270,011 results match your criteria pregnancy women


Intention to receive COVID-19 vaccine during pregnancy: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, United States.

Objective: This meta-analysis aimed to assess the level of intent to receive COVID-19 vaccination and demographical factors influencing vaccine uptake among pregnant individuals.

Study Design: PubMed, Scopus and archive/pre-print servers were searched up to 22nd May, 2021. Cross sectional surveys reporting the percentage of the pregnant individuals intending to get a COVID-19 vaccine were considered eligible for meta-analysis. Read More

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October 2021

Arcuate uterus as an independent risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Science, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, United States.

Objective: To estimate the association between arcuate uterus and pregnancy outcomes using controls selected from a similarly high-risk cohort.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study of women with an arcuate uterus cared for by a single maternal-fetal medicine practice from 2005 to 2020. We included all women with a singleton pregnancy ≥ 20 weeks and diagnosis of arcuate uterus and randomly selected (3:1) patients with a singleton pregnancy and no uterine anomaly from the same practice as controls. Read More

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October 2021

Breastfeeding Associated with Lower Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Women with Gestational Diabetes in the Very Early Postpartum Period.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, United States.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the association of breastfeeding with metabolic syndrome (MetS) in women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the very early postpartum (pp) period.

Study Design: We performed a secondary analysis of the Balance After Baby Intervention (BABI) study which enrolled women with recent GDM. Data collected during an early (~8 weeks) pp visit were used in this analysis. Read More

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October 2021

Association between Adverse Maternal Clinical Outcomes and Imbalance of Cytokines and Angiogenic Factors in Preterm Preeclampsia.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Sep 20;43(9):669-675. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.

Objective:  Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by abnormal levels of cytokines and angiogenic factors, playing a role in the disease development. The present study evaluated whether immunological markers are associated with the gestational age and with the disease severity in preeclamptic women.

Methods:  Ninety-five women who developed PE were stratified for gestational age as preterm PE (< 37 weeks) and term PE (≥ 37 weeks of gestation) and compared for disease severity as well as plasma concentration of angiogenic factors and cytokines. Read More

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September 2021

Temporal Evolution of Maternal Mortality: 1980-2019.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Sep 20;43(9):662-668. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective:  To determine the profile of maternal deaths occurred in the period between 2000 and 2019 in the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA, in the Portuguese acronym) and to compare it with maternal deaths between 1980 and 1999 in the same institution.

Methods:  Retrospective study that analyzed 2,481 medical records of women between 10 and 49 years old who died between 2000 and 2018. The present study was approved by the Ethics Committee (CAAE 78021417600005327). Read More

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September 2021

The Effect of the Affordable Care Act on Women's Postpartum Insurance and Depression in 5 States That Did Not Expand Medicaid, 2012-2015.

Med Care 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Departments of Health Systems, Management, and Policy Psychiatry Community & Behavioral Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO Parkinson School of Health Sciences and Public Health, Loyola University Chicago, Maywood, IL.

Background: Before the Affordable Care Act (ACA), most women who gained pregnancy-related Medicaid were not eligible for Medicaid as parents postpartum. The ACA aimed to expand health insurance coverage, in part, by expanding Medicaid; introducing mandates; reforming regulations; and establishing exchanges with federal subsidies. Federal subsidies offer a means to coverage for individuals with income at 100%-400% of the federal poverty level who do not qualify for Medicaid. Read More

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October 2021

Comparison of clinical and reproductive outcomes between adenomyomectomy and myomectomy.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2021 Oct 17. Epub 2021 Oct 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Medical Faculty of Charles University, Apolinarska 18, Prague 2, 128 00, The Czech Republic.

Study Objective: Women with adenomyosis may show a lower pregnancy rate and a higher miscarriage rate than healthy women. There is also a general agreement that leiomyomas, either submucosal or intramural, negatively affect fertility, when compared with women without fibroids. Some of these women may benefit from adenomyomectomy, however this cytoreductive procedure is considered invasive and technically challenging especially in severe diffuse cases. Read More

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October 2021

Evaluation of thrombin generation assay in factor XI deficiency.

Clin Chim Acta 2021 Oct 17. Epub 2021 Oct 17.

Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, INSERM U1096, CHU Rouen, Vascular Hemostasis Unit, F-76000 Rouen, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Factor XI (FXI) deficiency is characterized by a lack of correlation between FXI plasma levels and the occurrence of hemorrhagic events. The main objective of our study was to determine whether thrombin generation assay (TGA) could be used to assess the hemorrhagic phenotype of patients with FXI deficiency.

Material And Methods: All patients had confirmed laboratory measurement of FXI<50% in two plasma samples. Read More

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October 2021

Adolescents' experiences with group antenatal care: Insights from a mixed-methods study in Senegal.

Trop Med Int Health 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada.

Objectives: Group antenatal care (G-ANC) is an innovative model in which antenatal care is delivered to a group of 8-12 women of similar gestational age. Evidence from high-income countries suggests G-ANC is particularly effective for women from marginalized populations, including adolescents. The objective of this study was to examine the experiences of Senegalese adolescents engaged in group antenatal care. Read More

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October 2021

Indirect impact of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on pregnancy and childbirth outcomes: A nine-month long experience from a university center in Lombardy.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Unit of Obstetrics, MBBM Foundation Onlus at San Gerardo Hospital, Monza, Italy.

Objective: Changes in social policies and obstetric care swiftly implemented at the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic to curb viral transmission have impacted perinatal health. However, robust data on the topic are lacking since most of the studies has examined only the first few months of the outbreak.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on not-infected and asymptomatically infected women giving birth between March and November 2020 and in the same timeframe of 2019 at our tertiary care centre in Lombardy, Northern Italy. Read More

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October 2021

Interaction between rs10830962 polymorphism in MTNR1B and lifestyle intervention on maternal and neonatal outcomes: Secondary analyses of the DALI lifestyle randomized controlled trial.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria.

Background: Interactions between polymorphisms of the melatonin receptor 1B gene (MTNR1B) and lifestyle intervention for gestational diabetes have been described. Whether these are specific for physical activity or healthy eating intervention is unknown.

Objectives: The aim was to assess the interaction between MTNR1B rs10830962 and rs10830963 polymorphisms and lifestyle interventions during pregnancy. Read More

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October 2021

Maternal caffeine intake and DNA methylation in newborn cord blood.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD.

Background: Epigenetic mechanisms may underlie associations between maternal caffeine consumption and adverse childhood metabolic outcomes. However, limited studies have examined neonate DNA methylation (DNAm) patterns in the context of preconception or prenatal exposure to caffeine metabolites.

Objective: We examined preconception and pregnancy caffeine exposure with DNAm alterations in neonate cord blood (n = 378). Read More

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October 2021

Study protocol for WHO and UNICEF estimates of global, regional, and national preterm birth rates for 2010 to 2019.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(10):e0258751. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health and Ageing, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Preterm birth is a leading cause of death among children under five years. Previous estimates indicated global preterm birth rate of 10.6% (14. Read More

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October 2021

Evaluating the impact of female community health volunteer involvement in a postpartum family planning intervention in Nepal: A mixed-methods study at one-year post-intervention.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(10):e0258834. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics, London, United Kingdom.

Introduction: This is a one-year post-intervention study following an initiative to provide orientation to female community health volunteers (FCHVs) on postpartum family planning in Nepal. In light of positive results in the earlier post-intervention study, this study was designed to provide a more long-term perspective on sustainability by assessing the effect at one-year post-intervention.

Methods: This mixed-methods study was conducted in January 2020 in Morang district, Nepal. Read More

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October 2021

The Legacy of Pregnancy: Elite Athletes and Women in Arduous Occupations.

Exerc Sport Sci Rev 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Sport Health and Performance Enhancement (SHAPE) Research Centre, Department of Sport Science, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK Army Health and Performance Research, Army Headquarters, Andover, UK Institute of Sport, Exercise & Health (ISEH), Division of Surgery & Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

Abstract: Best-practice guidance and management of pregnant and postpartum elite athletes and women in arduous occupations is limited by the lack of high-quality evidence available within these populations. We have summarised the adaptations and implications of pregnancy and childbirth; proposed a novel integrative concept to address these changes; and made recommendations to progress research in this area. Read More

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October 2021

The association between marital violence and reproductive and sexual health outcomes of women: A multi-country study of South Asia.

