184 results match your criteria previous undocumented

Use of health care services among Syrian refugees migrating to Norway: a prospective longitudinal study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 10;21(1):572. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, PO Box 7804, 5020, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Understanding the differential utilization of healthcare services is essential to address the public health challenges. Through the migration process, refugees move from one set of health risk factors to another and can face multiple healthcare challenges along their journey. Yet how these changing risk factors influence refugees' use of health care services is poorly understood. Read More

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Using Social Networks to Estimate the Number of COVID-19 Cases: The Incident (Hidden COVID-19 Cases Network Estimation) Study Protocol.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 26;18(11). Epub 2021 May 26.

Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences, and Public Health, University of Padova, Via Loredan, 18, 35121 Padova, Italy.

Recent literature has reported a high percentage of asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic cases in subjects with COVID-19 infection. This proportion can be difficult to quantify; therefore, it constitutes a hidden population. This study aims to develop a proof-of-concept method for estimating the number of undocumented infections of COVID-19. Read More

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Helicobacter cinaedi bacteraemia secondary to enterocolitis in an immunocompetent patient.

Gut Pathog 2021 Apr 23;13(1):26. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Hobrovej 18, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark.

Background: Helicobacter cinaedi are motile, gram-negative spiral rods with a natural reservoir in the intestinal tract of hamsters and rhesus monkeys. In humans, H. cinaedi has been reported in different human infections like fever, abdominal pain, gastroenteritis, proctitis, diarrhoea, erysipelas, cellulitis, arthritis, and neonatal meningitis typically diagnosed by positive blood cultures. Read More

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The prevalence and demographic features of congenital cytomegalovirus infection in an urban area of East Asia: A population-based study.

PLoS One 2021 25;16(3):e0248801. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Otolaryngology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is the leading environmental cause of childhood hearing impairment. However, its significance remains largely undocumented in many regions of the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical features of cCMV infection in East Asia. Read More

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CO-aVoID: coronavirus outbreak affecting variability of presentations to a local emergency department.

CJEM 2021 03 4;23(2):232-236. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, 400 University Avenue, Saint John, NB, E2L 4L2, Canada.

Background: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on public health, specifically on patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with non-COVID-related diseases, remains largely undocumented.

Objective: This study explored how overall rates of presentations to the emergency department were impacted immediately after the declaration of the COVID-19 pandemic, and specifically how key presenting symptoms representing emergency, standard and low-acuity conditions were impacted.

Methods: A sequential modified Delphi survey and cross-sectional analysis of administrative census data from a tertiary care center in New Brunswick, Canada, were performed. Read More

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Integrative identification of the pathogenic role of a novel G6PD missense mutation c.697G>C.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Feb;9(3):194

Center of Clinical Molecular Medicine & Newborn Screening Center, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders; National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders (Chongqing), China International Science and Technology Cooperation base of Child development and Critical Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

Background: Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is a hereditary disease caused by pathogenic mutations of . While most of the pathogenic variants of have been annotated, hemolysis of unknown etiology but analogous to that in G6PD deficiency persists, implying the existence of undocumented pathogenic variants. In our previous study, we reported four novel variants in China, for which the pathogenicity remains to be verified. Read More

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February 2021

Maternal health care utilization and the obstetric outcomes of undocumented women in Finland - a retrospective register-based study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Mar 6;21(1):191. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland.

Background: Undocumented pregnant women constitute a vulnerable group of people who lack equal access to pregnancy care. Previous research has shown that undocumented migrants encounter difficulties in accessing health services, the onset of prenatal care is delayed, and women have an increased risk for infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to describe the use of maternal health care services and the obstetric outcomes of undocumented women in Helsinki, capital city of Finland, in addition to comparing the results with all pregnant women in Finland. Read More

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How much leaf area do insects eat? A data set of insect herbivory sampled globally with a standardized protocol.

Ecology 2021 04 21;102(4):e03301. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Institute of Biological Sciences, Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPA), Av. Perimetral 2-224, Belém, Pará, 66077-830, Brazil.

Herbivory is ubiquitous. Despite being a potential driver of plant distribution and performance, herbivory remains largely undocumented. Some early attempts have been made to review, globally, how much leaf area is removed through insect feeding. Read More

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Connecting policy to licensed assisted living communities, introducing health services regulatory analysis.

