41,097 results match your criteria protective equipment

Strategies for the improvement of home medical waste management during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Air Waste Manag Assoc 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

D.Sc. in Civil Engineering. Associate Professor, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro Acadêmico do Agreste, Caruaru - PE, Brazil, CEP: 55014-900.

Home care services (HCS) are important to assist patients with difficulties in accessing conventional health services. Nevertheless, in times of COVID-19 pandemic, the traditionally offered service needs to be restructured to protect health professionals, patients and their families. In this context, this article aims to identify the impacts resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic on home medical waste management (MWM), converting threats into opportunities, and weaknesses into management strengths. Read More

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September 2021

Risk Perception and Ethnic Background in Construction Workers: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study in a Group of Trainees of a Vocational School in Italy.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Jan 26;11(1):96-109. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, 41125 Modena, Italy.

Risk perception can be influenced by cultural background. The study aims to evaluate risk perception, considering different ethnicities of construction workers from vocational schools in Italy. We administered a questionnaire investigating four different dimensions: Perceived behavioral control (PBC), Danger perception (DP), Safety climate (SC), and Attitude towards safe actions (ATSA). Read More

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January 2021

Investigating the current status of COVID-19 related plastics and their potential impact on human health.

Curr Opin Toxicol 2021 Sep 13;27:47-53. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences (QAEHS), The University of Queensland, 20 Cornwall Street, Woolloongabba, QLD, 4102, Australia.

The COVID-19 pandemic led to a sudden global increase in the production, consumption, and mismanagement of personal protective equipment (PPE). As plastic-based PPE such as disposable face masks and gloves have become widely used, human exposure to PPE-derived pollutants may occur through indirect and direct pathways. This review explores the potential health impacts related to plastic-based PPE through these pathways. Read More

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September 2021

Indonesian medical frontliners during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: Have we been protecting them enough?

J Clin Transl Res 2021 Aug 30;7(4):558-562. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background And Aim: The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has brought deteriorating physical and mental burdens to health care workers (HCWs) in Indonesia, mainly attributed to the lack of protection and screening among HCWs, patients' concealment of their travel and medical history, and perceived social stigma and discrimination. Hence, we deliver our perspectives and recommendations based on the current situation in Indonesia to enforce their safeties. We encourage stakeholders to implement a systematic approach by employing stringent prevention strategies, ensuring adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) provision and equitable PPE distribution, and routine HCWs screening to prevent nosocomial clusters, in addition to the provision of psychosocial support to HCWs by offering social aids and psychological sessions. Read More

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Impact of Personal Cooling on Performance, Comfort and Heat Strain of Healthcare Workers in PPE, a Study From West Africa.

Front Public Health 2021 1;9:712481. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Environmental Extremes Laboratory, University of Brighton, Eastbourne, United Kingdom.

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is an essential component of safely treating suspected or confirmed SARS-CoV-2 patients. PPE acts as a barrier to heat loss, therefore increasing the risk of thermal strain which may impact on cognitive function. Healthcare workers (HCWs) need to be able to prioritize and execute complex tasks effectively to ensure patient safety. Read More

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September 2021

Dissection of non-pharmaceutical interventions implemented by Iran, South Korea, and Turkey in the fight against COVID-19 pandemic.

J Diabetes Metab Disord 2021 Sep 14:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Population Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, No. 10, Al-e-Ahmad and Chamran Highway intersection, 1411713137 Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has imposed a great global burden on public health. As one of the most affected countries, Iran has tackled emerging challenges in the path to overcoming the epidemic, with three peaks of the disease propagation as of February 19, 2020. To flatten the curve of the COVID-19 pandemic, most countries have implemented bundles of intrusive, sometimes extremely stringent non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs). Read More

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September 2021

Menopause and personal protective equipment: How does this meet acceptable working conditions?

Angela Kydd

Case Rep Womens Health 2021 Oct 9;32:e00356. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, UK.

