370 results match your criteria prosody comprehension


Reviewing Evidence on the Relations Between Oral Reading Fluency and Reading Comprehension for Adolescents.

Authors:
Jocelyn Washburn

J Learn Disabil 2021 Sep 17:222194211045122. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

The University of Kansas, Lawrence, USA.

In this article, I systematically review evidence on the relations between oral reading fluency (ORF) and reading comprehension (RC) for adolescents with limited reading proficiency (ALRP) in Grades 6 to12. I organized findings from 23 studies into five themes: (a) unclear role of ORF in the simple view of reading model for ALRP, (b) ALRP have distinct reader profiles, (c) ORF consists of more than automaticity, (d) the role of ORF varies, and (e) oral reading automaticity has tenuous predictive value for ALRP. Results suggest that knowledge of an adolescent's ORF, as commonly defined and assessed, provides helpful information about an adolescent's reader profile, but is not sufficient to evaluate instructional needs nor measure progress. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Supra-normal skills in processing of visuo-auditory prosodic information by cochlear-implanted deaf patients.

Hear Res 2021 Aug 6;410:108330. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Université Fédérale de Toulouse - Université Paul Sabatier (UPS), France; UMR 5549 CerCo, UPS CNRS, France.

Cochlear implanted (CI) adults with acquired deafness are known to depend on multisensory integration skills (MSI) for speech comprehension through the fusion of speech reading skills and their deficient auditory perception. But, little is known on how CI patients perceive prosodic information relating to speech content. Our study aimed to identify how CI patients use MSI between visual and auditory information to process paralinguistic prosodic information of multimodal speech and the visual strategies employed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Understanding Elderspeak: An Evolutionary Concept Analysis.

Innov Aging 2021 3;5(3):igab023. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

Background And Objectives: Elderspeak is an inappropriate simplified speech register that sounds like baby talk and is used with older adults, especially in health care settings. Understanding the concept of elderspeak is challenging due to varying views about which communicative components constitute elderspeak and whether elderspeak is beneficial or harmful for older adults.

Research Design And Methods: Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis method was used to evaluate the concept of elderspeak through identification of elderspeak's attributes, antecedents, and consequences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Neuropsychological correlates of evocative multimodal speech: The combined roles of fearful prosody, visuospatial attention, cortisol response, and anxiety.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Aug 27;416:113560. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Psychology, New Mexico State University, United States.

Past research reveals left-hemisphere dominance for linguistic processing and right-hemisphere dominance for emotional prosody processing during auditory language comprehension, a pattern also found in visuospatial attention studies where listeners are presented with a view of the talker's face. Is this lateralization pattern for visuospatial attention and language processing upheld when listeners are experiencing a stress response? To investigate this question, participants completed the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) between administrations of a visuospatial attention and language comprehension dual-task paradigm. Subjective anxiety, cardiovascular, and saliva cortisol measures were taken before and after the TSST. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The impact of musical expertise on anticipatory semantic processing during online speech comprehension: An electroencephalography study.

Brain Lang 2021 Oct 12;221:105006. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100149, China. Electronic address:

Musical experience has been found to aid speech perception. This electroencephalography study further examined whether and how musical expertise affects high-level predictive semantic processing in speech comprehension. Musicians and non-musicians listened to semantically strongly/weakly constraining sentences, with each sentence being primed by a congruent/incongruent sentence-prosody. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Disorders of vocal emotional expression and comprehension: The aprosodias.

Authors:
Elliott D Ross

Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;183:63-98

Department of Neurology, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, OK, United States; Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO, United States. Electronic address:

Language is traditionally considered to be a dominant function of the left hemisphere because of its role in modulating the propositional or literal aspects of language (what is said). This chapter, however, will address the vital role of the right hemisphere in modulating the nonverbal, affective-prosodic aspects of speech (how it is said) that are essential for appropriate interpersonal interactions, communication competency, and psychosocial well-being. Focal right hemisphere lesions cause various disorders of affective prosody (aprosodic syndromes) that are analogous to the various aphasic syndromes that occur following focal left hemisphere lesions. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Neural mechanisms of emotions, alexithymia, and depression.

