46,617 results match your criteria ptsd


Stress management versus cognitive restructuring in trauma-affected refugees - A follow-up study on a pragmatic randomised trial.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 16;294:628-637. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry, Mental Health Centre Ballerup, Mental Health Services of the Capital Region, Ballerup, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: There is a lack of research and consensus with respect to long-term effective treatments for trauma-affected refugees. The purpose of this follow-up study of a randomised clinical trial was to investigate the effectiveness of Stress Management (SM) versus Cognitive Restructuring (CR) in treating trauma-affected refugees, six and 18 months post-treatment, respectively.

Methods: From a total of 126 refugees with PTSD, the intention-to-treat sample in the original trial, 74 patients were present at the six-month follow-up (SM; n = 37, CR; n = 37) and 34 patients at the 18-month follow-up (SM; n = 14, CR; n = 20). Read More

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The smpact of childhood maltreatment on the severity of childhood-related posttraumatic stress disorder in adults.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Jul 28;120:105208. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Clinical Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Childhood maltreatment is relatively common and is related to a range of negative consequences, such as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). There are indications that various maltreatment types are related to PTSD severity, although not all types, such as emotional abuse, meet the PTSD Criterion-A.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship between 5 types of childhood maltreatment (i. Read More

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Psychological impact of COVID-19 on speech and language therapists working with adult dysphagia: A national survey.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Speech and Language Pathology Department of Clinical Speech and Language Studies, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Speech and language therapists (SLTs) working with dysphagia have had to radically alter diagnostic and rehabilitation services during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, hereafter referred to as coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Given the aerosol-generating procedures inherent in swallow assessment and interventions, these SLTs have also been particularly susceptible to virus exposure.

Aims: To investigate the psychological impact of COVID-19 on SLTs working with adult dysphagia across the Republic of Ireland and to identify the personal and professional factors associated with depression, anxiety, stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Read More

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Effects of growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor antagonist MIA-602 in mice with emotional disorders: a potential treatment for PTSD.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Pharmacy, G. d'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, Chieti, Italy.

Anxiety and depression have been suggested to increase the risk for post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD). A link between all these mental illnesses, inflammation and oxidative stress is also well established. Recent behavior studies by our group clearly demonstrate a powerful anxiolytic and antidepressant-like effects of a novel growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) antagonist of MIAMI class, MIA-690, probably related to modulatory effects on the inflammatory and oxidative status. Read More

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Stress-primed secretory autophagy promotes extracellular BDNF maturation by enhancing MMP9 secretion.

Nat Commun 2021 Jul 30;12(1):4643. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Translational Research in Psychiatry, Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, Munich, Germany.

The stress response is an essential mechanism for maintaining homeostasis, and its disruption is implicated in several psychiatric disorders. On the cellular level, stress activates, among other mechanisms, autophagy that regulates homeostasis through protein degradation and recycling. Secretory autophagy is a recently described pathway in which autophagosomes fuse with the plasma membrane rather than with lysosomes. Read More

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Prevalence and risk factors for acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder after burn injury.

Am J Surg 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Firefighters' Burn and Surgical Research Laboratory, MedStar Health Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA; The Burn Center, Department of Surgery, MedStar Washington Hospital Center, USA; Department of Surgery, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Psychological consequences of burn injury can be profound. Acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are known sequelae, but routine identification is challenging. This study aims to identify patient characteristics associated with outpatient positive screens. Read More

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Posttraumatic stress disorder intervention for people with severe mental illness in a low-income country primary care setting: a randomized feasibility trial protocol.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2021 Jul 30;7(1):149. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Centre for Innovative Drug Development and Therapeutic Trials for Africa (CDT-Africa), School of Medicine, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: In this protocol, we outline a mixed-methods randomized feasibility trial of Brief Relaxation, Education and Trauma Healing (BREATHE) Ethiopia. BREATHE Ethiopia is a culturally and contextually adapted intervention for PTSD in participants with severe mental illness. BREATHE Ethiopia maps onto the World Health Organization's guidelines for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) treatment in low- and middle-income country primary care settings. Read More

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The correlation between social support and post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 16;294:543-557. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychological Therapies, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, UK.

Background: Risk factors exploring the link between trauma and Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been extensively explored in adults, however, less is known about child and adolescent populations.

Methods: The current meta-analysis aimed to systematically evaluate and summarise the child focused literature to estimate the strength of the relationship between social support and PTSD symptoms following traumatic events.

