671 results match your criteria prodromal markers

Insomnia symptom subtypes and manifestations of prodromal neurodegeneration: a population-based study in the CLSA.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Research center of the Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Study Objectives: To identify the association between insomnia symptoms and signs of prodromal neurodegeneration, including an analysis of potential differences between sleep-onset and sleep-maintenance insomnia.

Methods: We included those aged 45-85 years, living in one of 10 Canadian provinces in between 2012-2015 (at the baseline), recruited via three population-based sampling methods. Insomnia symptoms were assessed using questions adapted/modified from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Read More

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Metabolite signature of Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down syndrome.

Ann Neurol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Sant Pau Memory Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: To examine the Alzheimer's Disease metabolite signature through magnetic resonance spectroscopy in adults with Down syndrome and its relation with Alzheimer's Disease biomarkers and cortical thickness.

Methods: We included 118 adults with Down syndrome from the Down Alzheimer Barcelona Imaging Initiative and 71 euploid healthy controls from the Sant Pau Initiative on Neurodegeneration cohort. We measured the levels of myo-inositol (a marker of neuroinflammation) and N-acetyl-aspartate (a marker of neuronal integrity) in the precuneus using magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Read More

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Convergent and Discriminant Validity of Default Mode Network and Limbic Network Perfusion in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Patients.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Laboratory of Alzheimer's Neuroimaging and Epidemiology (LANE), IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy.

Background: Previous studies reported default mode network (DMN) and limbic network (LIN) brain perfusion deficits in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), frequently a prodromal stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the validity of these measures as AD markers has not yet been tested using MRI arterial spin labeling (ASL).

Objective: To investigate the convergent and discriminant validity of DMN and LIN perfusion in aMCI. Read More

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Lewy Body Dementias: A Coin with Two Sides?

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Jun 22;11(7). Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Neurology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, 28027 Madrid, Spain.

Lewy body dementias (LBDs) consist of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD), which are clinically similar syndromes that share neuropathological findings with widespread cortical Lewy body deposition, often with a variable degree of concomitant Alzheimer pathology. The objective of this article is to provide an overview of the neuropathological and clinical features, current diagnostic criteria, biomarkers, and management of LBD. Literature research was performed using the PubMed database, and the most pertinent articles were read and are discussed in this paper. Read More

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White Tea Intake Abrogates Markers of Streptozotocin-Induced Prediabetes Oxidative Stress in Rat Lungs'.

Molecules 2021 Jun 25;26(13). Epub 2021 Jun 25.

University of Beira Interior, R. Marquês d'Ávila e Bolama, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal.

Prediabetes (PrDM) is a prodromal stage of diabetes mellitus (DM) with an increasing prevalence worldwide. During DM progression, individuals gradually develop complications in various organs. However, lungs are suggested to be affected later than other organs, such as the eyes, heart or brain. Read More

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REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder in Multiple System Atrophy: From Prodromal to Progression of Disease.

Front Neurol 2021 14;12:677213. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, Unità Operativa Complessa (UOC) Clinica Neurologica Rete Metropolitana NEUROMET, Bologna, Italy.

A higher frequency of motor and breathing sleep-related disorders in multiple system atrophy (MSA) populations is reported. REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is one of the most robust markers of an underlying alpha-synucleinopathy. Although a large corpus of literature documented the higher prevalence of RBD in MSA, few studies have systematically investigated the prevalence of RBD as mode of disease onset and its role in disease progression. Read More

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VAMP-2 is a surrogate cerebrospinal fluid marker of Alzheimer-related cognitive impairment in adults with Down syndrome.

