1,947 results match your criteria pre-diabetics normal


Thanatochemical Study of Glycated Hemoglobin in Diabetic Status Assessment.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Apr 2;57(4). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, 700455 Iasi, Romania.

In forensic medicine, the postmortem determination of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) helps identify undiagnosed cases of diabetes or cases with uncontrolled glycemic status. In order to contribute to the solidification of thanatochemistry, both globally and especially nationally, we aimed to determine this biomarker postmortem, for the first time in our institution, in order to identify undiagnosed pre-mortem diabetics, as well as those with inadequate glycemic control. Our research consisted of analyzing a total number of 180 HbA1c values, 90 determinations from the peripheral blood and 90 from the central blood. Read More

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Prediction of Type 2 Diabetes Based on Machine Learning Algorithm.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 23;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Information and Communications Engineering, Myongji University, 116 Myongji-ro, Yongin, Gyeonggi 17058, Korea.

Prediction of type 2 diabetes (T2D) occurrence allows a person at risk to take actions that can prevent onset or delay the progression of the disease. In this study, we developed a machine learning (ML) model to predict T2D occurrence in the following year (Y + 1) using variables in the current year (Y). The dataset for this study was collected at a private medical institute as electronic health records from 2013 to 2018. Read More

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Pancreatic fat cells of humans with type 2 diabetes display reduced adipogenic and lipolytic activity.

Am J Physiol Cell Physiol 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.); Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases of the Helmholtz Center Munich at the Eberhard-KarlsUniversity of Tübingen, Neuherberg; Department of Internal Medicine IV, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Nephrology, University Hospital of Eberhard-Karls-University Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Obesity, especially visceral fat accumulation, increases the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of T2D on the pancreatic fat depot. Pancreatic fat pads from 17 partial pancreatectomized patients (PPP) were collected, pancreatic preadipocytes isolated and in vitro differentiated. Read More

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Prediabetic Patient Outcomes 8 to 15 Years After Drug-Eluting Coronary Stenting.

Am J Cardiol 2021 Mar 20. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Heart, Vascular and Thoracic Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Ohio.

Guidelines suggest differential management of diabetics and nondiabetics with coronary artery disease (CAD) referred for revascularization, but pre-diabetics, who now comprise up to 20% to 30% of CAD patients, have been excluded from the diabetic group. To address this, we studied long-term cardiac outcomes in 1,323 consecutively drug-eluting stent (DES)-stented patients from prespecified local zip codes, dividing patients into normal-glycemic patients, prediabetics and diabetics, based upon conventional definitions. Patient age was 63±11 years, 65. Read More

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Prediabetes Is Associated With Brain Hypometabolism and Cognitive Decline in a Sex-Dependent Manner: A Longitudinal Study of Nondemented Older Adults.

Front Neurol 2021 19;12:551975. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States.

Although type 2 diabetes is a well-known risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD), little is known about how its precursor-prediabetes-impacts neuropsychological function and brain health. Thus, we examined the relationship between prediabetes and AD-related biological and cognitive/clinical markers in a well-characterized sample drawn from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. Additionally, because women show higher rates of AD and generally more atherogenic lipid profiles than men, particularly in the context of diabetes, we examined whether sex moderates any observed associations. Read More

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February 2021

Reversion from prediabetes to normoglycaemia after weight change in older persons: The KORA F4/FF4 study.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2021 02 12;31(2):429-438. Epub 2020 Sep 12.

German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD), München, Neuherberg, Germany; Institute of Epidemiology, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany.

Background And Aims: In a non-interventional study of older persons, we assessed the impact of changes in BMI and waist circumference (WC) on reversion from glucose- and HbA1c-defined prediabetes to normoglycaemia (in short: reversion) and on persistence of normoglycaemia. Moreover, we studied whether reversion reduced cardiovascular risk.

Methods And Results: From the population-based KORA S4/F4/FF4 cohort study conducted in Southern Germany, we utilized data from the second and third visit to the study center (median follow-up 6. Read More

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February 2021

Impact of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes on severity and mortality for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2021 02;9(1)

Unidad de Investigación de Enfermedades Metabólicas, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, Mexico

Introduction: Diabetes and hyperglycemia are risk factors for critical COVID-19 outcomes; however, the impact of pre-diabetes and previously unidentified cases of diabetes remains undefined. Here, we profiled hospitalized patients with undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes to evaluate its impact on adverse COVID-19 outcomes. We also explored the role of de novo and intrahospital hyperglycemia in mediating critical COVID-19 outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Pre-diabetes is a predictor of short-term poor outcomes after acute ischemic stroke using IV thrombolysis.

