34,367 results match your criteria psychiatric hospitalization

Screening for Sarcopenia (Physical Frailty) in the COVID-19 Era.

Int J Endocrinol 2021 21;2021:5563960. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Teikyo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Although the numbers of aged populations have risen considerably in the last few decades, the current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has revealed an extensive vulnerability among these populations. Sarcopenia is an age-related disorder that increases hospitalization, dependencies, and mortality in older adults. It starts to develop in midlife or even earlier as a result of unbalanced diet/poor nutrition and low levels of physical activity, in addition to chronic disorders such as obesity and diabetes mellitus. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Predicting the time trend of first episodes of aggressive behaviors in pediatric psychiatric inpatient units.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 26;140:117-123. Epub 2021 May 26.

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, USA.

The goal of the current study is to assess whether the scores of Brief Rating of Aggression by Children and Adolescents (BRACHA) at the emergency room (ER) can predict the aggressive incidents at pediatric psychiatric inpatient units. The study aims to identify predictors for two outcome measurements: 1) hazard rates for the first aggressive incident and 2) numbers of days between admission and the first aggressive incident, using the Cox regression model and Poisson regression model, respectively. The clinical records of a total of 5,610 adolescents admitted into the pediatric psychiatric inpatient units of Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center were extracted for the analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessing evidence for seasonality of hospital admissions for schizophrenia in Queensland, Australia: a time series observational study.

Int J Biometeorol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Public Health and Social Work, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, 4059, Australia.

Most evidence on seasonal admission patterns for schizophrenia derives from the Northern Hemisphere with results from the Southern Hemisphere less documented. This study examines seasonal patterns in hospital admissions due to schizophrenia in Queensland, Australia, a large area that has a range of different climatic features. Daily hospital admissions data for people with the primary diagnosis of schizophrenia were collected from Queensland Health Department for the period from January 1996 to December 2015. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Longer than prison? A comparison of length of stay in a medium security hospital and prison for perpetrators of violent crimes other than homicide or attempted homicide.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: Concerns have been raised that people detained in secure hospitals after a criminal act spend longer in a locked institution than people sent to prison for similar offending, but research evidence is scarce and conflicting.

Aims: To compare the length of secure hospitalisation of people convicted of crimes for which flexible sentencing is allowed with length of time in prison for people serving a prison sentence for similar crimes who were not found mentally ill.

Methods: A records-based, retrospective study was conducted comparing length of stay of all inpatients in one medium security hospital in Poland, hospitalised between 2014 and 2018, who had been convicted of any interpersonal crime other than homicide or attempted homicide, and data on all sentenced prisoners in Poland on 09. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Virtual Online Home-Based Treatment During the COVID-19 Pandemic for Ultra-Orthodox Young Women With Eating Disorders.

Front Psychiatry 2021 24;12:654589. Epub 2021 May 24.

Eating Disorders Department, Maayanei Hayeshuah Medical Center, Bnei Brak, Israel.

With the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the need arose to maintain treatment continuity for religious Jewish Ultra-Orthodox young women with eating disorders (EDs) previously hospitalized in the ED department at the Ultra-Orthodox "Mayanei Hayeshua" medical center in Israel. This need led to the development of home-based online treatment channels, previously unfamiliar, and unaccepted in this population. The implementation of this model had to take into consideration many of the difficulties inherent in the use of online treatment in Jewish Ultra-Orthodox mental health patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Increased risk of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis infection in patients with polycystic kidney disease: a nationwide population-based study with propensity score-matching analysis.

J Transl Med 2021 Jun 9;19(1):253. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Graduate Institute of Biomedical Sciences and School of Medicine, College of Medicine, China Medical University, No. 2, Yuh-Der Road, Taichung, 404, Taiwan.

Background: Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a common renal disorder affecting approximately 1 in 1000 live births. Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease worldwide. This study investigated the risk of TB infection in patients with PKD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rates of Inpatient and Emergency Room Use Before and After Discharge Among Medicaid Enrollees in OnTrackNY.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 Jun 9:appips202000791. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Behavioral Health Services and Policy Research (Humensky, Nossel, Bello, Malinovsky, Dixon) and Division of Mental Health Data Science (Wall), New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York City; Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York City (Humensky, Nossel, Bello, Malinovsky, Wall, Dixon); Office of Performance Measurement and Evaluation, New York State Office of Mental Health, Albany (Radigan, Gu, Wang); Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, University of South Florida, Tampa (Jones). Benjamin G. Druss, M.D., M.P.H., served as decision editor on the manuscript.

