28 results match your criteria prosody localization

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Lesion loci of impaired affective prosody: A systematic review of evidence from stroke.

Brain Cogn 2021 08 9;152:105759. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States; Department of Cognitive Science, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, United States.

Affective prosody, or the changes in rate, rhythm, pitch, and loudness that convey emotion, has long been implicated as a function of the right hemisphere (RH), yet there is a dearth of literature identifying the specific neural regions associated with its processing. The current systematic review aimed to evaluate the evidence on affective prosody localization in the RH. One hundred and ninety articles from 1970 to February 2020 investigating affective prosody comprehension and production in patients with focal brain damage were identified via database searches. Read More

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A novel beamformer-based imaging of phase-amplitude coupling (BIPAC) unveiling the inter-regional connectivity of emotional prosody processing in women with primary dysmenorrhea.

J Neural Eng 2021 06 9;18(4). Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Institute of Brain Science, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan.

. Neural communication or the interactions of brain regions play a key role in the formation of functional neural networks. A type of neural communication can be measured in the form of phase-amplitude coupling (PAC), which is the coupling between the phase of low-frequency oscillations and the amplitude of high-frequency oscillations. Read More

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Frontal lobe epileptic seizures are accompanied by elevated pitch during verbal communication.

Epilepsia 2018 03 31;59(3):e23-e27. Epub 2018 Jan 31.

Epilepsy Center, Department Presurgical Diagnostics, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

The objective of our study was to assess alterations in speech as a possible localizing sign in frontal lobe epilepsy. Ictal speech was analyzed in 18 patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) during seizures and in the interictal period. Matched identical words were analyzed regarding alterations in fundamental frequency (ƒo) as an approximation of pitch. Read More

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Prosodic processing post traumatic brain injury - a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2017 01 4;6(1). Epub 2017 Jan 4.

Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors often report difficulties with understanding and producing paralinguistic cues, as well as understanding and producing basic communication tasks. However, a large range of communicative deficits in this population cannot be adequately explained by linguistic impairment. The review examines prosodic processing performance post-TBI, its relationship with injury severity, brain injury localization, recovery and co-occurring psychiatric or mental health issues post-TBI METHODS: A systematic review using several databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, LLBA (Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstract) and Web of Science (January 1980 to May 2015), as well as a manual search of the cited references of the selected articles and the search cited features of PubMed was performed. Read More

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January 2017

Cortical processing of phonetic and emotional information in speech: A cross-modal priming study.

Neuropsychologia 2016 Feb 18;82:110-122. Epub 2016 Jan 18.

Department of Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; Center for Neurobehavioral Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA; School of Foreign Languages, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China. Electronic address:

The current study employed behavioral and electrophysiological measures to investigate the timing, localization, and neural oscillation characteristics of cortical activities associated with phonetic and emotional information processing of speech. The experimental design used a cross-modal priming paradigm in which the normal adult participants were presented a visual prime followed by an auditory target. Primes were facial expressions that systematically varied in emotional content (happy or angry) and mouth shape (corresponding to /a/ or /i/ vowels). Read More

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February 2016

Beating the bounds: Localized timing cues to word segmentation.

J Acoust Soc Am 2015 Aug;138(2):1214-20

School of Psychology, Plymouth University, Drake Circus, Plymouth PL4 8AA, United Kingdom.

Prosody facilitates perceptual segmentation of the speech stream into a sequence of words and phrases. With regard to speech timing, vowel lengthening is well established as a cue to an upcoming boundary, but listeners' exploitation of consonant lengthening for segmentation has not been systematically tested in the absence of other boundary cues. In a series of artificial language learning experiments, the impact of durational variation in consonants and vowels on listeners' extraction of novel trisyllables was examined. Read More

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A possible functional localizer for identifying brain regions sensitive to sentence-level prosody.

Lang Cogn Neurosci 2015;30(1-2):120-148

Brain and Cognitive Sciences Department, MIT.

Investigations of how we produce and perceive prosodic patterns are not only interesting in their own right but can inform fundamental questions in language research. We here argue that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in general - and the functional localization approach in particular (e.g. Read More

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January 2015

Neural correlates of inferring speaker sincerity from white lies: an event-related potential source localization study.