Health Serv Res 2021 Jun 10;56(3):540-549. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

Objective: To document dementia-relevant state assisted living regulations and their changes over time as they pertain to licensed care settings.

Data Sources: For all states, current directories of licensed assisted living communities and state regulations for each year, 2007-2018, were obtained from state agency websites and Nexis Uni, respectively.

Study Design: We identified multiple types of regulatory classifications for each state and documented the presence or absence of specific dementia care provisions in the regulations for each type by study year. Read More

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A cross-sectional study on dermatoses among underwater workers: a new clinical sign of peculiar distribution pattern of lesions in sea urchin prick reaction revealed.

Int J Dermatol 2021 Apr 30;60(4):503-508. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, India.

Background: The pattern of dermatoses among underwater workers is undocumented and, hence, worth studying. The objective of the study was to document the pattern of dermatoses among underwater workers in a tropical seaside area.

Methods: A population-based cross-sectional study of 1 year from April 2015 among people regularly involved in underwater occupation, especially the collection of mollusks. Read More

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Dihydroartemisinin inhibits the tumorigenesis and invasion of gastric cancer by regulating STAT1/KDR/MMP9 and P53/BCL2L1/CASP3/7 pathways.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Feb 13;218:153318. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Dihydroartemisinin (DHA), an effective antimalarial drug, has been widely investigated as an anti-tumor agent. Although previous studies have indicated the potential therapeutic effects of DHA on multiple malignancies, its detailed molecular mechanisms in gastric cancer (GC) are still undocumented. In the present study, we applied network pharmacology and bioinformatics (gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses) to obtain the collective targets of DHA and GC and analyzed their involvement in constructing a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Read More

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February 2021

Undocumented migrants during the COVID-19 pandemic: socio-economic determinants, clinical features and pharmacological treatment.

J Public Health Res 2020 Oct 27;9(4):1852. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan.

Population groups such as undocumented migrants have been almost completely forgotten during the COVID-19 pandemic, though they have been living in all European countries for decades and new arrivals have continued throughout the pandemic. The aim of this study was to investigate their health conditions during the current pandemic. We analysed the records of 272 patients with respiratory issues attending the outpatient clinic of a large charity in Milan, Italy: amongst them, 18 had COVID-19 confirmed by rhino-pharyngeal swab and 1 of them deceased. Read More

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October 2020

Disentangling vines: a study of morphological crypsis and genetic divergence in vine snakes (Squamata: Colubridae: Ahaetulla) with the description of five new species from Peninsular India.

Zootaxa 2020 Nov 6;4874(1):zootaxa.4874.1.1. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Center for ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, Karnataka, India..

We carried out a taxonomic revision of Ahaetulla species inhabiting Peninsular India, using a multiple criteria approach (including genetics, morphology, and geography). Our work included populations of the A. nasuta complex (widespread across the entire region, including the Western Ghats), the A. Read More

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November 2020

Surviving through the kindness of strangers: can there be "wellbeing" among undocumented refugee children?

Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being 2020 Dec;15(sup2):1724757

Department of Education, Communication and Learning, University of Gothenburg , Gothenburg, Sweden.

: The paper exames notions of health and wellbeing in the context of radically retracted rights to political asylum. It questions the tendency in previous research to regard the political economy of refugee protection as a parallel issue to a range of factors affecting children's health. : Based on ethnographic research with 19 undocumented refugee children in Sweden, the paper illustrates ways in which the deportation regime conditions participants' health. Read More

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December 2020

Healthcare financing and social protection policies for migrant workers in Malaysia.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(12):e0243629. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

United Nations University-International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: For Malaysia, a nation highly dependent on migrant labour, the large non-citizen workforce presents a unique health system challenge. Although documented migrant workers are covered by mandatory healthcare insurance (SPIKPA), financial constraints remain a major barrier for non-citizen healthcare access. Malaysia recently extended protection for migrant workers under the national social security scheme (SOCSO), previously exclusive to citizens. Read More

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February 2021

A novel method for detecting extra-home range movements (EHRMs) by animals and recommendations for future EHRM studies.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(11):e0242328. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, United States of America.

