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Research progress of metformin in gestational diabetes mellitus: a narrative review.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Mar;10(3):3423-3437

Department of Endocrinology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China; Clinical Skills Practice Teaching Center, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) refers to abnormal glucose metabolism that occurs during pregnancy, where blood glucose does not reach the level of overt diabetes during pregnancy. Poor blood glucose control in GDM patients can pose a serious threat to pregnant women and their fetuses by giving rise to adverse pregnancy outcomes for mothers and infants. In 2015, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) recommended that insulin and metformin be used as the first-line medications for patients with GDM who did not reach the ideal blood glucose level following lifestyle interventions. Read More

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A survey of the contribution made by UK orchestras to the health and well-being sectors.

Public Health 2021 Apr 10;193:150-152. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

City of London Sinfonia, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: To provide a comprehensive picture of the contribution that orchestras currently make in the public health sector.

Study Design: An online survey of member orchestras of the Association of British Orchestras.

Methods: Data gathered covered geographical, financial and musical aspects, the type of healthcare settings in which the work takes place, orchestras' motivation for their involvement in the healthcare sector, the role health and well-being delivery plays in their business models, and finally, the impact of COVID-19 on orchestras' current and future plans. Read More

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Investigating the sub-regions of the superior parietal cortex using functional magnetic resonance imaging connectivity.

Insights Imaging 2021 Apr 13;12(1):47. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology, College of Applied Medical Science, King Abdulaziz University , Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: Traditionally, the superior parietal lobule (SPL) is usually investigated as one region of interest, particularly in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. However, cytoarchitectonic analysis has shown that the SPL has a complex, heterogeneous topology that comprises more than seven sub-regions. Since previous studies have shown how the SPL is significantly involved in different neurological functions-such as visuomotor, cognitive, sensory, higher order, working memory and attention-this study aims to investigate whether these cytoarchitecturally different sub-regions have different functional connectivity to different functional brain networks. Read More

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