Objective: This study examined hospital and emergency room (ER) use among Medicaid enrollees before and after discharge from OnTrackNY, a coordinated specialty care program for recent-onset psychosis.

Methods: Medicaid claims data were linked to program data. Inpatient hospitalization, inpatient days, and ER visits were assessed in the 6 months prior to OnTrackNY enrollment and 6 months prior to and after discharge. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessment of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) as a potential biomarker of severe stress in patients vulnerable to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after acute myocardial infarction.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 May 31;12(1):1920201. Epub 2021 May 31.

Clinical Institute of Medical and Chemical Laboratory Diagnostics, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a frequently observed stress-related disorder after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and it is characterized by numerous symptoms, such as flashbacks, intrusions and anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts and feelings related to the trauma. Biological correlates of severe stress might contribute to identifying PTSD-vulnerable patients at an early stage. : Aims of the study were (1) to determine whether blood levels of trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) vary immediately after AMI in patients with/without AMI-induced PTSD symptomatology, (2) to investigate whether TMAO is a potential biomarker that might be useful in the prediction of PTSD and the PTSD symptom subclusters re-experiencing, avoidance and hyperarousal, and (3) to investigate whether TMAO varies immediately after AMI in patients with/without depression 6 months after AMI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Restrictive Eating Disorders: Accelerating Treatment Outcomes in the Medical Hospital.

Hosp Pediatr 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Departments of Pediatrics and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California

Pediatric patients with anorexia nervosa and atypical anorexia nervosa may present to hospitals with significant vital sign instability or serum laboratory abnormalities necessitating inpatient medical hospitalization. These patients require specialized care, numerous resources, and interdisciplinary collaboration during what can be a protracted admission. Recent evidence informs areas in which care can be accelerated, and published protocols from major children's hospitals are helpful roadmaps to creating a streamlined hospitalization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Emergency department encounters, hospital admissions, course of treatment, and follow-up care for behavioral health concerns in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Psychology, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan.

Background: The benefits of bariatric surgery are well-established, however, concerns surrounding postoperative psychiatric destabilization and alcohol misuse remain. Research has initiated the process of identifying risks associated with bariatric surgery, although less is known regarding when or why psychiatric hospitalizations occur postoperatively.

Objectives: The goal of the current study was to examine the incidence of, and contributing factors to, behavioral health-related emergency room (ER) encounters and hospitalization after bariatric surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The course of disease in major depressive disorder is associated with altered activity of the limbic system during negative emotion processing.

Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Institute for Translational Psychiatry, University of Münster, Münster, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Brain functional alterations during emotion processing in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) compared to healthy controls (HC) are frequently reported. However, evidence for functional correlates of emotion processing with regard to MDD trajectories is scarce. The present study investigated the role of lifetime disease course for limbic brain activation during negative emotional face processing in patients with MDD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Interferon-alpha position in combating with COVID-19: A systematic review.

J Med Virol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Research Center of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

The newborn coronaivus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become the foremost concern of health system worldwide. Interferon typeI (IFN-I) are among the well-known antiviruses. Hence IFN-α have gained much attention as a treatment for COVID-19 recently. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors Associated with Prolonged Institutionalization in Mentally Ill People with and Without a History of Violence and Legal Involvement: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 Jun 7:306624X211022671. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This is a cross-sectional study carried out on 34 individuals hospitalized for a long period in the Federal District, in Brazil. To evaluate factors related to prolonged institutionalization in mental patients with history of violence and criminal records. Individuals found were assorted into two groups: with and without criminal records. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Risk factors for hospitalizations associated with depression among women during the years around a birth: a retrospective cohort study.

Int J Popul Data Sci 2019 Jan 21;4(1):453. Epub 2019 Jan 21.

British Columbia Children's Hospital Research Institute, 938 West 28th Avenue, Vancouver, BC Canada V5Z 4H4.

Introduction: Socio-economic status (SES) is an important determinant of health. Low SES is associated with higher rates of prenatal and post-partum depression, and prenatal and post-partum depression are associated with sub-optimal maternal and infant health. Furthermore, increased negative effects of post-partum depression have been reported in children from low SES backgrounds. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2019

Neurological Characteristics of Pediatric Glycogen Storage Disease.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 21;12:685272. Epub 2021 May 21.

Faculdades Pequeno Príncipe, Curitiba, Brazil.

