58,803 results match your criteria preventive management

Choroid plexus cyst causing acute hydrocephalus and transtentorial herniation: report of a rare case and its successful neuroendoscopic treatment.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Neurosurgery Department, Garrahan Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Choroid plexus cysts (CPC) are a frequent incidental neuroimaging finding and completely asymptomatic in the vast majority of cases. We hereby describe a rare case of acute hydrocephalus secondary to a CPC, atypical in size, location and presentation, which required urgent neuroendoscopic management. There are very few reported cases of CPC causing obstructive hydrocephalus. Read More

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Hairy cell leukemia and COVID-19 adaptation of treatment guidelines.

Leukemia 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Haematology Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre and Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Standard treatment options in classic HCL (cHCL) result in high response rates and near normal life expectancy. However, the disease itself and the recommended standard treatment are associated with profound and prolonged immunosuppression, increasing susceptibility to infections and the risk for a severe course of COVID-19. The Hairy Cell Leukemia Foundation (HCLF) has recently convened experts and discussed different clinical strategies for the management of these patients. Read More

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Robotic-assisted gait rehabilitation following stroke: a systematic review of current guidelines and practical clinical recommendations.

Eur J Phys Rehabil Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Rehabilitation Unit, ULSS (Local Health Authority) Euganea - Camposampiero Hospital, Padua, Italy.

Introduction: Stroke is the third leading cause of adult disability world-wide, and lower extremity motor impairment is one of the major determinants of long-term disability. Although robotic therapy is becoming more and more utilized in research protocols for lower limb stroke rehabilitation, the gap between research evidence and its use in clinical practice is still significant. The aim of this study was to determine the scope, quality, and consistency of guidelines for robotic lower limb rehabilitation after stroke, in order to provide clinical recommendations. Read More

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Role of coronary artery calcium score in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

BMJ 2021 05 4;373:n776. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Cardiovascular Prevention and Wellness, Department of Cardiology, Houston Methodist DeBakey Heart & Vascular Center, Houston, TX, USA.

First developed in 1990, the Agatston coronary artery calcium (CAC) score is an international guideline-endorsed decision aid for further risk assessment and personalized management in the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. This review discusses key international studies that have informed this 30 year journey, from an initial coronary plaque screening paradigm to its current role informing personalized shared decision making. Special attention is paid to the prognostic value of a CAC score of zero (the so called "power of zero"), which, in a context of low estimated risk thresholds for the consideration of preventive therapy with statins in current guidelines, may be used to individuals and thereby inform the safe delay or avoidance of certain preventive therapies. Read More

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Annual wellness visits and care management before and after dialysis initiation.

BMC Nephrol 2021 May 5;22(1):164. Epub 2021 May 5.

Center of Innovation to Accelerate Discovery and Practice Transformation, Durham Veterans Affairs Health Care System, Durham, NC, USA.

Introduction: Demands of dialysis regimens may pose challenges for primary care provider (PCP) engagement and timely preventive care. This is especially the case for patients initiating dialysis adjusting to new logistical challenges and management of symptoms and existing comorbid conditions. Since 2011, Medicare has provided coverage for annual wellness visits (AWV), which are primarily conducted by PCPs and may be useful for older adults undergoing dialysis. Read More

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Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) Regarding the COVID-19 Outbreak in Côte d'Ivoire: Understanding the Non-Compliance of Populations with Non-Pharmaceutical Interventions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 29;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques en Côte d'Ivoire, 01 BP 1303 Abidjan 01, Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

At the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak, preventive measures seemed the most appropriate method to control its spread. We assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the Ivorian public regarding preventive measures, conducting a hybrid survey across the country. Participants were invited to complete a questionnaire online, by phone, or face-to-face. Read More

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Development of Personalized Nutrition: Applications in Lactose Intolerance Diagnosis and Management.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 29;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Agroscope, Federal Department of Economic Affairs, Education and Research EAER, 3003 Bern, Switzerland.

Recent discoveries in the "omics" field and the growing focus on preventive health have opened new avenues for personalized nutrition (PN), which is becoming an important theme in the strategic plans of organizations that are active in healthcare, food, and nutrition research. PN holds great potential for individual health optimization, disease management, public health interventions, and product innovation. However, there are still multiple challenges to overcome before PN can be truly embraced by the public and healthcare stakeholders. Read More

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Preventive Effects of Green Tea Extract against Obesity Development in Zebrafish.

