29,850 results match your criteria ptsd symptoms


The birth trauma psychological therapy service: An audit of outcomes.

Midwifery 2021 Jul 13;102:103099. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom and Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate routinely collected service data from a 'Birth Trauma' psychology clinic integrated into maternity services, in order to review effectiveness for women with symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) following childbirth.

Background: Prevalence of PTSD after child-birth has been estimated to be around 3% for women meeting full diagnostic criteria and up to 9% for sub-threshold symptoms. This can occur even in response to deliveries considered to be medically straightforward. Read More

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Moral distress in frontline healthcare workers in the initial epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States: Relationship to PTSD symptoms, burnout, and psychosocial functioning.

Depress Anxiety 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Executive Division, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for PTSD, Wasington, D.C., USA.

Introduction: Little is known about the relationship between moral distress and mental health problems. We examined moral distress in 2579 frontline healthcare workers (FHCWs) caring for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients during the height of the spring 2020 pandemic surge in New York City. The goals of the study were to identify common dimensions of COVID-19 moral distress; and to examine the relationship between moral distress, and positive screen for COVID-19-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, burnout, and work and interpersonal functional difficulties. Read More

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Trauma-focused treatments for depression. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254778. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Psychology and Exercise Science, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA, Australia.

Background: Trauma-focused treatments (TFTs) have demonstrated efficacy at decreasing depressive symptoms in individuals with PTSD. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the effectiveness of TFTs for individuals with depression as their primary concern.

Methods: A systematic search was conducted for RCTs published before October 2019 in Cochrane CENTRAL, Pubmed, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and additional sources. Read More

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Patient Perspectives on Medical Trauma Related to Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N. Saint Clair Street, Suite 1400, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in response to medical trauma are understudied in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Two studies identify surgery, hospitalizations, and disease severity as risk factors. We aimed to document IBD-related patient experiences and how these relate to PTSS via a qualitative study. Read More

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Non-Invasive Cervical Vagal Nerve Stimulation Alters Brain Activity During Traumatic Stress in Individuals with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Psychosom Med 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA Atlanta VA Medical Center, Decatur, GA Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.

Objective: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling condition affecting a large segment of the population, however current treatment options have limitations. New interventions that target the neurobiological alterations underlying symptoms of PTSD could be highly beneficial. Transcutaneous cervical (neck) vagal nerve stimulation (tcVNS) has the potential to represent such an intervention. Read More

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Understanding Heart Rate Reactions to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Among Veterans: A Naturalistic Study.

Hum Factors 2021 Jul 22:187208211034024. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

265514736 Texas A&M University, College Station, USA.

Objective: We collected naturalistic heart rate data from veterans diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to investigate the effects of various factors on heart rate.

Background: PTSD is prevalent among combat veterans in the United States. While a positive correlation between PTSD and heart rate has been documented, specific heart rate profiles during the onset of PTSD symptoms remain unknown. Read More

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Traumatic events, psychological symptoms, and aggression in male and female prisoners.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Medicine.

Establish the relationship between the types of traumatic experiences, number of traumas, age at the time of traumatic events with psychopathological symptoms and aggression in an Ecuadorian prison. A cross-sectional study with 101 offenders from Ambato's Detention Center in Ecuador. Of the prisoners in this sample, 27 have PTSD. Read More

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Measurement and conceptualization of maternal PTSD following childbirth: Psychometric properties of the City Birth Trauma Scale-French Version (City BiTS-F).

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Higher Education and Research in Healthcare.

Objective: The City Birth Trauma Scale (City BiTS) assesses posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms following childbirth (PTSD-FC). Recent studies investigating the latent factor structure of PTSD-FC in women reported mixed results. No validated French questionnaire exists to measure PTSD-FC symptoms. Read More

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Vulnerability and resilience among older South Korean Vietnam war veterans: A latent profile analysis.

Psychol Serv 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychology and Management.

Relatively little is known about South Korean Vietnam War veterans, despite their being the second largest contingent of troops during the Vietnam War. Earlier research found elevated levels (39%) of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this older population, due to high exposure to combat and malevolent environments (Lee et al., 2020). Read More

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Decreases in psychiatric symptoms persist following exposure-based group therapy for sexual violence victimization among incarcerated women.

Psychol Serv 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychological Science.

(SHARE) is a brief, exposure-based group treatment for incarcerated female survivors of sexual violence. Preliminary evaluations of SHARE showed declines in depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms from pre- to posttreatment. However, prior investigations have not included a longitudinal follow-up period and thus knowledge of whether therapeutic benefits persist following the termination of the group is lacking. Read More

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Eating disorder measures in a sample of military veterans: A focus on gender, age, and race/ethnicity.

Psychol Assess 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

National Center for PTSD.