Alzheimers Res Ther 2021 Jun 28;13(1):119. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Memory Unit and Biomedical Research Institute Sant Pau (IIB Sant Pau), Neurology Department, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Autonomous University of Barcelona, c/Sant Quintí, 77-79, 08025, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: There is an urgent need for objective markers of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related cognitive impairment in people with Down syndrome (DS) to improve diagnosis, monitor disease progression, and assess response to disease-modifying therapies. Previously, GluA4 and neuronal pentraxin 2 (NPTX2) showed limited potential as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of cognitive impairment in adults with DS. Here, we compare the CSF profile of a panel of synaptic proteins (Calsyntenin-1, Neuroligin-2, Neurexin-2A, Neurexin-3A, Syntaxin-1B, Thy-1, VAMP-2) to that of NPTX2 and GluA4 in a large cohort of subjects with DS across the preclinical and clinical AD continuum and explore their correlation with cognitive impairment. Read More

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Accuracy of Tau Positron Emission Tomography as a Prognostic Marker in Preclinical and Prodromal Alzheimer Disease: A Head-to-Head Comparison Against Amyloid Positron Emission Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

JAMA Neurol 2021 Jun 28. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Clinical Memory Research Unit, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.

Importance: Tau positron emission tomography (PET) tracers have proven useful for the differential diagnosis of dementia, but their utility for predicting cognitive change is unclear.

Objective: To examine the prognostic accuracy of baseline fluorine 18 (18F)-flortaucipir and [18F]RO948 (tau) PET in individuals across the Alzheimer disease (AD) clinical spectrum and to perform a head-to-head comparison against established magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and amyloid PET markers.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This prognostic study collected data from 8 cohorts in South Korea, Sweden, and the US from June 1, 2014, to February 28, 2021, with a mean (SD) follow-up of 1. Read More

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Intrusion Errors and Progression of Cognitive Deficits in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment and PreMCI States.

Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2021 Jun 23:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Aging, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, USA.

Introduction: Among persons with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), intrusion errors on subscales that measure proactive semantic interference (PSI) may be among the earliest behavioral markers of elevated Alzheimer's disease brain pathology. While there has been considerable cross-sectional work in the area, it is presently unknown whether semantic intrusion errors are predictive of progression of cognitive impairment in aMCI or PreMCI (not cognitively normal but not meeting full criteria for MCI).

Methods: This study examined the extent to which the percentage of semantic intrusion errors (PIE) based on total responses on a novel cognitive stress test, the Loewenstein-Acevedo Scales for Semantic Interference and Learning (LASSI-L), could predict clinical/cognitive outcomes over an average 26-month period in older adults initially diagnosed with aMCI, PreMCI, and normal cognition. Read More

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Gut and brain profiles that resemble pre-motor and early-stage Parkinson's disease in methamphetamine self-administering rats.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Aug 20;225:108746. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Pharmacology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, 60612, United States; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, 60612, United States; Center for Compulsive Behavior and Addiction, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, 60612, United States.

Introduction: Methamphetamine is a potent psychomotor stimulant, and methamphetamine abusers are up to three times more likely to develop Parkinson's disease (PD) later in life. Prodromal PD may involve gut inflammation and the accumulation of toxic proteins that are transported from the enteric nervous system to the central nervous system to mediate, in part, the degeneration of dopaminergic projections. We hypothesized that self-administration of methamphetamine in rats produces a gut and brain profile that mirrors pre-motor and early-stage PD. Read More

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Associations between subregional thalamic volume and brain pathology in autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease.

Brain Commun 2021 10;3(2):fcab101. Epub 2021 May 10.

Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Histopathological reports suggest that subregions of the thalamus, which regulates multiple physiological and cognitive processes, are not uniformly affected by Alzheimer's disease. Despite this, structural neuroimaging studies often consider the thalamus as a single region. Identification of Alzheimer's-dependent volumetric changes in thalamic subregions may aid the characterization of early nuclei-specific neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease. Read More

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Abnormally reduced frontal cortex activity during Trail-Making-Test in prodromal parkinson's disease-a fNIRS study.

Neurobiol Aging 2021 Apr 28;105:148-158. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; Geriatric Center, University Hospital of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany; Vitos Hospital for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Haina, Haina, Germany.

Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder leading to typical motor as well as a range of non-motor symptoms, including cognitive decline mainly characterized by executive deficits. The latter are known to appear years before the typical motor signs, thus representing the prodromal phase of PD. However, appropriate methods for measuring executive dysfunction in this context are not well established yet. Read More

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The relationship of semantic intrusions to different etiological subtypes of MCI and cognitively healthy older adults.

Alzheimers Dement (Amst) 2021 25;13(1):e12192. Epub 2021 May 25.

Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Aging, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences University of Miami Miller School of Medicine Miami USA.

Introduction: There is increasing evidence that susceptibility to proactive semantic interference (PSI) and the failure to recover from PSI (frPSI) as evidenced by intrusion errors may be early cognitive markers of both preclinical and prodromal Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Methods: One hundred forty-five participants were administered extensive clinical and neuropsychological evaluations including the Loewenstein-Acevedo Scales for Semantic Interference and Learning (LASSI-L), a sensitive cognitive stress test measuring PSI and frPSI. Participants also underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and amyloid positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) imaging. Read More

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Plasma β-Amyloid in Mild Behavioural Impairment - Neuropsychiatric Symptoms on the Alzheimer's Continuum.

J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 2021 May 26:8919887211016068. Epub 2021 May 26.

Hotchkiss Brain Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Introduction: Simple markers are required to recognize older adults at higher risk for neurodegenerative disease. Mild behavioural impairment (MBI) and plasma β-amyloid (Aβ) have been independently implicated in the development of incident cognitive decline and dementia. Here we studied the associations between MBI and plasma Aβ/Aβ. Read More

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Gut Microbiome Signatures of Risk and Prodromal Markers of Parkinson Disease.

Ann Neurol 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Neurology, Helsinki University Hospital and Department of Clinical Neurosciences (Neurology), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Objective: Alterations of the gut microbiome in Parkinson disease (PD) have been repeatedly demonstrated. However, little is known about whether such alterations precede disease onset and how they relate to risk and prodromal markers of PD. We investigated associations of these features with gut microbiome composition. Read More

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A clinical staging proposal of the disease course over time in non-severe patients with coronavirus disease 2019.

Sci Rep 2021 05 21;11(1):10681. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, NO.55 Zhenhai Road, Xiamen, 361003, Fujian, China.

Information on the clinical staging of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is still limited. This study aimed to propose a clinical staging proposal of the disease course in non-severe patients with COVID-19. In this retrospective study, 108 non-severe patients with COVID-19 were grouped according to the duration from symptoms onset to hospital admission: ≤ 1 week, > 1 to 2 weeks, > 2 to 3 weeks, > 3 to 5 weeks, respectively. Read More

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EEG-Based Measures in At-Risk Mental State and Early Stages of Schizophrenia: A Systematic Review.

Front Psychiatry 2021 4;12:653642. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Naples, Italy.

Electrophysiological (EEG) abnormalities in subjects with schizophrenia have been largely reported. In the last decades, research has shifted to the identification of electrophysiological alterations in the prodromal and early phases of the disorder, focusing on the prediction of clinical and functional outcome. The identification of neuronal aberrations in subjects with a first episode of psychosis (FEP) and in those at ultra high-risk (UHR) or clinical high-risk (CHR) to develop a psychosis is crucial to implement adequate interventions, reduce the rate of transition to psychosis, as well as the risk of irreversible functioning impairment. Read More

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Mutations in GBA and LRRK2 Are Not Associated with Increased Inflammatory Markers.

J Parkinsons Dis 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Background: Inflammation is an integral part of neurodegeneration including in Parkinson's disease (PD). Ashkenazi Jews have high rates of genetic PD with divergent phenotypes among GBA-PD and LRRK2-PD. The role of inflammation in the prodromal phase of PD and the association with disease phenotype has yet to be elucidated. Read More

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Urinary biopyrrins and free immunoglobin light chains are biomarker candidates for screening at-risk mental state in adolescents.

