenosis: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(15):e25537

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Huanggang Central Hospital, Hubei, China.

Background: Although there are many studies showing potential benefit in aortic stenosis (AS) patients taking angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI), but these studies are subject to significant selection and other biases, making the results challenging to interpret. Furthermore, the evidence on the use of ACEI in AS patients has not been reviewed systematically; we thus conducted this protocol assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of ACEI for patients with AS.

Methods: The following search terms will be used in PUBMED, Scopus, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases on May, 2021, as the search algorithm: (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) OR (ACEI) AND (aortic stenosis) OR (AS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and correlates of food addiction: Systematic review of studies with the YFAS 2.0.

Obes Res Clin Pract 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Eating Disorders Program (AMBULIM/PROTAD), Institute of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Institute of Psychology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Research on food addiction (FA) has been growing and increasing interest has been seen in comprehending its mechanisms and clinical and psychological correlates of this phenomena. This field of study is specially apply to understand obesity and eating behavior issues related to eating disorders (ED).

Objectives: We performed a literature review that describe recent research using the updated version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS 2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

HIV and Surgery for Degenerative Spine Disease: A Systematic Review.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Health Sciences Postgraduate Program, University of Caxias do Sul, Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil.

Background And Study Aims:  The objective of this review is to evaluate the incidence of operative treatment, outcomes, and complications of surgery for degenerative spine disease (DSD) on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients. Combined antiretroviral treatment led HIV patients to live long enough to develop many chronic conditions common in the uninfected population. Surgery for DSD is one of the most commonly performed neurosurgical procedures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Modeling Microtubule Counterion Distributions and Conductivity Using the Poisson-Boltzmann Equation.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 25;8:650757. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Microtubules are highly negatively charged proteins which have been shown to behave as bio-nanowires capable of conducting ionic currents. The electrical characteristics of microtubules are highly complicated and have been the subject of previous work; however, the impact of the ionic concentration of the buffer solution on microtubule electrical properties has often been overlooked. In this work we use the non-linear Poisson Boltzmann equation, modified to account for a variable permittivity and a Stern Layer, to calculate counterion concentration profiles as a function of the ionic concentration of the buffer. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The top 50 most cited articles in both-bone forearm open reduction internal fixation in the skeletally mature patient.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation Medicine, State University of New York (SUNY) Downstate Medical Center, 450 Clarkson Ave, MSC 30, Brooklyn, NY, 11203, USA.

Purpose: Both-bone forearm fractures in the adult population frequently and usually necessitate an operative reduction. The purpose of this study was to identify the 50 most cited publications regarding both-bone ORIF and evaluates their level of evidence to help guide the best treatment and management practices, as well as gauge the current level of inquiry into this topic.

Methods: The Clarivate Analytics Web of Knowledge Database was queried. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessment of Vocal Cord Motion Using Laryngeal Ultrasound in Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA. Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine, McGovern Medical School, Houston, TX. Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA. Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA. Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Houston, TX.

Objectives: Laryngeal ultrasound is a nonirradiating, noninvasive method for assessing the upper airway in children. This systematic review and meta-analysis examine available evidence for accuracy of laryngeal ultrasound in diagnosing vocal cord immobility in infants and children after surgery and trauma affecting the vocal cords.

Design: Medical subject heading terms were used to search MEDLINE, Embase, Google Scholar, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for relevant citations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 and diabetes: Analysis of the scientific production indexed in Scopus.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Mar 10;15(3):765-770. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Translational Medicine Research Center, Norbert Wiener University, Peru. Electronic address:

Background And Aim: COVID-19 has affected the world population, with a higher impact among at-risk groups, such as diabetic patients. This has led to an exponential increase in the number of studies related to the subject, although their bibliometric characteristics are unknown. This article aims to characterize the world scientific production on COVID-19 and diabetes indexed in Scopus. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rational use of Ashwagandha in Ayurveda (Traditional Indian Medicine) for health and healing.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Apr 5:114101. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Ozone Pharmaceutical Ltd., Ozone House, Block A-3, 1 LSC, Janak Puri, New Delhi, India.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal (Physalis somnifera L.) is a fairly known perennial shrub of Solanaceae family, and is used in Ayurveda- Traditional Indian Medicine (TIM), since ancient times. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Homicide and the Internet.

Behav Sci Law 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

The Internet and social media have grown increasingly relevant in homicide cases in recent years. Although several recent studies have analyzed the relationship between homicide and the Internet, there is a dearth of rigorous scientific research on the subject to date. Although a statistically rare event, Internet-related homicide may be increasing, and forensic mental health professionals may experience growing demand for consultations in cases where the Internet and social media play a salient role. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Microsaccades during high speed continuous visual search.

J Eye Mov Res 2020 Jun 28;13(5). Epub 2020 Jun 28.

CNRS Center for Brain and Cognition Research (CerCo), Toulouse, France.

Here, we provide an analysis of the microsaccades that occurred during continuous visual search and targeting of small faces that we pasted either into cluttered background photos or into a simple gray background. Subjects continuously used their eyes to target singular 3-degree upright or inverted faces in changing scenes. As soon as the participant's gaze reached the target face, a new face was displayed in a different and random location. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The role that composition plays in determining how a viewer looks at landscape art.

J Eye Mov Res 2020 Dec 15;13(2). Epub 2020 Dec 15.

University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Viewing artworks may be subject to the same processes as everyday scene selection in respect of gaze behaviour. However, artists may employ carefully constructed composition in their paintings to lead the eyes of viewers along a predetermined path. This paper investigates whether composition is successful through comparison of expected scanpaths (constructed using the known intention of the artist) and actual scanpaths (as captured using an eye-tracker) based on a loci and sequence similarity index. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020