Results: Fifty primary studies reporting an effect size for the relationship between total social support scale or a source of social support with PTSD were included. Read More

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COVID-19 related moral injury: Associations with pandemic-related perceived threat and risky and protective behaviors.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jul 22;142:80-88. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA; San Francisco Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is associated with increased potential for morally injurious events, during which individuals may experience, witness, or learn about situations that violate deeply held moral beliefs. However, it is unknown how pandemic risk and resilience factors are associated with COVID-related moral injury.

Methods: Individuals residing in the U. Read More

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Psychological outcomes amongst family medicine healthcare professionals during COVID-19 outbreak: A cross-sectional study in Croatia.

Eur J Gen Pract 2021 Dec;27(1):184-190

Private Family Physician Office, Department of Family Medicine, Zagreb University School of Medicine, School of Public Health 'Andrija Štampar', Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) in family medicine (FM) in Croatia work in a demanding environment caused by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Besides particular circumstances in healthcare, an unknown virus, social distancing, and homeschooling, the capital was hit with the earthquake during the lockdown.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the influence of demographic characteristics, professional differences, medical history, and specific stressors on the psychological outcomes. Read More

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December 2021

New-onset and exacerbated insomnia symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic in US military veterans: A nationally representative, prospective cohort study.

J Sleep Res 2021 Jul 30:e13450. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Veterans Affairs Connecticut Health Care System, West Haven, CT, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a negative impact on physical and mental health worldwide. While pandemic-related stress has also been linked to increased insomnia, scarce research has examined this association in nationally representative samples of high-risk populations, such as military veterans. We evaluated pre- and pandemic-related factors associated with new-onset and exacerbated insomnia symptoms in a nationally representative sample of 3,078 US military veterans who participated in the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study. Read More

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Mental health disorders among patients with acute myocardial infarction in the United States.

Am J Prev Cardiol 2021 Mar 8;5:100133. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: To assess the prevalence, temporal trends and sex- and racial/ethnic differences in the burden of mental health disorders (MHD) and outcomes among patients with myocardial infarction (MI) in the United States.

Methods: Using the National Inpatient Sample Database, we evaluated a contemporary cohort of patients hospitalized for acute MI in the United States over 10 years period from 2008 to 2017. We used multivariable logistic regression analysis for in-hospital outcomes, yearly trends and estimated annual percent change (APC) in odds of MHD among MI patients. Read More

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Role of perceived family support in psychological distress for pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic.

World J Psychiatry 2021 Jul 19;11(7):365-374. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused major public panic in China. Pregnant women may be more vulnerable to stress, which may cause them to have psychological problems.

Aim: To explore the effects of perceived family support on psychological distress in pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Impact of SARS-CoV-2 on neuropsychiatric disorders.

World J Psychiatry 2021 Jul 19;11(7):347-354. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Children Hospital "Juan Manuel Márquez", Havana 11500, Cuba.

Evolving data show a variable expression of clinical neurological manifestations in patients suffering with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) from early disease onset. The most frequent symptoms and signs are fatigue, dizziness, impaired consciousness, ageusia, anosmia, radicular pain, and headache, as well as others. Based on the high number of series of cases reported, there is evidence for the implication of the immune system in the pathological mechanism of COVID-19. Read More

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Catalpol enhanced physical exercise-mediated brain functional improvement in post-traumatic stress disorder model via promoting adult hippocampal neurogenesis.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Jul 29;13(undefined). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

School of Life Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychiatric disorder characterized by hyper-response to environmental cues as well as the associated depressive and cognitive dysfunctions. According to the key roles of hippocampus for cognitive and emotional regulation, improving hippocampal functions, particularly hippocampal neural plasticity, is the necessary pathway to attenuate the core symptoms of PTSD. The effects of the alternative therapies such as exercise and natural compounds to reduce PTSD symptoms and promote adult hippocampal neurogenesis have been widely demonstrated. Read More

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What is the link between migraine and psychiatric disorders? From epidemiology to therapeutics.

Authors:
F Radat

Rev Neurol (Paris) 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Cabinet medical, 107, rue Judaïque, 33000 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:

The association between migraine and psychiatric disorders is well documented through numerous population-based studies. The results of these studies are coherent and show an increased risk of suffering from depression, bipolar disorders, numerous anxiety disorders, especially post-traumatic stress disorder. This raises the question of stress as a precipitating factor for migraine illness. Read More

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Anxiety, PTSD, and stressors in medical students during the initial peak of the COVID-19 pandemic.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0255013. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

University of California San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Purpose: To assess psychological effects of the initial peak phase of the COVID-19 pandemic on United States (US) medical students in clinical training to anticipate sequelae and prepare for future outbreaks.