Authors:
Stephen E Nadeau

Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;183:299-313

Research Service and the Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Malcom Randall Veteran Affairs Medical Center, Gainesville, FL, United States; Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States. Electronic address:

This chapter brings the powerful conceptual tools of the science of parallel distributed processing (PDP) to bear on the cognitive neuroscience of emotions discussed in this book. Cerebral representations are encoded as patterns of activity involving billions of neurons. PDP across these neuronal populations provides the basis for a number of emergent properties: (1) processing occurs and knowledge (long term memories) is stored (as synaptic connection strengths) in exactly the same networks; (2) networks have the capacity for setting into stable attractor states corresponding to concepts, symbols, implicit rules, or data transformations; (3) networks provide the scaffold for the acquisition of knowledge, but knowledge is acquired through experience; (4) PDP networks are adept at incorporating the statistical regularities of experience as well as frequency and age of acquisition effects; (5) networks enable content-addressable memory; (6) because knowledge is distributed throughout networks, they exhibit the property of graceful degradation; (7) networks intrinsically provide the capacity for inference. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mandarin-speaking preschoolers' pitch discrimination, prosodic and phonological awareness, and their relation to receptive vocabulary and reading abilities.

Read Writ 2021 Feb 20;34(2):337-353. Epub 2020 Jul 20.

School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Memphis, 4055 North Park Loop, Memphis, TN 38152, USA.

Cross-linguistic studies have reported that prosodic pattern awareness (e.g., lexical stress and lexical tone) is more important to reading acquisition than phonological awareness. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Focus Attracts Attachment.

Lang Speech 2021 Jul 21:238309211033321. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Morehead State University, USA.

There is growing evidence that pitch accents as well as prosodic boundaries can affect syntactic attachment. But is this an effect of their perceptual salience (the Salience Hypothesis), or is it because accents mark the position of focus (the Focus Attraction Hypothesis)? A pair of auditory comprehension experiments shows that focus position, as indicated by preceding -questions instead of by pitch accents, affects attachment by drawing the ambiguous phrase to the focus. This supports the Focus Attraction Hypothesis (or a pragmatic version of salience) for both these results and previous results of accents on attachment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

More than words: word predictability, prosody, gesture and mouth movements in natural language comprehension.

Proc Biol Sci 2021 07 21;288(1955):20210500. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Experimental Psychology, University College London, London, UK.

The ecology of human language is face-to-face interaction, comprising cues such as prosody, co-speech gestures and mouth movements. Yet, the multimodal context is usually stripped away in experiments as dominant paradigms focus on linguistic processing only. In two studies we presented video-clips of an actress producing naturalistic passages to participants while recording their electroencephalogram. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Irony Comprehension in Children With Cochlear Implants: The Role of Language Competence, Theory of Mind, and Prosody Recognition.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 08 20;64(8):3212-3229. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Audiology Unit, Department of Specialist Surgical Sciences, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda, Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

Purpose Aims of this research were (a) to investigate higher order linguistic and cognitive skills of Italian children with cochlear implants (CIs); (b) to correlate them with the comprehension of irony, which has never been systematically studied in this population; and (c) to identify the factors that facilitate the development of this competence. Method We tested 28 Italian children with CI (mean chronological age = 101 [ = 25.60] months, age range: 60-144 months), and two control groups of normal-hearing (NH) peers matched for chronological age and for hearing age, on a series of tests assessing their cognitive abilities (nonverbal intelligence and theory of mind), linguistic skills (morphosyntax and prosody recognition), and irony comprehension. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

What is text reading fluency and is it a predictor or an outcome of reading comprehension? A longitudinal investigation.

Dev Psychol 2021 May;57(5):718-732

College of Social Work, Florida State University.

Text reading fluency refers to the ability to read connected texts with accuracy, speed, and expression (prosody), and has garnered substantial attention as an important skill for reading comprehension. However, two fundamental questions remain-the dimensionality of text reading fluency including text reading efficiency (accuracy and speed) and reading prosody, and the directionality of the relation between text reading fluency and reading comprehension. These questions were addressed using longitudinal data from Grade 1 ( = 6. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lesion loci of impaired affective prosody: A systematic review of evidence from stroke.

Brain Cogn 2021 08 9;152:105759. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States; Department of Cognitive Science, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, United States.