Infrequent, long-distance animal movements outside of typical home range areas provide useful insights into resource acquisition, gene flow, and disease transmission within the fields of conservation and wildlife management, yet understanding of these movements is still limited across taxa. To detect these extra-home range movements (EHRMs) in spatial relocation datasets, most previous studies compare relocation points against fixed spatial and temporal bounds, typified by seasonal home ranges (referred to here as the "Fixed-Period" method). However, utilizing home ranges modelled over fixed time periods to detect EHRMs within those periods likely results in many EHRMs going undocumented, particularly when an animal's space use changes within that period of time. Read More

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December 2020

Effects of cochlear hair cell ablation on spatial learning/memory.

Sci Rep 2020 11 26;10(1):20687. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 240 Pasteur Drive, Biomedical Innovations Building, R0551, Palo Alto, CA, 94304, USA.

Current clinical interest lies in the relationship between hearing loss and cognitive impairment. Previous work demonstrated that noise exposure, a common cause of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), leads to cognitive impairments in mice. However, in noise-induced models, it is difficult to distinguish the effects of noise trauma from subsequent SNHL on central processes. Read More

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November 2020

Prevalence and correlates of men's and women's alcohol use in agrarian, trading and fishing communities in Rakai, Uganda.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(10):e0240796. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Rakai Health Sciences Program / Uganda Virus Research Institute, Kalisizo, Uganda.

Introduction: Uganda has one of the highest rates of alcohol use in sub-Saharan Africa but prevalence and correlates of drinking are undocumented in the Rakai region, one of the earliest epicenters of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in East Africa.

Methods: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 18,700 persons (8,690 men, 10,010 women) aged 15-49 years, living in agrarian, trading and fishing communities and participating in the Rakai Community Cohort Study (RCCS) between March 2015 and September 2016. Logistic regression models assessed associations between past year alcohol use and sociodemographic characteristics, other drug use and HIV status, controlling for age, religion, education, occupation, marital status, and household socioeconomic status. Read More

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December 2020

Ethnobotanical survey of wild edible plants used by Baka people in southeastern Cameroon.

J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2020 Oct 22;16(1):64. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Nature Heritage, St. Lawrence, Jersey, Channel Islands, UK.

Background: Forest inhabitants worldwide, and indigenous people especially, have depended for generations on plants and animals harvested in these ecosystems. A number of Baka hunter-gatherer populations in south-eastern Cameroon became sedentarised in the 1950s, but still rely on hunting and gathering to meet their basic needs. The use of wild edible plants (WEP) by these communities remains largely undocumented. Read More

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October 2020

Occupational health profile of Canadian Maritimes truck drivers.

Work 2020 ;67(1):251-257

Department of Nursing, Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), Rimouski (QC), Canada.

Background: There are over 12,000 professional truck drivers in the Canadian Maritime provinces, with the majority being in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Previous studies have focused on the health of Canadian and American truck drivers but the occupational health status of truck drivers in the Maritime Provinces remains undocumented.

Objective: The objective of this cross-sectional study was to provide a general, occupational health and demographic characteristics description of professional truck drivers in the Maritimes. Read More

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Nonvitamin, Nonmineral Dietary Supplement Use in Individuals with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

J Nutr 2020 09;150(9):2451-2459

Department of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Background: Over-the-counter, natural product-based (nonvitamin, nonmineral) dietary supplement (NVNM DS) use is common in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a group at risk for drug-DS interactions, due to polypharmacy, but this use is underreported to health care providers. Recent dramatic changes in US sales of specific NVNM DS suggest that the prevalence and types of NVNM DS used in RA populations may also have shifted.

Objectives: A study was undertaken to identify current and past use of specific NVNM DS for RA disease treatment and to examine associations between use of NVNM DS, RA pharmaceuticals, and/or vitamin or mineral (VM) DS. Read More

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September 2020

Music, Language, and The N400: ERP Interference Patterns Across Cognitive Domains.

Sci Rep 2020 07 8;10(1):11222. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

School of Linguistic Sciences and Arts, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou, China.

Studies of the relationship of language and music have suggested these two systems may share processing resources involved in the computation/maintenance of abstract hierarchical structure (syntax). One type of evidence comes from ERP interference studies involving concurrent language/music processing showing interaction effects when both processing streams are simultaneously perturbed by violations (e.g. Read More

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Multimorbidity and chronic diseases among undocumented migrants: evidence to contradict the myths.

