955,428 results match your criteria preschool children


Cross-domain associations between mathematical and narrative abilities in preschool-aged children.

J Exp Child Psychol 2021 Jul 19;212:105233. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Crane Center for Early Childhood Research and Policy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43201, USA.

Both mathematical and narrative abilities are considered critical dimensions of children's kindergarten readiness skills and are emphasized in developmental standards and readiness assessments during the prekindergarten period. Yet, despite considerable opportunities available to educators to leverage potential cross-domain associations in their instruction, little is known about how component math skills are associated with narrative skills. The current study extends prior theoretical and empirical work on cross-domain associations by examining the extent to which component math skills, constituting a kindergarten readiness assessment battery, are associated with narrative comprehension skills in children aged 4-6 years. Read More

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Reproducibility and Validity of Capillary Dried Blood Spot for Diagnosis of Vitamin A Deficiency and Anemia in Children <5 Years Old.

J Nutr 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Social Nutrition, Nutrition Institute, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Background: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and anemia are the most prevalent nutritional deficiency in children globally. The dried blood spot (DBS) method has been used in prevalence studies of VAD and anemia in different age groups. However, it has not yet been validated for children. Read More

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Construct validity of the BASC-3 teacher rating scales: Independent hierarchical exploratory factor analyses with the normative sample.

Sch Psychol 2021 Jul;36(4):235-254

Department of School Psychology and Counselor Education, William & Mary.

The Behavior Assessment System for Children-Third Edition (BASC-3) is the most recent edition and the Teacher Rating Scales (TRS) was reported to be the most frequently used test in school psychology practice. Despite its popularity, there is a lack of independent empirical research regarding psychometric properties. The BASC-3 Manual, while quite detailed in many respects, lacks important details in reporting TRS item- and scale-level factor analyses limiting confidence in construct validity based on internal structure. Read More

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Anthropometric measures and blood pressure of Greenlandic preschool children.

Int J Circumpolar Health 2021 Dec;80(1):1954382

Center for Arctic Health and Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

The study aims to describe anthropometric data of Greenlandic preschool children, blood pressure (BP) measures and effects of maternal smoking during pregnancy in a follow-up of the ACCEPT birth cohort. The study included 102 children (55 boys and 47 girls) aged 3.5-5. Read More

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December 2021

Clinical semiology of temporal lobe seizures in preschool children: contribution of invasive recording to anatomical classification.

Epileptic Disord 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Pediatric neurosurgery Department, Rothschild Fondation hospital, Paris, France.

Focal seizure semiology is often inadequately studied, specifically in preschool children. Among drug-resistant epilepsies amenable to surgery, temporal lobe seizure semiology has been widely described in this age group. Nevertheless, a systematic anatomo-electroclinical study has never been performed. Read More

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Prediction of premyopia and myopia in Chinese preschool children: a longitudinal cohort.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 21;21(1):283. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, 300 Guangzhou Road, Nanjing, 210029, China.

Backgrounds: Myopia has become a global public health problem. Children with early onset of myopia are at particular risk of complications associated with myopia. Younger children and children with greater initial myopic refractive errors are at a greater risk of myopia progression. Read More

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Development and field testing of a neuro psychomotor multidimensional grid for the assessment of children with cns tumor.

Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Jul 22:1-13. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Pellegrini is a development neuro psychomotor therapist, Milano, Italy.

Central Nervous System (CNS) tumors are the most common pediatric solid tumor and development neuro psychomotor (DNPM) therapy can contribute to the rehabilitation of these children. This paper describes the development of a DNPM multidimensional assessment grid for children with CNS tumor (DNPM-CNS grid).The development process included 4 phases: (P1) literature review and grid development (Version 1. Read More

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The Lidcombe Program for Early Stuttering in Non-English-Speaking Countries: A Systematic Review.

Folia Phoniatr Logop 2021 Jul 21:1-14. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Speech Therapy and Audiology, Thomas More College of Applied Sciences, Antwerp, Belgium.

Background: The Lidcombe Program is a stuttering treatment approach for children between the ages of 3 and 6 years. Most papers about the Lidcombe Program, however, are based on studies conducted in native English-speaking countries. The aim of this paper is to systematically review the delivery and implementation of the Lidcombe Program in non-native English-speaking countries. Read More

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A Qualitative Evidence Synthesis of Parental Experiences and Perceptions of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy for Preschool Children With Communication Difficulties.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Jul 21:1-27. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, National University of Ireland Galway.

