4,885 results match your criteria preventing dental


An Experimental and Clinically Controlled Study of the Prevention of Dental Caries Using 1.23% Fluoride Gel in Elderly Patients.

J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2021 Nov-Dec;11(6):661-670. Epub 2021 Nov 30.

Dong Da General Hospital, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Aim: To describe the enamel and dentin fluoride mineralization process in practical application and assess the fluoride gel (NaF 1.23%) effectiveness in dental caries prevention for elderly patients.

Materials And Methods: Two different types of study were applied: (a) experimental study of fluoride mineralization of enamel and dentin ; (b) clinical controlled interventional studies of the effectiveness in dental caries prevention using 1. Read More

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November 2021

Riga-Fede disease: A systematic review and report of two cases.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 Dec;22(4):323-331

Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Scuola Medica Salernitana, Univeristy of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.

Aim: The term Riga-Fede disease has been used historically to describe traumatic ulceration that occurs on the ventral surface of tongue, buccal mucosa, gum or floor of the tongue in newborns and infants. It is most often associated with natal and neonatal teeth in newborns. The painful symptoms may be absent or acute, up to the point of preventing the baby from feeding. Read More

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December 2021

Disparities of Access, Use, and Barriers to Seeking Health Care Services in Arizona.

Med Care 2022 Feb;60(2):113-118

Arizona Department of Health Services, Phoenix, AZ.

Background: Access to health care (HC) services is important for promoting and maintaining health, preventing and managing disease, reducing unnecessary disability and premature death, and achieving health equity for all persons.

Objectives: We assess social indicators among people living in Arizona that are associated with access, use, and barriers to seeking HC services.

Research Design: We analyzed data (n=8073) from the 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to describe demographic and health characteristics among persons by HC access and use, and for whom costs were a barrier to seeking care. Read More

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February 2022

Rapid intrapartum test for maternal group B streptococcal colonisation and its effect on antibiotic use in labouring women with risk factors for early-onset neonatal infection (GBS2): cluster randomised trial with nested test accuracy study.

BMC Med 2022 Jan 14;20(1). Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Birmingham Women's & Children's NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK.

Background: Mother-to-baby transmission of group B Streptococcus (GBS) is the main cause of early-onset infection. We evaluated whether, in women with clinical risk factors for early neonatal infection, the use of point-of-care rapid intrapartum test to detect maternal GBS colonisation reduces maternal antibiotic exposure compared with usual care, where antibiotics are administered due to those risk factors. We assessed the accuracy of the rapid test in diagnosing maternal GBS colonisation, against the reference standard of selective enrichment culture. Read More

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January 2022

Ion release and hydroxyapatite precipitation of resin composites functionalized with two types of bioactive glass.

J Dent 2022 Jan 11;118:103950. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry, Center for Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, Plattenstrasse 11, Zurich, Switzerland.

Objectives: To prepare experimental composites with bioactive glass (BG) and investigate their release of calcium (Ca), phosphate (PO), and fluoride (F), as well as pH changes and apatite precipitation after immersion.

Methods: Experimental composites were prepared with 0, 10, or 20 wt% of either BG 45S5 or a customized low-Na F-containing BG. Three commercial ion-releasing materials were used for reference. Read More

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January 2022

Evaluation of Antioxidant Property of Amla on Bond Strength and Color Stability of Power Bleached Teeth: An Study.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2021 Nov 10;13(Suppl 2):S1244-S1250. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Jss dental college and hospital, Mysore, Karnataka, India.

Introduction: Objective: To assess the antioxidant property of 10% amla extract in reversing the compromised bond strength and to assess the antioxidant property of 10% amla extract and Elsenz on the color stability of power bleached teeth.

Materials And Methods: Ninty extracted single-rooted maxillary anterior were collected and divided as follows: The labial surfaces of 30 samples were subjected to power bleaching after which the samples were divided into three groups- Group I (control), Group II (antioxidant amla), and Group III (Elsenz) with = 10 in each which were then stained with a coffee solution for 10 mins. The color difference was recorded with a colorimeter at baseline, after bleaching, after 7, and after 15 days of staining. Read More

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November 2021

Low Levels of Tumor Necrosis Factor-α will Prevent Periodontitis Exacerbation in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Eur J Dent 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Objectives:  Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a major risk factor for periodontitis. Susceptibility to periodontitis increases approximately three times in people with DM. There is a clear relationship between the degree of hyperglycemia and the severity of periodontitis. Read More

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January 2022

A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial of a Mouthwash Containing Extract for Preventing Dental Caries.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Dec 26;19(1). Epub 2021 Dec 26.