Early detection of eating disorders (EDs) is crucial for both prevention and treatment; however, few ED measures have been validated among older adults, men, and racially/ethnically diverse individuals, who may have varying symptom presentations. We examined the psychometric quality of three self-report ED measures within a diverse sample of U.S. Read More

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SIGH, what's in a name? An examination of the factor structure and criterion validity of the (Structured Interview Guide for the) Hamilton Anxiety scale (SIGH-A) in a sample of African American adults with co-occurring trauma experience and heavy alcohol use.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychiatry.

The Hamilton Anxiety Inventory (HAM-A) is one of the oldest and most commonly used anxiety rating scales in clinical research. Despite its ubiquity, no studies have examined the scale's underlying factor structure and criterion validity among Black and African American adults with psychopathology ( = 42.25, = 11. Read More

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Communal mastery and associations with depressive and PTSD symptomatology among urban trauma-exposed women.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

STAR: Stress, Anxiety & Resilience Consultants.

Racial and ethnic minority women from low-resource urban communities experience disproportionately high rates of trauma exposure. Higher rates of lifetime trauma exposure are strongly associated with subsequent psychological sequela, specifically depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Communal mastery is the ability to cope with challenges and achieve goals by being closely interconnected with friends, family, and significant others. Read More

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Initial efficacy of a web-based alcohol and emotion regulation intervention for college women with sexual assault histories.

Psychol Addict Behav 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences.

Objective: College women with sexual assault histories report greater heavy drinking relative to those without histories of assault. Moreover, individuals with sexual assault histories often have difficulty regulating emotions and tolerating distress, which can lead to a problematic pattern of drinking to cope. Thus, we evaluated the initial efficacy of a web-based alcohol intervention that included strategies to reduce drinking and improve regulatory skills for heavy drinking college women with sexual assault histories. Read More

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Shame as a Mediator in the Association Between Emotion Dysregulation and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Reductions Among Combat Veterans in a Residential Treatment Program.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Coatesville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Coatesville, Pennsylvania, USA.

Emotion dysregulation (ED) can be defined as one's inability to effectively respond to and manage internal experiences and the expression of emotion. ED has been linked to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with recent research suggesting that reductions in ED may predict improved treatment outcomes among both civilian and veteran populations. However, few studies have examined how changes in ED may predict treatment outcomes among veterans with PTSD and whether certain core features of PTSD, such as shame, may act as potential mediators in the association between ED and PTSD symptom reductions. Read More

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The validity and reliability of benevolent childhood experiences scale in Chinese community adults.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 12;12(1):1945747. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang, P.R.China.

Background: Several studies have indicated that positive childhood experiences (PCEs) might have important protective effects on adulthood mental health. However, the instruments to assess PCEs are scarce.

Objective: In this study, we assessed the validity and reliability of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a new instrument of PCEs, in a large sample of Chinese adults. Read More

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Somatic experiencing - effectiveness and key factors of a body-oriented trauma therapy: a scoping literature review.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 12;12(1):1929023. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department for Differential Psychology, Personality Psychology and Psychological Diagnostics, University of Trier, Trier, Germany.

Background: The body-oriented therapeutic approach treats post-traumatic symptoms by changing the interoceptive and proprioceptive sensations associated with the traumatic experience. Filling a gap in the landscape of trauma treatments, has attracted growing interest in research and therapeutic practice, recently.

Objective: To date, there is no literature review of the effectiveness and key factors of . Read More

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Increased medial prefrontal cortical thickness and resilience to traumatic experiences in North Korean refugees.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 21;11(1):14910. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Little is known regarding structural brain changes in traumatized refugees and the association with psychopathology. In the present study, the cortical thickness in North Korean refugees and the association with psychological symptoms were explored. North Korean refugees with lifetime post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD group, n = 27), trauma-exposed North Korean refugees without lifetime PTSD (trauma-exposed control (TEC) group, n = 23), and healthy South Korean controls without traumatic experiences (HC group, n = 51) completed questionnaires assessing depression, anxiety, somatization, and PTSD symptoms. Read More

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Coping Motives are Independently Associated with Cannabis Craving Elicited by Trauma Cues.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Cannabis use is common among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), although its use can ultimately worsen PTSD outcomes. Cannabis-use coping motives may help explain the PTSD-cannabis relationship. Frequent pairing of trauma cues with substance use to cope with negative affect can lead to conditioned substance craving. Read More

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Posttraumatic stress disorder, complex PTSD and subtypes of loneliness among older adults.

J Clin Psychol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychology, Maynooth University, Kildare, Ireland.