Early Interv Psychiatry 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Immune-Neuropsychiatry, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Shimane, Japan.

Background: Early diagnosis of individuals' at-risk mental state (ARMS) is important for preventing their pathogenesis or, at least, delaying onset of overt psychosis. Traditional diagnosis of ARMS subjects is mainly based on structured interviews, but future diagnosis would be carried out together with biomarkers.

Aim: In this study, we report urinary biopyrrins and free immunoglobin light chains κ and λ (κFLC and λFLC) as novel diagnostic biomarker candidates for screening ARMS subjects. Read More

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Comparison in detection of prodromal Parkinson's disease patients using original and updated MDS research criteria in two independent cohorts.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Jun 30;87:48-55. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Neurology, P. J. Safarik University, Trieda SNP 1, 04011, Kosice, Slovak Republic; Department of Neurology, University Hospital L. Pasteur, Rastislavova 43, 04190, Kosice, Slovak Republic.

Introduction: MDS research criteria for prodromal Parkinson's disease (pPD) were published in 2015 and updated in 2019. We aimed to determine the difference in pPD patient detection rates in two cohorts recruited via gastrointestinal symptoms (PARCAS study) and the presence of a probable REM sleep behaviour disorder (PDBIOM study) using the original and updated criteria.

Methods: We evaluated all risk and prodromal markers, except genetic testing, plasma urate and physical inactivity, in both cohorts and DaT scan, diabetes mellitus type II and cognitive deficit in the PARCAS cohort. Read More

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Association of Structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measures With Psychosis Onset in Individuals at Clinical High Risk for Developing Psychosis: An ENIGMA Working Group Mega-analysis.

JAMA Psychiatry 2021 Jul;78(7):753-766

Department of Psychiatry, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

Importance: The ENIGMA clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis initiative, the largest pooled neuroimaging sample of individuals at CHR to date, aims to discover robust neurobiological markers of psychosis risk.

Objective: To investigate baseline structural neuroimaging differences between individuals at CHR and healthy controls as well as between participants at CHR who later developed a psychotic disorder (CHR-PS+) and those who did not (CHR-PS-).

Design, Setting, And Participants: In this case-control study, baseline T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data were pooled from 31 international sites participating in the ENIGMA Clinical High Risk for Psychosis Working Group. Read More

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Genetic Architecture and Molecular, Imaging and Prodromic Markers in Dementia with Lewy Bodies: State of the Art, Opportunities and Challenges.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 12;22(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Neurology-Sleep Disorder Center, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, 20127 Milan, Italy.

Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is one of the most common causes of dementia and belongs to the group of α-synucleinopathies. Due to its clinical overlap with other neurodegenerative disorders and its high clinical heterogeneity, the clinical differential diagnosis of DLB from other similar disorders is often difficult and it is frequently underdiagnosed. Moreover, its genetic etiology has been studied only recently due to the unavailability of large cohorts with a certain diagnosis and shows genetic heterogeneity with a rare contribution of pathogenic mutations and relatively common risk factors. Read More

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Differential early subcortical involvement in genetic FTD within the GENFI cohort.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 29;30:102646. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Neurologische Klinik und Poliklinik, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Munich Munich Cluster of Systems Neurology, Munich, Germany.

Background: Studies have previously shown evidence for presymptomatic cortical atrophy in genetic FTD. Whilst initial investigations have also identified early deep grey matter volume loss, little is known about the extent of subcortical involvement, particularly within subregions, and how this differs between genetic groups.

Methods: 480 mutation carriers from the Genetic FTD Initiative (GENFI) were included (198 GRN, 202 C9orf72, 80 MAPT), together with 298 non-carrier cognitively normal controls. Read More

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Challenges in the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease.

