11,924 results match your criteria predictor ventricular

Survival and adverse events in patients with atrial fibrillation at left ventricular assist device implantation: an analysis of the European Registry for Patients with Mechanical Circulatory Support.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Cardiology, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Objectives: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a risk factor for mortality and cerebrovascular accidents (CVAs) and is common in patients with heart failure. This study evaluated survival and adverse events in patients with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and a history of AF in the European Registry for Patients with Mechanical Circulatory Support.

Methods: Patients with a continuous-flow LVAD, AF or sinus rhythm (SR) and a follow-up were included. Read More

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January 2022

Electrocardiographic features and need for pacemaker in cardiac amyloidosis: Analysis of 58 cases.

Med Clin (Barc) 2022 Jan 21. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia, Córdoba, España; Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba, Universidad de Córdoba, Córdoba, España.

Aim: Amyloidosis is a disease in which amyloid fibrils can be deposited in different cardiac structures, and several electrocardiographic abnormalities can be produced by this phenomenon. The objective of this study was to describe the most common basal electrocardiographic alterations in patients diagnosed with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and to determine if these abnormalities have an impact on the need of pacemaker.

Methods: This retrospective study included patients who had an established diagnosis of CA [light-chain cardiac amyloidosis (LA-CA) or transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (TTR-CA)] between January 2013 and March 2021. Read More

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January 2022

Demographic, clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic characteristics of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 and cardiac disease at a tertiary hospital, South Africa.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Dec;11(6):1228-1240

Division of Pulmonology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Coronavirus associated disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease. There is a paucity of data regarding COVID-19 and cardiac disease from Africa. We aimed to describe the demographic, clinical, electrocardiographic and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with COVID-19 and cardiac disease at a tertiary hospital in South Africa. Read More

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December 2021

Functional classification of left ventricular remodelling: prognostic relevance in myocardial infarction.

ESC Heart Fail 2022 Jan 22. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Department of Cardiology, Heart and Lung Centre, Leiden University Medical Centre, Albinusdreef 2, Leiden, 2300 RC, The Netherlands.

Aims: The current definition of post ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) left ventricular (LV) remodelling is purely structural (LV dilatation) and does not consider LV function (ejection fraction, EF), even though it is known to be a predictor of long-term post-STEMI outcome. This study aimed to reclassify LV remodelling after STEMI by integrating LV dilatation and function (LVEF) and to investigate the prognostic implications.

Methods And Results: Data from an ongoing registry of STEMI patients who were treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were retrospectively evaluated. Read More

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January 2022

Features of Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy Early in the Lives of Infants With Biliary Atresia Correlate With Outcomes Following Kasai Portoenterostomy.

Hepatol Commun 2022 Jan 21. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy (CCM), detected during two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE), is prevalent in patients with biliary atresia (BA) awaiting transplant. Whether CCM occurs early in the lives of infants with BA is unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence and consequence of CCM in patients with BA, focusing on the earliest ages when 2DE was performed. Read More

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January 2022

Correlation Between Retinopathy and Coronary Microcirculation Dysfunction in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2022 Jan 21:11206721221074201. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Department of Endocrinology, 74559First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150001, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation between retinopathy and coronary microcirculation dysfunction (CMD) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients.

Methods: 198 T2DM patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)>50%, no epicardial coronary artery stenosis diagnosis by coronary angiography (CAG) and successfully completed coronary blood flow reserve (CFR) test and laboratory examination were enrolled, and fundus examination was performed on all participants. Two groups were divided according to CFR value, including 86 patients with CMD (CFR≤2. Read More

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January 2022

Pulse Wave Velocity as a Marker of Vascular Dysfunction and Its Correlation with Cardiac Disease in Children with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Dec 29;12(1). Epub 2021 Dec 29.

Department of Neonatal Intensive Care, "Carol Davila" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 020021 Bucharest, Romania.

One of the main markers of arterial stiffness is pulse wave velocity (PWV). This parameter is well studied as a marker for end-organ damage in the adult population, being considered a strong predictor of major cardiovascular events. This study assessed PWV in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) as a marker of cardiovascular risk. Read More

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December 2021

Titin-Related Dilated Cardiomyopathy: The Clinical Trajectory and the Role of Circulating Biomarkers in the Clinical Assessment.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Dec 22;12(1). Epub 2021 Dec 22.

Unit for Screening Studies in Inherited Cardiovascular Diseases, National Institute of Cardiology, 04-628 Warsaw, Poland.

