J Pediatr Urol 2021 Aug 9. Epub 2021 Aug 9.
Department of Health Research, Methods, Evidence & Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; Division of Urology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; McMaster Pediatric Surgical Research Collaborative, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. Electronic address:
Background: Preoperative androgen stimulation (PAS) is typically used in hypospadias repair for patients with a proximal meatus or small glans size. Hypospadias PAS literature suffer from small sample sizes and lack of power to claim robust conclusions. Small changes in the number of events may completely change the statistical significance, making the conclusions drawn unreliable. Read More