Objectives: Research examining the relationship between loneliness and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (CPTSD) is scarce, particularly among older adults. CPTSD includes the core symptoms of PTSD along with additional symptoms reflecting "disturbances in self-organisation" (DSO). This study examined the cross-sectional relationships between loneliness (emotional and social loneliness) and CPTSD symptoms (i. Read More

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Music therapy was noninferior to verbal standard treatment of traumatized refugees in mental health care: Results from a randomized clinical trial.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 6;12(1):1930960. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Research Unit for Psychotherapy & Psychopathology, Mental Health Service West, Copenhagen University Hospital - Psychiatry Region Zealand, Slagelse, Denmark.

: Many people with refugee backgrounds suffer from trauma-related complex social and psychological problems, and compliance with standard psychological treatment tends to be low. More culturally adaptable treatment options seem to be needed. : We aimed to investigate whether the music therapy method: 'trauma-focused music and imagery' (tr-MI), characterized by a particular focus on arousal and affect regulation, would be equally effective as the standard psychological talk therapies for ameliorating trauma symptoms in Danish refugees. Read More

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Pediatric PTSD is characterized by age- and sex-related abnormalities in structural connectivity.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, USA.

Pediatric post-traumatic stress disorder (pPTSD) is a prevalent and pervasive form of mental illness comprising a disparate constellation of psychiatric symptoms. Emerging evidence suggests that pPTSD may be characterized by alterations in functional networks traversing the brain. Yet, little is known about pathological changes in the structural tracts underlying functional connectivity. Read More

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Post-traumatic stress symptoms in COVID-19 survivors: a self-report and brain imaging follow-up study.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China.

Previous coronavirus pandemics were associated elevated post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), but the self-report and neurological basis of PTSS in patients who survived coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are largely unknown. We conducted a two-session study to record PTSS in the COVID-19 survivors discharged from hospitals for a short (i.e. Read More

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Post-traumatic stress disorder is associated with alterations in evoked cortical activation during visual recognition of scenes.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Jul 3;31:102752. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

National Intrepid Center of Excellence, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, USA; Behavioral Biology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA. Electronic address:

We recorded magnetoencephalography data during a visual recognition task in participants with combat exposure (n = 40, age: 41.2 ± 7.2 years) to investigate the relationship between the evoked brain activity, behavioral performance, and the severity of their post-traumatic stress symptoms assessed using the PTSD Check List for DSM V version (PCL-5). Read More

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Anhedonia and Substance Use Disorders by Type, Severity, and With Mental Health Disorders.

J Addict Med 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Biobehavioral Health, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (SWS, STL); Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Drug Abuse, Baltimore, MD (SWS, JWB, DHE); The University of Illinois at Chicago, Center for Dissemination and Implementation Science, Chicago, IL (BCB); The Edna Bennett Pierce Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA (STL).

Objectives: Anhedonia can accompany substance use disorders (SUDs); its severity may vary by substance type, severity of SUD symptoms, or psychiatric comorbidity. The goal of this study was to clarify the contribution of each.

Methods: Data were from participants aged 18 to 65 years in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III (n = 30,999; 51% women), a cross-sectional, nationally representative sample reporting lifetime DSM-5 symptoms and lifetime anhedonia. Read More

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Survivors of avalanche accidents: posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and quality of life: a multicentre study.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2021 Jul 19;29(1):96. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Grenoble University Hospital, Emergency Department and Mobile Intensive Care Unit, University Grenoble Alpes, SAMU 38, 38 000, Grenoble, France.

Background: As any traumatic event, avalanches could trigger psychological disorders on survivors. Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder among avalanche survivors and to evaluate post-traumatic stress disorder risks factors as well as the impact on quality of life.

Methods: A multicentre study was conducted in victims included in the North Alpine Avalanche Registry from 2014 to 2018. Read More

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Frequency and risk factors of post-intensive care syndrome components in a multicenter randomized controlled trial of German sepsis survivors.

J Crit Care 2021 Jul 16;65:268-273. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Institute of General Practice and Family Medicine, LMU Klinikum, Munich, Germany.

Background: Post-intensive care syndrome (PICS) is a combination of cognitive, psychiatric and physical impairments in survivors of critical illness and intensive care. There is little data on long-term co-occurrence of associated impairments.

Methods: Analysis of data from 289 sepsis survivors from a German multicenter RCT. Read More

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Distress tolerance and posttraumatic stress disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cogn Behav Ther 2021 Jul 19:1-30. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, Texas, USA.

The association between distress tolerance (DT) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is well established. This study aimed to provide an account of the magnitude of this effect across available studies. From the 2,212 records yielded by the initial search, 56 studies comprised 12,672 participants ( =29. Read More

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Sex, Pramipexole and Tiagabine Affect Behavioral and Hormonal Response to Traumatic Stress in a Mouse Model of PTSD.

Front Pharmacol 2021 30;12:691598. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Behavioral Neuroscience and Drug Development, Maj Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, Poland.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with abnormal regulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal gland axis (HPA). Women demonstrate a more robust HPA response and are twice as likely to develop PTSD than men. The role of sex hormones in PTSD remains unclear. Read More

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