6,041 results match your criteria psychosocial consequences


Patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome on the diagnostic odyssey: Rethinking complexity and difficulty as a hero's journey.

Am J Med Genet C Semin Med Genet 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

Patients with hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, an hereditary disorder of the connective tissue, often face a long and difficult diagnostic odyssey in pursuit of a name for their condition. Clinicians may dismiss subjective symptoms of chronic pain, thus prolonging patients' odysseys and worsening their care and satisfaction and creating antagonisms in the patient-provider relationship. A greater understanding of patient experiences is necessary in order to decrease burdens of this relationship and to improve care. Read More

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September 2021

Children's psychosocial and behavioural consequences during their siblings' hospitalisation: A qualitative content analysis from caregivers' perspectives.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, Mukogawa Women's University, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

Aims And Objectives: This study aimed to comprehensively describe the psychosocial and behavioural consequences experienced by siblings of hospitalised children from the caregivers' perspective.

Background: After children are diagnosed with a major illness, their siblings may begin to exhibit psychological and behavioural problems, coupled with decreased quality of life.

Design: This study employed qualitative content analysis to describe the perspectives of 147 caregivers of siblings of hospitalised children, following the COREQ guidelines. Read More

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September 2021

Hair growth-promotion effects at the cellular level and antioxidant activity of the plant-based extract Phyllotex™.

Heliyon 2021 Sep 30;7(9):e07888. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Phytor Lab for Drug Development, Hadassah Medical Center Hebrew University Biotechnology Park (JBP), Ein Kerem Campus, Jerusalem 91120, Israel.

Hair loss and predominantly female hair loss is a common dermatologic condition with serious psychosocial consequences. Effective treatments remain scarce mainly due to the multifactorial elements involved in the onset of this chronic condition. The approved drugs available are based on molecules designed towards a single pharmacological target and do not interact with the various biochemical mechanisms involved in alopecia. Read More

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September 2021

Fundamentals of care in the emergency room - An ethnographic observational study.

Int Emerg Nurs 2021 Sep 11;58:101050. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Emergency Care and Internal Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: There is a strong biomedical focus within emergency care. However, while failure to meet patients' fundamental care needs has severe consequences for the patient, there is limited knowledge on how nursing care is provided in emergency rooms and the related implications for patients.

Aim: This study aims to explore how fundamental care needs of critically ill patients are met in emergency rooms. Read More

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September 2021

'Why are you not dead yet?' - dimensions and the main driving forces of stigma and discrimination among COVID-19 patients in Sri Lanka.

Public Health 2021 Jul 10;199:10-16. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Objectives: To explore the experiences, and main driving forces of stigma and discrimination among COVID-19 patients, following hospital discharge, in Sri Lanka.

Study Design: A qualitative study was used in order to gain insight and explore the depth and complexity of COVID-19 patients' experiences.

Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted via telephone in a purposively selected sample of 139 COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Clozapine resistant schizophrenia: Newer avenues of management.

World J Psychiatry 2021 Aug 19;11(8):429-448. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India.

About 40%-70% of the patients with treatment-resistant schizophrenia have a poor response to adequate treatment with clozapine. The impact of clozapine-resistant schizophrenia (CRS) is even greater than that of treatment resistance in terms of severe and persistent symptoms, relapses and hospitalizations, poorer quality of life, and healthcare costs. Such serious consequences often compel clinicians to try different augmentation strategies to enhance the inadequate clozapine response in CRS. Read More

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Prevalence and Factors Associated with Postpartum Depression in Primary Healthcare Centres in Yangon, Myanmar.

Malays J Med Sci 2021 Aug 26;28(4):71-86. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

ASEAN Institute for Health Development, Mahidol University, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand.

Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) can have serious consequences on both the mother and infant. Despite the higher prevalence, there are limited numbers of studies on PPD in low-and middle-income countries, like Myanmar. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and associated factors of PPD in primary healthcare settings in Myanmar. Read More

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Work with cancer or stop working after diagnosis? Variables affecting the decision.

Work 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

European Institute of Oncology (IEO), Via G. Ripamonti 435, Milan, Italy.

