422 results match your criteria protruding distal


Synchronous gastric cancer and primary lymphoma of right adrenal gland: a case report.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kindai University Nara Hospital, 1248-1, Otoda-cho, Ikoma, Nara, 630-0293, Japan.

This report presents an extremely rare case of synchronous gastric cancer and primary adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). An 82-year-old man underwent computed tomography, which revealed a heterogeneous appearing and hypodense adrenal mass and a gastric mass with no enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, mediastinum, abdomen, and inguinal region. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a protruding gastric tumor. Read More

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Small intestine duplication cyst with recurrent hematochezia: a case report and literature review.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 1;21(1):246. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Background: Small intestine duplication cysts (SIDCs) are rare congenital anatomical abnormalities of the digestive tract and a rare cause of hematochezia.

Case Presentation: We describe an adult female presented with recurrent hematochezia. The routine gastric endoscope and colonic endoscope showed no positive findings. Read More

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Reconstruction with a Custom made Prosthetic Wrist Arthrodesis after Bone Tumor Resections of the Distal Radius. Single Centre Experience.

Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2021 Apr 22;56(2):224-229. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Unidade conjunta de Reconstrução e Sarcoma, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, Middlesex, HA7, Reino Unido.

 The present study aimed at analyzing the clinical, radiological and functional results of the reconstruction of the distal radius after tumor resection with a custom-made metal arthrodesis implant and compare them with other types of distal radius reconstruction, as presented in the literature. To our best knowledge, this is the first article describing this particular type of implant and patient functionality.  Functional outcomes of reconstruction of the distal radius were assessed in a series of 4 patients. Read More

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Flexor tendon rupture after volar plating of distal radius fracture: A systematic review of the literature.

Hand Surg Rehabil 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique, CHU de Poitiers, 2 Rue de la Milétrie, 86021 Poitiers, France.

Flexor tendon rupture after volar plate fixation of distal radius fracture (DRF) is rare. There is no consensus as to how to prevent them. The aim of our study was to identify the pathological mechanisms, and to establish the clinical and epidemiological profile of patients suffering from this complication. Read More

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Intrabronchial migration of hemostatic agent through a bronchial fistula after lung transplantation: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 May 10;7(1):116. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8655, Japan.

Background: A bronchial fistula is a relatively rare and potentially fatal complication after lung transplantation. Thoracic surgeons and pulmonologists often face challenges when selecting treatment options. We herein report an exceptional case of intrabronchial migration of a nonabsorbable hemostatic agent, which had been placed around the pulmonary artery at the time of lung transplantation, through a bronchial fistula. Read More

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Accuracy of 2D CT-Based Measurements of Rotational Alignment of the Femoral Component for Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Yonsei Med J 2021 May;62(5):439-445

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: We aimed to investigate the accuracy of two-dimensional computed tomography (2D-CT)-based methods for measuring rotational alignment of the femoral component during total knee arthroplasty in comparison to reference values for three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction.

Materials And Methods: We selected the "most protruding transepicondylar axis section," "most protruding posterior condylar line section," and "distal femoral cut section" on 2D-CT images for 100 knees. We investigated posterior condylar angle (PCA) and condylar twist angle (CTA) values using three different methods on 2D-CT and compared to these values to those obtained using a 3D model. Read More

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Large left ventricular thrombus surgically resected in a patient with normal ejection: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 24;81:105842. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; King Abdulaziz Medical City, Ministry of National Guard - Health Affairs, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Introduction: A left ventricular thrombus is very rare in a patient with normal systolic function. We are reporting a case of left ventricular thrombus in a patient with an abnormal presentation and normal ejection fraction.

Presentation Of Case: A 57-year-old female patient presented with severe epigastric and central abdominal pain associated with nausea, vomiting, constipation, and a decrease in appetite. Read More

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Structural basis of assembly and torque transmission of the bacterial flagellar motor.

