10,624 results match your criteria presentation bmc

The use of Web-based interactive technology to promote HPV vaccine uptake among young females: a randomized controlled trial.

Qi Wang Wen Zhang

BMC Womens Health 2021 Jul 30;21(1):277. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

School of Journalism and Culture Communication, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, 182 Nanhu Avenue, Wuhan, 430073, People's Republic of China.

Background: Currently no study has investigated whether Web-based interactive technology can influence females to adopt healthy behaviors. We investigated how and under what conditions do Web-based interactivity influence vaccination intentions among young females.

Methods: In this randomized controlled trail, we conduct a 2 (mode of information presentation: narrative vs. Read More

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Risk of mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus after fetal blood sampling: a report of six cases.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jul 30;21(1):716. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, No. 600 Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510630, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) remains a major global public health problem worldwide; in endemic areas, mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV is the most common transmission route. Previous studies have shown that amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis increases the risk of MTCT of HBV among highly viraemic mothers. However, no data is available on MTCT related fetal blood sampling (FBS) because of the paucity of cases or lack of attention. Read More

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Case report: the etiology of anterior inferior cerebellar artery infarction: what does basi-parallel anatomic scanning magnetic resonance imaging tell us?

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 30;21(1):299. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Neurology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, 100029, China.

Background: The precise etiology of anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) infarction is difficult to identify because of the high anatomic variability of vertebrobasilar arteries and the limitations of conventional vascular examinations. Basi-parallel anatomic scanning magnetic resonance imaging (BPAS-MRI) can reveal the outer contour of the intracranial vertebrobasilar arteries, which may be helpful to distinguish the arteriosclerosis from congenital dysplasia and dissection.

Case Presentation: In this study, we reported 3 cases of AICA infarction and discussed the diagnostic value of BPAS-MRI in the evaluation of vascular etiology. Read More

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The rotational atherectomy with a guide extension catheter for calcified and tortuous lesions in left anterior descending artery: a case report.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jul 30;21(1):360. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, 6-1, Kishibe-shimmachi, Suita, Osaka, 564-8565, Japan.

Background: The interventional treatment of calcified lesions with severe tortuosity in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) was challenging and the report of rotational atherectomy with mother-and-child technique has been scarce.

Case Presentation: An 84-year-old woman was hospitalized for non-ST-segment acute coronary syndrome. Coronary angiography revealed a calcified nodule in the LAD. Read More

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Gastric amyloidosis presenting as acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding: a case report.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 29;21(1):300. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University and Nova Scotia Health, QEII Health Sciences Centre, VG Site, Suite 442 Bethune Building, 1276 South Park Street, Halifax, NS, B3H 2Y9, Canada.

Background: Amyloidosis is characterized by extracellular tissue deposition of fibrils, composed of insoluble low-molecular-weight protein subunits. The type, location, and extent of fibril deposition generates variable clinical manifestations. Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding due to amyloid deposition is infrequent. Read More

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Vedolizumab combined with surgical resection successfully treated perforating Crohn's disease with peritoneal space to rectal and vaginal fistulas: a case report.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 29;21(1):299. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Branch, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, 5, Fu-Hsin Street, Guei-Shan District, Taoyuan City, 33305, Taiwan.

Background: Intestinal perforations and fistulas are common complications of Crohn's disease. However, chronic perforation with peritoneal space to rectal and vaginal fistulas have not been previously reported.

Case Presentation: A 38-year-old female suffered from progressive lower abdominal pain, diarrhea and weight loss. Read More

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Liver injury caused by fenofibrate within 48 h after first administration: a case report.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 29;21(1):298. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Geriatrics, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, 1 Dongjiaominxiang street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, People's Republic of China.

Background: Fenofibrate is commonly used in the treatment of dyslipidemia. Fenofibrate is related to mild aminotransferase elevations and in some cases severe chronic injury such as fibrosis or cirrhosis, resulting in liver transplantation or death. The latency of disease has been reported to range between weeks to years. Read More

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Importance of confirming the underlying diagnosis in patients with myocardial infarction and non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA): a single-centre retrospective cohort study.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jul 28;21(1):357. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Cardiology, Zuyderland Medical Centre, P.O. Box 5500, 6130 MB, Sittard-Geleen, Heerlen, The Netherlands.

Background: Many patients with myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) are discharged without a known aetiology for their clinical presentation. This study sought to assess the effect of this 'indeterminate MINOCA' diagnosis on the prevalence of recurrent cardiovascular events and presentations to the Cardiac Emergency Department (CED).