Department of Dental Hygiene, College of Health Sciences, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 25949, Korea.

This study sought to confirm the effect of using a mouthwash containing extract for oral health management by investigating changes in the pH of dental plaque and bacteria that cause dental caries. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted on 60 subjects categorized in either the extract gargle group ( = 30) or the saline gargle group ( = 30). Scaling was conducted in order to ensure the homogeneity of the oral environment, while gargling was performed once daily before the subjects went to bed for 5 days based on the group. Read More

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December 2021

Meningitis during COVID -19 pandemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A call for concern.

Clin Epidemiol Glob Health 2022 Jan-Feb;13:100955. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Service of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Department of Dental Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo.

Meningitis is a severe infection and a major public health challenge. The meningitis outbreak which had resurfaced amid the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been further stressing the health care systems that are already overburdened with detecting, preventing, and treating the current coronavirus disease. The recent meningitis outbreak in the DRC has resulted in a high case fatality ratio of 50% - an extremely worrying concern. Read More

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January 2022

Exopolysaccharide Inhibits Biofilm Formation.

Front Microbiol 2021 24;12:712086. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Research Division for Radiation Science, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Jeongeup, South Korea.

is an extremely resistant bacterium against extracellular stress owing to on its unique physiological functions and the structure of its cellular constituents. Interestingly, it has been reported that the pattern of alteration in proportion on the skin is negatively correlated with skin inflammatory diseases, whereas the proportion of was increased in patients with chronic skin inflammatory diseases. However, the biological mechanisms of deinococcal interactions with other skin commensal bacteria have not been studied. Read More

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December 2021

Association of perceived stress and coping strategies with the renal function in middle-aged and older Japanese men and women.

Sci Rep 2022 Jan 7;12(1):291. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Elucidating the risk factors for chronic kidney disease is important for preventing end-stage renal disease and reducing mortality. However, little is known about the roles of psychosocial stress and stress coping behaviors in deterioration of the renal function, as measured by the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). This cross-sectional study of middle-aged and older Japanese men (n = 31,703) and women (n = 38,939) investigated whether perceived stress and coping strategies (emotional expression, emotional support seeking, positive reappraisal, problem solving, and disengagement) were related to the eGFR, with mutual interactions. Read More

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January 2022

The preventive effects of perioperative oral care on surgical site infections after pancreatic cancer surgery: a retrospective study.

Support Care Cancer 2022 Jan 5. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital, 1-5-54 Ujina-Kanda, Minami-ku, Hiroshima, 734-8530, Japan.

Purpose: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most malignant cancer of the gastrointestinal system, and is associated with high rates of postoperative complications, including surgical site infections (SSIs). Perioperative oral care is an effective measure for preventing postoperative pneumonia. However, the preventive effects of perioperative oral care on SSIs have not been reported. Read More

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January 2022

High versus low-added sugar consumption for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2022 Jan 5;1:CD013320. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Vascular Diseases, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Background: High intake of added sugar have been suggested to impact the risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Knowledge on the subject can contribute to preventing CVD.

Objectives: To assess the effects of a high versus low-added sugar consumption for primary prevention of CVD in the general population. Read More

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January 2022

Pathways in the association between added sugar consumption, obesity in mother-child dyads, and chronic oral disease burden in early childhood.

Eur J Oral Sci 2022 Jan 5:e12847. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Dentistry, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, MA, Brazil.

In this study, we modeled the pathways in the association of socioeconomic status, frequency of added sugar consumption, and obesity in mother-child dyads with chronic oral disease burden in early childhood using structural equation modeling. A population-based study was conducted on preschoolers from public daycare centers in São Luís, Brazil (n = 674) and their mothers. Chronic oral disease burden in early childhood was a latent variable, representing the shared variance of the following indicators: visible plaque index, gingivitis, and dental caries. Read More

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January 2022

Photodynamic therapy procedures in coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak: perception of health risks among clinical dental faculty and dental students.

Authors:
A Alsaffan

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 12;25(24):8004-8011

Preventive Department, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate clinical faculty members and final year dentistry students' perceptions regarding their health concerns and risks of performing photodynamic therapy (PDT) procedure in dental clinics amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.