Cell 2021 May 20;184(10):2665-2679.e19. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Biophysics and Department of Pathology of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Life Sciences Institute and School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China; The MOE Key Laboratory for Biosystems Homeostasis & Protection and Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Cancer Molecular Cell Biology, Life Sciences Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China; The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China; Institute of Microbiology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China; Cancer Center, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310058, China. Electronic address:

The bacterial flagellar motor is a supramolecular protein machine that drives rotation of the flagellum for motility, which is essential for bacterial survival in different environments and a key determinant of pathogenicity. The detailed structure of the flagellar motor remains unknown. Here we present an atomic-resolution cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) structure of the bacterial flagellar motor complexed with the hook, consisting of 175 subunits with a molecular mass of approximately 6. Read More

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Telomere Replication: Solving Multiple End Replication Problems.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 1;9:668171. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Cancer Research Pavilion, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Eukaryotic genomes are highly complex and divided into linear chromosomes that require end protection from unwarranted fusions, recombination, and degradation in order to maintain genomic stability. This is accomplished through the conserved specialized nucleoprotein structure of telomeres. Due to the repetitive nature of telomeric DNA, and the unusual terminal structure, namely a protruding single stranded 3' DNA end, completing telomeric DNA replication in a timely and efficient manner is a challenge. Read More

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Diagnosis and Treatment Process of Tracheobronchopathia Osteochondroplastica with Concurrent Chronic Eosinophilic Pneumonia: a Case Report.

Tanaffos 2020 Jul;19(3):267-271

Advanced Thoracic Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Tracheobronchopathia Osteochondroplastica (TBPO) is a rare disease with a benign period affecting the bronchial system. It is characterized by the presence of numerous osseous submucosal nodules or cartilaginous protruding into the tracheobronchial lumen. These wounds are diagnosed incidentally during bronchoscopy. Read More

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Eruptive Calcified Nodules as a Potential Mechanism of Acute Coronary Thrombosis and Sudden Death.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 Apr;77(13):1599-1611

CVPath Institute, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Calcified nodule (CN) has a unique plaque morphology, in which an area of nodular calcification causes disruption of the fibrous cap with overlying luminal thrombus. CN is reported to be the least frequent cause of acute coronary thrombosis, and the pathogenesis of CN has not been well studied.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive morphologic assessment of the CN in addition to providing an evolutionary perspective as to how CN causes acute coronary thrombosis in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Read More

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Early postoperative colonic ventriculoperitoneal shunt migration with trans-anal protrusion: A unique case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 19;81:105796. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Neurosurgery, Monash Medical Centre, Clayton, Victoria, 3168, Australia. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Colonic ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) migration with trans-anal protrusion remains uncommon. Patients may be asymptomatic, and diagnosis may only be made on visualization of the prolapsed catheter from the anus. This unique case of early post-operative trans-anal shunt protrusion highlight the possibility of this rare complication specially when shunt revision accompanies bowel surgery. Read More

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Pygidiapion De Sousa amp; Mermudes, a new genus of Apioninae (Brentidae: Apioninae: Apionini) associated with Fabaceae from Brazil, with the description of a new species and transfer of Apion zikani Heller, 1922.

Zootaxa 2021 Mar 23;4948(4):zootaxa.4948.4.6. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Universidade Federal de Rondonópolis, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Rodovia Rondonópolis-Guiratinga MT 270, Km 6, s/n. Rondonópolis, Mato Grosso, Brazil. 78735-901..

The genus Pygidiapion De Sousa Mermudes gen. n., described and illustrated here, includes two species from Brazil: the type-species Pygidiapion zeppelinii De Sousa Mermudes sp. Read More

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Challenges in management of an isolated intrapancreatic Common Bile Duct injury in an abdominal trauma.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 13;81:105765. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Topiwala National Medical College, Department of General Surgery, 2nd Floor, College Building, Mumbai Central, Mumbai, 400008, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Biliary tract injuries are rare following abdominal trauma. If detected late, outcome is less favourable. It adds to morbidity if there is involvement of head of pancreas or duodenal wall. Read More

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Open Interphalangeal Dislocation of the Great Toe in an Amateur Football Player: A Rare Case Report.

J Orthop Case Rep 2020 Jul;10(4):78-81

Department of Orthopaedics, General Hospital of Grevena, Region Military Camp, 51100. Grevena, Greece.

