67,263 results match your criteria psychiatric history


Childhood maltreatment and psychiatric comorbidity in immune-mediated inflammatory disorders.

Psychosom Med 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, CAN Department of Internal Medicine, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, CAN Department of Clinical Health Psychology, Max Rady College of Medicine Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, CAN Departments of Community Health Sciences & Psychiatry, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, CAN Department of Psychiatry, Max Rady College of Medicine Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, CAN Nova Scotia Health Authority, Departments of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, and Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, CAN Department of Community Health Sciences, Max Rady College of Medicine, Rady Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, CAN.

Objective: To determine whether childhood maltreatment is associated with immune-mediated inflammatory disorders (IMID; multiple sclerosis [MS], inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] and rheumatoid arthritis [RA]). We further aimed to determine the relationship between maltreatment and psychiatric comorbidity in IMID and whether these relationships differed across IMID.

Methods: 681 participants (MS: 232, IBD: 216, RA: 130, healthy controls: 103) completed a structured psychiatric interview to identify psychiatric disorders, and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire to evaluate five types of maltreatment: emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect and physical neglect. Read More

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October 2021

Demographics Associated With Stress, Severe Mental Distress, and Anxiety Symptoms During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Japan: Nationwide Online Survey.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, JP.

Background: With the spread of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19), the deterioration of public mental health has become a major global and social problem.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the relationship between the three mental health problems associated with COVID-19-perceived stress, severe mental distress, and anxiety symptoms-and various demographic factors including occupation.

Methods: A nationwide online questionnaire survey was conducted in Japan from August 4 to 31, 2020. Read More

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October 2021

Network Analysis of Neurobehavioral and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms One Year after Traumatic Brain Injury: A Veterans Affairs TBI Model Systems Study.

J Neurotrauma 2021 Oct 15. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

University of Washington, Rehabilitation Medicine, Box 359612, Harborview Medical Center, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, Washington, United States, 98104;

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is often experienced under stressful circumstances that can lead to both symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and neurobehavioral symptoms of brain injury. There is considerable symptom overlap in the behavioral expression of these conditions. Psychometric network analysis is a useful approach to investigate the role of specific symptoms in connecting these two disorders and is thus well-suited to explore their interrelatedness. Read More

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October 2021

Antidepressants in nursing homes for dependent older patients: the cross-sectional associations of institutional factors with prescription conformance.

Eur Geriatr Med 2019 Jun 18;10(3):421-430. Epub 2019 Apr 18.

Toulouse Gerontopole, Institute on Aging, Toulouse University Hospital (CHU Toulouse), Cité de la santé-20, Rue du Pont Saint-Pierre, TSA 60033, 31059, Toulouse Cedex 9, France.

Purpose: Depression is diagnosed in approximately 40% of the nursing home (NH) residents, but the pertinence of the high use of antidepressants is often criticized. We aimed at determining the proportion of non-conforming antidepressant prescriptions among NH residents and the associated institutional and demographic factors.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of 2651 residents in 175 French NH participating in the IQUARE study (Impact of a QUAlity process on the development of practices and the functional decline of NH REsidents) and treated with antidepressants. Read More

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Cancer-Related Cognitive Impairment in Patients With a History of Breast Cancer.

JAMA 2021 Oct 15. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, David Geffen School of Medicine, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles.

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October 2021

Schizophrenia population health management: perspectives of and lessons learned from population health decision makers.

J Manag Care Spec Pharm 2021 Oct;27(10-a Suppl):S2-S13

University of Pennsylvania and the Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Philadelphia, PA.

Despite therapeutic advances for patients with schizophrenia, improving patient outcomes and reducing the cost of care continue to challenge formulary decision makers. To (1) understand the perspectives of formulary decision makers on challenges to optimal schizophrenia population management and (2) identify best practices and recommendations for mitigating these challenges. This mixed-methods study, conducted in a double-blind manner, comprised in-depth telephone interviews with formulary decision makers from February through May 2020, and a web-based follow-on survey that was sent to all participants in October 2020. Read More

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October 2021

Autism severity aggregates with family psychiatric history in a community-based autism sample.