Titin truncating variants (tv) are known as the leading cause of inherited dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Nevertheless, it is unclear whether circulating cardiac biomarkers are helpful in detection and risk assessment. We sought to assess 1) early indicators of cardiotitinopathy including the serum biomarkers high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in clinically stable patients, and 2) predictors of outcome among tv carriers. Read More

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December 2021

Atrial Functional Tricuspid Regurgitation as a Distinct Pathophysiological and Clinical Entity: No Idiopathic Tricuspid Regurgitation Anymore.

J Clin Med 2022 Jan 13;11(2). Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Cardiology, Istituto Auxologico Italiano, IRCCS, 20145 Milan, Italy.

Functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) is a strong and independent predictor of patient morbidity and mortality if left untreated. The development of transcatheter procedures to either repair or replace the tricuspid valve (TV) has fueled the interest in the pathophysiology, severity assessment, and clinical consequences of FTR. FTR has been considered to be secondary to tricuspid annulus (TA) dilation and leaflet tethering, associated to right ventricular (RV) dilation and/or dysfunction (the "classical", ventricular form of FTR, V-FTR) for a long time. Read More

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January 2022

The Thromboembolic Predictability of CHADS-VASc Scores Using Different Echocardiographic Criteria for Congestive Heart Failure in Korean Patients with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation.

J Clin Med 2022 Jan 7;11(2). Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon 21565, Korea.

The association between congestive heart failure (CHF) of the CHADS-VASc scores and thromboembolic (TE) events in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is a topic of debate due to conflicting results. As the importance of diastolic impairment in the occurrence of TE events is increasingly recognized, it is crucial to evaluate the predictive power of CHADS-VASc scores with C criterion integrating diastolic parameters. We analyzed 4200 Korean nonvalvular AF patients (71 years of age, 59% men) to compare multiple echocardiographic definitions of CHF. Read More

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January 2022

Comparison of Ablation Index versus Time-Guided Radiofrequency Energy Dosing using Normal and Half-normal Saline Irrigation in a Porcine Left Ventricular Model.

J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Division of Cardiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Background: Ablation Index (AI) is a multi-parametric quality marker to assess durability of radiofrequency (RF) lesions. The comparative effectiveness and safety of AI versus time-based energy dosing for ablation of ventricular arrhythmias is unknown.

Objective: We compared AI and time-based RF dosing strategies in left ventricles of freshly harvested porcine hearts. Read More

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January 2022

Plasma potassium concentration and cardiac repolarisation markers, T-T and T-T/QT, during and after exercise in healthy participants and in end-stage renal disease.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2022 Jan 20. Epub 2022 Jan 20.

Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia.

Purpose: The cardiac T-wave peak-to-end interval (T) is thought to reflect dispersion in ventricular repolarisation, with abnormalities in T associated with increased risk of arrhythmia. Extracellular K modulates cardiac repolarisation, and since arterial plasma K concentration ([K]) rapidly increases during and declines following exercise, we investigated the relationship between [K] and T with exercise.

Methods: Serial ECGs (T, T/QT ratio) and [K] were obtained from 8 healthy, normokalaemic volunteers and 22 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), at rest, during, and after exhaustive exercise. Read More

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January 2022

Prevalence and prognostic significance of ischemic late gadolinium enhancement pattern in non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.

Am Heart J 2022 Jan 16. Epub 2022 Jan 16.

Cardiovascular Department, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Giuliano Isontina and University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy. Electronic address:

Background: Typical late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) patterns in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) include intramyocardial and subepicardial distribution. However, the ischemic pattern of LGE (subendocardial and transmural) has also been reported in DCM without coronary artery disease (CAD), but its correlates and prognostic significance are still not known. On these bases, this study sought to describe the prevalence and prognostic significance of the ischemic LGE pattern in DCM. Read More

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January 2022

Systemic immune-inflammation index predicts in-hospital and long-term outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.

Coron Artery Dis 2022 Jan 17. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Cardiology, Health Sciences University, Kartal Koşuyolu Heart Training and Research Hospital Department of Cardiology, Health Sciences University, Sultan Abdulhamid Han Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey Department of Cardiology, Kyrgyzstan-Turkey Friendship Hospital, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan Department of Cardiology, Elbistan State Hospital, Kahramanmaraş Department of Cardiology, Katip Çelebi University, Atatürk Training and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Objective: This study examines the predictive value of the novel systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Methods: A total of 1660 patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) were enrolled in the study. In-hospital and 3-year outcomes were compared between the four groups (Q1-4). Read More

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January 2022

Post-ST-Segment-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Platelet Reactivity Is Associated With the Extent of Microvascular Obstruction and Infarct Size as Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

J Am Heart Assoc 2022 Jan 19:e020973. Epub 2022 Jan 19.

