5,906 results match your criteria protein ash

Nanosensing Colon Cancer Biomarker on Zeolite-modified Gap-fingered Dielectrodes.

Biotechnol Appl Biochem 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Faculty of Chemical Engineering Technology.

Nanomaterial on the sensing area elevates the biomolecular immobilization by its right orientation with a proper alignment and zeolite is one of the suitable materials. In this research zeolite nanoparticle was synthesized using rice hush ash as the basic source and the prepared zeolite by the addition of sodium silicate was utilized to attach antibody as a probe on a gap-fingered dielectrode surface to identify the colon cancer biomarker, 'colon cancer secreted protein-2' (CCSP-2). FESEM and FETEM images confirmed the size of nanoparticle to be ∼15 nm and the occurrence of silica and alumina. Read More

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September 2021

Optimization of the Formulation of Rice Biscuits Supplemented with (L.) Powder Using Response Surface Methodology.

Int J Food Sci 2021 31;2021:5215367. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice), M'be Research Station, P.O. Box 2551, Bouake, Ivory Coast, South Africa.

Trends in the food industry are nowadays directed towards the reduction of the level of trans fatty acids in food intended for human consumption. The present study was designed and aimed at valorizing (L.) powder as a substitute for margarine in the production of functional rice biscuits. Read More

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Analysis of Sour Porridge Microbiota and Improvement of Cooking Quality Pure Culture Fermentation Using Strain SZ02.

Front Microbiol 2021 26;12:712189. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Food Science and Engineering, Jinzhou Medical University, Jinzhou, China.

The microbial composition of sour porridge at different fermentation times was analyzed through high-throughput sequencing, and a pure culture fermentation process was established to optimize production process and improve the edible quality of the porridge. In natural fermentation, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were abundant throughout the process. Specifically, , and were dominant on fermentation days 1-5 (groups NF-1, NF-3, and NF-5), while and gradually became the dominant bacteria on fermentation day 7 (group NF-7). Read More

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Co-hydrothermal carbonization of sewage sludge and polyvinyl chloride for the production of high-quality solid fuel with low nitrogen content.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Sep 4;804:150094. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China Normal University, No. 500 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200241, PR China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Green Chemistry and Chemical Processes, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, PR China. Electronic address:

Sewage sludge (SS) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are typical solid wastes. Their co-hydrothermal carbonization behavior was investigated in this study. The low-nitrogen solid fuel (0. Read More

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September 2021

Data on assessment of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications.

Data Brief 2021 Oct 28;38:107332. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Chemistry, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, P.O Box 280, Zomba, Malawi.

The data presented in this article are related to the research paper "Physicochemical parameters and functional properties of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications" [1]. The genotypes were collected from a multi-location (Uniform yield Trial) trial of the IITA breeding program in Malawi. The data were obtained using multiple analytical techniques and methodology such as oven-drying, sieving, colorimetry, titration, acid hydrolysis method, the Kjeldahl procedure, UV/VIS spectrophotometry, and centrifugation. Read More

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October 2021

Isoleucilactucin Ameliorates Coal Fly Ash-Induced Inflammation through the NF-κB and MAPK Pathways in MH-S Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Sep 1;22(17). Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea.

We investigated whether isoleucilactucin, an active constituent of , reduces inflammation caused by coal fly ash (CFA) in alveolar macrophages (MH-S). The anti-inflammatory effects of isoleucilactucin were assessed by measuring the concentration of nitric oxide (NO) and the expression of pro-inflammatory mediators in MH-S cells exposed to CFA-induced inflammation. We found that isoleucilactucin reduced CFA-induced NO generation dose-dependently in MH-S cells. Read More

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September 2021

Pharmacokinetics and metabolic disposition of a potent and selective kynurenine monooxygenase inhibitor, CHDI-340246, in laboratory animals.

Xenobiotica 2021 Sep 15:1-26. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

CHDI Management/CHDI Foundation, Princeton, NJ, USA.

