77,706 results match your criteria proliferation migration


Propofol represses cell growth and metastasis by modulating the circNCAPG/miR-200a-3p/RAB5A axis in glioma.

World Neurosurg 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, The First Hospital of Hebei Medicine University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei,050011, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Background: Glioma is a common primary intracranial tumor, with high infiltration and aggression. Propofol (Pro) is associated with growth and metastasis in glioma. Meanwhile, circular RNA non-SMC condensin I complex subunit G (circNCAPG, hsa_circ_0007244) has been reported to be upregulated in glioma. Read More

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Inhibiting microRNA-424 in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomes suppresses tumor growth in colorectal cancer by upregulating TGFBR3.

Arch Biochem Biophys 2021 Jun 12:108965. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Oncology Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 71 North Baoshan Road, Yunyan District, Guiyang, 550001, Guizhou, China. Electronic address:

Objective: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been demonstrated to be differently expressed in colorectal cancer (CRC) and were identified as biomarkers and therapeutic targets for CRC. We aimed to identify the effect of microRNA-424 (miR-424) on process of CRC.

Methods: Exosomes were obtained from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). Read More

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MicroRNA-9 inhibits proliferation and progression in retinoblastoma cells by targeting PTEN.

Genes Genomics 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Anesthesia Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Baotou Medical College, Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology, Baotou, 014010, Inner Mongolia, China.

Background: Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most prevalent primary intraocular malignancy, which commonly occurs during infant and childhood.

Objective: Our study aimed to investigate whether microRNA-9 (miR-9) could regulate RB cells and its mechanism.

Methods: qRT-PCR analysis was used to detect the expression of miR-9. Read More

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Prognostic SLC family genes promote cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Experimental and Translational Non-coding RNA Research, Medical College, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China.

The solute carrier (SLC) superfamily genes encode more than 300 members that are responsible for the transmembrane transportation of many essential endogenous and exogenous compounds ranging from nutrients to drugs. SLCs are highly expressed in metabolic organs such as the liver, regulating the homeostasis of metabolites and the disposition of drugs. In contrast to their well-studied roles in physiological and pharmacological processes, little is known about the relationship between SLCs and cancer progression. Read More

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Vascular endothelial cell-derived exosomal miR-30a-5p inhibits lung adenocarcinoma malignant progression by targeting CCNE2.

Carcinogenesis 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Jiangsu, China, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China, Institute of Cancer and Basic Medicine (IBMC) Chinese Academy of Sciences, Gongshu District, Hangzhou, China.

This study tried to explore the molecular mechanism underlying progression of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and discuss the extracellular communication between cancer cells and vascular endothelial cells. Roughly, differential analysis was carried out to note that miR-30a-5p was lowly expressed in LUAD while CCNE2 was highly expressed. Cell functional experiments demonstrated that overexpressed miR-30a-5p led to suppressed cell abilities in proliferation, migration and invasion. Read More

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HOXD Antisense Growth-Associated Long Noncoding RNA Promotes Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Progression by Activating Wnt Signaling Pathway.

J Breast Cancer 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Breast Surgery, Zhengxing Hospital, Zhangzhou, China.

Purpose: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most lethal subtype of breast cancer owing to high heterogeneity, aggressive nature, and lack of treatment options, which has a substantial deleterious effect on patients' lives. HOXD antisense growth-associated long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) (HAGLR) plays tumor-promoting roles in many cancers. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of HAGLR in TNBC. Read More

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Enhanced NRF2 expression mitigates the decline in neural stem cell function during aging.