Sheba Medical Center Lev Leviev Heart, and Vascular Center Tel Hashomer Israel.

Background Despite optimized medical management and techniques of primary percutaneous coronary intervention, a substantial proportion of patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) display significant microvascular damage. Thrombotic microvascular obstruction (MVO) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of microvascular and subsequent myocardial damage attributed to distal embolization and microvascular platelet plugging. However, there are only scarce data regarding the effect of platelet reactivity on MVO. Read More

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January 2022

Subclinical right ventricular dysfunction in patients with mitral stenosis.

J Echocardiogr 2022 Jan 18. Epub 2022 Jan 18.

Department of Cardiology, Military Hospital of Tunis, Bab Alioua, Montfleury, 1008, Tunis, Tunisia.

Background: Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is a strong predictor of poor outcomes of patients with mitral stenosis (MS). The aim of this study was to detect a subclinical right ventricular dysfunction in patients with MS.

Methods: We conducted a prospective study from January 2015 to June 2019 in 104 asymptomatic patients with MS (mean age: 46. Read More

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January 2022

Diversity and determinants of the sigmoid septum and its impact on morphology of the outflow tract as revealed using cardiac computed tomography.

Echocardiography 2022 Jan 17. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Background: The sigmoid septum has been generally evaluated subjectively and qualitatively, without detailed examination of its diversity, impact on the morphology of the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), and anatomical background.

Methods: We enrolled 100 patients without any background cardiac diseases (67.5 ± 12. Read More

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January 2022

Noninvasive surrogates are poor predictors of liver fibrosis in patients with Fontan circulation.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Dec 24. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: Patients with Fontan circulation exhibit a high incidence of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. Transient elastography (TE) and the enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF) test have proven useful as noninvasive surrogate markers of liver fibrosis for other chronic liver diseases. We evaluated whether TE and the ELF score can predict the degree of liver fibrosis in patients with Fontan circulation. Read More

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December 2021

Left ventricle reverse remodeling in chronic aortic regurgitation patients with dilated ventricle after aortic valve replacement.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Jan 16;17(1). Epub 2022 Jan 16.

Heart Center, First Hospital of Tsinghua University, No. 6 1st Street, Jiuxianqiao, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100016, China.

Background: Aortic valve replacement (AVR) for chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) with a severe dilated left ventricle and dysfunction leads to left ventricle remodeling. But there are rarely reports on the left ventricle reverse remodeling (LVRR) after AVR. This study aimed to investigate the LVRR and outcomes in chronic AR patients with severe dilated left ventricle and dysfunction after AVR. Read More

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January 2022

Prevalence and Prognostic Significance of Microvascular Dysfunction in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2022 Jan 5. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to use cardiovascular magnetic resonance to 1) quantify coronary microvascular function; 2) examine the relationship between perfusion and fibrosis; and 3) evaluate the impact of microvascular dysfunction (MVD) and fibrosis on long-term clinical outcomes.

Background: The pathophysiological and clinical significance of MVD in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains uncertain.

Methods: In a prospective, observational study, patients with HFpEF and control subjects underwent multiparametric cardiovascular magnetic resonance (comprising assessment of left ventricular volumetry, perfusion, and fibrosis [focal by late gadolinium enhancement and diffuse by extracellular volume]). Read More

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January 2022

Preoperative N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide is associated with Fontan outcomes.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Dec 10. Epub 2021 Dec 10.

Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Children's Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objective: The role of preoperative N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide level in patient outcomes after the Fontan operation remains unclear.

Methods: The medical records of all patients who underwent their first Fontan operation from June 2011 to October 2019 in our tertiary referral pediatric cardiac center were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative hemodynamic factors and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were analyzed to test the association of mortality and morbidity. Read More

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December 2021

Galectin-3 as an independent prognostic factor after heart transplantation.

Clin Transplant 2022 Jan 14:e14592. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Laboratory Methods, Institute for Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Galectin-3 (GAL3) is linked to the prognosis of patients with heart failure and after heart transplantation (HTx). We assessed the prognostic role of GAL3 in a long-term follow-up after HTx.