Subjects And Methods: A 21-item questionnaire comprising open and closed questions was sent to dental faculty members (n=43) and final year dentistry students (n=99) of Riyadh Elm University during mid-January 2021 that ended only after two weeks. The survey included health risks perception of performing PDT procedures, the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on PDT performance and stress levels, perceived efficacy of the preventive steps, perception of the effect of the probable suspension of PDT procedure in dental clinics, and influence of alternative teaching methods of PDT procedure on clinical competence were reported. Read More

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December 2021

Effect of the interaction between physical activity and estimated macronutrient intake on HbA1c: population-based cross-sectional and longitudinal studies.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2022 Jan;10(1)

Department of Preventive Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Introduction: Healthy diet and physical activity (PA) are essential for preventing type 2 diabetes, particularly, a combination of diet and PA. However, reports on interaction between PA and diet, especially from large epidemiological studies, are limited. We investigated the effect of interaction between PA and macronutrient intake on hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels in the general population. Read More

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January 2022

Electrophoretic deposition of novel semi-permeable coatings on 3D-printed Ti-Nb alloy meshes for guided alveolar bone regeneration.

Dent Mater 2021 Dec 31. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Department of Stomatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; School of Stomatology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China; Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Oral and Maxillofacial Development and Regeneration, Wuhan 430022, China; Dental and Biomaterials Sciences, School of Dentistry, Institute of Clinical Sciences, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, UK. Electronic address:

Objective: Guided bone regeneration (GBR) techniques use barrier membranes to augment the alveolar ridge for the site-specific growth of bone defects. However, current approaches using cast metal substructures exhibit poor adaptation to the surgical site and increased risk of infection. This study aimed to fabricate multi-functional coatings with 3D-printed porous titanium-niobium (Ti-Nb) alloy meshes to maintain space, prevent the ingrowth of fibroblasts and inhibit the colonization of bacteria for GBR. Read More

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December 2021

Development of multimodal micro-endoscopic system with oblique illumination for simultaneous fluorescence imaging and spectroscopy of oral cancer.

J Biophotonics 2022 Jan 3:e202100284. Epub 2022 Jan 3.

Bio-photonics and Green-photonics Laboratory, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz-Khas, New Delhi, India.

Multimodality of an optical system implies the use of one or more optical techniques to improve the system's overall performance and maximum utility. In this paper, we demonstrate a multi-modal system with oblique illumination that combines two different techniques; fluorescence micro-endoscopy and spectroscopy simultaneously and can be utilized to obtain diverse information from the same location of biological sample. In present system, use of graded-index (GRIN) rod-lens makes it highly compact and oblique incidence decouples illumination geometry with collection geometry, preventing CCD cameras from saturation and reduces number of optical elements, thereby making system further miniaturized and field-portable. Read More

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January 2022

Tapping basement membrane motifs: Oral junctional epithelium for surface-mediated soft tissue attachment to prevent failure of percutaneous devices.

Acta Biomater 2021 Dec 29. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

MDRCBB-Minnesota Dental Research Center for Biomaterials and Biomechanics, University of Minnesota, 16-212 Moos Tower, 515 Delaware St. SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, United States. Electronic address:

Teeth, long-lasting percutaneous organs, feature soft tissue attachment through adhesive structures, hemidesmosomes, in the junctional epithelium basement membrane adjacent to teeth. This soft tissue attachment prevents bacterial infection of the tooth despite the rich - and harsh - microbial composition of the oral cavity. Conversely, millions of percutaneous devices (catheters, dental, and orthopedic implants) fail from infection yearly. Read More

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December 2021

Orthodontic treatment for crowded teeth in children.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 12 31;12:CD003453. Epub 2021 Dec 31.

Oral Health and Development, Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

Background: Crowded teeth develop when there is not enough space in the jaws into which the teeth can erupt. Crowding can affect baby teeth (deciduous dentititon), adult teeth (permanent dentition), or both, and is a common reason for referral to an orthodontist. Crowded teeth can affect a child's self-esteem and quality of life. Read More

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December 2021

Use of naldemedine is associated with reduced incidence of hyperactive delirium in cancer patients with opioid-induced constipation: a nationwide retrospective cohort study in Japan.

Pharmacotherapy 2021 Dec 30. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Health Economics, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Medical benefits of peripherally-acting mu-opioid receptor antagonists other than improving opioid-induced constipation remain unclear. Our aim was to evaluate the association between the use of naldemedine and incidence of hyperactive delirium in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy and opioid therapy.

Methods: We conducted a propensity score-matched analysis using a nationwide inpatient database in Japan. Read More

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December 2021

Efficacy of Various Implant Abutment Screw Access Channel Sealing Materials in Preventing Microleakage: A Systematic Review.

Authors:
Saurabh Jain

J Oral Implantol 2021 Dec 29. Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Jazan University Faculty of Dentistry Assistant Professor Prosthetic Dental Sciences Al-Shwajra Sabya road SAUDI ARABIA Jazan Jazan 45142 +966550049588 Jazan University Faculty of Dentistry.