Methods: We retrospectively analysed all patients meeting the diagnostic MINOCA criteria presenting at a large secondary hospital between January 2017 and April 2019. Read More

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Prognosis and treatment of 46 Chinese pediatric cystic fibrosis patients.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Jul 28;21(1):329. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department No. 2 of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, 100045, China.

Background: Since public awareness of cystic fibrosis (CF) has increased, more children have been diagnosed with CF in China. This study aimed to investigate medical and other challenges faced by pediatric CF patients in China.

Method: Treatments and treatment outcomes were retrospectively analyzed for 46 pediatric CF patients diagnosed from August 2009 to June 2019. Read More

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COVID-19 false dichotomies and a comprehensive review of the evidence regarding public health, COVID-19 symptomatology, SARS-CoV-2 transmission, mask wearing, and reinfection.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jul 27;21(1):710. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Vaccine and Infectious Disease Organization, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.

Scientists across disciplines, policymakers, and journalists have voiced frustration at the unprecedented polarization and misinformation around coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Several false dichotomies have been used to polarize debates while oversimplifying complex issues. In this comprehensive narrative review, we deconstruct six common COVID-19 false dichotomies, address the evidence on these topics, identify insights relevant to effective pandemic responses, and highlight knowledge gaps and uncertainties. Read More

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Topiramate induced bilateral hypopyon uveitis and choroidal detachment: a report of two cases and review of literature.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 27;21(1):287. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

VST Glaucoma Services L. V. Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India.

Background: Topiramate (TPM) is a drug commonly used by neurophysicians and psychiatrists for a plethora of indications. Topiramate has been reported to induce acute angle closure glaucoma as an adverse effect. However, there is limited literature on Topiramate causing hypopyon uveitis and intense ocular inflammation. Read More

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Differential disease phenotypes and progression in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: comparative analyses of single Canadian and Saudi Arabian clinics.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 27;21(1):295. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine (Neurology), University of Alberta, 6-11 Heritage Medical Research Centre, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Objective: Relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) phenotypes differ widely although the variables contributing to this heterogeneity remain uncertain. To assess geographic and ethnic effects on RR-MS phenotypes, we investigated RR-MS patients in Canada and Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients followed in two MS Clinics was performed in Medina, Saudi Arabia and Edmonton, Canada. Read More

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Atypical presentation of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1C with a new mutation: a case report.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 27;21(1):293. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Clinic of Neurology, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University in Bratislava, Kollárova 2, 036 01, Martin, Slovak Republic.

Background: Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1C (CMT1C) is a rare form of dominantly inherited CMT1 neuropathy caused by a mutated gene encoding lipopolysaccharide-induced tumour necrosis alpha factor (LITAF).

Case Presentation: We report a 56-year-old patient with an atypical clinical phenotype of CMT1C, which started as progressive weakness of a single upper limb resembling acquired inflammatory neuropathy. Nerve conduction studies (NCS) and temporarily limited and partial effects of immunotherapy supported the diagnosis of inflammatory neuropathy. Read More

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A case report of secondary neurolymphomatosis showing selective nerve infiltration and massive lumbar plexus enlargement.

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 27;21(1):296. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Neurology, Dokkyo Medical University, 880 Kitakobayashi, Mibu, Shimotsuga, 321-0293, Japan.

Background: Neurolymphomatosis (NL) is a rare manifestation of malignant lymphoma that shows selective infiltration to the peripheral nervous system primarily or secondarily. We report a patient with secondary NL caused by germinal center B-cell (GCB)-type diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who showed selective infiltration of the lumbar plexus to the spinal cord and massive nerve enlargement resulting in severe pain.

Case Presentation: A 72-year-old female exhibited asymmetric motor and sensory impairments and pain in the lower limbs that progressed for five months. Read More

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Mechanic's hand; is it a prodromic sign of disease relapse of anti-synthetase syndrome; a case report.

BMC Rheumatol 2021 Jul 26;5(1):25. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Rheumatology and Rehabilitation Hospital, Ragama, Sri Lanka.

Background: Anti-synthetase syndrome is the collection of myositis and/or interstitial lung disease with the presence of various antibodies directed against an aminoacyl transfer RNA synthetase. Anti Jo - 1 antibody is the commonest of these antibodies and its presence is characteristically associated with the dermatological manifestation of mechanic's hands. However, in the absence of other features, whether the presence of mechanic's hands could be considered as a prodromic sign of disease relapse is not proven. Read More

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Non-haemorrhagic uterine rupture at 28 weeks of pregnancy following previous caesarean section: a case report.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jul 24;21(1):529. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Kitovu Hospital, Masaka, Uganda.