BMC Neurol 2021 Feb 13;21(1):72. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Stroke Center, Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, 1,3Ga, Dongdaeshin-Dong, Seo-Gu, Busan, 602-715, South Korea.

Backgrounds: Pre-diabetes is an intermediate state between normal glucose metabolism and diabetes. Recent studies suggest that the presence of pre-diabetes is associated with poor outcomes after AIS. However, the results have been controversial. Read More

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February 2021

B regulatory cells associated with changes in biochemical and inflammatory parameters in normal-glycemic individuals, pre-diabetes and T2DM patients.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Mar 8;173:108692. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Unidad de Investigación Biomédica, Delegación Zacatecas, México, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, IMSS, Mexico. Electronic address:

Aim: To determine the percentages of (CD19 + CD24 + CD38+, CD19 + CD24 + CD27+, CD19 + IL-10+)-Breg cells, IL-17 single and IL-17+/IFN-γ double producers T cells and IFN-γ+ T cells, in normal-glycemic individuals, prediabetes and T2DM patients, and to analyze the association of Breg cells with metabolic parameters of T2DM.

Methods: percentages of Breg cells, IL-17+ and IL-17 + IFN-γ+ T cells, IFN-γ+ T cells and IL-10 were determined by flow cytometry. IL-6 levels were evaluated by ELISA assay. Read More

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Associations of pre-pregnancy impaired fasting glucose and body mass index among pregnant women without pre-existing diabetes with offspring being large for gestational age and preterm birth: a cohort study in China.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2021 Feb;9(1)

Department of Epidemiology, Family Planning Special Hospital of Guangdong, Guangzhou, China.

Introduction: Associations of pre-pregnancy impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and body mass index (BMI) with large for gestational age (LGA) and preterm birth (PTB) have been poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the associations of maternal BMI, separately and together with pre-pregnancy IFG, with LGA and PTB in Chinese population. We also aimed to quantify these associations by maternal age. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of MASP1, CMPF and U.A serum levels in pre-diabetic subjects in comparison to Normal individuals for early diagnosis of subjects with pre-diabetes, a case-control study.

J Diabetes Metab Disord 2020 Dec 21;19(2):1593-1598. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: The present study designed to evaluate the Serum levels of CMPF, MASP1 and UA in pre-diabetic subjects was compared to normal subjects

Methods: This research is a case-control study. We studied 44 pre-diabetics with 44 normal subjects and were evaluated serum concentration of CMPF, Masp1 and U.Ain both groups andfurthermore serum concentration FPG, BUN, Cr, Cho, TG, HDLc, LDLc, AST, ALT, ALP, HbA1c was examined and correlation between of CMPF, Masp1 and U. Read More

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December 2020

Level of Organochlorine Pesticide in Prediabetic and Newly Diagnosed Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Varying Degree of Glucose Intolerance and Insulin Resistance among North Indian Population.

Diabetes Metab J 2021 Jan 15. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Endocrinology, University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi, Delhi, India.

Background: Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) exposure may induce an endocrine disruption which may lead to the risk of developing diabetes through alteration and disturbance of glucose metabolism, insulin resistance, and destruction of β-cells. The present study determines the recent trend of OCPs residue in blood samples and their association with the known risk factors responsible for developing the risk of diabetes among the North Indian population.

Methods: Blood sample of 300 patients (100 each of normal glucose tolerance [NGT], prediabetes and newly detected diabetes mellitus [DM]) between the age group of 30 to 70 years were collected. Read More

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January 2021

Identification of metabolic markers predictive of prediabetes in a Korean population.

Sci Rep 2020 12 15;10(1):22009. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Division of Genome Research, Center for Genome Science, National Institute of Health, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, 187, Osongsaengmyeong 2-ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungchenogbuk-do, 28159, Republic of Korea.

Prediabetes (PD) is a high-risk state of developing type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Metabolomics-based biomarker studies can provide advanced opportunities for prediction of PD over the conventional methods. Here, we aimed to identify metabolic markers and verify their abilities to predict PD, as compared to the performance of the traditional clinical risk factor (CRF) and previously reported metabolites in other population-based studies. Read More

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December 2020

High resolution ultrasound imaging for repeated measure of wound tissue morphometry, biomechanics and hemodynamics under fetal, adult and diabetic conditions.

PLoS One 2020 23;15(11):e0241831. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Department of Surgery, Davis Heart and Lung Research Institute, Center for Regenerative Medicine & Cell-Based Therapies, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, United States of America.