Molecules 2021 Apr 30;26(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University, Tsu, Mie 514-8507, Japan.

Various natural products (NPs) have been used to treat obesity and related diseases. However, the best way to fight obesity is preventive, with accurate body weight management through exercise, diet, or bioactive NPs to avoid obesity development. We demonstrated that green tea extract (GTE) is an anti-obesity NP using a zebrafish obesity model. Read More

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The role of institutional trust in preventive practices and treatment-seeking intention during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak among residents in Hubei, China.

Int Health 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

HwaMei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Background: We aimed to investigate the association between institution trust and public responses to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak.

Methods: An Internet-based, cross-sectional survey was administered on 29 January 2020. A total of 4393 adults ≥18 y of age and residing or working in the province of Hubei, central China were included in the study. Read More

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Dentists working conditions - factors associated with perceived workload.

Acta Odontol Scand 2021 May 1;79(4):296-301. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Section of Sustainable Health, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Background: Dentists are often exposed to occupational health hazards such as stress, high workload, and ergonomic and mental strain. However, there are limited studies focussing on occupational health and factors associated with working conditions. The aim of this study was to identify possible gender differences and factors associated with a high workload. Read More

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Diagnosis and Management of Stable Angina: A Review.

JAMA 2021 May;325(17):1765-1778

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

Importance: Nearly 10 million US adults experience stable angina, which occurs when myocardial oxygen supply does not meet demand, resulting in myocardial ischemia. Stable angina is associated with an average annual risk of 3% to 4% for myocardial infarction or death. Diagnostic tests and medical therapies for stable angina have evolved over the last decade with a better understanding of the optimal use of coronary revascularization. Read More

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Urinary incontinence as a marker of temporality in women: a qualitative study.

Climacteric 2021 May 4:1-7. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saint-Roch Polyclinic, Montpellier, France.

Background: Urinary incontinence (UI) is prevalent in postmenopausal women. To manage UI, it necessary to improve UI screening. We aimed to analyze and understand the experience of women with UI. Read More

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Risk of obstetric anal sphincter injury with fundal pressure in second stage of labor: Transperineal ultrasound study.

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medicalpark Göztepe Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aims: Clinical management of the second stage of labor and effectiveness of preventive measures for severe perineal tears are controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of using uterine fundal pressure during the second stage of delivery on obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI), among primiparous women using three-dimensional (3D) transperineal ultrasonography.

Methods: A total of 73 women who had their first vaginal birth were included in the study, the fundal pressure group included women where the fundal pressure maneuver was applied (n = 37); and the control group included women who delivered spontaneously without fundal pressure (n = 36). Read More

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Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in free-living wild boars in Paraná, Brazil.

Braz J Microbiol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Laboratory of Animal Virology, Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

This is the first study conducted in Paraná, Brazil, to investigate Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (Mhyo) infection in free-living wild boars. Eighty-eight wild boars were managed by authorized controllers between 2017 and 2019 in the state of Paraná in southern Brazil. Management georeferencing, sex, and weight were recorded for each animal. Read More

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Evaluation of lifestyle risk factor differences in global patterns of breast cancer mortality and DALYs during 1990-2017 using hierarchical age-period-cohort analysis.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430071, China.

Background: Statistical evidence on breast cancer (BC) burden related to health and lifestyle risk factors are valuable for health policy-making. This study aimed to compare the trends in BC mortality and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to various health and life style risk factors among different world's regions according to sociodemographic index (SDI).

Methods: We extracted the age-standardized and age-specific rate of mortality and DALYs of women BC during 1990-2017 using the comparative risk assessment framework of the 2017 global burden of disease (GBD) study. Read More

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Irregular Astigmatism Management Using SPOT Scleral Lenses in the Treatment of Corneal Ectasia and Penetrating Keratoplasty.

