2,026 results match your criteria pregnancy encouraging


Smoking Cessation and Preterm Birth in Second Pregnancy Among Women who Smoked in Their First.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Curtin School of Population Health, Curtin University, WA, Australia.

Introduction: The benefit of smoking cessation in reducing the risk of preterm birth is well established. Relatively less well understood is the prevalence of smoking cessation maintenance at the next pregnancy and the associated preterm risk reduction. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of maintenance of smoking cessation at second pregnancy and the associated relative risk of preterm birth. Read More

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Nutritional-Related Predictors of Preterm Birth in North Shewa Hospitals, Central Ethiopia: A Case-Control Study.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2021 6;12:315-324. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Public Health, Salale University College of Health Sciences, Fitche, Ethiopia.

Background: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of newborn death and the second cause of mortality among under-five children. Globally, about 15 million infants are born preterm every year. However, there is a lack of data on the nutritional-related predictors of preterm birth among Ethiopian women. Read More

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A virtual course in perinatal mental health for healthcare professionals.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 Aug 3;62:102746. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, India.

Screening and treatment of perinatal mental health problems remain inadequate with one of the barrier being non-availability of trained health professionals. Virtual courses have been an important medium to enhance the knowledge and capacity of health professionals. A virtual certificate course in perinatal mental health was developed to train health professionals to identify and treat perinatal mental health disorders. Read More

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Perceptions of minimum age at marriage laws and their enforcement: qualitative evidence from Malawi.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jul 8;21(1):1350. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Population Council, 1 Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, 3rd floor, New York, NY, 10017, USA.

Background: Child marriage in Malawi is a significant problem with 42.1% of women 20-24 married by age 18. In 2017 the Malawi government formalized legislation to make marriage under age 18 illegal; violators are subject to fines. Read More

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The impact of Health Transformation Plan on natural vaginal delivery and cesarean section frequency in Iran: an interrupted time series analysis.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Jul 3;14(1):257. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Health Human Resources Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Almas Building, Alley 29, Qasrodasht Ave, P.O. code: 71336-54361, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the Iran's Health Transformation Plan on the frequency of natural vaginal deliveries (NVDs), cesarean sections (CSs), and total deliveries in the Fars province of Iran.

Results: Average number of total deliveries before and after the reform were 3946 and 3810, respectively (p  =  0.164). Read More

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The experiences of postnatal women and healthcare professionals of a brief weight management intervention embedded within the national child immunisation programme.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jun 29;21(1):462. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

The Centre for Lifestyle Medicine and Behaviour, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK.

Background: After childbirth, most women do not lose the extra weight gained during pregnancy. This is important because postnatal weight retention contributes to the development of obesity in later life. Research shows that postnatal women living with overweight would prefer to weigh less, are interested in implementing weight loss strategies, and would like support. Read More

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Adolescent condom use in Southern Africa: narrative systematic review and conceptual model of multilevel barriers and facilitators.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 26;21(1):1228. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Institute for Life Course Health Research, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: Adolescent HIV and pregnancy rates in Southern Africa are amongst the highest in the world. Despite decades of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programming targeting adolescents, recent trends suggest there is a continued need for interventions targeting condom use for this age group.

Methods: This review synthesises evidence from qualitative studies that describe the determinants of condom use among adolescents in Southern Africa. Read More

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Granulomatous mastitis in multiparae during pregnancy and lactation: Observational study (STROBE compliant).

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(25):e25912

Breast Department of Haidian Maternal & Child Health Hospital, Beijing, China.

Abstract: The incidence of granulomatous mastitis (GLM) in multiparae as seriously affected the quality of life and breastfeeding of pregnant women after delivery, but the treatment is rarely reported. In this article, the development, healing, and lactation of 13 cases were reported and a retrospective analysis was performed. 10 cases of GLM were treated at the Breast Disease Prevention and Treatment Center of Haidian Maternal & Child Health Hospital of Beijing and 3 cases of GLM were treated in the Breast Department of Weihai Municipal Hospital of Shandong province from February 2017 to May 2019. Read More

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Efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation in decreasing depression symptoms during the peripartum period: A systematic review.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Aug 8;140:443-460. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Center for Research in Neuropsychology and Cognitive-Behavior Interventions, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal. Electronic address:

Background: Non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) techniques have been suggested as alternative treatments to decrease depression symptoms during the perinatal period. These include brain stimulation techniques that do not require surgery and that are nonpharmacological and non-psychotherapeutic. NIBS with evidence of antidepressant effects include repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), transcranial electric stimulation (TES) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Read More

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Direct Oral Anticoagulants: From Randomized Clinical Trials to Real-World Clinical Practice.

