88,785 results match your criteria proliferation migration

Intravitreal injection of EV11, a novel aryl ketone amide, inhibits choroidal neovascularization via AKT/ERK1/2 pathway.

Microvasc Res 2022 Jun 21:104401. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Eye Institute and Department of Ophthalmology, Eye & ENT Hospital, Fudan University, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai 200031, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Myopia (Fudan University), Key Laboratory of Myopia, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai 200031, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Visual Impairment and Restoration, 83 Fenyang Road, Shanghai 200031, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is the major cause of irreversible vision loss associated with age-related macular disease (AMD). The currently clinical chemical therapeutic strategies are of high cost and facing supply chain shortage. In our study, we aim to investigate EV11, a novel derivative from Sorafenib, as a new approach to inhibit the formation of CNV. Read More

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miRNA-651-3p regulates EMT in ovarian cancer cells by targeting ZNF703 and via the MEK/ERK pathway.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2022 Jun 16;619:76-83. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University, Liaoning, China; Key Laboratory of Maternal-Fetal Medicine of Liaoning Province, Key Laboratory of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Higher Education of Liaoning Province, Liaoning, China. Electronic address:

miRNAs are non-coding single-stranded RNA molecules with many functions. Several miRNAs have been found to be dysregulated in ovarian cancer; however, the role of miR-651-3p in ovarian cancer remains unknown. Here, the expression level of miR-651-3p in ovarian tissue samples was determined via qRT-PCR, and then miR-651-3p was overexpressed and downregulated to study the functional changes in ovarian cancer cells. Read More

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Fine particulate matter induces METTL3-mediated mA modification of BIRC5 mRNA in bladder cancer.

J Hazard Mater 2022 Jun 8;437:129310. Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Department of Environmental Genomics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Cancer Biomarkers, Prevention and Treatment, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China; Department of Genetic Toxicology, The Key Laboratory of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China. Electronic address:

Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) is reportedly related to a variety of cancers including bladder cancer. However, little is known about the biological mechanism underlying this association. In the present study, PM exposure was significantly associated with increased levels of mA modification in bladder cancer patients and bladder cells. Read More

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CircDLG1 promotes malignant development of non-small cell lung cancer through regulation of the miR-630/CENPF axis.

Strahlenther Onkol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Clinical Oncology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 39 Huaxiang Road, 110022, Tiexi District, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to be crucial modulatory molecules in the etiology of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to probe the precise role and mechanism of circRNA discs large MAGUK scaffold protein 1 (circDLG1) in the malignant progression of NSCLC.

Methods: The abundances of circDLG1, miR-630, and centromere protein F (CENPF) mRNAs were gauged by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Read More

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MiR-4268 suppresses gastric cancer genesis through inhibiting keratin 80.

Cell Cycle 2022 Jun 24:1-14. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Gastroenterology, Wuhan Third Hospital, Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University (Optics Valley Area), Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Gastric cancer (GC) affects a large proportion of cancer patients worldwide, and the prediction of potential biomarkers can greatly improve its diagnosis and treatment. Here, miR-4268 and keratin 80 (KRT80) expression in GC tissues and cell lines was determined. The effect of downregulating miR-4268 and interfering with KRT80 expression on the viability, proliferation, apoptosis, and migration of GC cells were evaluated. Read More

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Circ_0017274 acts on miR-637/CDX2 axis to facilitate cisplatin resistance in gastric cancer.

Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 2022 Jun 24. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Pharmacy, The First People's Hospital of Lianyungang, Lianyungang, China.

Currently, a substantial amount of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are closely associated with cancer development and the occurrence of drug resistance, however, circ_0017274 in cisplatin (CDDP) resistance in gastric cancer (GC) has not been addressed. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot were utilized for circ_0017274, microRNA-637 (miR-637) and caudal-related homeobox transcription factor 2 (CDX2) contents analysis. Analysis of IC50, proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, migration and invasion of GC cells using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8), 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), flow cytometry or transwell assays. Read More

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Effects of Spermidine on Cell Proliferation, Migration, and Inflammatory Response in Porcine Enterocytes.

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 2022 Jun;27(6):194

Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Institute of Feed Research, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 100081 Beijing, China.

Background: Polyamines have been demonstrated to be beneficial to porcine intestinal development. Our previous study showed that putrescine mitigates intestinal atrophy in weanling piglets and suppresses inflammatory response in porcine intestinal epithelial cells, it is still unknown the role of spermidine in mediating putrescine function.

Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the effect of spermidine on the proliferation, migration, and inflammatory response in porcine intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC-J2 cell line). Read More

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Harnessing the Neuroprotective Behaviors of Müller Glia for Retinal Repair.

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) 2022 May;27(6):169

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA.