Eye Contact Lens 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand (V.N., J.-V.B., R.J., A.C., F.C.), CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Ophthalmology, Clermont-Ferrand, France; Université Clermont Auvergne (V.N., F.C.), CNRS UMR 6293, INSERM U1103, Genetic Reproduction and Development Laboratory (GReD), Translational Approach to Epithelial Injury and Repair Team, Clermont-Ferrand, France; The University of Sydney (S.L.W.), Save Sight Institute, Discipline of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Sydney, Australia; Sydney Eye Hospital (S.L.W.), Sydney, Australia; University Hospital of Clermont Ferrand (C.L.), CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Clinical Research and Innovation Direction, Clermont-Ferrand, France; and Université Clermont Auvergne (F.D.), CNRS, LaPSCo, Physiological and Psychosocial Stress, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Witty Fit, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Purpose: To evaluate the outcome of SPOT scleral lenses in the management of irregular astigmatism in patients with corneal ectasia and penetrating keratoplasty. Second, we analyzed patients' characteristics and tolerance, comfort, and geometries of fitted lenses.

Method: Over a 5-year period, we included patients experiencing irregular astigmatism fitted with SPOT scleral contact lenses, from the University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, France. Read More

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Explaining the reasons for not maintaining the health guidelines to prevent COVID-19 in high-risk jobs: a qualitative study in Iran.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 3;21(1):848. Epub 2021 May 3.

Health Promotion Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Although the workers in many occupations are at the greatest risk of catching and spreading COVID-19 due to assembling and contacting people, the owners of these occupations do not follow COVID-19 health instructions. The purpose of this study is to explain the reasons for not maintaining health guidelines to prevent COVID-19 in high-risk jobs in Iran.

Methods: The present study was conducted with a qualitative approach among people with high-risk jobs in Tehran during March and April of 2020. Read More

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A Reduction in Health Care Expenditures Linked to Mental Health Service Use Among Adults With Chronic Physical Conditions.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 May 4:appips202000161. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center for Healthcare Organizational and Innovation Research, University of California, Berkeley, and Sutter Health Center for Health Systems Research, Berkeley (Bui); Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland (Yoon); Health Management and Policy, College of Public Health and Human Sciences, and Health Data and Informatics, Center for Genome Research and Biocomputing, Oregon State University, Corvallis, and Center to Improve Veteran Involvement in Care, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Portland Healthcare System, Portland (Hynes).

Objective: The aim was to examine the impact of receipt of mental health services on health care expenditures for U.S. adults with major chronic physical conditions. Read More

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Periodontal disease in acute coronary syndrome patients.

Am J Dent 2021 Apr;34(2):97-100

Colgate Palmolive Company, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.

Purpose: This pilot study assessed the periodontal status and biomarkers of systemic inflammation in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients.

Methods: 15 ACS patients on statin (anti-cholesterol) therapy, were recruited into the study an average of 9 months after discharge from university hospital. Blood and mouthrinse samples were collected for analysis of inflammatory biomarkers including high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, and MMP-9. Read More

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Approach to the management of recently diagnosed inflammatory bowel disease patients: a user's guide for adult and pediatric gastroenterologists.

Gastroenterology 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

The Dr. Henry D. Janowitz Division of Gastroenterology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York NY.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is a chronic, progressive, immune-mediated disease of adults and children that has no cure. IBD can cause significant morbidity and lead to complications such as strictures, fistulas, infections, and cancer. In children, IBD can also result in growth impairment and pubertal delays. Read More

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Travel time to emergency care not by geographic time, but by optimal time: A nationwide cross-sectional study for establishing optimal hospital access time to emergency medical care in South Korea.

PLoS One 2021 3;16(5):e0251116. Epub 2021 May 3.

Center for Public Health, National Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea.

Increase in travel time, beyond a critical point, to emergency care may lead to a residential disparity in the outcome of patients with acute conditions. However, few studies have evaluated the evidence of travel time benchmarks in view of the association between travel time and outcome. Thus, this study aimed to establish the optimal hospital access time (OHAT) for emergency care in South Korea. Read More

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Nonlaboratory-based risk assessment model for type 2 diabetes mellitus screening in Chinese rural population: a joint bagging-boosting model.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2021 May 3;PP. Epub 2021 May 3.

Diabetes mellitus is one of the major public health problems in the world due to its high prevalence and medical costs. The prevention effort necessitates reliable risk assessment models which can effectively identify high-risk individuals and enable healthcare practitioners to initiate appropriate preventive interventions. However, diabetes risk assessment models based on data analysis face multiple challenges, such as class imbalance and low identification rate. Read More

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Airflow Limitation Predicts Postoperative Pneumonia after Esophagectomy.

World J Surg 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Cancer Institute Hospital of Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, 3-8-31, Ariake, Koto, Tokyo, 135-8550, Japan.

