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Parenting and childhood obesity: Validation of a new questionnaire and evaluation of treatment effects during the preschool years.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(9):e0257187. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Food Studies, Nutrition and Dietetics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Objectives: Parenting is an integral component of obesity treatment in early childhood. However, the link between specific parenting practices and treatment effectiveness remains unclear. This paper introduces and validates a new parenting questionnaire and evaluates mothers' and fathers' parenting practices in relation to child weight status during a 12-month childhood obesity treatment trial. Read More

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September 2021

Improving Dermal Delivery of Rose Bengal by Deformable Lipid Nanovesicles for Topical Treatment of Melanoma.

Mol Pharm 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy.

Cutaneous melanoma is one of the most aggressive and metastatic forms of skin cancer. However, current therapeutic options present several limitations, and the annual death rate due to melanoma increases every year. Dermal delivery of nanomedicines can effectively eradicate primary melanoma lesions, avoid the metastatic process, and improve survival. Read More

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September 2021

Measuring a Broad Spectrum of eHealth Skills in the Web 3.0 Context Using an eHealth Literacy Scale: Development and Validation Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 23;23(9):e31627. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Sport, Physical Education and Health, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China (Hong Kong).

Background: eHealth literacy (EHL) refers to a variety of capabilities that enable individuals to obtain health information from electronic resources and apply it to solve health problems. With the digitization of health care and the wide availability of health apps, a more diverse range of eHealth skills is required to properly use such health facilities. Existing EHL measurements focus mainly on the skill of obtaining health information (Web 1. Read More

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September 2021

Use of apremilast in the psoriasis treatment: a real-life multicentre Italian experience.

Ital J Dermatol Venerol 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Dermatology, IRCCS Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Apremilast is the first small molecule approved for the treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis in adult patients; however, real-life data are still limited. We investigated the effectiveness and safety of this drug in a multicentre real-world setting.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data from all psoriatic patients who received at least one dose of apremilast, collecting demographic data and medical history, at baseline and periodically until 36 months. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of the Financial Capacity in the Context of Normal and Pathological Cognitive Aging. Preliminary Analysis of the Portuguese Version of the (NADL-F).

Exp Aging Res 2021 Sep 20:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Cespu, Instituto Universitário De Ciências Da Saúde, Gandra, Portugal.

Financial capacity (FC) is conceptualized as a dimension that encompasses a wide range of basic aptitudes and the capacity to judge and assess situations and make decisions according to one best interests. The (NADL-F) is an instrument of FC for clinical use developed in Italy. This study aims to perform a preliminary analysis on the psychometric characteristics of the Portuguese version of NADL-F. Read More

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September 2021

Observing the Working Alliance in Videoconferencing Psychotherapy for Alcohol Addiction: Reliability and Validity of the Working Alliance Inventory Short Revised Observer.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:647814. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Human Sciences Institute, Psychology Department, Center for Research, Intervention, and Evaluation for Alcohol and Drugs, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil.

The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the mental health and alcohol consumption of individuals. Videoconferencing psychotherapy has become a fundamental mode of treatment for people with alcohol use disorders. However, there are still doubts about its effectiveness and the therapeutic relationship. Read More

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Validity and reliability of new instruments for measuring patient satisfaction with removable dentures, Arabic Version.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Sep 15;21(1):446. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Prosthodontics, Gerodontology and Dental Materials, Greifswald University Medicine, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: The psychometric properties of self-administered instruments for measuring patient satisfaction with removable dentures should be tested before inviting patients to express their opinions. This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of new instruments in the Arabic language that measure patient satisfaction with all types of removable dentures.

Methods: A three-step methodology was used to translate and test the instruments. Read More

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September 2021

Systemic Overview of Microstrip Patch Antenna's for Different Biomedical Applications.

Adv Pharm Bull 2021 May 1;11(3):439-449. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Chitkara University School of Pharmacy, Chitkara University, Himachal Pradesh, India.

Timely diagnosis is the most important parameter for the detection and hindrance with tissues (infected). Many conventional techniques are used for the determination of the chronic disease like MRI, X-ray, mammography, ultrasound and other diagnosing methods. Nevertheless, they have some limitations. Read More

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Left Ventricular Apex: A "Minimally Invasive Motorway" for Safe Cardiovascular Procedures.