Aging Cell 2021 Jun 15;20(6):e13385. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Although it is known that aging affects neural stem progenitor cell (NSPC) biology in fundamental ways, the underlying dynamics of this process are not fully understood. Our previous work identified a specific critical period (CP) of decline in NSPC activity and function during middle age (13-15 months), and revealed the reduced expression of the redox-sensitive transcription factor, NRF2, as a key mediator of this process. Here, we investigated whether augmenting NRF2 expression could potentially mitigate the NSPC decline across the identified CP. Read More

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miR-141-5p suppresses vascular smooth muscle cell inflammation, proliferation, and migration via inhibiting the HMGB1/NF-κB pathway.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 Jun 14:e22828. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pharmacy, Shanxi Cancer Hospital, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as significant modulators in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS). Additionally, the dysregulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a crucial biological event during AS. Our study aimed to explore the functional roles and molecular mechanisms of miR-141-5p in VSMCs dysfunction. Read More

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MiR-92a-3p promotes the malignant progression of hepatocellular carcinoma by mediating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.

Curr Pharm Des 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of hepatobiliary surgery, Tangshan Gongren Hospital, Tangshan, 063000, China.

Background: As one of the most common cancers in the world, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) usually has a poor prognosis. Many HCC patients are usually diagnosed at advanced stages. Therefore, new potential biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC are urgently needed. Read More

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The local anesthetic ropivacaine suppresses progression of breast cancer by regulating miR-27b-3p/YAP axis.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Jun 14;13. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

The Department of Anesthesiology, Handan Central Hospital, Handan, China.

Breast cancer is a prevalent malignancy with high mortality and poor prognosis. Ropivacaine is a widely used local anesthetic and presents potential anti-tumor activity. Nevertheless, the function of ropivacaine in breast cancer development remains elusive. Read More

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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor modulators: Structural features and recent development.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Jun 2;222:113574. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Amrita School of Pharmacy, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, India.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) activates six LPA receptors (LPAR) and regulates various cellular activities such as cell proliferation, cytoprotection, and wound healing. Many studies elucidated the pathological outcomes of LPA are due to the alteration in signaling pathways, which include migration and invasion of cancer cells, fibrosis, atherosclerosis, and inflammation. Current pathophysiological research on LPA and its receptors provides a means that LPA receptors are new therapeutic targets for disorders associated with LPA. Read More

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The protective effect of HOXA5 on carotid atherosclerosis occurs by modulating the vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2021 Jun 11:111366. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Vascular Surgery, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China. Electronic address:

The phenotypic change of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from a contractile to a synthetic form is a key player in atherogenic processes. Homeobox A5 (HOXA5), a transcription factor of the homeobox gene family, has been shown to regulate cell differentiation and morphogenesis. The present study was designed to clarify the involvement of HOXA5 in VSMC phenotypic transition in carotid atherosclerosis (CAS). Read More

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LINC02535 promotes cell growth in poorly differentiated gastric cancer.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Jun 14:e23877. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: Abnormal long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) expression plays important roles in gastric cancer. However, the functions of many lncRNAs in poorly differentiated gastric cancer (PDGC) remain unknown.

Methods: Three sets of paired tissues from patients with PDGC were used, and transcriptome sequencing was performed, followed by the construction and sequencing of a library and mapping of the reads. Read More

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MicroRNA-1178-3p suppresses the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma by regulating transducin (beta)-like 1 X-linked receptor 1.

Hum Cell 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery and Organ Transplantation, First Hospital of China Medical University, 155 Nanjing Street, Heping District, Shenyang, 110000, Liaoning, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are implicated in various cancer-relevant cellular processes, including cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis. However, the function of miRNAs in hepatocellular cancer (HCC) has not been fully clarified. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-1178-3p in HCC metastasis and try to reveal the potential mechanism. Read More

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Hsa_circ_0042823 accelerates cancer progression miR-877-5p/FOXM1 axis in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.

Ann Med 2021 Dec;53(1):960-970

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University; People's Hospital of Henan University, Zhengzhou, PR China.

Background: Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is a common malignant tumour of the head and neck. Our previous study reveals that the circular RNA (circRNA) hsa_circ_0042823 is abnormally expressed in LSCC, suggesting that hsa_circ_0042823 is closely associated with LSCC. Here, we attempted to explore the molecular mechanism of hsa_circ_0042823 in LSCC. Read More

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December 2021

Combination of UPLC-Q-TOF/MS and Network Pharmacology to Reveal the Mechanism of Qizhen Decoction in the Treatment of Colon Cancer.