Methods: Authors emailed a cross-sectional survey in April-May, 2020 to students in clinical training years at six US medical schools which included validated General Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) and Primary Care-PTSD (PC-PTSD-5) screening tools, and asked students about pandemic-related stress and specific concerns. Authors used quantitative and thematic analysis to present results. Read More

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Predicting pain among female survivors of recent interpersonal violence: A proof-of-concept machine-learning approach.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0255277. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, Mississippi, United States of America.

Interpersonal violence (IPV) is highly prevalent in the United States and is a major public health problem. The emergence and/or worsening of chronic pain are known sequelae of IPV; however, not all those who experience IPV develop chronic pain. To mitigate its development, it is critical to identify the factors that are associated with increased risk of pain after IPV. Read More

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Post-intensive care syndrome after a critical COVID-19: cohort study from a Belgian follow-up clinic.

Ann Intensive Care 2021 Jul 29;11(1):118. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Intensive Care and Burn Center, University Hospital of Liège, Sart-Tilman B35, 4000, Liège, Belgium.

Purpose: Many patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) required critical care. Mid-term outcomes of the survivors need to be assessed. The objective of this single-center cohort study was to describe their physical, cognitive, psychological, and biological outcomes at 3 months following intensive care unit (ICU)-discharge (M3). Read More

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Traumatic dreams in a women's prison setting.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Wisconsin Department of Corrections.

Objective: This study was constructed to (a) ascertain the incidence and character of traumatic dreams in a women's prison, (b) determine whether this was associated strongly with a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); and (c) determine whether this symptom was being treated.

Method: Inmates at a women's prison in Wisconsin were surveyed.

Results: The response rate was > 75% for the available population. Read More

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Network analysis of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among adolescent survivors of a major disaster in China.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Psychology.

Children and adolescents are found to be more vulnerable to developing PTSD than adults over time after major disasters. This study aims to investigate the network structures of PTSD and the directions of relationships between symptoms among adolescent survivors in the year after the Yancheng Tornado in China. A total of 395 youth survivors completed the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (Foa et al. Read More

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Looking after each other in a crisis-Lessons from Novichok and the parallels with Covid-19.

Nurs Crit Care 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Salisbury District Hospital, Salisbury, UK.

Background: In March 2018, three patients were admitted to the Emergency Department of a District General Hospital. Originally suspected of having suffered an opiate overdose, it became clear that they were the victims of anti-cholinesterase poisoning-the Soviet era poison Novichok. Twenty-five days later, two further patients were admitted with the same symptoms. Read More

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The Prevalence of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Sleep Problems, and Psychological Distress Among COVID-19 Frontline Healthcare Workers in Taiwan.

Front Psychiatry 2021 12;12:705657. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Center for Infection Control, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.

The adverse effect of COVID-19 pandemic among individuals has been very disturbing especially among healthcare workers. This study aims to examine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, sleep problems, and psychological distress among COVID-19 frontline healthcare workers in Taiwan. Hence, a total of 500 frontline healthcare workers were recruited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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PTSD Among Healthcare Workers During the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Study Raises Concern for Non-medical Staff in Low-Risk Areas.

Front Psychiatry 2021 12;12:696200. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Medical Psychology, Naval Medical University, Shanghai, China.

To investigate the prevalence of sleep quality and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms of healthcare workers (HCWs) and identify the determinants for PTSD symptoms among HCWs in high-risk and low-risk areas during the COVID-19 outbreak in China. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Impact of Event Scale were used to assess sleep quality and symptoms of PTSD of 421 Chinese HCWs, respectively, from January 30 to March 2, 2020. The influencing factors of PTSD symptoms were identified by univariate analysis and multiple regression. Read More

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Global burden of post-traumatic stress disorder and major depression in countries affected by war between 1989 and 2019: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Glob Health 2021 Jul;6(7)

Institute of Psychology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany.

Objective: Extensive research has demonstrated high prevalences of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression (MD) in war-surviving populations. However, absolute estimates are lacking, which may additionally inform policy making, research and healthcare. We aimed at estimating the absolute global prevalence and disease burden of adult survivors of recent wars (1989-2019) affected by PTSD and/or MD. Read More

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Veteran Journeys: Creating an Opera Based on Research, Clinical, and Personal Experiences.

Authors:
Kenneth B Wells

Psychiatr Serv 2021 Jul 29:appips202100260. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior Center for Health Services and Society, University of California, Los Angeles, and Healing and Education through the Arts (HEArts), Los Angeles.

This Open Forum describes the process of integrating personal experience; clinical experience in providing care; and research background, methods, and data in creating an arts project (i.e., an opera) highlighting veterans' resilience and recovery in the context of posttraumatic stress disorder and homelessness. Read More

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