J Clin Med 2021 Aug 27;10(17). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Cardiac Surgery Division, Parma University Hospital, Via Gramsci 14, 43126 Parma, Italy.

Since the advent of TAVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement), the transapical surgical approach has been affirmed as a safe and effective alternative access for patients with unsuitable peripheral arteries. With the improvement of devices for transfemoral approach and the development of other alternative accesses, the number of transapical procedures has decreased significantly worldwide. The left ventricular apex, however, has proved to be a safe and valid alternative access for various other structural heart procedures such as mitral valve repair, mitral valve-in-valve or valve-in-ring replacement, transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR), transcatheter mitral paravalvular leak repair, and thoracic aorta endovascular repair (TEVAR). Read More

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Computer-assisted implant placement and full-arch immediate loading with digitally prefabricated provisional prostheses without cast: a prospective pilot cohort study.

Int J Implant Dent 2021 Sep 6;7(1):80. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Via Caserta, 6, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Background: Immediate loading of implant-supported full-arch rehabilitations has become routine practice when treating edentulous patients. The combination of static computer-aided implant surgery (s-CAIS) and digital prosthetic workflow could eliminate several treatment steps and facilitate prostheses delivery. The aim of this study is to evaluate the 1-year results of digitally prefabricated polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) provisional prostheses without a cast for full-arch computer-assisted immediate loading. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of Acetabular Component Anteversion after Total Hip Arthroplasty: Comparison of Anteroposterior and Cross-Table Lateral Radiographs with Computed Tomography Scans.

Clin Orthop Surg 2021 Sep 17;13(3):329-335. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, India.

Background: Several methods of measurement of anteversion of acetabular components after total hip arthroplasty (THA) have been described in the literature using plain radiographs or computed tomography (CT) scans. None of these have proved to be the gold standard. We aimed to study the correlation between the CT and radiographic methods of calculation of acetabulum anteversion. Read More

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September 2021

Examination of Construct Validity and Criterion-Related Validity of the German Motor Test in Egyptian Schoolchildren.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 6;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Institute of Sports and Sports Science, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany.

Physical fitness is an indicator for children's public health status. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the construct validity and the criterion-related validity of the German motor test (GMT) in Egyptian schoolchildren. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a total of 931 children aged 6 to 11 years (age: 9. Read More

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Development of a Scale Measuring Emotional Catharsis through Illness Narratives.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 4;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Department of Applied Foreign Languages, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201, Taiwan.

Objective: This study intended to construct a scale measuring the catharsis effect on medical professionals or students through illness narratives (ECS-IN).

Methods: After a systematic literature review and panel discussion, the researchers conducted a pilot study with a sample of seven hundred and eighty-two randomly selected healthcare students and providers in Taiwan to examine psychometric properties using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for item derivation and factor extraction. The researchers also tested the validities and reliabilities of the ECS-IN scale to confirm its feasibility. Read More

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Schrödinger's Ballot: Quantum Information and the Violation of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem.

Entropy (Basel) 2021 Aug 20;23(8). Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Institute of Logic and Intelligence, Southwest University, Choingqing 400715, China.

We study Arrow's Impossibility Theorem in the quantum setting. Our work is based on the work of Bao and Halpern, in which it is proved that the quantum analogue of Arrow's Impossibility Theorem is not valid. However, we feel unsatisfied about the proof presented in Bao and Halpern's work. Read More

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Interobserver Reliability of Pirani and Dimeglio Scores in the Clinical Evaluation of Idiopathic Congenital Clubfoot.

Children (Basel) 2021 Jul 21;8(8). Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of General Surgery and Medical Surgical Specialties, Section of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University Hospital Policlinico "Rodolico-San Marco", University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy.

Background: Dimeglio (DimS) and Pirani (PirS) scores are the most common scores used in congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV) clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate the interobserver reliability of these scores and how clinical practice can influence the clinical outcome of clubfoot through the DimS and Pirs.

Methods: Fifty-four feet were assessed by six trained independent observers through the DimS and PirS: three consultants (OS), and three residents (RS) divided into three pediatric orthopaedic surgeons (PeO) and three non-pediatric orthopaedic surgeons (NPeO). Read More

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Validation of a Miniaturized Test Loop for the Assessment of Human Blood Damage by Continuous-Flow Left-Ventricular Assist Devices.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 Aug 24. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Cardiovascular Engineering, Institute of Applied Medical Engineering, Helmholtz Institute, Medical Faculty, RWTH Aachen University, Pauwelsstr. 20, 52074, Aachen, Germany.

