632,326 results match your criteria psychological

[Predictors of the Utilization and Waiting Period Before Starting an Oncological Rehabilitation after Breast Cancer].

Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2021 Apr 15;60(2):86-94. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Forschungs- und Lehreinheit Medizinische Soziologie, Med. Hochschule Hannover.

Purpose: This study explores the sociodemographic, medical and work-related factors leading to a participation in an in-house rehabilitation measure after primary treatment for breast cancer.

Methods: The prospective multi-center study is based on a written survey with employed breast cancer patients who were recruited at 11 breast cancer centers in Lower Saxony, Germany. Predictors of participation were examined by logistic regression, predictors of the time period before starting the rehabilitation by linear regression. Read More

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[Early and Late Toxicities and Socio-Medical Relevant Disorders after Oncological Treatment for Breast Cancer-Implications and Assessment of Rehabilitation Requirement].

Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2021 Apr 15;60(2):77-85. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Frauenklinik, Universitätsklinikum, Würzburg.

Introduction: Reasonable to the improved prognosis of breast cancer (BC) long-term toxicities and side effects of oncological therapy gain more importance for work ability and social life of BC patients. Aim of this study was the analysis of occurence and differences of treatment-related side effects in relation to type of rehabilitation (so-called AHB vs. later rehabilitation) after therapy for BC. Read More

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Effect of Inadequate Sleep on Clinician Performance.

Haleh Saadat

Anesth Analg 2021 May;132(5):1338-1343

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Frank H Netter School of Medicine, Quinnipiac University, Hartford Health Care, St. Vincent's Medical Center, Bridgeport, Connecticut.

The negative impacts of sleep deprivation and fatigue have long been recognized. Numerous studies have documented the ill effects of impaired alertness associated with the disruption of the sleep-wake cycle; these include an increased incidence of human error-related accidents, increased morbidity and mortality, and an overall decrement in social, financial, and human productivity. While there are multiple studies on the impact of sleep deprivation and fatigue in resident physicians, far fewer have examined the effects on attending physicians, and only a handful addresses the accumulated effects of chronic sleep disturbances on acute sleep loss during a night call-shift. Read More

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Residential green space structures are associated with a lower risk of bipolar disorder: A nationwide population-based study in Taiwan.

Environ Pollut 2020 Oct 15;283:115864. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 70101, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Although many researchers have identified the potential psychological benefits offered by greenness, the association between green space structures and mental disorders is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to identify associations between green space structures and the incidence of bipolar disorder. To this end, we investigated 1,907,776 individuals collected from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Read More

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October 2020

Adverse childhood experiences and co-occurring psychological distress and substance abuse among juvenile offenders: the role of protective factors.

Public Health 2021 Apr 12;194:42-47. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada, Reno, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to estimate associations between cumulative exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), protective factors, and co-occurrence among male and female juvenile offenders.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: Validated measures of ACEs, internal resilience, external youth assets, psychological distress, and substance abuse were collected from 429 youths involved in the juvenile justice system in Nevada. Read More

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The role of the intestinal microbiota in eating disorders - bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Apr 4;300:113923. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Child Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw, 61 Żwirki i Wigury St., 02-091 Warsaw, Poland.

Bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) are both eating disorders (EDs) characterised by episodes of overeating in which large amounts of food are consumed in short periods. The aetiology of BN and BED is not fully understood. Psychological and social factors influence the development of BN and BED, but biological factors such as neurohormones that regulate hunger and satiety, or neurotransmitters responsible for mood and anxiety play a significant role in sustaining symptoms. Read More

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A systematic review of the association between biological markers and environmental stress risk factors for adolescent depression.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Apr 7;138:163-175. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

King's College London, Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, London, UK; National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: Although the aetiology and pathophysiology of depression are multifactorial, to date most studies have examined either biological or environmental mechanisms without looking at the integration of both; with most studies conducted in high-income countries (HICs). Therefore, we conducted a systematic review of worldwide studies investigating the relationship between biological and environmental stress risk factors for major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescence.