Methods: HTx patients (N = 121) were evaluated in a single-center, noninterventional, prospective, observational study. Read More

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January 2022

Longitudinal strain by speckle tracking and echocardiographic parameters as predictors of adverse cardiovascular outcomes in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Cardiac Sciences, Cumming School of Medicine, Libin Cardiovascular Institute, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

To analyze the prognostic value of left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS) and other echocardiographic parameters to predict adverse outcomes in chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy (CCM). Prospective cohort study conducted in 177 consecutive patients with different CCM stages. Transthoracic echocardiography measurements were obtained following the American Society of Echocardiography recommendations. Read More

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January 2022

Terminal T-wave inversion predicts reperfusion tachyarrhythmias in STEMI.

J Electrocardiol 2022 Jan 5;71:28-31. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Cardiology, Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Arrhythmia Clinic, Skåne University Hospital, 22185 Lund, Sweden.

Introduction: A reliable electrocardiographic predictor of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is lacking so far. Previous experimental/simulation study suggested a terminal T-wave inversion (TTWI) in ischemia-related ECG leads corresponding to anterior infarct localization as an independent predictor of reperfusion VF (rVF). This T-wave characteristic has never been tested as a rVF predictor in clinical settings. Read More

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January 2022

The impact of diabetes on short-, intermediate- and long-term mortality following left ventricular assist device implantation.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel.

Objectives: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is a frequent comorbidity among patients suffering from advanced heart failure necessitating a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implant. The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of type 2 DM on early and long-term outcomes of patients following an LVAD implant.

Methods: We performed an observational cohort study in a large tertiary care centre in Israel. Read More

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January 2022

A new biomarker of cardiac resynchronization therapy response: cGMP to mature BNP ratio.

J Cardiol 2022 Jan 8. Epub 2022 Jan 8.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center, Osaka, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Biomarkers that can predict cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) response have not yet been identified. The purpose of this study was to assess whether individual measurements of four brain/B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) forms, coupled with cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) might contribute to the prediction of echocardiographic CRT responders.

Methods: A BNP precursor (proBNP) and total BNP (= proBNP + mature BNP) were measured with newly developed kits, while an N-terminal fragment of proBNP (NT-proBNP) and cGMP were measured with commercial kits on the day before CRT implantation. Read More

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January 2022

The value of ventricular gradient for predicting pulmonary hypertension and mortality in hemodialysis patients.

Sci Rep 2022 Jan 10;12(1):456. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland.

Pulmonary hypertension (PHT) is associated with increased mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The ventricular gradient optimized for right ventricular pressure overload (VG-RVPO) is sensitive to early changes in right ventricular overload. The study aimed to assess the ability of the VG-RVPO to detect PHT and predict all-cause and cardiac mortality in HD patients. Read More

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January 2022

Prognostic Value of Insulin Resistance Assessed by HOMA-IR in Non-Diabetic Patients with Decompensated Heart Failure.

Curr Probl Cardiol 2022 Jan 7:101112. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Santa Isabel and Bazterrica Clinics, Argentina.

The predictive value of insulin resistance in patients hospitalized with heart failure is unknown.

Objective: To evaluate prognostic value of insulin resistance (defined by a HOMA IR ≥ 2.5) for the combined event of death and readmission at 90 and 365 days post discharge and to determine if there are differences according to ejection fraction. Read More

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January 2022

A Morphometric Analysis of Commonly Used Craniometric Approaches for Freehand Ventriculoperitoneal Shunting.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2022 Feb;22(2):51-60

Department of Neurosurgery, Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Background: Ventricular catheter tip position is a predictor for ventriculoperitoneal shunt survival. Cannulation is often performed freehand, but there is limited consensus on the best craniometric approach.

Objective: To determine the accuracy of localizing craniometric entry sites and to identify which is associated with optimal catheter placement. Read More

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February 2022

Preoperative Left Ventricle End Diastolic Volume Index as a Predictor for Low Cardiac Output Syndrome After Surgical Closure of Secundum Atrial Septal Defect With Small-Sized Left Ventricle.

Front Pediatr 2021 24;9:705257. Epub 2021 Dec 24.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, National Cardiovascular Centre Harapan Kita, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Low cardiac output syndrome is one of the postoperative complications that are associated with significant morbidity and mortality after surgical closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) with small-sized left ventricle (LV). This study investigated whether preoperative left ventricular end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi) could accurately predict low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) after surgical closure of ASD with small-sized LV. This retrospective cohort study involved adult ASD patients with small-sized LV from January 2018 to December 2019 in National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita. Read More

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December 2021