Health Care Women Int 2021 Oct 20:1-17. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Statistics, Cankiri Karatekin University, Cankiri, Turkey.

In this study, we examined the relationship between marital violence(MV) and reproductive and sexual health outcomes of women of Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. The lifetime MV inflicted by husbands on their wives was highest at 53% in Bangladesh, India(37%), Pakistan(28%) and Nepal(28%) respectively. Overall, our results in this study suggest that MV perpetrated by husbands on their wife is significantly associated with unintended pregnancy, pregnancy termination, current use of any modern contraceptive methods and sexually transmitted infections, but inconsistent associations are appeared across countries. Read More

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October 2021

Zidovudine inhibits telomere elongation, increases the transposable element LINE-1 copy number and compromises mouse embryo development.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Purpose: Millions of pregnant, HIV-infected women take reverse transcriptase inhibitors, such as zidovudine (azidothymidine or AZT), during pregnancy. Reverse transcription plays important roles in early development, including regulation of telomere length (TL) and activity of transposable elements (TE). So we evaluated the effects of AZT on embryo development, TL, and copy number of an active TE, Long Interspersed Nuclear Element 1 (LINE-1), during early development in a murine model. Read More

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October 2021

Perceptions of Health Care, Information, and Social Support Among Women Affected by Zika Virus Infection During Pregnancy in Two U.S. States.

Matern Child Health J 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Division of Birth Defects and Infant Disorders, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Objectives: To understand the information needs and experiences with health care and social support among women with confirmed or possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy.

Methods: We conducted in-depth interviews with 18 women whose pregnancies were part of surveillance efforts in two states, Pennsylvania and Virginia. Using a semi-structured guide available in English and Spanish, we asked women about their experiences. Read More

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October 2021

Pregnancy outcome in women with transfused beta-thalassemia in France.

Ann Hematol 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Département de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Hospices Civils de Lyon, 5 Place d'Arsonval 69003, Lyon, France.

Because of chronic anemia, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and iron chelation, pregnancy in homozygous and heterozygous compound beta-thalassemia patients stays a challenge. Pregnancies of transfused beta-thalassemia women registered in the French National Registry, conducted between 1995 and 2015, are described. These pregnancies were compared with pregnancies in healthy women and to data previously published in the literature. Read More

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October 2021

Pregnancy Weight Gain and Postpartum Weight Retention in Active Duty Military Women: Implications for Readiness.

Mil Med 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.

Introduction: Weight gain in pregnancy is expected; however, excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention (PPWR) can cause long-term changes to a patient's body mass index (BMI) and increase the risk for adverse health outcomes. This phenomenon is understudied in active duty military women, for whom excess weight gain poses challenges to readiness and fitness to serve. This study examines over 30,000 active duty military women with and without preeclampsia to assess changes in BMI postpartum. Read More

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October 2021

Pregnancy outcomes in women with psoriatic arthritis with respect to presence and timing of antirheumatic treatment.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of medicine Solna, Clinical Epidemiology Division, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: To evaluate pregnancy outcomes in relation to antirheumatic treatment before and during pregnancy as a proxy of disease severity in PsA-pregnancies as compared to non-PsA-pregnancies.

Methods: Swedish nationwide register-based cohort study of 921 PsA- pregnancies and 9210 non-PSA-pregnancies (matched 1:10 on maternal age, year, and parity) 2007-2017. We estimated adjusted odds ratios (aOR) overall and stratified by presence, timing, and type of antirheumatic treatment. Read More

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October 2021

Indigenous Women's Experiences of Smoking and Quitting Smoking in Pregnancy: A Phenomenological Study.

Can J Nurs Res 2021 Oct 20:8445621211044324. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Faculty of Nursing, 7512Memorial University, St. John's, NL, Canada.

Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) is an important public health concern because of potential adverse health effects to the woman, fetus, and child after birth. Prevalence rates are high among groups with socioeconomic disadvantage, including Indigenous women.

Purpose: This study was conducted to understand experiences of MSDP for Indigenous women. Read More

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October 2021

The mediating role of gestational diabetes mellitus in the Associations of Maternal Prepregnancy Body Mass Index with Neonatal Birth Weight.