Purpose Parent-child interaction therapy refers to a number of interventions mediated by trained parents to treat developmental difficulties, including speech, language, and communication. Understanding the experiences of parents who take part in parent-child interaction therapy is a key aspect of determining how this intervention can be implemented successfully. However, to date, there has been limited work on synthesizing parental views of this intervention. Read More

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Sex differences in sensory processing in children with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Service des Troubles du Spectre de l'Autisme et apparentés, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Despite the high prevalence of sensory processing difficulties in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), little research has focused on the sex differences in sensory processing. Furthermore, there is a lack of knowledge on the female-specific symptoms of ASD, contributing to later referral, diagnosis and intervention. In this study, we examined the sex differences in sensory processing symptoms in large cohorts of ASD children (N = 168; 26 females, 142 males) and typically developing (TD) children (N = 439; 209 females, 230 males). Read More

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Socioeconomic-related inequality in dental care utilization among preschool children in China.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Preventive Dentistry, National Engineering Laboratory for Digital and Material Technology of Stomatology, Beijing Key Laboratory of Digital Stomatology, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing, China.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate socioeconomic-related inequality in dental care service utilization in the past 12 months among Chinese preschool children and to explore the contribution of various factors to this inequality.

Method: A total of 40 305 children aged 3-5 years from 372 kindergartens who participated in the Fourth National Oral Health Survey in China were included in the final analysis. The method of data weighting in complex sampling was adopted to make the samples more representative. Read More

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Princess Power: Longitudinal Associations Between Engagement With Princess Culture in Preschool and Gender Stereotypical Behavior, Body Esteem, and Hegemonic Masculinity in Early Adolescence.

Child Dev 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Brigham Young University.

Princess culture is criticized for contributing to gender stereotypes and poor body esteem, however, there is little longitudinal research examining these claims. This study examines associations between engagement with princess culture during early childhood and gender stereotypes, body esteem, and adherence to hegemonic masculinity in early adolescence. Participants included 307 children (51% female, M  = 4. Read More

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Protective role of breastfeeding status, chronic health problems, and temperament of children in maltreatment by mothers.

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 Mar 6;56(2):152-158. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Pediatrics Social Pediatrics Unit, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: In order to reduce parental violence against children, it is necessary to establish risk factors associated with maltreatment of children in different societies. This study aims to evaluate the impact of mother-child characteristics on self-reported mother's maltreatment (physical or emotional abuse) against pre-school children.

Material And Methods: The general characteristics of mother-infant pairs and maternal knowledge and attitudes about violence were taken using a questionnaire at routine child health supervision. Read More

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URINARY STONE RELATED URINARY TRACT INFECTION CAUSED BY IN A CHILD: A CASE REPORT.

Acta Clin Croat 2020 Dec;59(4):751-753

1University of Medical Sciences, Şehit Prof. Dr. İlhan Varank Sancaktepe Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatrics. Istanbul, Turkey; 2Celal Bayar University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Allergy and Immunology, Manisa, Turkey.

is one of the three species of . The present case report describes a two-year-old child who had complaints of discomfort and fever, and in his urinary culture. Grade-2 hydronephrosis and a 7. Read More

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December 2020

TREATMENT OF PEDIATRIC FEMORAL FRACTURES IN THE CITY OF ZAGREB.

Acta Clin Croat 2020 Dec;59(4):686-695

1Zagreb University Hospital Centre, Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Zagreb, Croatia; 2University of Zagreb, School of Medicine, Zagreb, Croatia; 3Zagreb Children's Hospital, Department of Surgery, Division of Traumatology, Zagreb, Croatia.

Femur fractures in children can be treated with a number of operative and conservative methods. Numerous factors determine which method is optimal for a specific fracture. The aim of this research was to analyze distribution of femur fractures in children living in the urban communities of Zagreb and Zagreb County by localization, type and frequency of treatment methods used according to age and fracture mechanism. Read More

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December 2020

Necessity of salt intake reduction education beginning in youth: a cross-sectional survey of sodium-to-potassium ratios in mothers and their preschool children.