The disposition of a novel kynurenine monooxygenase inhibitor, CHDI-340246, was investigated and in animals., there was minimal metabolic turnover of CHDI-340246 in all species. The protein binding was higher in human plasma (99. Read More

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September 2021

Early developmental nanoplastics exposure disturbs circadian rhythms associated with stress resistance decline and modulated by DAF-16 and PRDX-2 in C. elegans.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Sep 1;423(Pt A):127091. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Bioenvironmental Systems Engineering, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Plastics pollution is an emerging environmental problem and nanoplastics (NPs) toxicity has received great concern. This study investigated whether early developmental exposure to polystyrene NPs influence the circadian rhythms and the possible underlying mechanisms in C. elegans. Read More

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September 2021

SPT5 stabilization of promoter-proximal RNA polymerase II.

Mol Cell 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Simpson Querrey Institute for Epigenetics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. Electronic address:

Based on in vitro studies, it has been demonstrated that the DSIF complex, composed of SPT4 and SPT5, regulates the elongation stage of transcription catalyzed by RNA polymerase II (RNA Pol II). The precise cellular function of SPT5 is not clear, because conventional gene depletion strategies for SPT5 result in loss of cellular viability. Using an acute inducible protein depletion strategy to circumvent this issue, we report that SPT5 loss triggers the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of the core RNA Pol II subunit RPB1, a process that we show to be evolutionarily conserved from yeast to human cells. Read More

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Solids Residence Time Impacts Carbon Dynamics and Bioenergy Feedstock Potential in Phototrophic Wastewater Treatment Systems.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Institute for Sustainability, Energy, and Environment, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1101 West Peabody Drive, Urbana, Illinois 61801, United States.

The use of wastewater-grown microalgae has the potential to reduce the cost of algae-derived biofuels while simultaneously advancing nutrient recovery at water resource recovery facilities (WRRFs). However, a significant barrier has been the low yield and high protein content of phototrophic biomass. Here, we examine the use of solids residence time (SRT) as a selective pressure in driving biochemical composition, yield, biofuel production, and WRRF nutrient management cost. Read More

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September 2021

Changes in the proximate and elemental composition of (Crustacea: Flabellifera: Aegidae) exposed to lethal dose of bacterial consortium.

J Parasit Dis 2021 Sep 17;45(3):859-868. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Aquatic Animal Health Management, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad, Cochin, Kerala 682 506 India.

is a crustacean parasite, which is increasingly becoming a menace to aquafarmers. In our previous study, a novel microbial consortium comprising of three exoskeleton degrading bacterial strains (, and ) had shown promising results as a biocontrol agent for . The present investigation reports the changes in proximate and elemental composition associated with the application of microbial consortium on the isopod . Read More

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September 2021

A novel angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory peptide derived from the trypsin hydrolysates of salmon bone proteins.

PLoS One 2021 2;16(9):e0256595. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Research Unit in Bioconversion/Bioseparation for Value-Added Chemical Production, Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand.

When fish are processed, fish bone becomes a key component of the waste, but to date very few researchers have sought to use fish bone to prepare protein hydrolysates as a means of adding value to the final product. This study, therefore, examines the potential of salmon bone, through an analysis of the benefits of its constituent components, namely fat, moisture, protein, and ash. In particular, the study seeks to optimize the process of enzymatic hydrolysis of salmon bone with trypsin in order to produce angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides making use of response surface methodology in combination with central composite design (CCD). Read More

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September 2021

Near- and mid-infrared determination of some quality parameters of cheese manufactured from the mixture of different milk species.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 19;58(10):3981-3992. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Food Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey.

This study aimed to evaluate the performance of both near-infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance and mid-infrared-attenuated total reflectance (MIR-ATR) in determining some quality parameters of a commercial white cheese made of unknown ratios of various milk species. For this purpose, 81 commercial Ezine cheese samples, a special ripened cheese produced in Turkey, containing unknown ratios of bovine, caprine, and ovine milk, were used. Reference analyses, including textural properties, protein content, nitrogen fractions, ripening index coefficients, fat, salt, dry matter-moisture, and ash contents as well as pH and titratable acidity levels, were conducted in the samples following the traditional gold standards. Read More

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October 2021

glycemic index, antioxidant capacity and some physicochemical characteristics of deep-fried sorghum based gluten free chips.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 12;58(10):3725-3733. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

In this study, deep fried gluten free chips were manufactured using sorghum flour at different concentrations (5, 20, 35 and 50 g/100 g) and in vitro glycemic index, total antioxidant capacity and some physicochemical characteristics (dry matter, ash, oil, protein and color) and overall acceptability of the samples were investigated. Protein, oil and total dietary fiber levels of the samples ranged between 5.39-8. Read More

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October 2021

A novel Bacillus sp. with rapid growth property and high enzyme activity that allows efficient fermentation of soybean meal for improving digestibility in growing pigs.