J Diabetes 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Medical College of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: Both pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been linked to adverse neonatal birth weight. However, the mediating role of GDM between pre-pregnancy obesity and neonatal birth weight is unclear.

Method: The cohort study included 17260 singleton pregnant women and their newborns. Read More

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October 2021

Symmetry in Paraspinal Muscles as a Predictor of the Development of Pregnancy-Related Low Back and Pelvic Pain: A Prospective Study.

Orthop Surg 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Orthopaedic, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: To determine the asymmetry in the paraspinal muscle before pregnancy and evaluate its association with pregnancy-associated lumbopelvic pain (LPP).

Methods: This was a prospective case-control study conducted from January 2017 and December 2018. A total of 171 subjects (mean age ± SD, 27. Read More

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October 2021

Assisted reproduction technology outcomes in women with infertility and preexisting diabetes mellitus: a systematic review.

Hormones (Athens) 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Unit of Reproductive Endocrinology, 1St Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Objective: To assess maternal and neonatal outcomes in women with or without preexisting diabetes mellitus (DM) undergoing assisted reproduction technology (ART) treatment.

Methods: Prospective or retrospective controlled trials reporting on women with or without preexisting DM undergoing ART treatment were considered eligible. Twelve electronic databases were systematically searched up to December 2020. Read More

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October 2021

Modulation of Placental Breast Cancer Resistance Protein by HDAC1 in Mice: Implications for Optimization of Pharmacotherapy During Pregnancy.

Reprod Sci 2021 Oct 19. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 20, Section 3, RenminNanLu Road, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) is a critical drug efflux transporters by limiting drugs' transplacental transfer rates. More investigations on the regulation of placental BCRP offer great promise for enabling pronounced progress in individualized and safe pharmacotherapy during pregnancy. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play an important role in epigenetic regulation of placental genes. Read More

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October 2021

The Use of Behavioral Modalities for Headache During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding.

Curr Pain Headache Rep 2021 Oct 19;25(10):66. Epub 2021 Oct 19.

UCSF Headache Center, UCSF School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Migraine is primary headache which commonly affects women of childbearing age. Migraine and other primary headache disorders are also common during pregnancy. Understanding which treatments are effective and can be safely given to patients with primary headache during pregnancy and lactation is essential in supporting these patients before, during, and after childbirth. Read More

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October 2021

Body mass index and subfertility: multivariable regression and Mendelian randomization analyses in the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study.

Hum Reprod 2021 Oct 20. Epub 2021 Oct 20.

Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Study Question: What is the association between BMI and subfertility?

Summary Answer: We observed a J-shaped relationship between BMI and subfertility in both sexes, when using both a standard multivariable regression and Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis.

What Is Known Already: High BMI in both women and men is associated with subfertility in observational studies and this relationship is further substantiated by a few small randomized controlled trials of weight reduction and success of assisted reproduction. Women with low BMI also have lower conception rates with assisted reproduction technologies. Read More

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October 2021

Can Early Thyroid Profiling Help Avert Spontaneous Abortions/Early Pregnancy Loss: A Retrospective Study.

Cureus 2021 Sep 15;13(9):e18003. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Medicine and Surgery, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, IND.

Presence of thyroid autoantibodies in euthyroid women can result in various complications such as miscarriages and pre-eclampsia. Women who are hypothyroid have an increased risk of anaemia, infertility, and preterm birth. Spontaneous miscarriages have been reported in association with women with antithyroid antibodies. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical Profile and Outcome of Group B Streptococcal Colonization in Mothers and Neonates in Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates: A Prospective Observational Study.

Saudi J Med Med Sci 2021 Sep-Dec;9(3):235-240. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Abdulla Bin Omran Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ras Al-Khaimah, UAE.

Background: Maternal Group B (GBS)/ colonization rates vary worldwide; however, no such recent data are available from the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of GBS colonization among pregnant women attending an antenatal clinic of a hospital in Ras Al Khaimah, UAE, along with the antibiotic sensitivity pattern, the clinical profile and pregnancy (maternal and fetal) outcome.

Methods: This prospective observational study routinely offered rectovaginal swab for GBS to all women attending the antenatal clinic at 35-37 weeks of pregnancy between January and December 2019. Read More

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September 2021