Hypertens Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Health Care Center, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Urinary sodium-to-potassium ratios are known to be high in preschoolers, but there are no reports comparing these ratios with those of the children's mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the urinary sodium-to-potassium ratios of mothers and their preschool children under the hypothesis that the ratio is equivalent between the two. We evaluated 297 preschoolers aged four to five attending six kindergartens (four in northern Japan, two in southern Japan), and we also evaluated the children's mothers. Read More

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Glass Ionomer Sealant versus Fluoride Varnish Application to Prevent Occlusal Caries in Primary Second Molars among Preschool Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Caries Res 2021 Jul 20:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Fissure sealant is a recommended preventive measure on permanent molars, but its efficacy on primary molars in preschool children is still in doubt. Sodium fluoride varnish (NaFV) enhances remineralization and is effective in preventing caries in smooth surfaces, but limited information is available regarding its use on occlusal surfaces of primary molars. The present study aimed to compare the efficacy of glass ionomer sealant (GIS) versus topical application of 5% NaFV in preventing and arresting occlusal caries in primary second molars among preschool children. Read More

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Cognitive Outcomes Following Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Retinopathy of Prematurity: 4- to 6-Year Outcomes in a Prospective Cohort.

Am J Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou Medical Center, Taoyuan, Taiwan; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Purpose: To determine the long-term cognitive outcomes in children who underwent intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Methods: This single-center study enrolled 186 children between 3 and 6 years of age and included 101 children in the final analysis: premature without ROP (group 1), ROP not needing treatment (group 2), IVB monotherapy (group 3), IVB plus laser therapy (group 4), and laser monotherapy (group 5). Read More

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Magnetic Resonance Imaging Detects Progression of Lung Disease and Impact of Newborn Screening in Preschool Children with Cystic Fibrosis.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, 14903, Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Immunology and Critical Care Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Rationale: Previous cross-sectional studies demonstrated that chest magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is sensitive to detect early lung disease in infants and preschool children with cystic fibrosis (CF) without radiation exposure. However, the ability of MRI to detect progression of lung disease and the impact of early diagnosis in preschool children with CF remains unknown.

Objectives: To investigate the potential of MRI to detect progression of early lung disease and impact of early diagnosis by CF newborn screening (NBS) in preschool children with CF. Read More

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Predicting the theory of mind precursors based on parenting styles and language skills in preschool children.

Iran J Child Neurol 2021 ;15(3):85-97

Islamic Azad University, Zanjan Branch, Zanjan, Iran.

Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the association between language skills and parenting styles and three levels of theory of mind (including emotion recognition, false belief understanding, and second-order belief) among Iranian preschool children.

Materials & Methods: A total of 98 preschool Iranian children (aged 5-6 years) living in the Karaj province, Iran were recruited. While the theory of mind test and test of language development (Told-p: 4) were administrated on children, their mothers were asked to answer a parenting style questionnaire. Read More

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January 2021

McCune-Albright syndrome onset with vaginal bleeding.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 19;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Radiology, Vinmec Healthcare System, Hanoi, Viet Nam.

McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS), a rare genetic disorder, affects multiple organs and classically presents with the triad of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (FD), skin hyperpigmentation (café-au-lait spots) and precocious puberty. Diagnosis occurs when patients manifest at least two of these three symptoms. We describe a 4-year-old girl who was admitted to our hospital due to recurrent vaginal bleeding, initially diagnosed as precocious puberty. Read More

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Huge scalp Morel-Lavallée lesion with eye involvement in a 3-year-old girl: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Jul 19;15(1):383. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Paediatrics, Cliniques Universitaires du Graben, Faculty of Medicine, Université Catholique du Graben, Butembo, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Background: Morel-Lavallée lesions are posttraumatic, closed degloving injuries in which the skin and subcutaneous tissue are separated abruptly from superficial underlying fascia. This condition leads to an effusion containing hemolymph and necrotic fat. Magnetic resonance imaging, when available, is the modality of choice in the evaluation of Morel-Lavallée lesion. Read More

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Changes in prevalence of nosocomial infection pre- and post-COVID-19 pandemic from a tertiary Hospital in China.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jul 20;21(1):693. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Intensive Care Unit, Children Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China.

