Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol 2021 Jan 3;17(1):9-21. Epub 2020 Nov 3.
Bluewater Diagnostic Laboratory , Mount Washington, KY, USA.
Introduction: The N-acetylation polymorphism has been the subject of comprehensive reviews describing the role of arylamine N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) in the metabolism of numerous aromatic amine and hydrazine drugs.
Areas Covered: We describe and review data that more clearly defines the effects of haplotypes and genotypes on the expression of acetylator phenotype towards selected drugs within human hepatocytes in vitro, within human hepatocyte cultures in situ, and clinical measures such as bioavailability, plasma metabolic ratios of parent to N-acetyl metabolite, elimination rate constants and plasma half-life, and/or clearance determinations in human subjects. We review several drugs (isoniazid, hydralazine, sulfamethazine, amifampridine, procainamide, sulfasalazine, amonafide and metamizole) for which phenotype-guided therapy may be important. Read More