The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the effectiveness of different materials used for sealing dental implant abutment screw access channel (ASAC), in preventing microleakage. As per the searched indexed English literature, this study is the first review of its kind. Indexed English literature published up to 20 th February 2021 was systematically searched on relevant electronic data bases. Read More

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December 2021

Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programs in the era of COVID-19: a critical review.

Rev Cardiovasc Med 2021 12;22(4):1143-1155

Physiotherapy Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, GR-35100 Lamia, Greece.

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Increased rates of morbidity and mortality have led to the increased need for the implementation of secondary prevention interventions. Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) represents a multifactorial intervention, including elements of physical exercise and activity, education regarding healthy lifestyle habits (smoking cessation, nutritional habits), to improve the physical capacity and psychological status of cardiac patients. Read More

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December 2021

[Periodontal status evaluation in adolescents with hereditary rickets-like diseases].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2021 ;100(6):63-69

Tashkent State Dental Institute, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Background: Hypophosphatemic rickets (HPPR) and hypophosphatasia (HPP) are hereditary pathologies accompanied by phosphorus metabolism problems and rickets deformities of the skeleton. Periodontal diseases, their diagnostic methods and factors affecting the progress of periodontal tissue damage are the least studied among the dental manifestations of HPPR and HPP.

Objective: The aim of present cohort study was evaluation of periodontal tissue status in adolescents with HPPR and HPP. Read More

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December 2021

Multifunctional Coatings of Titanium Implants Toward Promoting Osseointegration and Preventing Infection: Recent Developments.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 7;9:783816. Epub 2021 Dec 7.

Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases Research of Anhui Province, Stomatologic Hospital and College, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Titanium and its alloys are dominant material for orthopedic/dental implants due to their stable chemical properties and good biocompatibility. However, aseptic loosening and peri-implant infection remain problems that may lead to implant removal eventually. The ideal orthopedic implant should possess both osteogenic and antibacterial properties and do proper assistance to inflammatory cells for anti-microbe and tissue repair. Read More

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December 2021

A Study to assess the awareness and use of Silver Diammine Fluoride and Hall Technique among dental professionals and dental students in the Eastern Province.

Saudi Dent J 2021 Dec 11;33(8):1166-1173. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Prosthodontics Fellowship Resident, Dammam Specialized Dental Center, Dammam Medical Complex, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia.

Background: A major shift has occured in the trend of dealing with dental caries from primary to secondary prevention, specially after SDF approval off-label by US FDA in recent years and Hall Technique (HT) in the last decade.

Objectives: To determine the frequency of awareness and use of Silver Diammine Fluoride (SDF) and Hall technique among dental professionals in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a public hospital, metropolitan city of Middle Eastern region between March 15, 2019 & January 31, 2020. Read More

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December 2021

The effects of combining erbium, chromium: Yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser irradiation with fluoride application in controlling the progression of enamel erosion.

Saudi Dent J 2021 Dec 25;33(8):1126-1132. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: Increasing enamel resistance to acid may be useful for preventing cavitation and could reduce changes in the enamel's microhardness. Topical fluoride application and laser irradiation promote acid resistance of dental substrates. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet laser irradiation in combination with fluoride application to control enamel erosion. Read More

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December 2021

Clinical evaluation of antiseptic mouth rinses to reduce salivary load of SARS-CoV-2.

Sci Rep 2021 12 22;11(1):24392. Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Department of Health and Genomics, FISABIO Foundation, Avda. Cataluña 21, 46020, Valencia, Spain.

Most public health measures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic are based on preventing the pathogen spread, and the use of oral antiseptics has been proposed as a strategy to reduce transmission risk. The aim of this manuscript is to test the efficacy of mouthwashes to reduce salivary viral load in vivo. This is a multi-centre, blinded, parallel-group, placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial that tests the effect of four mouthwashes (cetylpyridinium chloride, chlorhexidine, povidone-iodine and hydrogen peroxide) in SARS-CoV-2 salivary load measured by qPCR at baseline and 30, 60 and 120 min after the mouthrinse. Read More

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December 2021

Knowledge and Attitude of Dentists toward Silver Diamine Fluoride in Saudi Arabia.

Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021 Sep-Oct;14(5):662-665

Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

Introduction: Dental caries is managed by two approaches: prevention which focuses on inhibiting the caries progression, and the traditional approach which is treating caries by drilling and filling. Logically, the first approach is more effective. One of the recently marketed preventive methods for preventing and inhibiting the progression of dental caries is silver diamine fluoride (SDF), which is proven to be minimally invasive and cost-effective, SDF has proven to have a significant success rate in caries prevention, especially in the early childhood caries. Read More

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December 2021