Background: Nosocomial infections (NIs) are an important cause of mortality, and increasing evidence reveals that the prevalence of NIs can be reduced through effective prevention and control measures. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the prevention and control measures for the COVID-19 pandemic on NIs.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the prevalence of NIs before and after COVID-19 pandemic for 6 months in the Children's Hospital of Soochow University. Read More

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Management of pediatric atopic dermatitis by primary care providers: A systematic review.

Acad Pediatr 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Pediatrics, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY. 550 First Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA; The Ronald O. Perelman Department of Dermatology, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, 240 East 38th street, 11th floor. New York, NY 10016, USA.

Background: Primary care providers (PCPs), including pediatricians and general practitioners, are often the first to see children with eczema/atopic dermatitis (AD). Little is known about management of pediatric AD by PCPs and adherence to national guidelines.

Objective: To review existing literature examining management components of pediatric AD (topical corticosteroids [TCS], topical calcineurin inhibitors [TCIs], antihistamines, bathing, emollients, and diet) by PCPs. Read More

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A Comparison of the Risk for Chronic Fascioliasis between Children 3 to 5 Years and Children 6 to 12 Years of Age in the Cusco Region of Peru.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas.

School-age children bear the highest burden of fascioliasis in endemic countries. Few studies have addressed Fasciola in preschool children. We performed a secondary data analysis using two Fasciola databases from Cusco, Peru, comparing preschoolers with elementary school children. Read More

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Neural Dynamics for Facilitating ADHD Diagnosis in Preschoolers: Central and Parietal Delta Synchronization in the Kiddie Continuous Performance Test.

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng 2021 Jul 19;PP. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

The present study aimed to characterize children at risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during preschool age and provide early intervention. The continuous performance test (CPT) and electroencephalography (EEG) can contribute additional valuable information to facilitate diagnosis. This study measured brain dynamics at slow and fast task rates in the CPT using a wireless wearable EEG and identified correlations between the EEG and CPT data in preschool children with ADHD. Read More

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Altered gray matter development in pre-reading children with a family history of reading disorder.

Dev Sci 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of Radiology, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB, T2N 1N4, Canada.

Reading disorders are common in children, and can impact academic success, mental health, and career prospects. Reading is supported by network of interconnected left hemisphere brain regions, including temporo-parietal, occipito-temporal, and inferior-frontal circuits. Poor readers often show hypoactivation and reduced gray matter volumes in this reading network, with hyperactivation and increased volumes in the posterior right hemisphere. Read More

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Prevalence of Cervical Spondylolisthesis in the Sagittal Plane Using Radiographic Imaging in a Pediatric Population: A Cross Sectional Analysis of Vertebral Subluxation.

J Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jun 30;15(6):1-18. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Institute for Spinal Health and Performance, Cumming, GA, USA.

Introduction: Cervical Spondylolisthesis (CS) in children is under-studied. This cross-sectional study reports the CS prevalence in children.

Materials & Methods: Subjects were selected from a private practice. Read More

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[A LONG PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF ATOPIC DERMATITIS IN EARLY CHILDHOOD TO ADOLESCENCE].

Arerugi 2021 ;70(5):384-391

Department of Dermatology, Yokohama City University Medical Center.

Background: There are few prospective observational studies on the prevalence of atopic dermatitis (AD) in children. We aimed to prospectively investigate the dynamics of change in the prevalence of AD from early childhood to adolescence.

Methods: We conducted a survey with a modified questionnaire to diagnose AD based on The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire with 1230 13-year-old children who were born in the Minami ward, Yokohama City between May 2004 and June 2005 and had undergone physical examinations by dermatologists at 3 years of age. Read More

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[Preoperative video distraction alleviates separation anxiety and improves induction compliance of preschool children: a randomized controlled clinical trial].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jul;101(26):2066-2070

Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University,Beijing 100010,China.

To explore the effect of video distraction on preoperative separation anxiety and induction compliance of preschool children receiving strabismus surgery under general anesthesia. In this prospective trial, 80 children aged 3 to 6 years scheduled for strabismus surgery under inhalation anesthesia were randomly allocated to one of two groups, a control group and a video distraction group, with 40 cases in each group. Children in the video distraction group continuously watched videos from waiting in the holding area, separating with parents, entering the operating room and induction of anesthesia, while children in the control group didn't watch videos during the same process. Read More

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