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is known to be a risk factor of pneumonia after esophagectomy. In this study, we investigated the relationship of airflow limitation with the occurrence and the severity of pneumonia in esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophagectomy.

Methods: We enrolled 844 patients who underwent curative esophagectomy between 2009 and 2018. Read More

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Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Infection Control and Waste Management among Traditional Medicine Practitioners in Bhutan, 2019: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Survey.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 12;2021:6691780. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: In Bhutan, Traditional Medicine (TM) is a part of the government-sponsored free healthcare system and Traditional Medicine Units (TMUs) are colocated with allopathic hospitals. Prevention of healthcare-associated infections and patient safety must apply to all institutionalized healthcare settings including TMUs. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude, and practice of TM practitioners in Bhutan in the field of infection control and waste management practices. Read More

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Upregulated IL-32 Expression And Reduced Gut Short Chain Fatty Acid Caproic Acid in People Living With HIV With Subclinical Atherosclerosis.

Front Immunol 2021 15;12:664371. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

University of Montreal Hospital Centre (CRCHUM)-Research Centre, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Despite the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART), people living with HIV (PLWH) are still at higher risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) that are mediated by chronic inflammation. Identification of novel inflammatory mediators with the inherent potential to be used as CVD biomarkers and also as therapeutic targets is critically needed for better risk stratification and disease management in PLWH. Here, we investigated the expression and potential role of the multi-isoform proinflammatory cytokine IL-32 in subclinical atherosclerosis in PLWH (n=49 with subclinical atherosclerosis and n=30 without) and HIV- controls (n=25 with subclinical atherosclerosis and n=24 without). Read More

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How new biomarkers aid the anesthetist to detect and prevent perioperative acute kidney injury.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2021 Jun;34(3):364-372

Department of Anesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University Hospital Münster, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is underestimated but common in the perioperative setting. Although the association of this syndrome with an increased morbidity and mortality has been well established, little progress has been made in the diagnosis or prevention of AKI in recent years. This is partly due to the late detection of AKI by conventional criteria based of functional biomarkers, serum creatinine, and urine output. Read More

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Promoting Successful Cognitive Aging: A Ten-Year Update.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Center for Brain/Mind Medicine, Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Hale Building for Transformative Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

A decade has passed since we published a comprehensive review in this journal addressing the topic of promoting successful cognitive aging, making this a good time to take stock of the field. Because there have been limited large-scale, randomized controlled trials, especially following individuals from middle age to late life, some experts have questioned whether recommendations can be legitimately offered about reducing the risk of cognitive decline and dementia. Despite uncertainties, clinicians often need to at least make provisional recommendations to patients based on the highest quality data available. Read More

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Fusobacterium nucleatum and Clinicopathologic Features of Colorectal Cancer: Results From the ColoCare Study.

Clin Colorectal Cancer 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, UT; Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT.

Background: Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn), a bacterium associated with a wide spectrum of infections, has emerged as a key microbe in colorectal carcinogenesis. However, the underlying mechanisms and clinical relevance of Fn in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain incompletely understood.

Patients And Methods: We examined associations between Fn abundance and clinicopathologic characteristics among 105 treatment-naïve CRC patients enrolled in the international, prospective ColoCare Study. Read More

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February 2021

Factors affecting outcomes in patients with cardiac arrest who receive target temperature management: The multi-center TIMECARD registry.

J Formos Med Assoc 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: Target temperature management (TTM) is a recommended therapy for patients after cardiac arrest (PCA). The TaIwan Network of Targeted Temperature ManagEment for CARDiac Arrest (TIMECARD) registry was established for PCA who receive TTM therapy in Taiwan. We aim to determine the variables that may affect neurologic outcomes in PCA who undergo TTM. Read More

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The untapped potential of magnetic nanoparticles for forensic investigations: A comprehensive review.

Talanta 2021 Aug 17;230:122297. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Basic Science and Humanities, Mukesh Patel School of Technology Management and Engineering, SVKM's NMIMS University, Mumbai, 400056, Maharashtra, India. Electronic address:

With a growing interest in precise and sensitive diagnosis for criminal investigations, nanoparticles (NPs) have intrigued scientific minds working in the field of forensic science due to their exceptional properties. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have emerged as a powerful tool for improving forensic analysis due to their super magnetic behavior combined with smaller dimensions. MNP-based applications can benefit criminologists to solve criminal mysteries with greater precision and pace. Read More

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