Non-invasive, repeated interrogation of the same wound is necessary to understand the tissue repair continuum. In this work, we sought to test the significance of non-invasive high-frequency high-resolution ultrasound technology for such interrogation. High-frequency high-resolution ultrasound imaging was employed to investigate wound healing under fetal and adult conditions. Read More

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January 2021

Burden of prediabetes, undiagnosed, and poorly or potentially sub-controlled diabetes: Lolland-Falster health study.

BMC Public Health 2020 Nov 16;20(1):1711. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Center for Epidemiological Research, Nykøbing Falster Hospital, Strandboulevarden 64, DK-4800, Nykøbing Falster, Denmark.

Background: This study aimed to investigate prevalence and risk factors for prediabetes, undiagnosed diabetes mellitus, poorly and potentially sub-controlled diabetes in a rural-provincial general adult population in Denmark.

Methods: Using cross-sectional data from the Lolland-Falster Health Study, we examined a total of 10,895 individuals aged 20 years and above.

Results: Prevalence of prediabetes was 5. Read More

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November 2020

Incidence and risk factors of vascular complications in people with impaired fasting glucose: a national cohort study in Korea.

Sci Rep 2020 11 11;10(1):19504. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Korea University Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul, South Korea.

This study aimed to evaluate the risk of vascular complications of impaired fasting glucose (IFG). This population-based study included 425,608 participants from the National Health Screening Cohort in Korea in 2003 and 2004 who were followed-up until 2015. The participants were classified into normal, IFG, and diabetes groups based on fasting plasma glucose levels. Read More

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November 2020

The Association Of Serum Cortisol Level With Microalbuminuria In Patients With Type 2 Diabetes And Prediabetes.

Int J Med Sci 2020 18;17(18):2998-3004. Epub 2020 Oct 18.

Department of Endocrinology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, 250 East Changgang Road, Haizhu District, Guangzhou, China.

Whether cortisol secretion is linked with microalbuminuria remains undefined. We aimed to investigate the relationship between serum cortisol levels and the presence of microalbuminuria in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and prediabetes. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 211 patients with T2DM or prediabetes. Read More

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October 2020

Increased Oxidative Stress Underlies Abnormal Pain Threshold in a Normoglycemic Japanese Population.

Int J Mol Sci 2020 Nov 5;21(21). Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Department of Social Medicine, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan.

Normal-high HbA1c levels are a risk factor for attenuated pain sensation in normoglycemic subjects. It is unclear, however, what mechanisms underlie the pathogenesis of attenuated pain sensation in such a population. We, therefore, explored the relationship between oxidative stress (OS) and pain sensation in a rural Japanese population. Read More

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November 2020

Body composition patterns among normal glycemic, pre-diabetic, diabetic health Chinese adults in community: NAHSIT 2013-2016.

PLoS One 2020 4;15(11):e0241121. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

School of Public Health, College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei City, Taiwan.

Background: Central obesity is known to be associated with diabetes. Increasing lower extremity circumference was hypothesized in association with lower risk of diabetes.

Objective: This study determined which anthropometric patterns correlates the best with pre-diabetic and diabetic status among healthy adults. Read More

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December 2020

Higher circulating orosomucoid, an acute-phase protein, and reduced glucose-induced insulin secretion in middle-aged Japanese people with prediabetes.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2020 10;8(2)

Research Institute for Nutrition Sciences, Mukogawa Joshi Daigaku, Nishinomiya, Japan.

Introduction: Circulating orosomucoid, an acute-phase protein, predicted type 2 diabetes mellitus risk in several Western countries. Here, we assessed serum orosomucoid (ORM) in relation to prediabetes in the Japanese.

Research Design And Methods: Participants consisted of 83 middle-aged Japanese subjects with normal glucose tolerance (NGT), 37 with prediabetes and 4 with newly identified diabetes, whose homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) averaged 1. Read More

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October 2020

Neurotensin receptor 1 agonist provides neuroprotection in pre-diabetic rats.

J Endocrinol 2021 01;248(1):59-74

Neurophysiology Unit, Cardiac Electrophysiology Research, and Training Center, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Exogenous treatment of a neurotensin receptor 1 (NTR1) agonist exerted the neuroprotection in an obese and Alzheimer's model. However, the effects of NTR1 modulation on peripheral/hippocampal impairment and cognitive deficit following sustained HFD consumption are poorly understood. Forty rats received a normal diet (ND) or HFD for 16 weeks. Read More

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January 2021

The risk of hip fractures in individuals over 50 years old with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes - A longitudinal nationwide population-based study.