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October 2021

Adapted full-face snorkel masks as an alternative for COVID-19 personal protection during aerosol generating procedures in South Africa: A multi-centre, non-blinded simulation study.

Afr J Emerg Med 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Anaesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 has resulted in increased worldwide demand for personal protective equipment (PPE). With pressure from ongoing epidemic and endemic episodes, we assessed an adapted snorkel mask that provides full-face protection for healthcare workers (HCWs), particularly during aerosol-generating procedures. These masks have a custom-made adaptor which allows the fitment of standard medical respiratory filters. Read More

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September 2021

The initial impact of COVID-19 on Australasian sonographers part 2: Changes to sonographic examination protocols and access to personal protective equipment.

Sonography 2021 Sep 4;8(3):100-108. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Clinical and Health Sciences University of South Australia Adelaide Australia.

Introduction: COVID-19 brought with it the requirement for healthcare workers to limit community transmission of the virus as much as possible by limiting patient contact and wearing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). This study aimed to capture the initial adaptations to sonographic examination protocols within ultrasound departments and sonographer access to PPE.

Methods: An online survey was used to gather data on sonographer reflections of sonographic examination protocol changes seen in their departments and access to PPE between the 11th of March 2020 and the 14th of June 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of the ESGE recommendations for COVID-19 pre-endoscopy risk-stratification in a high-volume center in Germany.

Endosc Int Open 2021 Oct 16;9(10):E1556-E1560. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Gastroenterology and Infectious Diseases, University Hospital of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.

The European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) has defined COVID-19 infection prevention and control strategies within the endoscopy unit. These include pre-endoscopic questionnaire-based risk-stratification as well as pre-procedure viral testing. Real-life data on the effectiveness of these measures are presented here. Read More

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October 2021

Occupational Contact Dermatitis: An Individualized Approach to the Worker with Dermatitis.

Curr Dermatol Rep 2021 Sep 14:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Toronto, Canada.

Purpose Of Review: To provide an up-to-date, customizable approach to the worker presenting with dermatitis.

Recent Findings: Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) is often a result of combined allergic, irritant, and endogenous factors. Potential causes of OCD can be categorized in 3 main groupings: workplace materials, personal protective equipment, and skin care. Read More

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September 2021

Seroepidemiological survey of brucellosis and Q fever among high-risk occupations in northeast of Iran for first time.

Iran J Microbiol 2021 Jun;13(3):325-336

Department of Quality Control, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research Education And Extention Organization, Mashhad Branch, Mashhad, Iran.

Background And Objectives: Brucellosis and Q fever are considered as occupational hazards to people in contact with domestic animals or their carcasses. The present cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis and Q fever among professions at risk in the North Khorasan Province, northeastern Iran during 2020.

Materials And Methods: In this study, 185 sera samples were collected from butchers, slaughterhouse workers, farmers, and veterinarians in different counties of the province. Read More

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Occupational hazards, health conditions and personal protective equipment used among healthcare workers in hospitals, Thailand.

Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2021 8;27(3):804-824. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Public Health, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA.

This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate occupational hazards, health conditions and personal protective equipment used among healthcare workers. Information from the sample size of 1,128 healthcare workers were collected using questionnaires. The healthcare workers participated in this study were from five departments including inpatient, outpatient, surgery and anesthesia, nutrition service and hospital support services departments in five hospitals in Thailand. Read More

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Paraquat exposure of backpack sprayers in agricultural area in Thailand.

Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2020 5;26(10):2798-2811. Epub 2019 Nov 5.

Department of Public Health, Zuckerberg College of Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA, USA.

Thai agriculturists heavily used paraquat in agricultural areas to control weed and grasses. This study determined paraquat exposure among backpack sprayers in Thailand and identified determinants of occupational exposure. Breathing zone air and dermal samples were collected from 57 backpack sprayers while spraying. Read More

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November 2019

Use of Industrial Filters by Health Care Workers During Shortages of N95 Respirators in Pandemic Times.

Infect Dis Clin Pract (Baltim Md) 2021 Sep 4;29(5):e278-e281. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Infectious Disease, Banner University Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a significant shortage of personal protective equipment in multiple health care facilities around the world, with the highest impact on N95 respirator masks. The N95 respirator is a mask that blocks at least 95% of very small (0.3 μm) particles and is considered a standard for enhanced respiratory precautions. Read More

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September 2021

Ergonomics of Endoscopy.

Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 2021 Oct 27;31(4):655-669. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of California, 4150 Clement Street, VA 111B/ GI Section, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA.

Optimal endoscopic operations incorporate ergonomic principles into the endoscopy environment benefiting endoscopists, endoscopy unit personnel, and patients. A high prevalence of occupational musculoskeletal injuries is well established among endoscopists and gastroenterology nurses. Ergonomics can be integrated into all facets of the endoscopy unit including scheduling, endoscopy unit design, training programs, and investment in technology. Read More

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October 2021

The impact of providing end-of-life care during a pandemic on the mental health and wellbeing of health and social care staff: Systematic review and meta-synthesis.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Sep 13;287:114397. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

School of Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich Research Park, NR4 7TJ, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Disease outbreaks and disasters can result in excess deaths and severe disruption of usual end-of-life care processes. We aimed to: i) synthesise evidence describing the experiences of health and social care staff providing end-of-life care during a disease outbreak or humanitarian disaster, ii) understand the impact on their mental health and wellbeing and, iii) identify means of support.

Methods: A systematic review with meta-synthesis was conducted including studies of health and social care staff providing end-of-life care during disease outbreaks (Ebola, COVID-19, SARs, MERs) or humanitarian disasters (2001-2020). Read More

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September 2021

Pregnancy and COVID-19: Prevention, Vaccination, Therapy and Beyond.

Turk J Med Sci 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has alarmed the world since its first emergence. As pregnancy is characterized by significant changes in cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine and immunological systems, there are concerns on issues like the course of disease in pregnant women, safety of medications, route of delivery and risk of obstetric complications. The aim of this review is to summarize the current literature in the management of pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Citizen science: A way forward in tackling the plastic pollution crisis during and beyond the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 27;805:149957. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada.

The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an unprecedented surge of production, consumption, and disposal of single-use plastics (SUPs) and personal protective equipment (PPE) by the public. This widespread use of mostly plastic items like face masks and disposable gloves has led to global reports of improper disposal of potentially infectious PPE both in our urban and natural environments. Due to international travel restrictions during the pandemic, many research programs targeted at measuring plastic pollution were halted. Read More

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Pregnancy and the Risk of Severe COVID-19 Infection: Methodologic Challenges and Research Recommendations.

BJOG 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) Research Institute, USA.

Optimal prevention and treatment of infectious diseases requires identifying segments of the population at elevated risk of developing severe disease who would benefit from heightened efforts to prevent exposure or utilize personal protective equipment. Read More

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September 2021

The State of Neonatal and Pediatric Interfacility Transport During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic.

Air Med J 2021 Sep-Oct;40(5):331-336. Epub 2021 May 9.

FIU Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Miami, FL.

Objective: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has altered the provision of health care, including interfacility transport of critically ill neonatal and pediatrics patients. Transport medicine faces unique challenges in the care of persons infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. In particular, the multitude of providers, confined spaces for prolonged time periods, varying modes (ground, rotor wing, and fixed wing) of transport, and the need for frequent aerosol-generating procedures place transport personnel at high risk. Read More

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Aerosolization risk during endoscopic transnasal surgery: a prospective qualitative and quantitative microscopic analysis of particles spreading in the operating room.

J Neurosurg 2021 Sep 17:1-9. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

1Division of Otorhinolaryngology, Department of Surgical Specialties, ASST Sette Laghi, Ospedale di Circolo e Fondazione Macchi, Varese, Italy.