Front Pharmacol 2021 26;12:684638. Epub 2021 May 26.

Science of Health Department, School of Medicine, University "Magna Graecia" of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy.

Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are a more manageable alternative than vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) to prevent stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and to prevent and treat venous thromboembolism. Despite their widespread use in clinical practice, there are still some unresolved issues on optimizing their use in particular clinical settings. Herein, we reviewed the current clinical evidence on uses of DOACs from pharmacology and clinical indications to safety and practical issues such as drugs and food interactions. Read More

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Vaccination in Pregnancy.

Dtsch Arztebl Int 2021 Apr;118(15):262-268

Gynecologist's office, Munich; Member of STIKOGynecologist's office, MunichDepartment of Pediatrics, University Hospital WürzburgInstitute of Virology, Ulm University Hospital, Ulm; Member of STIKOWorking Group Vaccination in Pregnancy, German Professional Association of Gynecologists, Munich.

Background: Vaccination during pregnancy can protect both the expecting mother and the unborn and newborn child from infectious diseases.

Methods: This review is based on publications retrieved by a selective literature search on the immunological particularities of infectious diseases affecting pregnant women, unborn children, and neonates, with particular attention to the guidelines of the German Standing Committee on Vaccinations (Ständige Impfkommission, STIKO) and the pertinent guidelines.

Results: Vaccination during pregnancy protects the expecting mother from a severe course of a number of different infectious diseases. Read More

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Determinants of adverse birth outcome in Sub-Saharan Africa: analysis of recent demographic and health surveys.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 7;21(1):1092. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: More than 75% of neonatal deaths occurred in the first weeks of life as a result of adverse birth outcomes. Low birth weight, preterm births are associated with a variety of acute and long-term complications. In Sub-Saharan Africa, there is insufficient evidence of adverse birth outcomes. Read More

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Individual and community-level determinants of poor tetanus toxoid immunization among pregnant women in Ethiopia using data from 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey; multilevel analysis.

Arch Public Health 2021 Jun 4;79(1):92. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of midwifery, school of nursing and midwifery, college of medicine and health sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Background: Tetanus is a vaccine-preventable disease that can occur in all populations, with neonates and pregnant women being at the most risk. Ethiopia has the highest maternal and neonatal tetanus morbidity and mortality rates. Besides, only 49% of mothers get vaccinated with adequate tetanus toxoid in Ethiopia which is below the world health organization recommendation. Read More

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Determinants of the varied profiles of Plasmodium falciparum infections among infants living in Kintampo, Ghana.

Malar J 2021 May 29;20(1):240. Epub 2021 May 29.

Kenya Medical Research Institute-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, Kenya.

Background: Understanding why some infants tolerate infections, remaining asymptomatic while others succumb to repeated symptomatic malaria is beneficial for studies of naturally acquired immunity and can guide control interventions. This study compared demographic, host and maternal factors associated with being either parasite negative or having asymptomatic infections versus developing symptomatic malaria in the first year of life.

Methods: A birth cohort (n = 1264) was monitored longitudinally over two years for malaria infections in Kintampo, Ghana. Read More

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Challenges Faced by Female Out-of-School Adolescents in Accessing and Utilizing Sexual and Reproductive Health Service: A Qualitative Exploratory Study in Southwest, Ethiopia.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211018936

Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan-Teferi, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Due to the limited access to sexual and reproductive health service, out-of-school-adolescents become at a higher risk for early marriage, early pregnancy early parenthood, and poor health outcomes over their life course. Hence, the aim of this study was to explore the challenges faced by female out-of-school adolescents in accessing sexual and reproductive health service in Bench-Sheko zone.

Methods: A community-based qualitative exploratory study was carried out from November 01/2020 to December 01/2020 among selected out-of-school adolescents residing in rural and urban districts of Bench-Sheko Zone, and healthcare professionals working in the local health centers. Read More

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Overview of a new eHealth intervention to promote healthy eating and exercise in pregnancy: Initial user responses and acceptability.