Brain Res 2014 May 18;1565:48-62. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

McGill University, Faculty of Medicine, School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, 1266 Avenue des Pins Ouest, Montreal QC, Canada H3G 1A8; McGill Centre for Research on Brain, Language and Music (CRBLM), Canada. Electronic address: http://www.mcgill.ca/pell_lab.

During social interactions, listeners weigh the importance of linguistic and extra-linguistic speech cues (prosody) to infer the true intentions of the speaker in reference to what is actually said. In this study, we investigated what brain processes allow listeners to detect when a spoken compliment is meant to be sincere (true compliment) or not ("white lie"). Electroencephalograms of 29 participants were recorded while they listened to Question-Response pairs, where the response was expressed in either a sincere or insincere tone (e. Read More

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Multisensory integration of dynamic emotional faces and voices: method for simultaneous EEG-fMRI measurements.

Front Hum Neurosci 2013 14;7:729. Epub 2013 Nov 14.

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, Medical School, Rheinisch-Westfaelische Technische Hochschule Aachen University Aachen, Germany ; Jülich Aachen Research Alliance, Translational Brain Medicine Aachen, Germany.

Combined EEG-fMRI analysis correlates time courses from single electrodes or independent EEG components with the hemodynamic response. Implementing information from only one electrode, however, may miss relevant information from complex electrophysiological networks. Component based analysis, in turn, depends on a priori knowledge of the signal topography. Read More

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December 2013

Perception of affective and linguistic prosody: an ALE meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2014 Sep 9;9(9):1395-403. Epub 2013 Aug 9.

Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M9, Canada.

Prosody refers to the melodic and rhythmic aspects of speech. Two forms of prosody are typically distinguished: 'affective prosody' refers to the expression of emotion in speech, whereas 'linguistic prosody' relates to the intonation of sentences, including the specification of focus within sentences and stress within polysyllabic words. While these two processes are united by their use of vocal pitch modulation, they are functionally distinct. Read More

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September 2014

Comparison of bimodal and bilateral cochlear implant users on speech recognition with competing talker, music perception, affective prosody discrimination, and talker identification.

Ear Hear 2011 Feb;32(1):16-30

South of England Cochlear Implant Centre, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Despite excellent performance in speech recognition in quiet, most cochlear implant users have great difficulty with speech recognition in noise, music perception, identifying tone of voice, and discriminating different talkers. This may be partly due to the pitch coding in cochlear implant speech processing. Most current speech processing strategies use only the envelope information; the temporal fine structure is discarded. Read More

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February 2011

Postictal language function.

Epilepsy Behav 2010 Oct 8;19(2):140-5. Epub 2010 Aug 8.

Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Language function in the postictal state can be successfully assessed and provides valuable information on seizure localization and spread. Several studies have shown that postictal paraphasic errors and ictal speech have value for seizure localization. The Cincinnati method is a simple, repeatable test that involves presenting a single test sentence on a card and asking the patient to read the sentence repeatedly until it is read correctly. Read More

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October 2010

Neuromagnetic oscillations to emotional faces and prosody.

Eur J Neurosci 2010 May;31(10):1818-27

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, JARA-Brain, RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany.

Higher association cortices as well as unisensory areas can support multisensory integration [D. Senkowski et al. (2008) Trends Neurosci. Read More

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Cross-modal emotional attention: emotional voices modulate early stages of visual processing.

J Cogn Neurosci 2009 Sep;21(9):1670-9

Swiss Centre for Affective Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.

Emotional attention, the boosting of the processing of emotionally relevant stimuli, has, up to now, mainly been investigated within a sensory modality, for instance, by using emotional pictures to modulate visual attention. In real-life environments, however, humans typically encounter simultaneous input to several different senses, such as vision and audition. As multiple signals entering different channels might originate from a common, emotionally relevant source, the prioritization of emotional stimuli should be able to operate across modalities. Read More

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September 2009

Progressive apraxia of speech presenting as isolated disorder of speech articulation and prosody: a case report.