ACS Omega 2021 Jun 26;6(22):14341-14360. Epub 2021 May 26.

College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 301617, China.

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been utilized for the treatment of colon cancer. Qizhen decoction (QZD), a potential compound prescription of TCM, possesses multiple biological activities. It has been proven clinically effective in the treatment of colon cancer. Read More

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Proteomic Analysis Reveals That Metformin Suppresses PSMD2, STIP1, and CAP1 for Preventing Gastric Cancer AGS Cell Proliferation and Migration.

ACS Omega 2021 Jun 26;6(22):14208-14219. Epub 2021 May 26.

Genome and Systems Biology Degree Program, Academia Sinica and National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan.

Metformin is one of the most widely used anti-diabetic drugs in type-II diabetes treatment. The mechanism of decreasing blood glucose is believed to suppress hepatic gluconeogenesis by increasing muscular glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity. Recent studies suggest that metformin may reduce cancer risk; however, its anticancer mechanism in gastric cancers remains unclear. Read More

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Identification of circRNA circ-CSPP1 as a potent driver of colorectal cancer by directly targeting the miR-431/LASP1 axis.

Open Life Sci 2021 29;16(1):523-536. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Gastrointestinal Anorectal Surgery, Tianjin Third Central Hospital, No. 83, Jintang Road, Hedong District, Tianjin, 300170, China.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy worldwide. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been implicated in cancer biology. The purpose of the current work is to investigate the precise parts of circRNA centrosome and spindle pole-associated protein 1 (circ-CSPP1) in the progression of CRC. Read More

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Transcription Factors BARX1 and DLX4 Contribute to Progression of Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma Promoting Proliferation and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 26;8:626328. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Urology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Dysregulation of transcription factors contributes to the carcinogenesis and progression of cancers. However, their roles in clear cell renal cell carcinoma remain largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of TFs and investigate their potential molecular mechanisms in ccRCC. Read More

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MicroRNA-1-3p Suppresses Malignant Phenotypes of Ameloblastoma Through Down-Regulating Lysosomal Associated Membrane Protein 2-Mediated Autophagy.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 26;8:670188. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Stomatology, Xiang'an Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Several clinical trials have suggested that autophagy inhibition is a promising approach for cancer therapy. However, the implications of autophagy in ameloblastoma (AB) remain undiscovered. This study investigated the dysregulated autophagy and its regulatory mechanisms in AB. Read More

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LINC02678 as a Novel Prognostic Marker Promotes Aggressive Non-small-cell Lung Cancer.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 28;9:686975. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Pathology, Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China.

Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is considered to be a fatal disease and characterized by a poor prognosis. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to act as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in solid tumors. However, the expression of lncRNAs and their clinical relevance in NSCLC remain undetermined. Read More

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Exosomal circ_0088300 Derived From Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Acts as a miR-1305 Sponge and Promotes Gastric Carcinoma Cell Tumorigenesis.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 26;9:676319. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Cancer-associated fibroblast (CAF)-derived exosomes play a major role in gastric carcinoma (GC) tumorigenesis. However, the mechanism behind the activity of circular RNAs in CAF-derived exosomes in GC remains unclear. In the present study, we identified differentially expressed circ_0088300 in GC tissues and plasma exosomes. Read More

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Hepatoma Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles Promote Liver Cancer Metastasis by Inducing the Differentiation of Bone Marrow Stem Cells Through microRNA-181d-5p and the FAK/Src Pathway.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 28;9:607001. Epub 2021 May 28.

Clinic Medicine Research Center of Hepatobiliary Diseases, Guangxi, China.

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are beneficial to repair the damaged liver. Tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (EV) are notorious in tumor metastasis. But the mechanism underlying hepatoma cell-derived EVs in BMSCs and liver cancer remains unclear. Read More

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Protein Arginine Methyltransferase 5 Promotes Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Proliferation and Metastasis via LKB1/AMPK/mTOR Signaling Pathway.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 28;9:645375. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Oncology, Heze Municipal Hospital, Heze, China.