Progressive and irreversible vision loss in mature and aging adults creates a health and economic burden, worldwide. Despite the advancements of many contemporary therapies to restore vision, few approaches have considered the innate benefits of gliosis, the endogenous processes of retinal repair that precede vision loss. Retinal gliosis is fundamentally driven by Müller glia (MG) and is characterized by three primary cellular mechanisms: hypertrophy, proliferation, and migration. Read More

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Sevoflurane suppresses hepatocellular carcinoma cell progression via circ_0001649/miR-19a-3p/SGTB axis.

Histol Histopathol 2022 Jun 24:18484. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, Zhengzhou Central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou City, Henan Province, China.

Background: Sevoflurane is a widely used anesthetic agent and is reported to play an anti-tumor action in many cancers. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unclear.

Methods: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells were treated with sevoflurane for 12 or 24 h. Read More

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Nephrin expression in human epidermal keratinocytes and its implication in poor wound closure.

FASEB J 2022 Jul;36(7):e22424

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Research Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Nephrin is a type-1 transmembrane protein and a component of the slit diaphragm renal-filtration barrier. It has several functions in actin remodeling and cell-cell adhesion. Nephrin is principally located in the kidney glomerulus, but several studies have reported that nephrin is found in the pancreas, brain, and placenta. Read More

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Ribonuclease A Family Member 2 Promotes the Malignant Progression of Glioma Through the PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway.

Front Oncol 2022 7;12:921083. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

The treatment of patients with glioma still faces many difficulties. To further optimize treatment, it is necessary to identify more accurate markers as treatment targets and predict prognostic indicators. was identified as a differentially expressed gene (DEG) in glioma tissues using bioinformatics analysis. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 M Protein Facilitates Malignant Transformation of Breast Cancer Cells.

Front Oncol 2022 7;12:923467. Epub 2022 Jun 7.

Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Science, Laboratory of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Biology, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread faster due to the emergence of SARS-CoV-2 variants, which carry an increased risk of infecting patients with comorbidities, such as breast cancer. However, there are still few reports on the effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection on the progression of breast cancer, as well as the factors and mechanisms involved. In the present study, we investigated the impact of SARS-CoV-2 proteins on breast cancer cells (BCC). Read More

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Fabrication of Biocompatible Electrospun Poly(ε-caprolactone)/Gelatin Nanofibers Loaded with Bark Extracts for Wound Healing Applications.

Polymers (Basel) 2022 Jun 9;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Institute of Biomaterials, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Cauerstraße 6, 91058 Erlangen, Germany.

In this study, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL)/gelatin (GEL) electrospun nanofibers loaded with two different concentrations of bark extracts (PEs) were fabricated via electrospinning for wound healing applications. The effects of incorporating PE into PCL/GEL electrospun nanofibers were investigated regarding their physicochemical properties and in vitro biocompatibility. All electrospun nanofibers showed smooth, uniform, and bead-free surfaces. Read More

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Electrospun Scaffolds as Cell Culture Substrates for the Cultivation of an In Vitro Blood-Brain Barrier Model Using Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells.

Pharmaceutics 2022 Jun 20;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology and Buchmann Institute for Molecular Life Sciences, Goethe University Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Str. 9, 60438 Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

The human blood-brain barrier (BBB) represents the interface of microvasculature and the central nervous system, regulating the transport of nutrients and protecting the brain from external threats. To gain a deeper understanding of (patho)physiological processes affecting the BBB, sophisticated models mimicking the in vivo situation are required. Currently, most in vitro models are cultivated on stiff, semipermeable, and non-biodegradable Transwell membrane inserts, not adequately mimicking the complexity of the extracellular environment of the native human BBB. Read More

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Ruthenium(II)-Cyclopentadienyl-Derived Complexes as New Emerging Anti-Colorectal Cancer Drugs.

Pharmaceutics 2022 Jun 17;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology (CBMA), Department of Biology, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal.

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies and one of the leading causes of cancer-related death worldwide, urging the need for new and more efficient therapeutic approaches. Ruthenium complexes have emerged as attractive alternatives to traditional platinum-based compounds in the treatment of CRC. This work aims to evaluate anti-CRC properties, as well as to identify the mechanisms of action of ruthenium complexes with the general formula [Ru(η-CHR)(PPh)(4,4'-R'-2,2'-bipyridine)][CFSO], where R = CH, CHO or CHOH and R' = H, CH, CHOH, or dibiotin ester. Read More

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A Novel Approach for Skin Regeneration by a Potent Bioactive Placental-Loaded Microneedle Patch: Comparative Study of Deer, Goat, and Porcine Placentas.

Pharmaceutics 2022 Jun 8;14(6). Epub 2022 Jun 8.

Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani 34190, Thailand.

The aims of this study were to investigate the skin regeneration potential of bioactive placenta (deer placenta (DP), goat placenta (GP), and porcine placenta (PP)) and fabricate bioactive extract-loaded dissolving microneedles (DMNs) as a dermal delivery approach. The placentas were water-extracted, and the active compounds were evaluated. Bioactivity studies were performed in dermal fibroblasts and keratinocytes. Read More

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Evaluation of the Cytotoxic Activity and Anti-Migratory Effect of Berberine-Phytantriol Liquid Crystalline Nanoparticle Formulation on Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer In Vitro.

Pharmaceutics 2022 May 24;14(6). Epub 2022 May 24.

Discipline of Pharmacy, Graduate School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia.

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common form of lung cancer, which is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Berberine is an isoquinoline alkaloid that is commercially available for use as a supplement for the treatment of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, the therapeutic benefits of berberine are limited by its extremely low bioavailability and toxicity at higher doses. Read More

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Ginsenoside Rh3 Inhibits Lung Cancer Metastasis by Targeting Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase: A Network Pharmacology Study.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2022 Jun 17;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Degradable Biomedical Materials, School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Taibai North Road 229, Xi'an 710069, China.

Lung cancer has a high mortality rate and is very common. One of the main reasons for the poor prognosis of patients with lung cancer is the high incidence of metastasis. Ginsenoside Rh3, a rare ginsenoside extracted from Panax notoginseng, exhibits excellent anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects. Read More

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Identification of Angiogenic Cargoes in Human Fibroblasts-Derived Extracellular Vesicles and Induction of Wound Healing.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2022 Jun 2;15(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

BK21 FOUR KNU Convergence Educational Program of Biomedical Sciences for Creative Future Talents, Department of Biomedical Science, School of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41944, Korea.

A complete redevelopment of the skin remains a challenge in the management of acute and chronic wounds. Recently, the application of extracellular vesicles (EVs) for soft tissue wound healing has received much attention. As fibroblasts are fundamental cells for soft tissues and skin, we investigate the proangiogenic factors in human normal fibroblast-derived EVs (hNF-EVs) and their effects on wound healing. Read More

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The Effect of Chronic Exposure of Graphene Nanoplates on the Viability and Motility of A549 Cells.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2022 Jun 16;12(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Medical Biology and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Charles University, Simkova 870, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic.

Graphene and its derivatives are popular nanomaterials used worldwide in many technical fields and biomedical applications. Due to such massive use, their anticipated accumulation in the environment is inevitable, with a largely unknown chronic influence on living organisms. Although repeatedly tested in chronic in vivo studies, long-term cell culture experiments that explain the biological response to these nanomaterials are still scarce. Read More

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Quercetin Reduces the Development of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-Induced Cleft Palate in Mice by Suppressing CYP1A1 via the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor.

Nutrients 2022 Jun 13;14(12). Epub 2022 Jun 13.

Department of Orthodontics, Tokyo Dental College, 2-9-18, Kandamisaki-Cho, Chiyoda-Ku, Tokyo 101-0061, Japan.

Quercetin is a flavonoid with a wide range of pharmacological activities, including anticancer, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects. Since it is a nutrient that can be consumed with a regular diet, quercetin has recently garnered interest. Quercetin acts as a phytochemical ligand for the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Read More

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Racemic Norlignans as Diastereoisomers from Resins with Antitumor and Wound-Healing Promotion Activities.

Molecules 2022 Jun 17;27(12). Epub 2022 Jun 17.

School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510006, China.

Ferulasinkins A-D (-), four new norlignans, were isolated from the resins of , a medicinal plant of the Apiaceae family. All of them were obtained as racemic mixtures, chiral HPLC was used to produce their (+)- and (-)-antipodes. The structures of these new compounds, including their absolute configurations, were elucidated by spectroscopic and computational methods. Read More

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Dihydrotanshinone I Enhances Cell Adhesion and Inhibits Cell Migration in Osteosarcoma U-2 OS Cells through CD44 and Chemokine Signaling.

Molecules 2022 Jun 9;27(12). Epub 2022 Jun 9.

Joint Research Centre for Engineering Biology, Zhejiang University-University of Edinburgh Institute, Zhejiang University, Haining 314400, China.

In the screening of novel natural products against cancer using an in vitro cancer cell model, we recently found that tanshinones from a traditional Chinese medicine, the rhizome of Bunge (Danshen), had potent effects on cell proliferation and migration. Especially for human osteosarcoma U-2 OS cells, tanshinones significantly enhanced the cell adherence, implying a possible role in cell adhesion and cell migration inhibition. In this work, therefore, we aimed to provide a new insight into the possible molecule mechanisms of dihydrotanshinone I, which had the strongest effects on cell adhesion among several candidate tanshinones. Read More

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Factors Affecting Spontaneous Endocytosis and Survival of Probiotic Lactobacilli in Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells.