Methods: We searched MEDLINE (via Ovid), PsycINFO, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science (Core Collection), Lilacs, African Journals Online and Global Health for prospective and cross-sectional studies that examined the association between biological markers and environmental stress risk factors in MDD during adolescence. Read More

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Gender-related neuroanatomical differences in alcohol dependence: findings from the ENIGMA Addiction Working Group.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Mar 22;30:102636. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Neuroscience of Addiction and Mental Health Program, Healthy Brain and Mind Research Centre, School of Behavioural & Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address:

Gender-related differences in the susceptibility, progression and clinical outcomes of alcohol dependence are well-known. However, the neurobiological substrates underlying such differences remain unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate gender differences in the neuroanatomy (i. Read More

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Preventing the onset of post traumatic stress disorder.

Clin Psychol Rev 2021 Mar 19;86:102004. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Psychology and Psychological Therapies Directorate, Cardiff & Vale University Health Board, Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University School of Medicine, United Kingdom.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common mental health condition that requires exposure to a traumatic event. This provides unique opportunities for prevention that are not available for other disorders. The aim of this review was to undertake a systematic review and evaluation of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of interventions designed to prevent PTSD in adults. Read More

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Evidence for dissociable cognitive and neural pathways from poverty versus maltreatment to deficits in emotion regulation.

Dev Cogn Neurosci 2021 Apr 8;49:100952. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, United States; Department of Psychiatry at Washington University in St. Louis, United States; Department of Radiology at Washington University in St. Louis, United States.

Poverty and threat exposure (TE) predict deficits in emotion regulation (ER). Effective cognitive ER (i.e. Read More

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Estimating the financial costs associated with a phase III, multi-site exercise intervention trial: Investigating gains in neurocognition in an intervention trial of exercise (IGNITE).

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Apr 12:106401. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Supervised exercise interventions are expensive and time intensive. However, there are financial costs to consider in addition to the intervention itself, namely: advertising and recruitment, outcome assessments, and other trial-related costs.

Objectives: In this analysis, we examine the financial costs associated with the administration of Investigating Gains in Neurocognition in an Intervention Trial of Exercise (IGNITE) to quantify the costs associated with large exercise intervention trials and to provide future investigators with financial estimates if they wish to pursue studies of a similar design. Read More

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Effectiveness of Photodynamic Therapy with 5-aminolevulinic acid on HPV Clearance in women without cervical lesions.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Apr 12:102293. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Gynecologic Oncology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; State Key Laboratory of Oncogenes and Related Genes, Shanghai Cancer Institute, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Background: High-risk HPV (hrHPV) not only increases the risk of cervical precancerous lesions and cervical cancer, but also adds psychological burden to HPV-positive women. 5-aminolevulinic acid photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) is a non-invasive and highly tissue-selective therapy. We aim to investigate the clinical efficacy of ALA-PDT for elimination of cervical hrHPV infection in HPV-positive women without cervical lesions. Read More

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Similar Activation Patterns in the Bilateral Dorsal Inferior Frontal Gyrus for Monolingual and Bilingual Contexts in Second Language Production.

Neuropsychologia 2021 Apr 12:107857. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Key Laboratory of Brain, Cognition and Education Sciences (South China Normal University), Ministry of Education; School of Psychology, South China Normal University, 510631, Guangzhou, China; Center for Studies of Psychological Application, South China Normal University, 510631, Guangzhou, China; Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, South China Normal University, 510631, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Language production is a vital process of communication. Although many studies have devoted to the neural mechanisms of language production in bilinguals, they mainly focused on the mechanisms of cognitive control during language switching. Therefore, it is not clear how naming context influences the neural representations of linguistic information during language production in bilinguals. Read More

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A qualitative study of the first batch of medical assistance team's first-hand experience in supporting the nursing homes in Wuhan against COVID-19.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249656. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Xiangya Nursing School of Central South University, Changsha City, Hunan Province, China.

Background: The pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has global impact, Wuhan in Hubei province is a high-risk area. And the older people in nursing homes are the most susceptible group to COVID-19. The aim of this study was to describe the practice and experience of the first-line medical team, to provide insights of coping with COVID-19 in China. Read More

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Cross-sectional study of the relationship between the spiritual wellbeing and psychological health among university Students.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249702. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Faculty of Management and Hospitality Technological and Higher Education Institute of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

University students' spiritual wellbeing has been shown to be associated with quality, satisfaction, and joy of life. This study tested the relationship between spiritual wellbeing and symptoms of psychological disorders (i.e. Read More

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Experiencing one's own body and body image in living kidney donors-A sociological and psychological study.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249397. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

T. Orlowski Transplant Institute of Medical University of Warsaw, Poland, The County Hospital in Ketrzyn, Ketrzyn, Poland.

Background: The aim of the study was to perform an in-depth exploratory analysis of the experience and image of one's body among living kidney donors.

Method: The research was carried out using mixed methodology. The study on experiencing one's own body was carried out using the sociological methodology of the grounded theory (qualitative research). Read More

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Psychological Stress and Fear in Salaried Class Due to Coronavirus: Analysis of Facebook Posts.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 ;33(1):126-127

Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, India,

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January 2021

Needless COVID-19 Vaccine Fears: A Psychological Perspective.

Usha Rana

Psychiatr Danub 2021 ;33(1):122-123

School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dr. Harisingh Gour Central University, Sagar, Madhya Pradesh, India,

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January 2021

Risk of a Major Depressive Episode in Asthma and COPD Patients Amidst Colombian SAR-CoV-2 Confinement.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 ;33(1):101-106

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Magdalena, Carrera 32 No. 22-08, Santa Marta, 470004, Colombia.

Background: Chronic non-communicable diseases, such as asthma (AS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), are a public health problem that compromises patients' quality of life and is highly comorbid with medical and psychological conditions. The present study's objective was to know the variables associated with the risk of major depression during confinement due to SAR-CoV-2 in patients with AS and COPD in the Colombian Caribbean.

Subjects And Methods: An online cross-sectional observational study was done with the participation of patients diagnosed with AS or COPD. Read More

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January 2021

Depression Measured by PHQ-9 in Kosovo during the COVID-19 Outbreak: An Online Survey.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 ;33(1):95-100

Mental Health Center Prizren, Str. Xhevat Berisha, n.n., 20000, Prizren, Kosovo,

Background: There are reports from countries and in the scientific literature that COVID-19 affect also mental health worldwide. The aim of this study was to understand the level of depression as a result of the COVID-19 situation and possible associations with sociodemographic variables.

Subjects And Methods: It's a cross-sectional study. Read More

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January 2021

Intervention Effect of the Integration Model on Negative Emotions of Adolescents during the Outbreak of Corona Virus Disease 2019.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 ;33(1):86-94

Institute of Physical Education and Health, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou 325035,

Background: The World Health Organization has declared the Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic as a public health emergency of international concern. Given the sudden infection from and extensive dispersion of COVID-19 and the absence of specific drugs, those infected are in danger if they are not treated in time. Consequently, COVID-19 has become an important factor influencing adolescents' mental health. Read More

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January 2021

Mindfulness-based schema therapy and forgiveness therapy among women affected by infidelity: A randomized clinical trial.

Psychother Res 2021 Apr 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Faculty of Letters & Humanities, Department of Educational Science, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.

Objective: Infidelity causes mental health problems, family disruptions, rumination about events and changes in women's beliefs about the disloyal person. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness-based schema (MBS) therapy and forgiveness therapy in emotional responses, cognitive distortions and self-compassion of women affected by infidelity. It was an experimental research with a pretest-posttest and follow-up design. Read More

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The distribution and psychological distress related to COVID-19 of spine patients in a Grade-A tertiary hospital in Anhui province, China.