Introduction: Open interphalangeal (IP) dislocations are completely uncommon. Up to now, different patterns of dislocation have been described. The combination of axial loading and hyperdorsiflexion forces, leading to plantar dislocation of the distal phalanx, is a rare type of injury, which has yet not been reported. Read More

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Superficial spreading type of early gastric cancer coexisting with multiple hyperplastic polyps.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 15;14(3):730-735. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Cytology and Molecular Pathology, Japanese Red Cross Nagoya First Hospital, Nagoya, Japan.

We encountered a rare case that involved the superficial spreading type of early gastric cancer coexisting with multiple hyperplastic polyps. An 81-year-old Japanese woman with a history of Helicobacter pylori infection was diagnosed with gastric cancer (cT1bN0M0), which presented as a wide, nodular, aggregated protrusion that was associated with multiple pedunculated and sessile polyps. Distal gastrectomy was performed, and the resected specimen involved an 8 cm × 4 cm nodular aggregated protruding lesion and 15 polyps that were 2-20 mm in size. Read More

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Endoscopic Removal of an Intrauterine Device in the Left Distal Ureter.

J Endourol Case Rep 2020 29;6(4):502-504. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Division of Urology, Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Somerset, Somerville, New Jersey, USA.

Intrauterine device (IUD) migration to the ureter is rare. Symptoms can vary, but often mimic renal colic. Radiographic imaging may aid the diagnosis of a foreign body in the ureter. Read More

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December 2020

Postmortem evaluation of neuromuscular damages more extensive than the surgical intervention area after iliac crest bone graft.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Jun 5;43(6):827-831. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Toho University, 5-21-16 Omori-Nishi, Ota-ku, Tokyo, 143-8540, Japan.

Several complications may occur following iliac bone grafting, one of the common sites for autologous bone harvesting. Of these, it is difficult to localize the damage in neurological complications due to the presence of several nerves in a similar distribution area with variations among individuals. To minimize these complications, conventional clinical anatomical studies using normal human cadavers have estimated the theoretical neurological damage area corresponding to the surgical intervention area. Read More

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Comparative study between fixed-angle and polyaxial screws in distal radius fixation with two volar locking plates.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2020 Dec 28:102801. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Hospital Clínic. University of Barcelona, c/de Villarroel, 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: When treating a distal radius fracture with a volar locking plate (VLP), numerous plate-screw designs are available. To date, there is not a screw fastening system with a clear superiority among the others.

Hypotesis: Fixed-angle screws are superior to polyaxial screws in distal radius VLP fixation with respect to screw protrusion and reduction preservation. Read More

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December 2020

Cardiac outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome attributable to calcified nodule.

Atherosclerosis 2021 02 11;318:70-75. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine and Tohoku University Hospital, Sendai, Japan.

Background And Aims: Calcified nodule (CN) is an eruptive calcified mass causing acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Since coronary calcification is associated with an elevated cardiac event's risk, ACS attributable to CN may exhibit worse clinical outcome following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 657 ACS patients receiving PCI with newer-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation under intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance. Read More

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February 2021

Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair in "Shaggy Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms".

Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol 2021 Feb 19;44(2):220-229. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Vascular Surgery-IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Fondazione Cà Granda, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: To report the outcomes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for shaggy thoracic aortic aneurysms (STA).

Methods: It is a single center, retrospective, observational, cohort study. Data were collected prospectively between January 2005 and May 2019. Read More

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February 2021

Aortic adventitial thickness as a marker of aortic atherosclerosis, vascular stiffness, and vessel remodeling in systemic lupus erythematosus.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 May 6;40(5):1843-1852. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Medicine, Divisions of Cardiology and Rheumatology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Cardiology 5ACC, MSC 10-5550, Albuquerque, NM, 87131-0001, USA.

Introduction: There is limited human imaging data on the association of adventitial thickness (AT) with arterial disease. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypical disease model for studying markers of premature arterial disease.

Objective: To determine if increased aortic AT is associated with aortic atherosclerosis [increased intima media thickness (IMT) or plaques], stiffness [increased pressure-strain elastic modulus (PSEM)], and vessel remodeling. Read More

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Metal Stent Insertion for Malignant Obstruction of a Colostomy.