J Appl Microbiol 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Animal Biosciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Aims: Soybean meal (SBM) contributes high-quality dietary protein for pigs. However, it also contains antinutritional factors such as allergenic high molecular weight proteins and non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) that limit its use. Therefore, the objective of this study was to screen and characterize a robust Bacillus sp. Read More

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Ameliorative potential of Moringa Leaf Meal on nutrient digestibility of rabbits fed Fumonisin B-contaminated diets.

Toxicon 2021 Aug 26;201:164-168. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko, Nigeria.

The ameliorative potential of Moringa leaf meal (MLM) on nutrient digestibility and organ weights of rabbits fed FB-contaminated diets was evaluated. The rabbits were divided into nine treatment groups (2.5 mg FB, 5. Read More

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Interaction of tau with HNRNPA2B1 and N-methyladenosine RNA mediates the progression of tauopathy.

Mol Cell 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA; Department of Neurology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, USA; Center for Neurophotonics, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA; Center for Systems Neuroscience, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address:

The microtubule-associated protein tau oligomerizes, but the actions of oligomeric tau (oTau) are unknown. We have used Cry2-based optogenetics to induce tau oligomers (oTau-c). Optical induction of oTau-c elicits tau phosphorylation, aggregation, and a translational stress response that includes stress granules and reduced protein synthesis. Read More

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Deletion of the K145R and DP148R Genes from the Virulent ASFV Georgia 2007/1 Isolate Delays the Onset, but Does Not Reduce Severity, of Clinical Signs in Infected Pigs.

Viruses 2021 Jul 28;13(8). Epub 2021 Jul 28.

The Pirbright Institute, Ash Road, Pirbright, Surrey GU24 0NF, UK.

African swine fever virus causes a frequently fatal disease of domestic pigs and wild boar that has a high economic impact across 3 continents. The large double-stranded DNA genome codes for approximately 160 proteins. Many of these have unknown functions and this hinders our understanding of the virus and host interactions. Read More

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Response of Normal and Low-Phytate Genotypes of Pea ( L.) on Phosphorus Foliar Fertilization.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Aug 5;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Institute of Physical and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkyňova 118, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic.

Phosphorus (P) is an important nutrient in plant nutrition. Its absorption by plants from the soil is influenced by many factors. Therefore, a foliar application of this nutrient could be utilized for the optimal nutrition state of plants. Read More

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Characterization of the chemical composition (mineral, lead and centesimal) in pine nut (Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze) using exploratory data analysis.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 29;369:130672. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Química, Campus de Ondina, 40170-290 Salvador, BA, Brazil. Electronic address:

In this study, mineral composition, centesimal composition and lead were evaluated in pine nut seeds (raw and cooked) from five Brazilian states. Mineral composition was determined by ICP OES and lead by GF AAS. The results for minerals were evaluated by Boxplot, PCA and HCA, using the R software. Read More

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Chemical and nutritional characteristics of Cannabis sativa L. co-products.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Napoli, Federico II, Napoli, Italy.

Cannabis sativa L. is an annual herbaceous plant. It was used for centuries to obtain different products. Read More

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Nutritional Content and Characteristics of Pumpkin Cream Soup with Tempeh Addition as Supplementary Food for Elderly.

Int J Food Sci 2021 16;2021:6976357. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, 16680, Indonesia.

An increase in the number of elderly people indicates a higher life expectancy. However, this is also a new challenge since the elderly tends to have age-related diseases, thus the physical, psychological, and sensory disorders that will affect their nutritional status. The development of geriatric foods such as cream soup made from pumpkin and tempeh is considered to be the solution to prevent this situation. Read More

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Activation of Dendritic Cells in Tonsils Is Associated with CD8 T Cell Responses following Vaccination with Live Attenuated Classical Swine Fever Virus.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Aug 16;22(16). Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Virology Department, Animal and Plant Health Agency, Addlestone KT15 3NB, UK.

Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious disease caused by the classical swine fever virus (CSFV). The live attenuated C-strain vaccine is highly efficacious, initiating protection within several days of delivery. The vaccine strain is detected in the tonsil early after inoculation, yet little is known of the role that tonsillar immune cells might play in initiating protection. Read More

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Wool Keratin Hydrolysates for Bioactive Additives Preparation.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Aug 20;14(16). Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Horia Hulubei National Institute of Research and Development for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, 30 Reactorului Str., 077125 Magurele, Romania.