Lancet Neurol 2021 05;20(5):385-397

Department of Neurology, Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Parkinson's disease is the second most common neurodegenerative disease and its prevalence has been projected to double over the next 30 years. An accurate diagnosis of Parkinson's disease remains challenging and the characterisation of the earliest stages of the disease is ongoing. Recent developments over the past 5 years include the validation of clinical diagnostic criteria, the introduction and testing of research criteria for prodromal Parkinson's disease, and the identification of genetic subtypes and a growing number of genetic variants associated with risk of Parkinson's disease. Read More

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Increased free water in the substantia nigra in idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder.

Brain 2021 Jun;144(5):1488-1497

Department of Neurology and Institute of Neurology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, China.

Imaging markers sensitive to neurodegeneration in the substantia nigra are critically needed for future disease-modifying trials. Previous studies have demonstrated the utility of posterior substantia nigra free water as a marker of progression in Parkinson's disease. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that free water is elevated in the posterior substantia nigra of idiopathic REM sleep behaviour disorder, which is considered a prodromal stage of synucleinopathy. Read More

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Prodromal Parkinson disease subtypes - key to understanding heterogeneity.

Nat Rev Neurol 2021 Jun 20;17(6):349-361. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

In Parkinson disease (PD), pathological processes and neurodegeneration begin long before the cardinal motor symptoms develop and enable clinical diagnosis. In this prodromal phase, risk and prodromal markers can be used to identify individuals who are likely to develop PD, as in the recently updated International Parkinson and Movement Disorders Society research criteria for prodromal PD. However, increasing evidence suggests that clinical and prodromal PD are heterogeneous, and can be classified into subtypes with different clinical manifestations, pathomechanisms and patterns of spatial and temporal progression in the CNS and PNS. Read More

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Constipation is Associated with Development of Cognitive Impairment in de novo Parkinson's Disease: A Longitudinal Analysis of Two International Cohorts.

J Parkinsons Dis 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

King's College London, Department of Neurosciences, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Constipation is regarded as one of the prodromal features of Parkinson's disease (PD) and there is emerging evidence linking gastrointestinal dysfunction and cognitive impairment (CI) in PD.

Objective: We explored whether constipation is associated with development of CI in two independent cohorts of de novo PD patients (n = 196 from the Non-motor International Longitudinal Study [NILS] and n = 423 from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative [PPMI] study).

Methods: Constipation was clinically defined using the Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS) item-21 [NILS] and Scales for Outcomes in PD-Autonomic (SCOPA-AUT) item-5 [PPMI]. Read More

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Analysis of Heart-Rate Variability during Angioedema Attacks in Patients with Hereditary C1-Inhibitor Deficiency.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 12;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Medicine, IRCCS Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri, 20138 Milan, Italy.

C1-inhibitor hereditary angioedema (C1-INH-HAE) is a rare disease characterized by self-limiting edema associated with localized vasodilation due to increased levels of circulating bradykinin. C1-INH-HAE directly influences patients' everyday lives, as attacks are unpredictable in frequency, severity, and the involved anatomical site. The autonomic nervous system could be involved in remission. Read More

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Improving estimation of Parkinson's disease risk-the enhanced PREDICT-PD algorithm.

NPJ Parkinsons Dis 2021 Apr 1;7(1):33. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Preventive Neurology Unit, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

We previously reported a basic algorithm to identify the risk of Parkinson's disease (PD) using published data on risk factors and prodromal features. Using this algorithm, the PREDICT-PD study identified individuals at increased risk of PD and used tapping speed, hyposmia and REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) as "intermediate" markers of prodromal PD in the absence of sufficient incident cases. We have now developed and tested an enhanced algorithm which incorporates the intermediate markers into the risk model. Read More

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Complications following REM sleep behavior disorder.

Brain Behav 2021 05 30;11(5):e02129. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Neurology, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany.

REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is gaining increasing attention as important prodromal marker for the development of neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's Disease. However, the clinical relevance of this disorder and its association with other prodromal markers is often underestimated in clinical routine. We here report a case of severe clinical complications following extensive nocturnal movements due to RBD, aggravated by occurrence of additional prodromal non-motor symptoms. Read More

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