Autism Res 2021 Oct 15. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine family psychiatric history in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its association with clinical presentation. Participants were 798 individuals with a clinical diagnosis of ASD, confirmed by the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, Second Edition (ADOS-2), enrolled in Rhode Island Consortium for Autism Research and Treatment, a statewide research registry. Prior research suggests a specific behavioral phenotype in individuals with ASD who have family members with psychiatric diagnoses, including higher IQ and less severe language impairment. Read More

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October 2021

Clinical Features in Patients With PANDAS/PANS and Therapeutic Approaches: A Retrospective Study.

Front Neurol 2021 28;12:741176. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Child Neurology Division, Department of Pediatrics, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

The clinical characteristics of patients with PANDAS (pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infection) and PANS (pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome) and the efficacy of antibiotic therapy with psychotherapy and antipsychotics were investigated to improve neurological symptoms as well as obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). We retrospectively analyzed 62 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PANDAS/PANS enrolled from May 14, 2013 to September 15, 2020 in the Neurology Childhood Division, Department of Pediatrics at Sapienza, Rome. Clinical manifestations, neurological and psychiatric, laboratory investigations, and familiar history were collected to evaluate the differences between the two groups. Read More

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September 2021

An ontology-based review of transgender literature: Revealing a history of medicalization and pathologization.

Int J Med Inform 2021 Sep 29;156:104601. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, United States; Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH, United States.

Objectives: To evaluate the linguistic changes of transgender-related resources prior to 1999 to create a comprehensive dataset of resources using an ontology-derived search system, laying a framework for ontology-based reviews to be used in informatics.

Methods: We analyzed 77 bibliographies and 11 databases for transgender resources published prior to 31 December 1999. We used 858 variants of the term "transgender" to identify resources. Read More

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September 2021

Natural and Artificial Intelligence: A brief introduction to the interplay between AI and neuroscience research.

Neural Netw 2021 Sep 28;144:603-613. Epub 2021 Sep 28.

Laboratory for Advanced Brain Functions, Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address:

Neuroscience and artificial intelligence (AI) share a long history of collaboration. Advances in neuroscience, alongside huge leaps in computer processing power over the last few decades, have given rise to a new generation of in silico neural networks inspired by the architecture of the brain. These AI systems are now capable of many of the advanced perceptual and cognitive abilities of biological systems, including object recognition and decision making. Read More

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September 2021

ELUCIDATING THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, AND COGNITION IN MIDDLE-AGED ADULTS: APPLICATION OF DIMENSIONAL AND CATEGORICAL APPROACHES.

J Affect Disord 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Level 6, 18 Innovation Walk, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: In older adults, depressive and anxiety symptoms are associated with dementia risk, and represent a manifestation of the dementia prodrome. Understanding how these symptoms are related to cognition in midlife may inform risk models of dementia.

Methods: This study examined the relationship between depressive and anxiety symptoms, and cognition, in a sample (n = 2,657) of participants enrolled in the Healthy Brain Project. Read More

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October 2021

Biomarkers of geroprotection and cardiovascular health: An overview of omics studies and established clinical biomarkers in the context of diet.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 Oct 14:1-21. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Junior Research Group Translational Bioinformatics, Institute for Biostatistics and Informatics in Medicine and Ageing Research, Rostock University Medical Center, Rostock, Germany.

The slowdown, inhibition, or reversal of age-related decline (as a composite of disease, dysfunction, and, ultimately, death) by diet or natural compounds can be defined as . While there is no single reliable biomarker to judge the effects of dietary geroprotection, biomarker signatures based on omics (epigenetics, gene expression, microbiome composition) are promising candidates. Recently, omic biomarkers started to supplement established clinical ones such as lipid profiles and inflammatory cytokines. Read More

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October 2021

Associations of Maternal Diabetes During Pregnancy With Psychiatric Disorders in Offspring During the First 4 Decades of Life in a Population-Based Danish Birth Cohort.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Oct 1;4(10):e2128005. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Importance: Maternal diabetes has been suggested as a risk factor for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism in offspring, but evidence on its association with the full spectrum of psychiatric disorders remains lacking.

Objective: To investigate the associations between maternal diabetes diagnosed before or during pregnancy and 10 types of psychiatric disorders in offspring during the first 4 decades of life.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This population-based cohort study used data from several Danish nationwide medical and administrative registries in Denmark on all 2 413 335 live births from 1978 to 2016. Read More

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October 2021

Race/ethnic differences in prevalence and correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder in World Trade Center responders: Results from a population-based, health monitoring cohort.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Objective: This study evaluated race/ethnic differences in the prevalence and correlates of World Trade Center (WTC) related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in WTC responders.