The aim of this paper was to select keratin hydrolysate with bioactive properties by using the enzymatic hydrolysis of wool. Different proteolytic enzymes such as Protamex, Esperase, and Valkerase were used to break keratin molecules in light of bioactive additive preparation. The enzymatic keratin hydrolysates were assessed in terms of the physico-chemical characteristics related to the content of dry substance, total nitrogen, keratin, ash, cysteic sulphur, and cysteine. Read More

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Growth Performance, Waste Reduction Efficiency and Nutritional Composition of Black Soldier Fly () Larvae and Prepupae Reared on Coconut Endosperm and Soybean Curd Residue with or without Supplementation.

Insects 2021 Jul 29;12(8). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kasetsart University, 50 Ngamwongwan Rd., Bangkok 10900, Thailand.

Black soldier fly (BSF, ) larvae are considered as insects with a high potential to convert organic waste into high-value products. The objective of this study was to investigate the growth performance, waste reduction efficiency, and nutritional composition of BSF reared on different ratios of coconut endosperm (C) and soybean curd residue (S), with or without supplementation, compared to standard diets (Gainesville: G and starter chicken diet: CK). Seven-day-old larvae were randomly divided into eight experimental groups (G, CK, and three different ratios of C and S with or without supplementation) with three replicates with an equal weight of larvae. Read More

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Effect of Tempering Conditions on White Sorghum Milling, Flour, and Bread Properties.

Foods 2021 Aug 21;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Grain Science & Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

The effects of room temperature water, hot water, and steam tempering methods were investigated on sorghum kernel physical properties, milling, flour, and bread-making properties. Overall tempering condition and tempering moisture content were found to have a significant effect on the physical properties. Milling properties were evaluated using a laboratory-scale roller milling flowsheet consisting of four break rolls and eight reduction rolls. Read More

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Technological Potential of a Lupin Protein Concentrate as a Nutraceutical Delivery System in Baked Cookies.

Foods 2021 Aug 19;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 19.

LEAF, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, 1349-017 Lisbon, Portugal.

Previous reports have shown that lupin protein extracts (LE) contain a polypeptide named deflamin with a potent matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 inhibitory activity. The aim of our study was to develop an efficient delivery method for incorporating deflamin into cookies using different alternative flours. A lupin protein concentrate (10 g protein/100 g cookie dough) was added to gluten and gluten-free flours to produce savoury cookies, and its impacts on the physical properties of doughs and cookies, as well on the maintenance of deflamin's anti-MMP-9 activity, were analysed. Read More

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Differences in Antioxidants, Polyphenols, Protein Digestibility and Nutritional Profile between from Industrial Crops in Asia and from Cultivation and Iberian Origin.

Foods 2021 Jul 29;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Departamento Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Valladolid, Av. Ramón y Cajal, 7, 47005 Valladolid, Spain.

Carpophores of (GZ) from industrial crops in China were analysed and compared with carpophores of three Iberian strains of cultivated (GL) (Aveiro, Madrid, Palencia) previously genetically characterized. The genetic determination of all the fungi in the study coincided with the identification provided by the companies and entities that supplied the samples. Cultivation time ranged between 107 and 141 days. Read More

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Partitioning of Proteins and Anti-Nutrients in Cassava ( Crantz) Leaf Processing Fractions after Mechanical Extraction and Ultrafiltration.

Foods 2021 Jul 23;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Tropics and Subtropics Group, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.

Cassava plays a major role in improving food security and reducing malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of mechanical pressing coupled with ultrafiltration (UF) on the quality of different fractions of cassava leaves. Cassava leaves harvested from the greenhouse at the University of Hohenheim were passed through a mechanical screw press to extract the juice and separate the press cake. Read More

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Coffee Silver Skin: Chemical Characterization with Special Consideration of Dietary Fiber and Heat-Induced Contaminants.

Foods 2021 Jul 23;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Food Chemistry and Phytochemistry, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Adenauerring 20A, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany.

Coffee silver skin is produced in large amounts as a by-product during the coffee roasting process. In this study, coffee silver skin of the species L. and Pierre ex A. Read More

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