Background: There is need to put forward more symptoms and signs that could suggest a diagnosis of uterine rupture so that clinicians' suspicion is increased; there is also need to put forward uncommon intraoperative findings in patients with uterine rupture to correlate with the signs and symptoms of patients.

Case Presentation: A 33 year old Gravida 5 Para 4 + 0 with 2 previous caesarean section scars at 28 weeks of amenorrhoea, presented to hospital complaining of lower abdominal pain for 11 h. She had no vaginal bleeding or vaginal discharge or pain on passing urine. Read More

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Detailed corneal and genetic characteristics of a pediatric patient with macular corneal dystrophy - case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 23;21(1):285. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Chair and Clinical Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medical Sciences in Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, ul. Panewnicka 65, 40-760, Katowice, Poland.

Background: Corneal dystrophies are a group of rare, inherited disorders that are usually bilateral, symmetric, slowly progressive, and not related to environmental or systemic factors. The majority of publications present the advanced form of the disease with a typical clinical demonstration. The initial signs and symptoms of different epithelial and stromal corneal dystrophies are not specific; therefore, it is very important to establish the early characteristic corneal features of these disorders that could guide the diagnostic process. Read More

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Multimodal imaging of Hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 23;21(1):284. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Ophthalmology, University "Magna Græcia", Viale Europa, Loc. Germaneto, Catanzaro, Italy.

Background: To report the first Italian case of hypotrichosis with juvenile macular dystrophy complicated by macular neovascularization diagnosed through multimodal imaging.

Case Presentation: An 11-year-old boy was referred to our Institution for bilateral maculopathy of unknown origin. Multimodal imaging helps the diagnosis of Juvenile Macular Dystrophy with Hypotrichosis (HJMD). Read More

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Autosomal recessive hyper-IgE syndrome caused by DOCK8 gene mutation with new clinical features: a case report.

Jing Yang Yan Liu

BMC Neurol 2021 Jul 23;21(1):288. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Tong Ji Hospital, Tong Ji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, jiefang Ave. No. 1095, Wuhan, 430030, China.

Background: Autosomal recessive hyper-IgE syndrome (AR-HIES) caused by DOCK8 gene is a rare immunodeficiency disease, the main clinical manifestations include recurrent Eczema-like rash, skin and lung abscesses, accompanied with increased serum IgE level. Here, we report a 7-year-old Chinese girl with a new clinic features caused by DOCK8 gene mutations.

Case Presentation: A 7-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital because of abnormal walking posture. Read More

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Bromide toxicosis (bromism) secondary to a decreased chloride intake after dietary transition in a dog with idiopathic epilepsy: a case report.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Jul 22;17(1):253. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Internal Medicine/ Neurology, University of Toulouse, ENVT, Toulouse, France.

Background: Bromide is a halide ion of the element bromine usually administered in the form of potassium salt as monotherapy or add-on treatment in epileptic dogs. It is excreted unchanged in the urine and undergoes tubular reabsorption in competition with chloride. Thus, dietary chloride content affects serum bromide concentrations. Read More

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Atypical Charles Bonnet syndrome secondary to frontal meningioma: a case report.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Jul 22;21(1):365. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz, Ciudad de México, Mexico.

Background: Charles Bonnet Syndrome (CBS) is a rare clinical entity that is classically composed of visual hallucinations in the context of an altered optic pathway with preservation of reality judgment. This case aims to present the association of visual hallucinations with complex alterations of the nervous structures adjacent to the visual pathway and an atypical clinical presentation, thus explaining the possible mechanisms involved in the generation of these symptoms.

Case Presentation: A 43-year-old man presents seeking care due to visual hallucinations with partial preservation of reality judgment and symptoms compatible with a major depressive disorder, including irritability and diminished hygiene habits. Read More

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Primary membranous glomerulonephritis with negative serum PLA2R in haemophilia A successfully managed with rituximab - case report and review of the literature.

BMC Nephrol 2021 Jul 22;22(1):268. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Renal Medicine, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

Background: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) cause a wide range of glomerular pathologies. In people with haemophilia, transfusion-associated infections with these viruses are common and definitive pathological diagnosis in this population is complicated by the difficulty of safely obtaining a renal biopsy. Membranous nephropathy (MN) is a common cause of adult onset nephrotic syndrome occurring in both primary and secondary forms. Read More

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Electrical storm after correction of an uncomplicated congenital atrial septal defect in an adult: a case report.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jul 22;21(1):348. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Extracorporeal Circulation, Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, 167 Beilishi Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100037, People's Republic of China.

Background: There is a paucity of published literature describing electrical storm after the correction of uncomplicated atrial septal defect (ASD) in an adult.