Neurocase 2008 ;14(2):162-8

Unit of Neurology, Regina Apostolorum Hospital, Rome, Italy.

Apraxia of speech (AOS) is a rare disorder of motor speech programming, and few case reports have included sufficient description of both clinical findings and lesion localization. We report a case with an isolated progressive speech articulation deficit and brain involvement restricted to the left superior frontal gyrus. This case suggests that slowly progressive AOS may be a clinical disorder distinct from primary progressive aphasia, and that it can occur without language disorders or bucco-facial apraxia. Read More

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[Syndrome of cerebral non-dominant hemisphere].

Medicina (B Aires) 2007 ;67(6 Pt 1):593-600

Departamento de Pediatria, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Brasil.

In this review the meaning of cerebral hemispheric function is discussed with special emphasis in non-dominant cerebral hemisphere and particularly in the lesion of commissural, association, projection of white matter fibers. Clinical characteristics depend on etiology, localization, extension and particularly the period of brain development. The following are common findings in these patients: left hemiplegia, abnormal prosody and non verbal communication, anomalies visiospatial perception, organization, and social interaction. Read More

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December 2008

The neural basis of ataxic dysarthria.

Cerebellum 2007 ;6(1):58-65

Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, University of Washington, 1417 NE 42nd Street, Seattle, WA 98105, USA.

Lesions to the cerebellum often give rise to ataxic dysarthria which is characterized by a primary disruption to articulation and prosody. Converging evidence supports the likelihood of speech motor programming abnormalities in addition to speech execution deficits. The understanding of ataxic dysarthria has been further refined by the development of neural network models and neuroimaging studies. Read More

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Cerebral processing of linguistic and emotional prosody: fMRI studies.

Prog Brain Res 2006 ;156:249-68

Department of Psychiatry, University of Tübingen, Osianderstr. 24, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

During acoustic communication in humans, information about a speaker's emotional state is predominantly conveyed by modulation of the tone of voice (emotional or affective prosody). Based on lesion data, a right hemisphere superiority for cerebral processing of emotional prosody has been assumed. However, the available clinical studies do not yet provide a coherent picture with respect to interhemispheric lateralization effects of prosody recognition and intrahemispheric localization of the respective brain regions. Read More

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January 2007

[Transcortical sensory aphasia due to extensive infarction of left cerebral hemisphere].

Rinsho Shinkeigaku 2006 May;46(5):317-21

Department of Neurology, Tokyo Metropolitan Neurological Hospital.

We report a case of transcortical sensory aphasia occurred after extensive infarction of left cerebral hemisphere. A 68-year-old, right-handed man with atrial fibrillation suddenly developed cerebral embolism of left middle cerebral artery. He was treated conservatively, and the right hemiplegia, aphasia, apraxia in a slight degree and right hemispatial neglect in a slight degree consequently existed. Read More

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Identification of emotional intonation evaluated by fMRI.

Neuroimage 2005 Feb 15;24(4):1233-41. Epub 2004 Dec 15.

Department of General Neurology, Hertie Institute for Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tübingen, Germany.

During acoustic communication among human beings, emotional information can be expressed both by the propositional content of verbal utterances and by the modulation of speech melody (affective prosody). It is well established that linguistic processing is bound predominantly to the left hemisphere of the brain. By contrast, the encoding of emotional intonation has been assumed to depend specifically upon right-sided cerebral structures. Read More

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February 2005

Characteristics of auditory agnosia in a child with severe traumatic brain injury: a case report.

Brain Lang 2005 Jan;92(1):12-25

Department of Neuropsychology, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, USA.

We present a case that is unusual in many respects from other documented incidences of auditory agnosia, including the mechanism of injury, age of the individual, and location of neurological insult. The clinical presentation is one of disturbance in the perception of spoken language, music, pitch, emotional prosody, and temporal auditory processing in the absence of significant deficits in the comprehension of written language, expressive language production, or peripheral auditory function. Furthermore, the patient demonstrates relatively preserved function in other aspects of audition such as sound localization, voice recognition, and perception of animal noises and environmental sounds. Read More

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January 2005

Visual prosody and speech intelligibility: head movement improves auditory speech perception.