Glycogen storage diseases (GSD) encompass a group of rare inherited diseases due dysfunction of glycogen metabolism. Hypoglycemia is the most common primary manifestation of GSD, and disturbances in glucose metabolism can cause neurological damage. The aims of this study were to first investigate the metabolic, genetic, and neurological profiles of children with GSD, and to test the hypothesis whether GSD type I would have greater neurological impact than GSD type IX. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Preoperative Serum Metabolites and Potential Biomarkers for Perioperative Cognitive Decline in Elderly Patients.

Front Psychiatry 2021 20;12:665097. Epub 2021 May 20.

Faculty of Anesthesiology, Changhai Hospital, Naval Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Perioperative cognitive decline is one of the perioperative neurocognitive disorders common to see in elderly patients. Although POCD increases patient mortality and hospitalization time, the exact inflammatory and related mechanisms are still unknown. Besides, the diagnosis of POCD lacks a unified and straightforward evaluation neuropsychological scale. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Evaluation of Therapeutic Residential Care for Adolescents and Young Adults in France: A Systematic Review.

Front Psychiatry 2021 20;12:609365. Epub 2021 May 20.

Centre de Recherche en Épidémiologie et Santé des Populations, INSERM, UMR 1018, Université Paris-Saclay, Hôpital Paul Brousse, VillejuifCedex, France.

Early psychosocial rehabilitation of young people presenting mental disorders is a major challenge. In France, the therapeutic residential care called "," combining care and educational provision, in the (FSEF) can have a role in this rehabilitation. After recalling the history and the concept underpinning in psychiatry, we performed a systematic review of the literature based on the PRISMA statement a search for quantitative studies on facilities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of peritraumatic dissociation in hospitalized patients with COVID-19 pneumonia: A longitudinal study.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 31;140:53-59. Epub 2021 May 31.

Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland; Covicare Unit, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland; Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: Psychiatric impact of COVID-19 is still explored and previous data suggest potential risks of anxiety, depression and PTSD related to COVID-19. We aimed to explore the predictive value of risk factors during hospitalization (T0) for COVID-19 for anxiety, depression and PTSD and at three months (T1) because they could differ over these two time points.

Methods: We performed a screening of mental suffering in hospitalized patients for COVID-19, as well as specialized care and three months longitudinal follow-up. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Diagnostic Trends and Prescription Patterns in Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder and Bipolar Disorder.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Pfizer Global Product Development, Pfizer Inc, Groton, Connecticut.

Objective: Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) was introduced in DSM-5 to distinguish a subset of chronically irritable youths who may be incorrectly diagnosed/treated for pediatric bipolar disorder (BPD). This study characterizes the rate of new treatment episodes and treated prevalence of BPD and DMDD from a longitudinal electronic health record (EHR) database and examines the impact of DMDD on prescription trends.

Method: A retrospective cohort study using 2008-2018 Optum® EHR data was conducted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Does Electroconvulsive Therapy for Patients with Mood Disorders Extend Hospital Length of Stays and Increase Inpatient Costs?

Adm Policy Ment Health 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

VA New England Mental Illness Research and Education Center, West Haven, USA.

Although randomized trials have shown that electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective and underused treatment for mood disorders, its impact on inpatient length of stay (LOS) and hospital costs are not fully understood. We analyzed private insurance claims of patients hospitalized for mood disorders who had continuous insurance for three months prior to an index hospitalization and six months after discharge (N = 24,249). Propensity score weighted linear models were used to examine the association of any ECT use, the number of ECT treatments, and time to first ECT treatment, with LOS and hospital costs adjusting for potential confounders. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mental disorders, length of hospitalization, and psychopharmacy-New approaches to identify barriers to psychological support for patients with cancer.

Psychooncology 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Consultation-Liaison-Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Despite abundant evidence that emotional distress is frequent in cancer patients and associated with adverse health outcomes, distress screening rates and adequate referrals to psychological support programs among those in need are insufficient in many cancer centers. We therefore aimed to analyze patient- and treatment-related barriers to distress screening and referrals to psychological support as a mandatory component of best-practice cancer care.

Method: In the present explorative study, latent class analysis was used to identify homogeneous subgroups among 4837 patients diagnosed with cancer between 2011 and 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The impact of COVID-19 on adolescents with eating disorders: a cohort study.

J Eat Disord 2021 Jun 4;9(1):65. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Canada.