Sci Prog 2021 Apr-Jun;104(2):368504211010571

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China.

The COVID-19 pandemic may cause psychological distress, changes in numbers and distributions of patients in spine surgery patients, which all affect the strategies of spine surgery treatment. These changes may be related to the number of new COVID-19 cases per day since they are visual indicators of the changes in the epidemic and are of interest to the public. This descriptive research took the spine surgery department as an example in a Grade-A tertiary hospital in Anhui province, China. Read More

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Clinical Risk Profile for a Second Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury in Female Soccer Players After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Apr 15:363546521999109. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Unit of Physiotherapy, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: The risk of a second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury when participating in pivoting sports after ACL reconstruction is high. Risk factors associated with a second ACL injury are complex.

Purpose: To investigate the combinations of various clinical risk factors associated with second ACL injury in female soccer players with a primary unilateral ACL reconstruction, using Classification and Regression Tree (CART) analysis. Read More

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A Meta-analysis of University STEM Summer Bridge Program Effectiveness.

CBE Life Sci Educ 2021 Jun;20(2):ar21

Department of Psychological Sciences, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005.

University science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) summer bridge programs provide incoming STEM university students additional course work and preparation before they begin their studies. These programs are designed to reduce attrition and increase the diversity of students pursuing STEM majors and STEM career paths. A meta-analysis of 16 STEM summer bridge programs was conducted. Read More

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Comparing the initial impact of COVID-19 on burden and psychological distress among family caregivers of children with and without developmental disabilities.

Sch Psychol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Connecticut.

The current COVID-19 pandemic is presenting challenges for families (Cluver et al., The Lancet, 2020), which may be exacerbated for caregivers of children with developmental disabilities (DDs; Center on the Developing Child, Stress, hope, and the role of science: Responding to the coronavirus pandemic, 2020). The purpose of this study was to explore caregiver burden and psychological distress among caregivers of children with DD as compared to caregivers of typically developing children across the United States as a result of COVID-19. Read More

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"The highest values are individual": The life and times of eleanor harris rowland wembridge.

Psychol Serv 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology.

Eleanor Harris Rowland Wembridge, one of the first women psychologists in the country, advocated tirelessly for the delivery of psychological services to enhance the lives of marginalized girls and women. Eleanor launched forward professionally with her doctorate at the young age of 22 and began work 5 years later at the Bedford reformatory that would ultimately lead to the first published correctional psychology research study. This precedent sets the historical marker at the interface of offender assessment, programs, and reentry. Read More

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Perceived barriers to mental healthcare among spouses of military service members.

Psychol Serv 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Epidemiology, Naval Health Research Center.

Barriers to mental healthcare services are reported among military service members. However, little is known about these barriers among the spouses of military personnel, who face unique stressors and may subsequently be at high-need for mental health services. Understanding barriers to care among this vulnerable population may help improve access to psychological services. Read More

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Remembering David Bucci.

Behav Neurosci 2021 Feb;135(1):2-3

Department of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences, Brown University.

In the year of 2021, we are honoring David J. Bucci, our beloved and respected colleague, who died at the age of 50 in 2019. In the Special Section entitled Remembering David Bucci, we reprint 6 of the 29 articles that Dave published in Behavioral Neuroscience beginning with the first one in 1995. Read More

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February 2021

Health Psychology adopts Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines.

Health Psychol 2021 Apr;40(4):227-229

Department of Psychiatry.

The Editors are pleased to announce that has adopted the Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines (Center for Open Science, 2021). We and the other core American Psychological Association (APA) journals are implementing these guidelines at the direction of the APA Publications and Communications Board. Their decision was made with the support of the APA Council of Editors and the APA Open Science and Methodology Committee. Read More

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