Psychol Sci 2004 Feb;15(2):133-7

Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.

People naturally move their heads when they speak, and our study shows that this rhythmic head motion conveys linguistic information. Three-dimensional head and face motion and the acoustics of a talker producing Japanese sentences were recorded and analyzed. The head movement correlated strongly with the pitch (fundamental frequency) and amplitude of the talker's voice. Read More

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February 2004

Amusia after right frontal resection for epilepsy with singing seizures: case report and review of the literature.

Epilepsy Behav 2003 Jun;4(3):343-7

Semmes-Murphey Clinic, Memphis, TN 38103, USA.

Although many authors consider aprosodia and amusia to be synonymous, they actually represent two distinct communication disorders. Amusia refers to a profound deficit involving musical abilities, whereas aprosodia refers to deficits regarding the emotional content of speech. Many authors have presumed a similar etiology and localization for these conditions and assumed that these disorders would not occur independently. Read More

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Communicative ability in an audiological perspective. Theory and application to post-secondary school students.

Scand Audiol Suppl 1999 ;50:i-iv, 1-36

Ahlsén Research Institute, Orebro Medical Centre Hospital, Sweden.

The underlying assumption in the present study is that the individual's speech and hearing communicative ability is composed of three components, each corresponding to different functional systems of the brain: afferent functions (A) represent the auditory activity and sound perception largely corresponding to activity in the ascending auditory pathways. The central functions (C) include cortical auditory and language abilities controlled in parts of the left temporal lobe and subcortical centres. The efferent functions (E) consist of speech motor processes and articulation. Read More

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Reversed lateralization of cognitive functions in right handers. Exceptions to classical aphasiology.

Brain 1991 Feb;114 ( Pt 1A):245-61

Aphasia Program, Braintree Hospital, Massachusetts 02184.

Most current and past research on the cerebral organization of cognitive functions has presupposed certain specialized hemisphere operations. At least for right handers, language and praxis are to be organized in the left hemisphere, while affective prosody, configurational spatial capacity, and global attention are lateralized in the right hemisphere. Deviations from these presuppositions, as in crossed aphasics and perhaps left handers, are generally considered to be 'exceptions' and either to disprove the rules or to be irrelevant to the rule. Read More

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February 1991

Transcortical motor aprosodia: functional and anatomical correlates.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 1991 ;6(1-2):89-99

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.

Transcortical motor aprosodia (TMA), one of eight hypothesized disorders of affective communication, is characterized by impaired production of affective prosody and facial gestures, with intact imitation and comprehension of affect. It has been proposed that cortical TMA arises from lesions in the superior or anterior lateral surface of the right frontal lobe, but for various reasons it has not been possible to fully test this proposal. There have been few cases of TMA reported, and lesions have been too diffuse to permit accurate localization. Read More

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December 2003

Lesion localization in acquired deficits of emotional expression and comprehension.

Brain Cogn 1990 Jul;13(2):133-47

St. Joseph's Hospital, London, Ontario, Canada.

This study investigated the relationship between intrahemispheric location of lesion and disturbances of emotional expression and comprehension. Twenty-eight right hemisphere strokes, 18 left hemisphere strokes, and 20 controls were examined on a standardized test of the expression, repetition, and comprehension of emotional prosody as well as the visual recognition of emotional situations and faces. The patients were classified into aprosodic syndromes according to the test scores. Read More

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Neurolinguistic status and localization of lesion in aphasic patients with exclusively consonant-vowel recurring utterances.

Brain 1984 Mar;107 ( Pt 1):199-217

Eight patients are presented whose speech production consisted exclusively of one and the same recurring consonant-vowel (CV) syllable, similar to Broca's first patient Leborgne ('Tan-tan'). Their neurolinguistic, aphasiological and localizational status was examined and compared with 32 patients with standard global aphasia and 15 with Broca's aphasia. Patients with exclusively CV speech production represent a variety of global aphasia, characterized by fluency of output and the preservation of some prosody. Read More

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