Internet Interv 2021 Sep 19;25:100393. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Victoria University, Institute of Sport Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL), Footscray Campus, PO Box 14228, Melbourne 8001, Australia.

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to develop and evaluate an eHealth intervention to promote healthy lifestyle for pregnant women. The setting was a low socio-economic and multi-ethnic area in Melbourne, Australia.

Methods: This paper briefly describes the development of the eHealth intervention, which was aimed at a low level of literacy, and the evaluation of the intervention by pregnant women. Read More

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September 2021

Women's postpartum experiences in Canada during the COVID-19 pandemic: a qualitative study.

CMAJ Open 2021 Apr-Jun;9(2):E556-E562. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Family Medicine (Rice), McGill University, Montréal, Que.; Department of Anthropology (Williams), University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont.

Background: The mental health of postpartum women has worsened during the COVID-19 pandemic; however, the experiences that underlie this remain unexplored. The purpose of this study was to examine how people in Canada who gave birth during the pandemic were affected by policies aimed at limiting interpersonal contact to reduce SARS-CoV-2 transmission in hospital and during the early weeks postpartum.

Methods: We took a social constructionist approach and used a qualitative descriptive methodology. Read More

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Need for and use of contraception by women before and during COVID-19 in four sub-Saharan African geographies: results from population-based national or regional cohort surveys.

Lancet Glob Health 2021 06;9(6):e793-e801

Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA; Soins et Santé Primaire, CESP Centre for Research in Epidemiology and Population Health U1018, Inserm, Paris, France.

Background: Although hindrances to the sexual and reproductive health of women are expected because of COVID-19, the actual effect of the pandemic on contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy risk in women, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, remains largely unknown. We aimed to examine population-level changes in the need for and use of contraception by women during the COVID-19 pandemic, determine if these changes differed by sociodemographic characteristics, and compare observed changes during the COVID-19 pandemic with trends in the 2 preceding years.

Methods: In this study, we used four rounds of Performance Monitoring for Action (PMA) population-based survey data collected in four geographies: two at the country level (Burkina Faso and Kenya) and two at the subnational level (Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Lagos, Nigeria). Read More

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Can Social Support on Facebook Influence Fertility Outcomes?

Reprod Sci 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Meir Medical Center, Kfar Saba, Israel.

Social support is known to reduce stress and increase quality of life among patients undergoing IVF. Increasing social media use introduces a social support mechanism, yet data regarding the effect of this support on IVF outcomes are scarce. This observational, retrospective cohort study included women undergoing their first IVF cycle at an academic tertiary medical center. Read More

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Genomic evaluation of dairy heifer livability.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Aug 15;104(8):8959-8965. Epub 2021 May 15.

Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Beltsville, MD 20705-2350.

Differences in breeds and sire lines suggest the presence of a genetic component for heifer livability (HLIV). Genomic evaluation for this trait can increase profitability and improve animal health and welfare. Evaluations for HLIV were examined from 3,362,499 calf data records from heifers of all breeds born from 2009 to 2016. Read More

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Loncastuximab tesirine in relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (LOTIS-2): a multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 06 11;22(6):790-800. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Oncology and Haematology, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, IRCCS, Humanitas University, Milan, Italy.

Background: Patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who do not respond to or who have progressive disease after salvage therapies have a poor prognosis. Loncastuximab tesirine is a CD19-directed antibody-drug conjugate with encouraging phase 1 single-agent antitumour activity and acceptable safety in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We aimed to evaluate the antitumour activity and safety of loncastuximab tesirine in patients with relapsed or refractory DLBCL. Read More

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Abdominal radical trachelectomy as fertility-sparing management for early stages of cervical cancer: Our experience in 18 cases.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 23;22(1):674. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

First Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic, 'George Emil Palade' University of Medicine, Pharmacy, Science and Technology, 540136 Târgu Mures, Romania.