Affective prosody, or the changes in rate, rhythm, pitch, and loudness that convey emotion, has long been implicated as a function of the right hemisphere (RH), yet there is a dearth of literature identifying the specific neural regions associated with its processing. The current systematic review aimed to evaluate the evidence on affective prosody localization in the RH. One hundred and ninety articles from 1970 to February 2020 investigating affective prosody comprehension and production in patients with focal brain damage were identified via database searches. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Abnormal singing can identify patients with right hemisphere cortical strokes at risk for impaired prosody.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26280

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract: Despite lacking aphasia seen with left hemisphere (LH) infarcts involving the middle cerebral artery territory, right hemisphere (RH) strokes can result in significant difficulties in affective prosody. These impairments may be more difficult to identify but lead to significant communication problems.We determine if evaluation of singing can accurately identify stroke patients with cortical RH infarcts at risk for prosodic impairment who may benefit from rehabilitation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Characterizing subtypes and neural correlates of receptive aprosodia in acute right hemisphere stroke.

Cortex 2021 08 24;141:36-54. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Cognitive Science, Krieger School of Arts and Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Introduction: Speakers naturally produce prosodic variations depending on their emotional state. Receptive prosody has several processing stages. We aimed to conduct lesion-symptom mapping to determine whether damage (core infarct or hypoperfusion) to specific brain areas was associated with receptive aprosodia or with impairment at different processing stages in individuals with acute right hemisphere stroke. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Children's comprehension of prosodically marked focus in Hungarian: How mandatory syntactic focus-marking affects the trajectory of acquisition.

J Child Lang 2021 May 19:1-15. Epub 2021 May 19.

Pázmány Péter Catholic University & Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.

This study investigates children's identification of prosodic focus in Hungarian, a language in which syntactic focus-marking is mandatory. Assuming that regular syntactic focus-marking diminishes the disambiguating role of prosodic marking in acquisition, we expected that in sentences in which focus is only disambiguated by prosody, adult-like comprehension of prosodic focus-marking should be delayed in comparison to the Germanic and Romance languages investigated previously using the same experimental method that we adopted. Our results, confirming this prediction, suggest that the developmental trajectory of the comprehension of prosodic focus-marking may be substantially affected by cross-linguistic grammatical variation in the marking of focus. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prosodic skills of Spanish-speaking children with developmental language disorder.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Jul 18;56(4):784-796. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain.

Background: Phonological difficulties in children with developmental language disorder (DLD) are well documented. However, abilities regarding prosody, the rhythmic and melodic characteristics of language, have been less widely studied, particularly in Spanish. Moreover, the scant research findings that have been reported are contradictory. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

… or 5-6-year-olds can identify the prosody of compounds but not lists.

J Child Lang 2021 Apr 20:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Linguistics and Centre for Language Sciences, Macquarie University, Australia.

Learning to use word versus phrase level prosody to identify compounds from lists is thought to be a protracted process, only acquired by 11 years (Vogel & Raimy, 2002). However, a recent study has shown that 5-year-olds can use prosodic cues other than stress for these two structures in production, at least for early-acquired noun-noun compounds (Yuen et al., 2021). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pitch accents create dissociable syntactic and semantic expectations during sentence processing.

Cognition 2021 07 12;212:104702. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neuropsychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany; Lise Meitner Research Group Cognition and Plasticity, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, 04103 Leipzig, Germany.

The language system uses syntactic, semantic, as well as prosodic cues to efficiently guide auditory sentence comprehension. Prosodic cues, such as pitch accents, can build expectations about upcoming sentence elements. This study investigates to what extent syntactic and semantic expectations generated by pitch accents can be dissociated and if so, which cues take precedence when contradictory information is present. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessing Pragmatic Language Skills in Adults with Major Depressive Disorder: An Exploratory Study.

Psychopathology 2021 9;54(2):78-91. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Humanities, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.

Introduction: There is increasing evidence that major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with significant pragmatic language impairments. However, there is a lack of studies that use standardized tools and simultaneously investigate all pragmatic language skills among MDD patients. The aim of this study was to propose a more thorough investigation of all pragmatic language skills in patients with MDD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Value of Non-Referential Gestures: A Systematic Review of Their Cognitive and Linguistic Effects in Children's Language Development.

Children (Basel) 2021 Feb 17;8(2). Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Translation and Language Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, 08018 Barcelona, Spain.

Speakers produce both referential gestures, which depict properties of a referent, and non-referential gestures, which lack semantic content. While a large number of studies have demonstrated the cognitive and linguistic benefits of referential gestures as well as their precursor and predictive role in both typically developing (TD) and non-TD children, less is known about non-referential gestures in cognitive and complex linguistic domains, such as narrative development. This paper is a systematic review and narrative synthesis of the research concerned with assessing the effects of non-referential gestures in such domains. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Encoding and decoding of meaning through structured variability in intonational speech prosody.