Despite improved hemocompatibility of left-ventricular assist devices (LVADs), assessment of blood damage remains mandatory in preclinical testing as standardized by ASTM-F1841. The most relevant test fluid is fresh, non-pooled human blood, but the limited volume of a standard donation requires significantly smaller loops than those commonly used with animal blood. In a recent study with porcine blood, we verified a miniaturized test loop with only 160 mL for the ASTM-conform paired testing of at least two LVADs and a static reference. Read More

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High-Resolution X-Ray Computed Tomography: A New Workflow for the Analysis of Xylogenesis and Intra-Seasonal Wood Biomass Production.

Front Plant Sci 2021 6;12:698640. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

UGCT-UGent-Woodlab, Laboratory of Wood Technology, Department of Environment, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.

Understanding tree growth and carbon sequestration are of crucial interest to forecast the feedback of forests to climate change. To have a global understanding of the wood formation, it is necessary to develop new methodologies for xylogenesis measurements, valid across diverse wood structures and applicable to both angiosperms and gymnosperms. In this study, the authors present a new workflow to study xylogenesis using high-resolution X-ray computed tomography (HRXCT), which is generic and offers high potential for automatization. Read More

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The Claiming Costs Scale: A new instrument for measuring the costs potential beneficiaries face when claiming social benefits.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(8):e0256438. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Faculty of Social Sciences, imec-mict-Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

It is a well-known feature of social protection systems that not all persons who are entitled to social benefits also claim these benefits. The costs people face when claiming benefits is considered an important cause of this phenomenon of non-take-up. In this paper, we developed and examined the psychometric properties of a new scale, the Claiming Cost Scale (CCS), which measures three dimensions of costs associated with claiming benefits. Read More

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Psychometric evaluation of the German version of the Brief Reflective Functioning Interview.

Psychol Psychother 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Institut für Psychologie, Universität Klagenfurt, Austria.

Objectives: To measure mentalization in a feasible manner, various instruments have been designed in recent years. The Brief Reflective Functioning Interview (BRFI) is a short interview that is based on the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The aim of both studies was to examine the psychometric properties of the German version of the BRFI and to compare them to those of the AAI. Read More

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Use of High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of Adipose Tissue for Detection of Bioaccumulation of Pyriproxyfen in Adults of Lithobates catesbeianus.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Centro de Ciências Biológicas e Saúde, Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (UNIOESTE), Rua Universitária, 2069, Cascavel, PR, 85819-110, Brazil.

The aims of the study were: (i) evaluate the efficacy of using amphibian adipose tissue as a valid biomarker of water contaminated by pyriproxyfen; and (ii) verify the use of Lithobates catesbeianus in laboratory experiments as a potential bioindicator for bioaccumulation of pesticide in adipose tissue from amphibians. Adult frogs were exposed to different dilutions (0.002 g/L and 0. Read More

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Smartphone-assisted Augmented Reality in Craniofacial Surgery.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Aug 13;9(8):e3743. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Division, Surgery department, Ministry of National Guards Health Affairs, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Augmented reality (AR), a blending of both the physical and digital worlds, can be a valid tool for surgeons wishing to plan interventions and attain symmetry. The use of technology has enabled physicians to achieve desirable results. In this article, we describe a method that uses smartphone's simple AR utilities for convenient, cost effective, and time saving perioperative planning. Read More

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Scale for assessing the quality of life of women with Human Papillomavirus infection.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 13;74(6):e20200698. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Universidade de São Paulo. Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: to develop and validate a scale for assessing the quality of life of women with Human Papillomavirus infection.

Methods: a methodological study to develop the stages of item elaboration, apparent and content validation, semantic validation, pre-test, item allocation in domains, and reliability.

Results: 98 items were elaborated and submitted to apparent and content validation (version 2; n=05). Read More

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Hydrolysis of methylphosphonic anhydride solid to methylphosphonic acid probed by Raman and infrared reflectance spectroscopies.

Anal Methods 2021 Aug 16. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.