Microorganisms 2022 May 31;10(6). Epub 2022 May 31.

Laboratory of Lactic Acid Bacteria and Probiotics, Department of Biotechnology, Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) Valencia, 46980 Paterna, Spain.

Mutualistic bacteria have different forms of interaction with the host. In contrast to the invasion of pathogenic bacteria, naturally occurring internalization of commensal bacteria has not been studied in depth. Three in vitro methods, gentamicin protection, flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy, have been implemented to accurately assess the internalization of two lactobacillus strains- BL23 and GG-in Caco-2 and T84 intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) under a variety of physiological conditions and with specific inhibitors. Read More

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In Vitro and In Ovo Evaluation of the Potential Hepatoprotective Effect of Metformin.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2022 May 25;58(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Timisoara, Eftimie Murgu Square No. 2, 300041 Timişoara, Romania.

: Metformin is currently the leading drug of choice for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus, being one of the most widely used drugs worldwide. The beneficial effects of Metformin, however, extend far beyond the reduction of blood glucose. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate Metformin's effects both in vitro and in ovo. Read More

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Lipid Metabolism and Cancer.

Life (Basel) 2022 May 25;12(6). Epub 2022 May 25.

Key Laboratory of Xinan Medicine, Ministry of Education, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of R&D of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, Hefei 230038, China.

Lipid metabolism is involved in the regulation of numerous cellular processes, such as cell growth, proliferation, differentiation, survival, apoptosis, inflammation, movement, membrane homeostasis, chemotherapy response, and drug resistance. Reprogramming of lipid metabolism is a typical feature of malignant tumors. In a variety of cancers, fat uptake, storage and fat production are up-regulated, which in turn promotes the rapid growth, invasion, and migration of tumors. Read More

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Short-Term, Voluntary Exercise Affects Morpho-Functional Maturation of Adult-Generated Neurons in Rat Hippocampus.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 20;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 20.

Department of Biomolecular Sciences, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, I-61029 Urbino, Italy.

Physical exercise is a well-proven neurogenic stimulus, promoting neuronal progenitor proliferation and affecting newborn cell survival. Besides, it has beneficial effects on brain health and cognition. Previously, we found that three days of physical activity in a very precocious period of adult-generated granule cell life is able to antedate the appearance of the first GABAergic synaptic contacts and increase T-type Ca channel expression. Read More

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A Novel Triple-Action Inhibitor Targeting B-Cell Receptor Signaling and BRD4 Demonstrates Preclinical Activity in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 16;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Eppley Institute for Research in Cancer and Allied Diseases, Fred and Pamela Buffett Cancer Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA.

B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) results from intrinsic genetic defects and complex microenvironment stimuli that fuel CLL cell growth through an array of survival signaling pathways. Novel small-molecule agents targeting the B-cell receptor pathway and anti-apoptotic proteins alone or in combination have revolutionized the management of CLL, yet combination therapy carries significant toxicity and CLL remains incurable due to residual disease and relapse. Single-molecule inhibitors that can target multiple disease-driving factors are thus an attractive approach to combat both drug resistance and combination-therapy-related toxicities. Read More

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Loss of Heterozygosity for Promotes Malignant Phenotype of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma by Activating HIF-2α-c-Myc-Regulated Glutamine Metabolism.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 15;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Pathology, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou 221004, China.

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) for , in which a wild-type allele is progressively lost, promotes invasive and migratory abilities of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) cells and tissues. Moreover, the occurrence of -LOH activates nonclassical glutamine metabolism, which is related to the malignant behavior of PDAC cells. Herein, we aim to demonstrate the regulatory link between hypoxia-inducible factor-2α (HIF-2α) and glutamine metabolism that mediates malignant phenotypes in -LOH PDAC cells. Read More

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Galunisertib Exerts Antifibrotic Effects on TGF-β-Induced Fibroproliferative Dermal Fibroblasts.

Int J Mol Sci 2022 Jun 15;23(12). Epub 2022 Jun 15.

Department of Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.

Dermal fibroblasts in pathological scars secrete constitutively elevated levels of TGF-β, signaling the transcription of fibrotic genes via activin-like kinase 5 (ALK5). In the present study, we examine the antifibrotic effects of galunisertib, a small-molecule inhibitor of ALK5, on fibroproliferative dermal fibroblasts in an in vitro model of wound healing. We induced fibrosis in human dermal fibroblasts with exogenous TGF-β and performed cellular proliferation assays after treatment with varying concentrations of galunisertib. Read More

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