Method: Data were analyzed from a population-based, health monitoring cohort of 15,440 nontraditional (i.e. Read More

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October 2021

Childhood maltreatment results in altered deactivation of reward processing circuits in depressed patients: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study of a facial emotion recognition task.

Neurobiol Stress 2021 Nov 24;15:100399. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Neurobiology of Stress Research Group, Szentágothai János Research Centre, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary.

Importance And Objectives: Childhood adversity is a strong risk factor for the development of various psychopathologies including major depressive disorder (MDD). However, not all depressed patients experience early life trauma. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies using facial emotion processing tasks have documented altered blood-oxygen-level-dependent (BOLD) responses in specific cortico-limbic networks both in MDD patients and in individuals with a history of childhood maltreatment (CM). Read More

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November 2021

Atypical meta-memory evaluation strategy in schizophrenia patients.

Schizophr Res Cogn 2022 Mar 6;27:100220. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics, Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics Ministry of Education, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Magnetic Resonance, Affiliated Mental Health Center (ECNU), School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Previous research has reported that patients with schizophrenia would regard false memories with higher confidence, and this meta-memory deficit was suggested as a neurocognitive marker of schizophrenia. However, how schizophrenia patients determine their memory decision confidence has received scant consideration. This study, therefore, aimed to characterize the extent to which meta-memory evaluation strategy differs between schizophrenia patients and healthy individuals, and how such difference contributes to the patients' meta-memory performance. Read More

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Acute Water Intoxication With Resultant Hypo-Osmolar Hyponatremia Complicated by Hypotension Secondary to Diffuse Third-Spacing.

Cureus 2021 Sep 30;13(9):e18410. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Emergency Medicine, San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, USA.

Hypotonic hyponatremia secondary to acute water intoxication is most commonly associated with primary polydipsia in the setting of psychiatric illness. However, in certain circumstances, otherwise healthy individuals can be compelled to consume large enough volumes of water to overwhelm the kidney's dilutional capacity of urine and cause a potentially life-threatening rapid decline in serum sodium. We present such a case of a 20-year-old basic military trainee with acute symptomatic hypotonic hyponatremia after drinking five to six liters of water prior to urine drug testing. Read More

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September 2021

Tics of Trauma: Unique Case of Trauma-Associated Psychogenic Tics in an Adolescent Patient.

Cureus 2021 Sep 1;13(9):e17652. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Psychiatry, University of California Riverside School of Medicine, Riverside, USA.

Tic disorders are a common psychiatric diagnosis in adolescents. While often a primary disorder, there have been few reports of trauma-associated secondary psychogenic tics. In this case, we detail a 16-year-old girl with a history of trauma who initially presented with depression and trauma-related anxiety. Read More

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September 2021

Persistent Raynaud's Phenomenon Following Methylphenidate Hydrochloride Use During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Cureus 2021 Sep 1;13(9):e17647. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Pediatrics, Pediatric Group of Acadiana, Lafayette, USA.

Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a medical condition characterized by vasospasm of the digital vessels in the fingers and toes. The prevalence of RP in the general population is estimated at 3-5% and can vary based on climate. It is classified into primary and secondary RP based on causality. Read More

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September 2021

Early Psychiatric Consultation Is Associated With Decreased Cost and Length of Stay in the Patient Population at a Level I Trauma Center.

Cureus 2021 Aug 30;13(8):e17572. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Trauma/Acute and General Surgery, St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center, Phoenix, USA.

Introduction Psychiatric illness impacts nearly one-quarter of the US population. Few studies have evaluated the impact of psychiatric illness on in-hospital trauma patient care. In this study, we conducted a retrospective cohort study to evaluate hospital resource utilization for trauma patients with comorbid psychiatric illnesses. Read More

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Association Between Hyperactivity Symptoms and Somatic Complaints: Mediating and Moderating Mechanisms in Childhood Trauma and Life Events Among Chinese Male Adolescents.