Int J Equity Health 2020 07 6;19(1):113. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

EpiChron Research Group on Chronic Diseases, Aragón Health Sciences Institute (IACS), IIS Aragón, Miguel Servet University Hospital, Zaragoza, Spain.

Background: There is little verified information on the global health status of undocumented migrants (UMs). Our aim is to compare the prevalence of the main chronic diseases and of multimorbidity in undocumented migrants, documented migrants, and Spanish nationals in a Spanish autonomous community.

Methods: Retrospective observational study of all users of the public health system of the region of Aragon over 1 year (2011): 930,131 Spanish nationals; 123,432 documented migrants (DMs); and 17,152 UMs. Read More

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Real world application of ocrelizumab in multiple sclerosis: Single-center experience of 128 patients.

J Neurol Sci 2020 08 11;415:116973. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Neurology, University of Erlangen, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Pivotal trials showed good clinical efficiency of the monoclonal antibody ocrelizumab while being well tolerated and manageable in multiple sclerosis (MS). However, data on adverse events in everyday practice are scarce. Hence, our study aims at investigating short-term tolerability of ocrelizumab in a "real-world" setting. Read More

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Excessive Aesthetic Lower Limb Elongation Management.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2020 Apr 24;8(4):e2793. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Sechenov University, Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

With the evolution of surgical techniques and increased availability of cosmetic orthopedic surgery, new complications manifest. Uncontrolled lower limb elongation without limitations can be achieved by disinformation and undergoing surgery in different countries. Patients receive excessive surgical intervention due to misinforming surgeons and clinics of their previous medical history. Read More

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Role of Synaptic Inhibition in the Coupling of the Respiratory Rhythms that Underlie Eupnea and Sigh Behaviors.

eNeuro 2020 May/Jun;7(3). Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Department of Applied Science, Integrated Science Center, William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23185

The preBötzinger complex (preBötC) gives rise to two types of breathing behavior under normal physiological conditions: eupnea and sighing. Here, we examine the neural mechanisms that couple their underlying rhythms. We measured breathing in awake intact adult mice and recorded inspiratory rhythms from the preBötC in neonatal mouse brainstem slice preparations. Read More

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Estimation of Unreported Novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) Infections from Reported Deaths: A Susceptible-Exposed-Infectious-Recovered-Dead Model.

J Clin Med 2020 May 5;9(5). Epub 2020 May 5.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "GF Ingrassia", University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy.

In the midst of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) epidemic, examining reported case data could lead to biased speculations and conclusions. Indeed, estimation of unreported infections is crucial for a better understanding of the current emergency in China and in other countries. In this study, we aimed to estimate the unreported number of infections in China prior to the 23 January 2020 restrictions. Read More

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Diphtheria-Tetanus-Polio, Measles-Mumps-Rubella, and Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage and Associated Factors among Homeless Children in the Paris Region in 2013: Results from the ENFAMS Survey.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 04 21;17(8). Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Santé Publique France, French National Public Health Agency, F-94415 Saint-Maurice, France.

: The number of homeless families has increased considerably since the 1990s in France. We aimed to estimate the homeless children vaccination coverage (VC) for diphtheria, tetanus, polio, measles-mumps-rubella and hepatitis B and identify factors associated with insufficient VC according to birthplace. : A cross-sectional survey was conducted among homeless shelter families in the greater Paris area. Read More

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The negative self-perceived health of migrants with precarious status in Montreal, Canada: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2020 9;15(4):e0231327. Epub 2020 Apr 9.

CEPED, Institute for Research on Sustainable Development, IRD-Université de Paris, ERL INSERM SAGESUD, Paris, France.

Background: Knowledge about the health impacts of the absence of health insurance for migrants with precarious status (MPS) in Canada is scarce. MPS refer to immigrants with authorized but temporary legal status (i.e. Read More

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Non-confirming replication of "Performance of InSilicoVA for assigning causes of death to verbal autopsies: multisite validation study using clinical diagnostic gold standards," by Flaxman et al.

BMC Med 2020 03 26;18(1):69. Epub 2020 Mar 26.

Department of Sociology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: A verbal autopsy (VA) is an interview conducted with the caregivers of someone who has recently died to describe the circumstances of the death. In recent years, several algorithmic methods have been developed to classify cause of death using VA data. The performance of one method-InSilicoVA-was evaluated in a study by Flaxman et al. Read More

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