The aim of this study was to present our experience of 18 cases of abdominal radical trachelectomy (ART), including 5 performed during pregnancy, analyzing patient selection, surgical complications, and oncological and obstetrical outcomes. This reproductive study included all early stage cervical cancer patients referred for ART at the 1st Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic of the Emergency Clinical County Hospital Targu Mures, between 2010 and 2020. A total of 19 women were considered for ART, and only 1 case required conversion to radical hysterectomy. Read More

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Maternal healthcare utilsation and complete childhood vaccination in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-sectional study of 29 nationally representative surveys.

BMJ Open 2021 05 13;11(5):e045992. Epub 2021 May 13.

School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the association between maternal healthcare utilisation and complete childhood vaccination in sub-Saharan Africa.

Design: Our study was a cross-sectional study that used pooled data from 29 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Participants: A total of 60 964 mothers of children aged 11-23 months were included in the study. Read More

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It takes a virtual village: Childbearing women's experience of a closed Facebook support group for mothers.

Women Birth 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Faculty of Arts, Business and Law, Engage Research Lab, University of Sunshine Coast, 90 Sippy Downs Drive, Sippy Downs, QLD 4556, Australia.

Background: Childbearing women engage in large public pregnancy and parenting forums, primarily for the purpose of seeking information and advice. There is an absence of research related to women's engagement in closed and private online mothers' groups.

Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of participation and support for members within a closed online mothers' group. Read More

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Evaluation of the use and attitudes of pregnant and postpartum women towards medicine utilisation during pregnancy in the United Arab Emirates: A national cross-sectional study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 11:e14344. Epub 2021 May 11.

College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Guainseville, FL, USA.

Introduction: Pregnancy period is of high concern to every woman. Knowledge about medication use needs to be highlighted at such a critical stage.

Objective: This study aimed to assess pregnant and postpartum women's use and attitude regarding the utilisation of medications during pregnancy in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Read More

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The Lived Experience of Pain and Depression Symptoms during Pregnancy.

MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs 2021 Jul-Aug 01;46(4):198-204

Background: Depressive symptoms and pain are prevalent during pregnancy. Untreated pain and depressive symptoms occurring together may have a negative effect on maternal and newborn outcomes, yet little is known about women's experiences with pain and depressive symptoms during pregnancy. The purpose of this study is to describe the lived experience of depressive symptoms and pain occurring in women during the third trimester of pregnancy. Read More

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January 2022

Transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue in a series of 285 women: a review of five leading European centers.

Fertil Steril 2021 May;115(5):1102-1115

Laboratory of Reproductive Biology, University Hospital of Copenhagen, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The feasibility of freezing and thawing ovarian tissue is nowadays widely documented. However, ovarian tissue transplantation (OTT) is happening at a much slower pace, and clinical experience is somewhat limited. In this review, five European centers present their collective experience of transplanting ovarian tissue in 285 women. Read More

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Non-pharmacological interventions of pain management used during labour; an exploratory descriptive qualitative study of puerperal women in Adidome Government Hospital of the Volta Region, Ghana.

Reprod Health 2021 Apr 23;18(1):86. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

College of Nursing and Midwifery, North East Region, Nalerigu, Ghana.

Background: Women have experienced labour pain over the years as various attempts have been made to effectively manage this pain. There is paucity of literature on the experiences and perceptions about labour pain management with the contemporary Ghanaian health system. This study explored the perspective of puerperal women on the use of non-pharmacological labour pain management at Adidome Government Hospital. Read More

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Pooled prevalence and associated factors of health facility delivery in East Africa: Mixed-effect logistic regression analysis.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(4):e0250447. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Many mothers still give birth outside a health facility in Sub-Saharan Africa particularly in East African countries. Though there are studies on the prevalence and associated factors of health facility delivery, as to our search of literature there is limited evidence on the pooled prevalence and associated factors of health facility delivery in East Africa. This study aims to examine the pooled prevalence and associated factors of health facility delivery in East Africa based on evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys. Read More

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Predictors of fear of childbirth and normal vaginal birth among Iranian postpartum women: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Apr 21;21(1):316. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Health Chancellery, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.

Background: Fear of childbirth (FOC) may contribute to postpartum depression, impaired maternal-infant relation, and preference for cesarean in future pregnancies. We aimed to investigate predictors of FOC and normal vaginal birth among postpartum women who had planned for a normal vaginal birth.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019 with postpartum women during the first 24 h after the birth. Read More

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