Cognition 2021 06 15;211:104619. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA.

Speech prosody plays an important role in communication of meaning. The cognitive and computational mechanisms supporting this communication remain to be understood, however. Prosodic cues vary across talkers and speaking conditions, creating ambiguity in the sound-to-meaning mapping. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cortical Tracking of the Speech Envelope in Logopenic Variant Primary Progressive Aphasia.

Front Hum Neurosci 2020 6;14:597694. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Aphasia Research and Treatment Lab, Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, United States.

Logopenic variant primary progressive aphasia (lvPPA) is a neurodegenerative language disorder primarily characterized by impaired phonological processing. Sentence repetition and comprehension deficits are observed in lvPPA and linked to impaired phonological working memory, but recent evidence also implicates impaired speech perception. Currently, neural encoding of the speech envelope, which forms the scaffolding for perception, is not clearly understood in lvPPA. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Irish English PEPS-C (2015 edition) and Learners of ESL.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2021 Jan 22:1-10. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

High Appin, Tynron, United Kingdom.

Introduction: Profiling Elements of Prosody in Speech-Communication (PEPS-C) is a computerised test for assessing the abilities to understand and use speech prosody in communication. It has been used to obtain a profile of strengths and weaknesses in different prosodic forms and functions for different clinical populations (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

On the Impact of Case and Prosody on Thematic Role Disambiguation: An Eye-Tracking Study on Hungarian.

Lang Speech 2020 Dec 19:23830920974709. Epub 2020 Dec 19.

Bielefeld University, Germany.

Thematic-role assignment is influenced by several classes of cues during sentence comprehension, ranging from morphological exponents of syntactic relation such as case and agreement to probabilistic cues such as prosody. The effect of these cues cross-linguistically varies, presumably reflecting their language-specific robustness in signaling thematic roles. However, language-specific frequencies are not mapped onto the cue strength in a one-to-one fashion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Exploring the Similarity Between Implicit and Explicit Prosody: Prosodic Phrasing and Individual Differences.

Authors:
Jason Bishop

Lang Speech 2020 Nov 25:23830920972732. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

City University of New York (College of Staten Island & The Graduate Center), USA.

In recent years, work carried out in the context of the implicit prosody hypothesis (IPH) has called into question the assumption that implicit (i.e., silently generated) prosody and explicit (overtly produced) prosody are similar in form. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Linguistic Structure and Meaning Organize Neural Oscillations into a Content-Specific Hierarchy.

J Neurosci 2020 12 23;40(49):9467-9475. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, 6525 XD, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Neural oscillations track linguistic information during speech comprehension (Ding et al., 2016; Keitel et al., 2018), and are known to be modulated by acoustic landmarks and speech intelligibility (Doelling et al. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Sex differences in behavioral and brain responses to incongruity in emotional speech controlling for autistic traits.

Biol Psychol 2020 11 19;157:107973. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Physics, Centre for Nonlinear Studies and Beijing-Hong Kong-Singapore Joint Centre for Nonlinear and Complex Systems (Hong Kong), Institute of Computational and Theoretical Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

Accurate interpretation of speech requires the integration of verbal and nonverbal signals. This study investigated sex differences in behavior and neural activities associated with the integration of semantic content and emotional speech prosody, while the level of autistic traits was controlled for. Adults listened to Cantonese words spoken with happy and sad prosody, and made judgments on semantic valence while event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Word Recall is Affected by Surrounding Metrical Context.

Lang Cogn Neurosci 2020 20;35(3):383-392. Epub 2019 Sep 20.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University.

It has been claimed that English has a metrical structure, or rhythm, in which stressed and unstressed syllables alternate. In previous research regular, alternating patterns have been shown to facilitate online language comprehension. Expanding these findings to downstream processing would lead to the prediction that metrical regularity enhances memory. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2019

Intonation processing increases task-specific fronto-temporal connectivity in tonal language speakers.

Hum Brain Mapp 2021 01 30;42(1):161-174. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Otto Hahn Group 'Neural Bases of Intonation in Speech and Music', Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany.

Language comprehension depends on tight functional interactions between distributed brain regions. While these interactions are established for semantic and syntactic processes, the functional network of speech intonation - the linguistic variation of pitch - has been scarcely defined. Particularly little is known about intonation in tonal languages, in which pitch not only serves intonation but also expresses meaning via lexical tones. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021