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the eighth most common cancer in the world. Protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5), an enzyme that catalyzes symmetric and asymmetric methylation on arginine residues of histone and non-histone proteins, is overexpressed in many cancers. However, whether or not PRMT5 participates in the regulation of ESCC remains largely unclear. Read More

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Bioinformatics Profiling of Five Immune-Related lncRNAs for a Prognostic Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 28;11:667904. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of General Surgery, Hepatic-biliary-pancreatic Institute, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou, China.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), one of the most common tumors worldwide, has the fifth highest mortality rate, which is increasing every year. At present, many studies have revealed that immunotherapy has an important effect on many malignant tumors. The main purpose of our research was to verify and establish a new immune-related lncRNA model and to explore the potential immune mechanisms. Read More

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Identification METTL18 as a Potential Prognosis Biomarker and Associated With Immune Infiltrates in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 26;11:665192. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department, State Key Laboratory of Complex Severe and Rare Diseases, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Methyltransferase-like 18 (METTL18), a METTL family member, is abundant in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Studies have indicated the METTL family could regulate the progress of diverse malignancies while the role of METTL18 in HCC remains unclear. Data of HCC patients were acquired from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) and gene expression omnibus (GEO). Read More

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Bioinformatics, Molecular Docking and Experiments Analyze the Prognostic Value of CXC Chemokines in Breast Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 26;11:665080. Epub 2021 May 26.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan, China.

The increasing incidence and mortality rate of Breast cancer (BC) make it a major public health problem around the world. CXC chemokines can mediate the migration of immune cells and regulate apoptosis in tumor. However, the expression and prognostic value of them in BC and their targeted drugs have not been clarified. Read More

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AXL Overexpression in Tumor-Derived Endothelial Cells Promotes Vessel Metastasis in Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Front Oncol 2021 27;11:650963. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Hepatic Surgery VI, Eastern Hepatobiliary Surgery Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) is one of the most serious forms of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) vessel metastasis and has a poor survival rate. However, the molecular mechanism of PVTT has not yet been elucidated. In this study, the molecular mechanism of AXL expressed in tumor-derived endothelial cells (TECs) in vessel metastasis was investigated. Read More

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Proteomic Analysis Reveals That Placenta-Specific Protein 9 Inhibits Proliferation and Stimulates Motility of Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells.

Front Oncol 2021 28;11:628480. Epub 2021 May 28.

Institute for Medical Biology and Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory for Protection and Application of Special Plants in Wuling Area of China, College of Life Sciences, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan, China.

Placenta-specific protein 9 (PLAC9) is a putative secretory protein that was initially identified in the placenta and is involved in cell proliferation and motility. Bioinformatics analyses revealed that PLAC9 is repressed in lung cancers (LCs), especially lung adenocarcinomas, compared to that in the paired adjacent normal tissues, indicating that PLAC9 might be involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary diseases. To investigate the potential role of PLAC9 in the abnormal reprogramming of airway epithelial cells (AECs), a key cause of pulmonary diseases, we constructed a stable PLAC9-overexpressing human bronchial epithelial cell line (16HBE-GFP-). Read More

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Small interfering-high mobility group A2 attenuates epithelial-mesenchymal transition in thymic cancer cells via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

Authors:
Sheng Tan Jili Chen

Oncol Lett 2021 Aug 3;22(2):586. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221000, P.R. China.

Thymus carcinoma is one of the thymic epithelial neoplasms with high metastasis, which does not have any good treatment at present. High mobility group A2 (HMGA2) is highly expressed in a variety of malignant tumors, such as lung cancer, colon cancer and ovarian cancer and is closely related to tumor invasion and metastasis. The present study aimed to investigate the effect and mechanism of HMGA2 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in thymic cancer cells. Read More

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