Front Psychiatry 2021 16;12:630845. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Child Psychiatry of Shenzhen Kangning Hospital, Shenzhen Mental Health Center, School of Mental Health, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China.

Prior research has found that attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - particularly hyperactivity symptoms - is associated with various somatic complaints. The present study further tests the relationship between hyperactivity symptoms and somatic complaints in Chinese male adolescents and explores the underlying moderating and mediating mechanisms. Our sample included 1,586 males (age = 12-16) recruited as part of an epidemiological study of child and adolescent mental disorders from April to July, 2014. Read More

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September 2021

Stressful life events among individuals with a history of eating disorders: a case-control comparison.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Oct 13;21(1):501. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Regional Department for Eating Disorders, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Experiencing stressful life events (SLEs) can negatively impact mental health and increase risk for psychiatric disorders including eating disorders (EDs). Previous research has shown that childhood sexual abuse is associated with some EDs, but less is known about the association between other non-sexual SLEs and EDs.

Method: A case-control study of individuals with (n = 495, age mean ± SD = 29. Read More

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October 2021

Domperidone Withdrawal in a Nursing Female with Pre-existing Psychiatric Illness: Case Report.

Curr Drug Saf 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Medicine, Western University, Ontario, ON. Canada.

Background: In this report, we describe a case of domperidone withdrawal in a woman with a history of major depressive disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) who experienced a recurrence of these disorders after stopping domperidone.

Case Presentation: The symptoms improved after the restarting of domperidone and disappeared gradually as the drug was tapered and discontinued. Clinicians should consider domperidone withdrawal a differential diagnosis in women with a history of depression or anxiety who present with an acute onset of these symptoms following the abrupt discontinuation of domperidone. Read More

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October 2021

[Chi-liang Kwei and an unfulfilled plan of establishing a modern psychiatric hospital in China].

Authors:
T W Fan

Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi 2021 May;51(3):151-157

Department of Psychology, School of Education, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China.

Church General Hospital in Wuchang, China planned to establish a psychiatric hospital in 1930. Chi-liang Kwei, received his PhD at Johns Hopkins Medical School of America and was appointed to be in charge of the preparation. After working out a draft plan for the hospital, Dr. Read More

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Increased Maternal Inflammation and Poorer Infant Neurobehavioural Competencies in Women with A History of Major Depressive Disorder From the Psychiatry Research and Motherhood - Depression (PRAM-D) Study.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Oct 10. Epub 2021 Oct 10.

King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, Department of Psychological Medicine, London, SE5 9RT, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: Stress in pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes in offspring and developmental programming is a potential mechanism. We have previously shown that depression in pregnancy is a valid and clearly defined stress paradigm and both maternal antenatal and offspring stress-related biology is affected. This study aims to clarify whether maternal biology in pregnancy and offspring outcomes can also be influenced by a history of prior depression. Read More

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October 2021

Predictors of adherence to an internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy program for individuals with chronic pain and comorbid psychological distress.

BMC Psychol 2021 Oct 12;9(1):156. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 1225, 751 42, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: The burden caused by chronic pain is significant, affecting at least 10 percent of the world´s population. While internet-based treatments based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) have been shown to be promising in this area, attrition levels vary significantly. The purpose of this study was to investigate predictor variables for participants' adherence to an internet-based CBT treatment for individuals with chronic pain as well as to investigate associations between adherence and treatment outcome. Read More

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October 2021

Latent class analysis of depression and anxiety among medical students during COVID-19 epidemic.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 10 12;21(1):498. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Early Intervention Unit, Department of Psychiatry, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, 264 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210029, People's Republic of China.

Objective: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global public health emergency that has caused worldwide concern. The mental health of medical students under the COVID-19 epidemic has attracted much attention. This study aims to identify subgroups of medical students based on depression and anxiety and explore the influencing factors during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Read More

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October 2021

Elucidating the Association Between Military Sexual Trauma Types and Different Types of Risky Behaviors.

J Trauma Dissociation 2021 Oct 13:1-15. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Psychology, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, USA.

Military sexual harassment (MSH) and assault (MSA) are associated with serious mental and physical health outcomes among military personnel and veterans. However, less is known about how these experiences relate to risky, impulsive, and health-compromising behaviors. The goal of the current study was to assess MSH and MSA in relation to a wide range of risky behaviors. Read More

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October 2021