Background: Studies about work and cancer predominantly considered the return to work of cancer survivors. However, some studies highlighted that many patients work with cancer even immediately after the diagnosis. Little is known about the frequency, causes, and consequences of this behavior. Read More

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September 2021

Changes in cancer patients' and caregivers' disease perceptions while receiving early palliative care: a qualitative and quantitative analysis.

Oncologist 2021 Sep 12. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Oncology and Palliative Care Units, Civil Hospital Carpi, USL, Carpi, Italy.

Background: Little is known about underlying mechanisms through which early palliative care (EPC) improves multiple outcomes in cancer patients and their caregivers. The aims of this study were to qualitatively and quantitatively analyze patients' and caregivers' thoughts, emotional and cognitive perceptions about the disease prior and during the EPC intervention, and in the end of life, following the exposure to EPC.

Materials And Methods: Seventy-seven advanced cancer patients and 48 caregivers from two cancer centers participated in semi-structured interviews. Read More

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September 2021

Identifying malleable factors that could arrest progression to type 2 diabetes: A cluster analysis of Australian adults.

Prev Med 2021 Sep 9:106796. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Precision Health Future Science Platform and Health & Biosecurity, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation, Gate 13 Kintore Avenue, Adelaide, South Australia 5000, Australia. Electronic address:

Prevention and self-management approaches play increasingly critical roles in the mitigation of the health, social, and economic burdens associated with chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, there are significant implementation and translational challenges associated with the design and delivery of effective prevention and self-management interventions. In this study, data-driven techniques for the identification of optimal target audiences and intervention targets for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were applied. Read More

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September 2021

Consequences of Perceived Personal and Group Discrimination against People with Hearing and Visual Impairments.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 27;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Faculty of Psychology, National University for Distance Education (UNED), 28040 Madrid, Spain.

The main objective of this study was to examine the consequences of perceived discrimination in people with hearing and visual impairments. Using path analysis, we attempted to validate a multigroup model in which perceived personal discrimination is associated with internalization of stigma, which, in turn, is negatively related to self-esteem; conversely, perceived discrimination against the in-group contributes to enhanced group identification, which promotes the intention to engage in collective action, which, in turn, has beneficial effects on self-esteem. The sample consisted of a total of 200 Spanish-speaking participants, of whom 104 had hearing impairments and 96 had visual impairments. Read More

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Under the knife: Unfavorable perceptions of women who seek plastic surgery.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(9):e0257145. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Plastic surgery is growing in popularity. Despite this, there has been little exploration to date regarding the psychosocial consequences of seeking plastic surgery. Our study investigated how women seeking plastic surgery are perceived by others. Read More

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September 2021

Identifying Frail Populations for Disease Risk Prediction and Intervention Planning in the Covid-19 Era: A Focus on Social Isolation and Vulnerability.

Front Psychiatry 2021 20;12:626682. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Cognitive Computational Neuroscience Center, IRCCS Mondino Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

The early identification of fragile populations in the Covid-19 era would help governments to allocate resources and plan strategies to contain consequences of the pandemic. Beyond frailty, social vulnerability to environmental stressors, such as the social distancing enforced to reduce the SARS-CoV2 contagion, can modify long-term disease risk and induce health status changes in the general population. We assessed frailty and social vulnerability indices in 1,258 Italian residents during the first lockdown phase an on-line survey. Read More

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Alcohol use disorder severity moderates clinical response to varenicline.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 Sep 5. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Department of Psychology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: In a multisite clinical trial, varenicline was effective in reducing drinking in both smoking- and nonsmoking patients with alcohol dependence. However, given the heterogeneous nature of alcohol use disorder (AUD), research aimed a characterizing features associated with treatment response could advance personalized pharmacotherapies. The current study examines the utility of a multidimensional assessment of AUD severity to identify key responders to varenicline. Read More

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September 2021

Are Malaysian Youths Overdependent on the Internet?: A Narrative Review.

Front Psychiatry 2021 13;12:710790. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Malaysian Society of Internet Addiction Prevention, Serdang, Malaysia.

Overdependence on the internet is a grave concern that has enveloped Malaysian youths which could lead to a variety of sequelae. This narrative review aims to determine the definition of internet overdependence and its associated factors, as well as the potential preventive and treatment strategies for internet overdependence. From the literature, internet overdependence is regarded as a 3-factor model encompassing salience, self-control failure, and serious consequences. Read More

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Illness and Treatment Perceptions of Patients with Epilepsy Attending Treatment at a Tertiary Hospital in Addis Ababa - A Qualitative Exploration.

Ethiop J Health Sci 2021 May;31(3):581-588

School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

Background: Epilepsy can be a large economic burden in countries where appropriate treatment is not taken due to religious and psychosocial beliefs. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions and experiences of patients with epilepsy attending their treatment at Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital about their illness and treatment.

Methods: A qualitative exploratory design with an in-depth interview was followed. Read More

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[About the causes and therapy of depressive disorders in COVID-19].

Authors:
E Y Abritalin

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(8):87-92

Mechnikov North-Western State Medical University, St. Petersburg, Russia.

Brief information about the causes of depressive disorders in COVID-19 and general strategies of their treatment is presented. According to the biopsychosocial model of the development of mental diseases, depressive disorders in COVID-19 develop due to the toxic effect of the coronavirus on nervous system and other organism systems, possible side-effects of COVID-19 therapy, the psychogenic effect of excessive and inaccurate information about the coronavirus infection and the consequences of its spread, adverse social changes during the pandemic. If infection with the SARS-CoV-2 did not develop, depressive disorders may arise due to psychogenic information and negative social influences. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence, Characteristics and Preoperative Predictors of Chronic Pain After Double-Lung Transplantation: A Prospective Cohort Study.

J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management Clinic, Hôpital Foch, 92150 Suresnes, France, and Université Versailles-Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines, Versailles, France.

Objective: Data on chronic pain after lung transplantation are heterogeneous. This study prospectively explored the prevalence, characteristics, consequences, and preoperative predictors of pain in lung transplant recipients.

Design: A prospective cohort study. Read More

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Alcohol consumption among tertiary students in the Hohoe municipality, Ghana: analysis of prevalence, effects, and associated factors from a cross-sectional study.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 09 3;21(1):431. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Family and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Background: Alcohol consumption constitutes a major public health problem as it has negative consequences on the health, social, psychological, and economic outcomes of individuals. Tertiary education presents students with unique challenges and some students resort to the use of alcohol in dealing with their problems. This study, therefore, sought to determine alcohol use, its effects, and associated factors among tertiary students in the Hohoe Municipaility of Ghana. Read More

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September 2021

Psychological Distress During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Patients With Mental or Physical Diseases.

Front Psychol 2021 12;12:703488. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Division of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology and Psychodynamics, Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences, Krems, Austria.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) and the consequences of the pandemic on individuals' social, economic, and public lives are assumed to have major implications for the mental health of the general population but also for patients already diagnosed with psychological disorders. The aim of the present study was to investigate the psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in patients with psychological disorders or physical health conditions in inpatient mental and physical treatment programs. A total 2710 patients completed COVID-19 related questions concerning their psychological distress and financial burden during the pandemic. Read More

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Impact of night shifts on sleeping patterns, psychosocial and physical well-being among healthcare professionals: a cross-sectional study in a tertiary hospital in Saudi Arabia.

BMJ Open 2021 09 2;11(9):e046036. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Shift work and night shifts are very common in healthcare organisations worldwide. However, healthcare professionals doing shift work and night shifts are exposed to several stressors with psychological, social, physical and sleeping consequences. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of night shifts on the psychosocial, physical well-being and sleeping patterns of healthcare professionals in Saudi Arabia. Read More

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September 2021

Analysis of Psychosocial Impact on Health Care Workers and General population of India during COVID 19 Pandemic using HAM-A scale.

J Assoc Physicians India 2021 Jun;69(6):11-12

Assistant Professor, SGT Medical College, Gurgaon, Haryana.

Background And Objectives: The frequency of outbreaks, pandemics is increasing across the globe which can be probably due to increased medical tourism, expansion of international exchange, travel and global warming. COVID-19 outbreak spread across the world within a few months of initiation from Wuhan City of China and affected all the countries across the globe except Antarctica. From the psychopathological view, this current COVID -19 is a stressor, trauma or stigma for health care workers as well as general population. Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on a large cohort of adult survivors of childhood cancer.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Aug 31:e29324. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Epidemiology and Cancer Control, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

Childhood cancersurvivors may be differentially impacted by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). From April to June of 2020, we examined psychosocial/health concerns in 4148 adult survivors and 571 siblings. Although more survivors reported concerns about getting sick (p = . Read More

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Youth Relationships in the Era of COVID-19: A Mixed-Methods Study Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Kenya.

J Adolesc Health 2021 Aug 28. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Population Council, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Measures to mitigate COVID-19's impact may inhibit development of healthy youth relationships, affecting partnership quality and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes.

Methods: We conducted a mixed-methods study to understand how COVID-19 affected girls' and young women's relationships in Kenya. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression examined factors associated with relationship quality dynamics and SRH outcomes among 756 partnered adolescents aged 15-24 years. Read More

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Navigating through incontinence: A qualitative systematic review and meta-aggregation of the experiences of family caregivers.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Aug 13;123:104062. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

University of Minnesota, School of Nursing, 5-140 Weaver Densford Hall, 308 Harvard St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Community dwelling older adults who are care dependent are highly affected by incontinence, resulting in substantial informal caregiver burden. Understanding the experiences of these caregivers is needed to develop supportive programs that reduce caregiver burden and rates of institutionalization for care recipients.

Objectives: This systematic review aimed to critically appraise and synthesize the qualitative literature on the perceptions, experiences, and consequences of informal caregivers managing incontinence in community dwelling older adults. Read More

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Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on eating disorders and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine: the pooled prevalence of symptomatic behaviours and mental health deterioration amongst individuals with eating disorders (EDs) and obesity during the COVID-19 confinement. Moreover, we examined changes in EDs and distress before and during the confinement, and the association between psychosocial factors and EDs symptoms.

Method: A systematic search was carried out in biomedical databases from January 2020 to January 2021. Read More

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[Mental disorders in type 2 diabetes].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(7):22-30

Association for the Improvement of Mental Health Programmes, Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: To assess the prevalence of mental disorders in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and their relationship with laboratory findings, somatic comorbidities and psychosocial consequences.

Material And Methods: In the frames of the INTERPRET-DD multicenter 200 T2DM patients from primary care (47 men and 153 women) from the Russian sample were studied. The psychometric assessment included MINI-6, HAMD-17, PHQ-9, PAID, WHO-5. Read More

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September 2021

Behavioural Improvements in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder after Participation in an Adapted Judo Programme Followed by Deleterious Effects during the COVID-19 Lockdown.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 12;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Faculty of Psychology, Education Sciences and Sport Blanquerna, Ramon Llull University, 08022 Barcelona, Spain.

The public health lockdown prompted by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, which included school closures that may have potentially serious consequences for people with disabilities or special educational needs, disrupted an ongoing adapted judo training intervention in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study was to compare repetitive behaviours, social interaction, social communication, emotional responses, cognitive style and maladaptive speech scores across four time-points: baseline, after an eight-week control period, after an eight-week judo intervention and after an eight-week lockdown period due to COVID-19. The sample consisted of 11 children diagnosed with ASD according to the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fifth Edition (DSM-V), with an intelligence quotient (IQ) range between 60 and 70. Read More

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Will Nothing Be the Same Again?: Changes in Lifestyle during COVID-19 Pandemic and Consequences on Mental Health.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 10;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Neurosciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli, IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy.

Social isolation caused by the COVID-19 pandemic has drastically affected lifestyles: from sedentary behaviors to reduced physical activity, from disrupted sleep patterns to altered dietary habits. As a consequence, serious mental and emotional responses have been registered. There was a significant decline in physical and other meaningful activities of daily living, leisure, social activity, and education. Read More

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