Much is still unknown about the mechanisms and rates of environmental degradation of organophosphorous pesticides and agents. In this study we focus on the degradation of one organophosphorous compound, namely solid methylphosphonic anhydride [CH3P(O)OHOP(O)OHCH3, MPAN] and its rate of conversion to methylphosphonic acid (MPA) via heterogeneous hydrolysis. Pure MPAN was synthesized and loaded in open sample cups placed inside exposure chambers containing saturated salt solutions to control the relative humidity (RH). Read More

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Can musical ability be tested online?

Behav Res Methods 2021 Aug 11. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Centro de Investigação e Intervenção Social (CIS-IUL), Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Av.ª das Forças Armadas, 1649-026, Lisboa, Portugal.

We sought to determine whether an objective test of musical ability could be successfully administered online. A sample of 754 participants was tested with an online version of the Musical Ear Test (MET), which had Melody and Rhythm subtests. Both subtests had 52 trials, each of which required participants to determine whether standard and comparison auditory sequences were identical. Read More

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Atypical Gait Cycles in Parkinson's Disease.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Jul 27;21(15). Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Neuroscience "Rita Levi Montalcini", University of Turin, 10126 Turin, Italy.

It is important to find objective biomarkers for evaluating gait in Parkinson's Disease (PD), especially related to the foot and lower leg segments. Foot-switch signals, analyzed through Statistical Gait Analysis (SGA), allow the foot-floor contact sequence to be characterized during a walking session lasting five-minutes, which includes turnings. Gait parameters were compared between 20 PD patients and 20 age-matched controls. Read More

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Air Pollution: A Neglected Risk Factor for Dementia in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Front Neurol 2021 22;12:684524. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Laboratório de Poluição Ambiental, Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) rises with increasing age and polluted air. Currently, at least 172 million people breathe unhealthy levels of air pollution in LAC countries. Several cohort studies have indicated that air pollution increases the risk of developing dementia and neurodegenerative diseases, but the mechanisms underlying the association are still not clear. Read More

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Initial Validation of the Mindful Presence Scale: The Issue of the Construal Level of Scale Items.

Front Psychol 2021 21;12:626084. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Sport Economics and Management, Institute of Rural Development, Tourism and Sports Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.

Our research has two main aims. It undertakes the validation of a six-item trait mindfulness scale called Mindful Presence Scale (MPS), which measures central aspects of mindfulness. For the first time in mindfulness literature, the construal level of scale items is also examined. Read More

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Efficient biostimulants for bacterial quorum quenching to control fouling in MBR.

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 26;286(Pt 2):131689. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Key Laboratory for Water Quality and Conservation of the Pearl River Delta, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, China; School of Civil Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, 510006, China. Electronic address:

Quorum quenching (QQ), which disrupts bacterial communication and biofilm formation, could alleviate biofouling in MBR. QQ bio-stimulus possessing similar conserved moiety as the signal molecule could promote indigenous QQ bacteria, and thus successfully alleviate biofouling in MBR. However, efficient biostimulant has been barely explored for QQ enhancement in activated sludge system. Read More

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Mechanosensitive Piezo1 Channel Evoked-Mechanical Signals in Atherosclerosis.

J Inflamm Res 2021 27;14:3621-3636. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Cardiovascular Surgery Department, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

Recently, more and more works have focused and used extensive resources on atherosclerosis research, which is one of the major causes of death globally. Alongside traditional risk factors, such as hyperlipidemia, smoking, hypertension, obesity, and diabetes, mechanical forces, including shear stress, pressure and stretches exerted on endothelial cells by flow, is proved to be crucial in atherosclerosis development. Studies have recognized the mechanosensitive Piezo1 channel as a special sensor and transducer of various mechanical forces into biochemical signals, and recent studies report its role in atherosclerosis through different mechanical forces in pressure, stretching and turbulent shear stress. Read More

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How relevant for you is to be a moral person? Polish validation of the Self-Importance of Moral Identity Scale.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(8):e0255386. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Institute of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.

Objective: The Self-Importance of Moral Identity Scale (SMIS) was developed by Aquino and Reeds with the purpose of measuring how people evaluate their private (Internalization subscale) and public (Symbolization subscale) moral identity. SMIS has become commonly and broadly used in many studies. The aim of this paper is to validate the Polish version of SMIS by analyzing its structure and relation to similar measures (such as The Moral Self-Concept Scale developed by Stake and The Moral Self-Image Scale created by Jordan, Leliveld and Tenbrunsel), declared past prosocial behaviors and readiness to donate money. Read More

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