Objective: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic represents the greatest public health emergency of this century. The primary mode of viral transmission is droplet transmission through direct contact with large droplets generated during breathing, talking, coughing, and sneezing. However, the virus can also demonstrate airborne transmission through smaller droplets (< 5 μm in diameter) generated during various medical procedures, collectively termed aerosol-generating procedures. Read More

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September 2021

Aerosol generating dental procedures: A reappraisal of analysis methods and infection control measures.

J Hosp Infect 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: Dental aerosol generating procedures (AGPs) have been associated with risk for transmitting infectious agents. However, existing infection control monitoring studies potentially underestimate the extent of contamination, due to methodological inadequacies. These studies employed settle plate methodology which only captures droplets that land on agar plates, but not those suspended in air. Read More

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September 2021

Rapid Changes in the Provision of Rehabilitation Care in Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Settings During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Center for Long-Term Care Quality & Innovation, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, USA; Department of Health Services, Policy & Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, RI, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Little is known about how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected rehabilitation care in post-acute and long-term care. As part of a process to assess research priorities, we surveyed professionals in these settings to assess the impact of the pandemic and related research needs.

Design: Qualitative analysis of open-ended survey results. Read More

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Blood cancer care in a resource limited setting during the Covid-19 outbreak; a single center experience from Sri Lanka.

PLoS One 2021 17;16(9):e0256941. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Werahera, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: The Covid-19 pandemic has caused significant morbidity and mortality among patients with cancer. Most countries employed measures to prevent spread of Covid-19 infection which include shielding, quarantine, lockdown, travel restrictions, physical distancing and the use of personal protective equipment. This study was carried out to assess the change in patient attendance and the efficacy of newly implemented strategies to mitigate the impact of Covid-19 on services at the Lanka Hospital Blood Cancer Centre (LHBCC) in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Read More

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September 2021

Stepping towards benign alternatives: sustainable conversion of plastic waste into valuable products.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai 600020, Tamil Nadu, India.

The extensive use of plastic and the absence of efficient and sustainable methods for its degradation has raised critical concerns about its disposal and degradation. Furthermore, the escalated use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and masks during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has put us under tremendous pressure of generating huge amounts of plastic waste. Traditional plastic waste disintegration protocols, while effective, pose additional inevitable environmental risks. Read More

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September 2021

Reconciliation and Disposal of Oral Medication: Creating a Safe Process for Clinical Research Personnel.

Clin J Oncol Nurs 2021 Oct;25(5):587-590

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Clinical research nurses and non-licensed study coordinators observed variation in procedures for reconciliation and disposal of oral investigational medications across the institution. An academic medical center implemented a quality improvement project to standardize the process of reconciliation and disposal of oral investigational medications. An interprofessional collaborative workgroup was formed, which led to multiple interventions to standardize practice, including revision of three policies and procedures, redesign of specific work areas to establish drug-counting rooms, review of personal protective equipment requirements, revision of educational training, and regular cleaning of potentially contaminated workstations. Read More

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October 2021

Protective Modifications in Ophthalmology Practice during COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Lessons Learned.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Jan;31(1):S32-S34

Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Ophthalmology is a specialty which involves close contact with patients. Personal protective equipment (PPE) along with modifications in examination techniques and equipment are needed to avoid spread of coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) to health professionals. This communication aims to highlight and critically analyse the measures suggested to control this spread. Read More

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January 2021

One abutment one time vs. repeatable abutment disconnections in implants, restored with cemented / screw retained fixed partial dentures: Marginal bone level changes. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Stomatologija 2021 ;23(2):35-40

Institute of Odontology, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, Zalgirio str. 115/117, LT- 08217, Vilnius, Lithuania.

Purpose: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the impact of abutment disconnections / reconnections on peri-implant marginal bone loss changes in partially edentulous patients.

Methods: Clinical studies were selected via electronic and hand searches in English language journals until January 1, 2020. Only randomized clinical trials (RCGTs) and prospective controlled clinical trials (CCTs) showing direct comparison between the definitive implant abutments and multiple abutment replacements in the same patient or different patient groups in the partially edentulous patients were considered. Read More

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September 2021