Case Presentation: We present a 49-year-old woman with a congenital ASD combined with mild tricuspid regurgitation who denied any history of arrhythmia or other medical history. She suffered from electrical storm (≥ 3 episodes of ventricular tachycardias or ventricular fibrillations) in the early stage after ASD repair with combined tricuspid valvuloplasty. Read More

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A case of primary aldosteronism with a negative aldosterone-to-renin ratio.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jul 22;21(1):350. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Cardiology II, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, No.467 Zhongshan Road, Dalian, 116021, Liaoning, People's Republic of China.

Background: Primary aldosteronism (PA), as a cause of secondary hypertension, can cause more serious cardiovascular damage than essential hypertension. The aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) is recommended as the most reliable screening method for PA, but ARR screening is often influenced by many factors. PA cannot be easily excluded when negative ARR. Read More

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Retrospective analysis of the clinical presentation and imaging of eight primary benign mediastinal schwannomas.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Jul 21;14(1):278. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Pathology, UMAE Hospital de Oncologia, Centro Medico Nacional Siglo XXI, IMSS, Av. Cuauhtemoc No. 330, Col. Doctores, Delegacion Cuauhtemoc, CP 06725, Mexico City, Mexico.

Objective: Mediastinal schwannomas are sometimes confused with other neoplasms during initial radiological studies, especially when there is a history of cancer in another area. In these cases, a more accurate analysis using computed tomography (CT) or even magnetic resonance (MRI) is required. Our study aimed to perform a retrospective analysis of the clinical and imaging features for a series of patients with mediastinal schwannomas that were confirmed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Read More

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Impaired cerebrospinal fluid transport due to idiopathic subdural hematoma in pig: an unusual case.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Jul 20;17(1):250. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Experimental Medical Science, Lund University, Sölvegatan 17, BMC A1304, 223 62, Lund, SE, Sweden.

Background: We report the effects of the presentation of an idiopathic subdural hematoma (SDH) in an adult domestic pig on the glymphatic system, a brain-wide solute clearance system. This accidental finding is based on our recently published study that described this system for the first time in large mammals. Our current results define the need to investigate cerebrovascular pathologies that could compromise glymphatic function in gyrencephalic animal models as a tool to bridge rodent and human glymphatic studies. Read More

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Why do students skip classroom lectures: A single dental school report.

BMC Med Educ 2021 Jul 20;21(1):388. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University- Faculty of Dentistry, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Conventional classroom lectures continue to represent a major component of the dental education system to ensure optimum delivery of knowledge. Certain number of students are less compliant and likely to skip classes which may impact the overall academic performance. The aim of this study was to investigate dental students' attitude towards classroom attendance and potential reasons for absenteeism at King Abdulaziz University-Faculty of Dentistry (KAU-FD). Read More

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First Chinese case report of Helcococcus kunzii in a patient with diabetic foot.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jul 20;21(1):695. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Center for Medical Experiments, University of Chinese Academy of Science-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Background: Infection of Helcococcus kunzii(H. kunzii) from diabetic foot wound is rarely reported. This case report describes the infection of H. Read More

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Erotomania and phenotypic continuum in a family frameshift variant of AUTS2: a case report and review.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 Jul 17;21(1):360. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

GénoPsy, Reference Center for Diagnosis and Management of Genetic Psychiatric Disorders, le Vinatier Hospital Center and EDR-Psy Team (National Center for Scientific Research and Lyon 1 Claude Bernard University), Lyon, France.

Background: Pathogenic variants of the AUTS2 (Autism Susceptibility candidate 2) gene predispose to intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, facial dysmorphism and short stature. This phenotype is therefore associated with neurocognitive disturbances and social cognition, indicating potential functional maladjustment in the affected subjects, and a potentially significant impact on quality of life. Although many isolated cases have been reported in the literature, to date no families have been described. Read More

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Impact of an integrated community-based model of care for older people with complex conditions on hospital emergency presentations and admissions: a step-wedged cluster randomized trial.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jul 16;21(1):701. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Cairns and Hinterland Hospital and Health Service, PO Box 906, Cairns, Qld, 4870, Australia.

Background: Health systems must reorient towards preventative and co-ordinated care to reduce hospital demand and achieve positive and fiscally responsible outcomes for older persons with complex needs. Integrated care models can improve outcomes by aligning primary practice with the specialist health and social services required to manage complex needs. This paper describes the impact of a community-facing program that integrates care at the primary-secondary interface on the rate of Emergency Department (ED) presentation and hospital admissions among older people with complex needs. Read More

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