Cureus 2020 Aug 29;12(8):e10121. Epub 2020 Aug 29.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, USA.

A 47-year-old female with metastatic cervical cancer and diverting colostomy presented with abdominal distention and minimal stool output from her colostomy. A computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a metastatic mass causing partial obstruction at the colostomy level and significant proximal colonic dilation. Her obstruction was relieved by the endoscopic placement of a metal stent through the stoma, with the stent's distal edge visible externally but not protruding beyond skin level. Read More

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Balloon-based drug coating delivery to the artery wall is dictated by coating micro-morphology and angioplasty pressure gradients.

Biomaterials 2020 11 20;260:120337. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

IMES, MIT, 77 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA, USA; Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Paclitaxel coated balloon catheters (PCB) were developed as a polymer-free non-implantable alternative to drug eluting stents, delivering similar drug payloads in a matter of minutes. While PCB have shown efficacy in treating peripheral arterial disease in certain patient groups, restenosis rates remain high and there is no class effect. To help further optimize these devices, we developed a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) imaging technique and computational modeling approach that provide insights into the coating micromorphology dependence of in vivo drug transfer and retention. Read More

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November 2020

Repeated Peripheral Embolisms associated with Chronic Aortic Dissection.

Int J Angiol 2020 Sep 6;29(3):210-214. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, St. Mary's Hospital, Kurume, Japan.

A male patient developed acute type B aortic dissection (AD) extending to the right external iliac artery (EIA) and left common femoral artery at the age of 56 years. Two months after the diagnosis of AD, he developed right renal infarction suggesting embolism, as the right renal artery arose from a false lumen containing a mural thrombus. Seven years later, at the age of 63 years, the patient was readmitted for acute onset of intermittent claudication in the right leg. Read More

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September 2020

Neuroendocrine carcinoma arising from Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinoma: a case report.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2020 Dec 27;13(6):1028-1035. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Human Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan.

Neuroendocrine carcinoma in Barrett's esophagus is rare and its developmental mechanisms remain unclear. Neuroendocrine carcinoma arising in Barrett's esophagus with adenocarcinoma was detected at an early stage and resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection. Detailed pathological examination revealed that the neuroendocrine carcinoma originated via differentiation of the preexisting adenocarcinoma. Read More

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December 2020

Gastric MiNEN Arising from the Heterotopic Gastric Glands.

Intern Med 2020 Dec 22;59(24):3165-3169. Epub 2020 Aug 22.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Kyoto Katsura Hospital, Japan.

An 80-year-old woman presented with a 30-mm protruding lesion-like submucosal tumor with a central depression located at the anterior wall of the upper gastric body. The depressed area had a well-demarcated margin, while the other area was covered by a non-neoplastic mucosa. A biopsy specimen revealed neuroendocrine carcinoma. Read More

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December 2020

A Prospective Cohort Study on Accuracy of Dorsal Tangential Views to Avoid Screw Penetration With Volar Plating of Distal Radius Fractures.

J Orthop Trauma 2020 09;34(9):e291-e297

Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Flinders Medical Centre/ Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia; and.

Objective: To assess diagnostic performance of dorsal tangential views (DTVs) to detect dorsal screw protrusion in clinical practice.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Level-1 trauma center. Read More

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September 2020

Premature closure of the distal radial physis without evident history of trauma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jul;99(31):e21515

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nippon Medical School Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Rationale: The distal radius is the region of the body with the highest incidence of physeal injury. However, it is uncommon for the distal radius to undergo growth arrest without a history of trauma. We present a case of premature closure of the distal radial physis without evident history of trauma in a girl. Read More

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Three new species of the genus Scott, 1892 (Crustacea, Copepoda, Calanoida, Stephidae) from Jeju Island, Korea.

Zookeys 2020 30;944:1-30. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Oceanography, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, South Korea Chonnam National University Gwangju South Korea.

During general field surveys carried out recently to collect benthopelagic copepods from near the substrate of the shallow waters off Jeju Island, Korea, a few specimens of three new species of Scott, 1892, were collected. The new species are placed in the genus because of the following combination of features: absence of seta on the basal exite of maxillule, and male right leg 5 ending in an unarmed claw-like and/or mitten-like segment. . Read More

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