Background: There is a noticeable lack of evidence regarding the impact of COVID-19 and the associated lockdown on young people with eating disorders. The goals of this study were 1) to examine characteristics of adolescents presenting for eating disorder (ED) assessment since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic; 2) to compare adolescents presenting for ED assessment since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic to those that presented for assessment 1 year previously; 3) to examine implications of the pandemic on the system of care.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was completed on all patients assessed at a pediatric tertiary care ED program during the pandemic between April 1 and October 31, 2020, and on youth assessed during the same time frame 1 year previously. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

What about regular hematological monitoring during clozapine treatment? A compliance analysis using the French Health Insurance Database.

Expert Opin Drug Saf 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Clinical Pharmacology Department, Nantes University Hospital, 9 quai Moncousu, 44093 Nantes, France.

Background: The inherent risk of drug-induced agranulocytosis associated with the prescription of clozapine requires the realization of weekly white blood cell monitoring (WBCM) during the 18 first weeks of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess the compliance with WBCM during clozapine initiation for schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects.

Research Design And Method: The analysis was conducted using SNDS data on a cohort of new users of clozapine in 2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Using the Nurse Coaching Process to Support Bereaved Staff During the COVID-19 Crisis.

J Hosp Palliat Nurs 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

William E. Rosa, PhD, MBE, ACHPN, FAANP, FAAN, is postdoctoral research fellow in psycho-oncology, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York. Kristin Levoy, PhD, MSN, RN, OCN, is postdoctoral research fellow, NewCourtland Center for Transitions and Health, Department of Biobehavioral Health Sciences, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Vanessa Battista, RN, MS, CPNP-PC, CHPPN, is nurse practitioner, Department of Neurology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Constance Dahlin, MSN, ANP-BC, ACHPN, FPCN, FAAN, is palliative nurse practitioner, Palliative Care Service, North Shore Medical Center, Salem, Massachusetts. Cheryl Thaxton, DNP, APRN, CPNP, FNP-BC, CHPPN, ACHPN, FPCN, is DNP program director/APRN program, College of Nursing, Texas Woman's University, Denton. Kelly Greer, BS, is supervisor, Division of Nursing Research and Education, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California.

Nurses are confronting a number of negative mental health consequences owing to high burdens of grief during COVID-19. Despite increased vaccination efforts and lower hospitalization and mortality rates, the long-term effects of mass bereavement are certain to impact nurses for years to come. The nurse coaching process is an evidence-based strategy that nurse leaders can use to assist staff in mitigating negative mental health outcomes associated with bereavement. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19: Patient care after discharge from the Intensive Care Unit.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 3:e14270. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Pneumology Department, Août Hospital, Ibn Rochd University Hospital of Casablanca, Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: The Ibn Rochd CHU is a tertiary care structure that provides care for the most severe cases of COVID-19 requiring hospitalization in intensive care. The objective of study is to describe the complementary medical and psychological care of patients with COVID-19 in the endocrinology department after a stay in intensive care.

Patients And Methods: This is a descriptive observational study of patients transferred from the intensive care unit to the endocrinology service following a COVID-19 infection during the period from 17 April 2020 to May 26, 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Asthma phenotypes, associated comorbidities, and long-term symptoms in COVID-19.

Allergy 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, and Critical Care Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: It is unclear if asthma and its allergic phenotype are risk factors for hospitalization or severe disease from SARS-CoV-2.

Methods: All patients over 28 days oldtesting positive for SARS-CoV-2 between March 1 and September 30, 2020, were retrospectively identified and characterized through electronic analysis at Stanford. A sub-cohort was followed prospectively to evaluate long-term COVID-19 symptoms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Risk of hospitalization and hip fracture associated with psychotropic polypharmacy in patients with dementia: A nationwide register-based study.

Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Neurology, Danish Dementia Research Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: To investigate the association of benzodiazepines and antidepressants on the risk of hospitalization and hip fracture in patients with dementia initiating antipsychotic drug treatment.

Methods: A register-based retrospective cohort study using data on all incident dementia cases (≥65 years) initiating antipsychotic treatment as monotherapy or in combination with benzodiazepines and/or antidepressants in Denmark from 2000 to 2015. The outcomes of interest were all-cause hospitalization and hip fracture. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Continuity of antipsychotic medication use among migrant and Finnish-born populations with a psychotic disorder: a register-based study.

Psychol Med 2021 Jun 2:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Equality Unit, Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Higher incidence of psychotic disorders and underuse of mental health services have been reported among many migrant populations. This study examines the initiation and continuity of antipsychotic treatment among migrants and non-migrants with a non-affective psychosis during a new treatment episode.

Methods: This study is based on a nationwide sample of migrants and Finnish-born controls. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF