9,670 results match your criteria problems feeding

Eating habits and lifestyle in children with obesity during the COVID19 lockdown: a survey in an Italian center.

Acta Biomed 2021 May 12;92(2):e2021196. Epub 2021 May 12.

Dipartimento di Pediatria, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A. Gemelli" IRCCS, Roma, Italia- Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore .

Objectives: The main aim of this study was to evaluate BMI changes in children and adolescent with obesity or overweight, analyzing the possible risk factors that contributed to weight gain during a pandemic-associated lockdown.

Material And Methods: The study was conducted at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department of a third-level University Hospital in Rome, including children and adolescents with overweight and obesity. Personal, anthropometrics data and other information about physical activity, eating habits and psychological aspects were collected. Read More

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Recognizing Early Regulation Disorders in Pediatric Care: The For Healthy Offspring Project.

Med Sci Monit 2021 May 14;27:e930214. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Heim Pál National Pediatric Institute, Budapest, Hungary.

BACKGROUND Regulation disorders are already apparent in infancy. The For Healthy Offspring Project was the first Hungarian study aimed at building an effective model for screening and examining the prevalence and complex (medical and psychosocial) background of classic behavior regulation disorders (excessive crying, feeding, and sleep problems) in infancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data were collected from families of 0- to 3-year-old children in a pediatric hospital and its neighboring areas through questionnaires, medical examinations, and individual and small-group consultations. Read More

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Parental response to the feeding behavior problems in children with cleft lip and palate: A systematic review.

Spec Care Dentist 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objective: To assess and analyze the global status of parental responses to feeding problems in patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and to provide recommendations for future research.

Design: A priori protocol was formulated according to PRISMA guidelines and registered. The predefined search strategy was used in established search engines up to July 27, 2020 without any restriction of language or year of publication. Read More

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Variables Prevalent Among Early Unplanned Readmissions in Infants Following Congenital Heart Surgery.

Pediatr Cardiol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Section of Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Medically complex children including infants undergoing cardiac surgery are at increased risk for hospital readmissions. Investigation of this population may reveal opportunities to optimize systems and coordination of care. A retrospective study of all infants undergoing cardiac surgery from 2015 through 2016 at a large tertiary institution who were readmitted within 1 year of discharge from cardiac surgical hospitalization was performed. Read More

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Parental and provider perspectives on social media about ankyloglossia.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 28;146:110741. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Otolaryngology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA; Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Children's Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Objectives: To investigate and identify the concerns and opinions expressed in both parental and provider posts on social media about ankyloglossia.

Methods: In this study, posts on Twitter between 1/1/2008 and 12/31/2018 were collected using search terms and hashtags specific to pediatric ankyloglossia. The search terms included a primary phrase to indicate ankyloglossia along with a pediatric identifier. Read More

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Metanalysis of alloplastic materials versus autologous fat for injection augmentation pharyngoplasty treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 28;146:110738. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) can cause resonance, speech and feeding problems. While reconstructive palatoplasty and surgical pharyngoplasty techniques are the mainstay of treatment for severe VPI, injection augmentation pharyngoplasty offers a minimally invasive approach in patients with mild-to-moderate VPI.

Methods: We conducted a systematic review of the literature available on PubMed and Embase from 1990 to 2019 including studies that addressed VPI, incompetence, or dysfunction managed with injection augmentation. Read More

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Parent-child bonding and attachment during pregnancy and early childhood following congenital heart disease diagnosis.

Health Psychol Rev 2021 May 6:1-47. Epub 2021 May 6.

Heart Centre for Children, The Sydney Children's Hospitals Network, Sydney, Australia.

Diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease (CHD) can present challenges to the developing parent-child relationship due to periods of infant hospitalisation and intensive medical care, parent-infant separations, child neurodevelopmental delay and feeding problems, and significant parent and child distress and trauma. Yet, the ways in which CHD may affect the parent-child relationship are not well-understood. We systematically reviewed the evidence on parental bonding, parent-child interaction, and child attachment following CHD diagnosis, according to a pre-registered protocol (CRD42019135687). Read More

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Mealtime behaviours of young children with sensory food aversions: An observational study.

Aust Occup Ther J 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Introduction: Children with sensory food aversions (SFAs) are at risk for nutritional problems and occupational dysfunction during daily meals. To facilitate optimal occupational performance for children with SFAs, it is critical that clinicians understand child behaviour and caregiver strategy use to manage child behaviour during meals. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reliability of a novel coding scheme, the Behavioural Mealtime Coding System (BMCS) and identify associations among child acceptance of preferred and targeted foods, child food exploration and caregiver use of strategies to manage child behaviour. Read More

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Prevention of cisplatin-induced nausea and vomiting by seabuckthorn ( L.) seed oil: Insights at the level of orexin-A in rats.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2021 Feb;24(2):248-255

Department of Pharmacy, College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China.

Objectives: Nausea and vomiting are perennial problems in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Orexin-A (OXA) has been shown to regulate feeding and gastric motility. Seabuckthorn ( L. Read More

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February 2021

Protocol for assessing if behavioural functioning of infants born <29 weeks' gestation is improved by omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: follow-up of a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 May 5;11(5):e044740. Epub 2021 May 5.

Discipline of Paediatrics, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Introduction: During the last trimester of pregnancy, the fetal brain undergoes a rapid growth spurt and accumulates essential nutrients including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). This takes place ex-utero for infants born <29 weeks' gestation, without the in-utero provisions of DHA. Infants born <29 weeks' are more likely to experience behavioural and emotional difficulties than their term-born counterparts. Read More

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Individual level and community level factors affecting exclusive breast feeding among infants under-six months in Ethiopia using multilevel analysis.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 May 5;47(1):106. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is the safest and healthiest option of feeding among infants in the first 6 months throughout the world. Thus, promotion of EBF is essential to prevent complex infant health problems even at the adulthood level. But majority of previous studies focused on individual level determinants of EBF by using basic regression models in localized areas. Read More

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Estimation of Feeding Composition of Industrial Process Based on Data Reconciliation.

Entropy (Basel) 2021 Apr 16;23(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Automation, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China.

For an industrial process, the estimation of feeding composition is important for analyzing production status and making control decisions. However, random errors or even gross ones inevitably contaminate the actual measurements. Feeding composition is conventionally obtained via discrete and low-rate artificial testing. Read More

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Life-Threatening Malnutrition in Very Severe ME/CFS.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Apr 14;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

NHS Consultant Physician, London W1G 9PF, UK.

Very severe Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME), (also known as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome) can lead to problems with nutrition and hydration. The reasons can be an inability to swallow, severe gastrointestinal problems tolerating food or the patient being too debilitated to eat and drink. Some patients with very severe ME will require tube feeding, either enterally or parenterally. Read More

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Exclusive Breastfeeding Is Not Associated with Maternal-Infant Bonding in Early Postpartum, Considering Depression, Anxiety, and Parity.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 2;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Psychiatry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata 951-8510, Japan.

It is important to clarify how the breastfeeding method affects women's mental health, and how women's mental health affects the breastfeeding method in the early postpartum period when major depression and other psychiatric problems are most likely to occur. This study aimed to examine this bidirectional relationship in the early postpartum period. Participants were 2020 postpartum women who completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS). Read More

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Changing parental feeding practices through web-based interventions: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(4):e0250231. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Faculty of Psychology, Research Center for Psychological Science (CICPSI), University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal.

Web-based parent interventions designed to promote children's healthy eating patterns can enhance parents' engagement and facilitate behavior change. However, it is still unclear how much the existing programs focus on changing parental feeding practices, and if so, which behavioral methodologies are used and how effective these interventions are in changing these parental behaviors. This systematic review and meta-analysis studied randomized controlled trials of web-based interventions targeting parents of 0-12-year-old children, aiming to promote children's healthy diet or prevent nutrition-related problems and reporting parental feeding behaviors as one of the outcomes. Read More

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Epicuticular Wax Rice Mutants Show Reduced Resistance to Rice Water Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and Fall Armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).

Environ Entomol 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.

Plant structural traits can act as barriers for herbivore attachment, feeding, and oviposition. In particular, epicuticular waxes (EWs) on the aerial surfaces of many land plants offer protection from biotic and abiotic stresses. In rice (Oryza sativa L. Read More

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Abundance, characteristics and variation of microplastics in different freshwater fish species from Bangladesh.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 16;784:147137. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Hydrobiogeochemistry and Pollution Control Laboratory, Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342, Bangladesh. Electronic address:

Microplastic (MP) contamination in fish species is one of the emerging environmental problems due to the proliferation of plastic pollution in the environment. The occurrence of MPs in the freshwater of Bangladesh is currently unreported, and in contrast to other counties of the world, little is known about the occurrence of this contaminant in freshwater fishes. Hence, this study investigated the abundance, characteristics, and variation of MPs in different commercial freshwater fish species from Bangladesh. Read More

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Nutritional Intervention Strategies Using Dietary Antioxidants and Organic Trace Minerals to Reduce the Incidence of Wooden Breast and Other Carcass Quality Defects in Broiler Birds.

Front Physiol 2021 6;12:663409. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Novus International, Inc., St. Charles, MO, United States.

Wooden breast (WB) is a degenerative myopathy seen in modern broiler birds resulting in quality downgrade of breast fillets. Affected filets show increased toughness both before as well as after cooking and have decreased water holding capacity and marinade pick up compared to normal fillets. Although the exact etiology is unknown, the circulatory insufficiency and increased oxidative stress in the breast muscles of modern broiler birds could be resulting in damage and degeneration of muscle fibers leading to myopathies. Read More

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Oral Health Status of Children Who Require In-Home Medical Care.

J Dent Child (Chic) 2021 Jan;88(1):29-34

Dr. Turrioni is an assistant professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil;, Email:

To evaluate the oral health status of children who require in-home medical care, their oral hygiene and eating habits, and the association between oral health status and medical conditions.
Legal guardians of children who need in-home medical care were interviewed regarding their socioeconomic level and their children's medical and dental history, as well as their oral hygiene habits. An oral exam assessed the children's plaque level, caries experience, and periodontal disease. Read More

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January 2021

Health-related quality of life and distress of parents of children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder.

J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Emma Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Emma Children's Hospital, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry & Psychosocial Care, Amsterdam Reproduction and Development, Amsterdam Public Health, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Emma Children's Hospital, Department of Dietetics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Emma Children's Hospital, Department of Rehabilitation, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is impaired.Aim To measure HRQOL and distress of parents of children with ARFID.

Methods: Cross-sectional cohort study. Read More

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Pregnancy in an adolescent with maple syrup urine disease: Case report.

Mol Genet Metab Rep 2021 Jun 26;27:100745. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Division of Clinical and Metabolic Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of the Philippines - Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines.

Maple syrup urine disease (MSUD, MIM #248600) is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder that results in elevation of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) leucine, isoleucine, and valine. Elevation of BCAA and certain alpha keto-acids is associated with a catabolic state and may result in neurological and developmental delays, feeding problems, and a urine and cerumen odor of maple syrup. Pregnancy is a period of multiple adaptations necessary to support fetal growth and development. Read More

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Rare deleterious de novo missense variants in RNF2/RING2 are associated with a neurodevelopmental disorder with unique clinical features.

Hum Mol Genet 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), Houston, TX, USA.

The Polycomb group (PcG) gene RNF2 (RING2) encodes a catalytic subunit of the Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 (PRC1), an evolutionarily conserved machinery that post-translationally modifies chromatin to maintain epigenetic transcriptional repressive states of target genes including Hox genes. Here, we describe two individuals, each with rare de novo missense variants in RNF2. Their phenotypes include intrauterine growth retardation, severe intellectual disabilities, behavioral problems, seizures, feeding difficulties and dysmorphic features. Read More

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The sensory, physical and nutritional quality profiles of purple sweet potato and soy-based snack bars for pregnant women.

J Public Health Res 2021 Apr 14;10(2). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.

Background: The deficiency of energy, protein, and other beneficial nutrients during pregnancy causes chronic energy deficiency (CED). This condition increases the chance of having babies with low birth weight (LBW) and various other health problems. To meet these nutritional needs, supplementary feeding is necessary in the form of snack bar, using local food ingredients, such as purple sweet potatoes and soybeans (PSPS). Read More

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Prevalence and Predictors of Anemia Among Children Aged 6-23 Months in Dodota District, Southeast Ethiopia: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2021 6;12:177-187. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Arsi University College of Health Science, Asella, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, anemia is a public health problem affecting children living in both developed and developing countries with bad consequences on children's cognitive, social, and economic development.

Objective: To assess the prevalence and predictors of anemia among children aged 6-23 months residing at Dodota district, Southeast Ethiopia.

Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from January-July 2019, at Dodota district, in Southeast Ethiopia. Read More

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Perceived barriers of nutritional feeding related to severe stunting.

Enferm Clin 2021 Apr;31 Suppl 2:S33-S36

Bachelor Student Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

Objective of the study is to determine perceived barriers to nutrient feeding in relation to severely stunted children. The method used qualitative methods with a phenomenological approach. Data retrieval was done through semi-structured interview techniques, field notes, and observations referring to 15 mothers who had severely stunted children aged 1-5 years. Read More

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Virtual Reality App for Treating Eating Behavior in Eating Disorders: Development and Usability Study.

JMIR Serious Games 2021 04 13;9(2):e24998. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Center for Alzheimer Research, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Anorexia nervosa is one of the more severe eating disorders, which is characterized by reduced food intake, leading to emaciation and psychological maladjustment. Treatment outcomes are often discouraging, with most interventions displaying a recovery rate below 50%, a dropout rate from 20% to 50%, and a high risk of relapse. Patients with anorexia nervosa often display anxiety and aversive behaviors toward food. Read More

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African Swine Fever in wild boar: Assessing interventions in South Korea.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

SaBio Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha & CSIC, Ciudad Real, Spain.

African Swine Fever (ASF) was detected in South Korean pig farms in September 2019. Currently, ASF occurs mostly in wild boar (Sus scrofa). We describe the ASF dynamics in wild boar in South Korea from October 2019 to October 2020 and use case studies to evidence the advantages and limitations of the control measures applied. Read More

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Effect of commercially available thickening agents on ready-to-feed infant formulas.

J Texture Stud 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

The University of Alabama, Department of Communicative Disorders, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA.

Because of the importance of providing the appropriate fluid consistency for effective management of swallowing problems (dysphagia) in infants, this project sought to determine the effect of three commercially available thickening agents on the resulting thickened consistencies of commonly prescribed, ready-to-feed infant formulas. Nine ready-to-feed infant formulas were thickened with three different thickening agents to nectar and honey consistencies following manufacturer's instructions and their resulting thickness was measured via line spread test (LST). The nine formulas with nothing added to them (thin liquids) and the 27 target-nectar and 27 target-honey samples together created 63 unique samples for comparison. Read More

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