Bone 2021 01 15;142:115691. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: The present study aimed to investigate the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hip fractures using a large-scale nationwide population-based cohort that is representative of the Republic of Korea. We determined the risks of hip fractures in individuals with prediabetes and T2DM with different diabetes durations, and compared them with the risks of hip fractures in individuals without T2DM.

Methods: A total of 5,761,785 subjects over 50 years old who underwent the National Health Insurance Service medical checkup in 2009-2010 were included. Read More

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January 2021

The Prediabetes Outcome at National Guard Primary Health Care Centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Retrospective Chart Review.

Cureus 2020 Sep 3;12(9):e10227. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Family Medicine, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, Qassim University, Qassim, SAU.

Objectives To identify the outcome of prediabetes and the interventions that have been implemented for prediabetic patients at primary healthcare centers (PHCs) affiliated with King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methodology This retrospective chart-review study was carried out using the BestCare electronic health records (EHRs) system. Data from the PHCs of King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were extracted. Read More

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September 2020

Sex-specific prevalence of coronary heart disease among Tehranian adult population across different glycemic status: Tehran lipid and glucose study, 2008-2011.

BMC Public Health 2020 Oct 6;20(1):1510. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Box: 19395-4763, No. 24, Parvaneh Street, Velenjak, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death. Alarmingly Iranian populations had a high rank of CHD worldwide. The current study aimed to assess the prevalence of CHD across different glycemic categories. Read More

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October 2020

Total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation in diabetic and pre-diabetic patients with intractable chronic pancreatitis.

J Pancreatol 2020 Jun;3(2):86-92

Department of Surgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) is an effective treatment option for non-diabetic patients with intractable chronic pancreatitis. The outcome and potential benefits for pre-diabetic and diabetic patients are less well established. Thirty-four patients underwent TPIAT were retrospectively divided into 3 groups according to pre-operative glycemic control: diabetes mellitus (DM) (n=5, 15%), pre-DM (n=11, 32%) and non-DM (n=18, 54%). Read More

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Abscisic Acid Treatment in Patients with Prediabetes.

Nutrients 2020 Sep 24;12(10). Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Pharmacy, University of Naples Federico II, 80131 Napoli, Italy.

Aim: to evaluate the effects of abscisic acid (ABA), contained in dwarf peaches, on the regression of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) conditions.

Materials And Methods: sixty-five patients with IFG or IGT were randomized to take ABA or placebo for 3 months. We evaluated: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), postprandial plasma glucose (PPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA), fasting plasma insulin (FPI), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lipid profile and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP). Read More

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September 2020

Evaluation of the relationship between cardiac autonomic function and glucose variability and HOMA-IR in prediabetes.

Diab Vasc Dis Res 2020 May-Jun;17(5):1479164120958619

Department of Endocrinology, Medical University, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Aims: The present study aims to investigate the relationship between cardiac autonomic function (CAF) and glucose variability (GV) and HOMA-IR in subjects with prediabetes and normal glucose tolerance (NGT).

Material And Methods: Ninety-two subjects (59 with prediabetes and 33 with NGT), of mean age 50.3 ± 11. Read More

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January 2021

Revealing metabolic pathways relevant to prediabetes based on metabolomics profiling analysis.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2020 11 18;533(1):188-194. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

The Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Ministry of Education, School of Life Science and Technology, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, Shaan xi, China. Electronic address:

Aims: Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) rats develop similar prediabetes lesion characteristics, such as impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), when compared with the salt resistant rat. In this study, we evaluate the risk of high glucose intake during prediabetes and reveal the metabolic pathways relevant to the pathophysiology of prediabetes to diabetes using the SS rat model and compared this with the salt-resistant consomic SS.13BN rat model. Read More

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November 2020

Metformin Should Not Be Used to Treat Prediabetes.

Authors:
Mayer B Davidson

Diabetes Care 2020 09;43(9):1983-1987

Charles R. Drew University, Los Angeles, CA

Based on the results of the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS), in which metformin significantly decreased the development of diabetes in individuals with baseline fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations of 110-125 vs. 100-109 mg/dL (6.1-6. Read More

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September 2020

The effects of high-fat diet and metformin on urinary metabolites in diabetes and prediabetes rat models.

Biotechnol Appl Biochem 2020 Sep 15. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

USM-RIKEN International Centre of Aging Science, USM, Minden, Penang, Malaysia.

High-fat diet (HFD) interferes with the dietary plan of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, many diabetes patients consume food with higher fat content for a better taste bud experience. In this study, we examined the effect of HFD on rats at the early onset of diabetes and prediabetes by supplementing their feed with palm olein oil to provide a fat content representing 39% of total calorie intake. Read More

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September 2020