32,194 results match your criteria pre- post-operative


The effects of pre-emptive intravenous ibuprofen on the thiol/disulfide homeostasis and C-reactive protein level as the markers of oxidative stress and inflammation during gynecologic laparoscopy: A randomized clinical trial.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Sep 15:e14872. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

University of Health Sciences, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital, The Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aims: In this study, we aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of intravenous ibuprofen by using the C-reactive protein level and thiol/disulfide homeostasis as the oxidative stress marker.

Materials And Methods: This study was conducted on 70 patients aged between 30 and 65 who were scheduled for elective laparoscopic hysterectomy. The patients were divided into two groups to receive either preemptive 800mg of intravenous ibuprofen plus 1000 mg of intravenous paracetamol (Group IP) or only 1000 mg of intravenous paracetamol as a control group (Group P). Read More

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September 2021

Caudad Insertion of Pedicle Screws Facilitates Interbody Distraction During Spondylolisthetic Vertebrae Restoration: A Retrospective Study.

Pain Ther 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Spine Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200065, China.

Introduction: Based on the results of long-term clinical and radiological follow-up studies of decompression and fusion with internal fixation for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DLS), we recognized that the direction of the pedicle screw affects the stability of the fixation. However, few studies have analyzed the role of pedicle screw insertion trajectory in disc height recovery after fusion. We therefore analyzed patients' general information, clinical efficacy and sagittal, coronal and implant parameters to determine whether there is a correlation between the insertion trajectory of screws and the recovery of intervertebral space height, with the ultimate aim to provide a basis for improving the clinical efficacy and radiological outcomes of patients with DLS and to identify an optimal technique for spine surgeons that would benefit patients with spondylolisthesis. Read More

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September 2021

Utility and Outcomes of Pre-Operative Screening Breast MRI for Planned Bilateral Prophylactic Mastectomy in High-Risk Patients.

AJR Am J Roentgenol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco, CA.

There is a paucity of data and consensus guidelines on the utility of preoperative MRI for planned bilateral prophylactic mastectomy. To evaluate the utility of breast MRI performed in high-risk patients for the indication of planned bilateral prophylactic mastectomy, with attention to diagnostic performance for breast cancer detection. A secondary aim was to assess the potential impact of breast MRI findings on the decision to perform sentinel lymph node biopsy at the time of prophylactic mastectomy. Read More

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September 2021

[Comparison of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty in the treatment of severe medial compartment osteoarthritis].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sep;35(9):1125-1132

Department of Orthopedics, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Sichuan, 610041, P.R.China.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in the treatment of severe medial compartment osteoarthritis (OA).

Methods: A clinical data of 69 patients (69 knees), who underwent joint replacement due to severe medial compartment OA between February 2015 and September 2018 and met the selection criteria, was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 38 cases were treated with UKA (UKA group) and 31 cases with TKA (TKA group). Read More

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September 2021

Antibiotic prescribing practices in general surgery: a mixed methods quality improvement project.

Infect Prev Pract 2021 Sep 20;3(3):100166. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

Background: A single pre-operative antibiotic dose provides optimal prophylaxis against surgical site infection (SSI), but significant variability persists in adherence to prophylaxis guidelines. We describe a quality improvement project aiming to improve guideline-driven antibiotic prescribing within surgical teams at a tertiary hospital.

Methods: Face-to-face interviews with surgical teams and anonymous surveys of senior surgeons and anaesthetists were used to collect qualitative data on the perceptions and attitudes of prescribers. Read More

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September 2021

The predictive value of high-sensitive troponin I for perioperative risk in patients undergoing gastrointestinal tumor surgery.

EClinicalMedicine 2021 Oct 5;40:101128. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

The department of cardiovascular internal medicine, the sixth affiliated hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510655, China.

Background: The incidence of cardiovascular events in perioperative period of gastrointestinal tumor surgery cannot be ignored, and studies have shown that level of postoperative troponin is related to the postoperative risk of non-cardiac surgery. However, the relationship between pre-operative troponin levels and perioperative risk of gastrointestinal tumor surgery is unclear. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the value of high-sensitive cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) prior to gastrointestinal tumor surgery for perioperative risk assessment. Read More

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October 2021

Gummy Smile Management Using Diode Laser Gingivectomy Versus Botulinum Toxin Injection - A Prospective Study.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jan-Jun;11(1):70-74. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University, and Taibah University, Cairo, Egypt.

Introduction: Gummy smile (GS) is a nonesthetic condition that affects the confidence of many young people. The present study aimed to compare the results of two approaches used in the management of GS in a group of Egyptian females.

Materials And Methods: This comparative cohort study included 24 female patients aged 25-35 years, divided into two groups. Read More

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Comparison of Colorectal Cancer Surgery Services During COVID-19 First Wave With Pre-COVID Time.

Cureus 2021 Aug 30;13(8):e17585. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

General and Colorectal Surgery, University Hospitals of Derby and Burton NHS Trust, Staffordshire, GBR.

Introduction The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in the United Kingdom (UK) was reported on 29 January 2020. The country saw the peak of infection between March and May of 2020. The result was a change in the practice of how we treat most surgical conditions including cancer. Read More

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General Versus Regional Anaesthesia for Lower Limb Arthroplasty and Associated Patient Satisfaction Levels: A Prospective Service Evaluation in the Oxford University Hospitals.

Cureus 2021 Aug 9;13(8):e17024. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Anaesthetics, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, GBR.

Introduction Lower limb arthroplasty is performed under general anaesthesia (GA) or regional anaesthesia (RA). There is increasing evidence of the surgical and anaesthetic benefits of RA. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidelines advise using either but highlight a lack of data comparing outcomes of RA and GA for these procedures. Read More

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Medium- to long-term clinical and functional outcomes of isolated and combined subscapularis tears repaired arthroscopically.

Arch Med Sci 2021 28;17(5):1351-1364. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Orthopaedic and Traumatology Clinic, Department of Surgery, Oncology and Gastroenterology DiSCOG, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the efficacy of arthroscopic repair in patients with full thickness, isolated subscapularis tendon tears (I-STTs) or combined subscapularis tendon tears (C-STTs) involving the rotator cuff tendons was evaluated. Second, the outcomes between these two groups were compared. Read More

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Implementation and sustainability of an enhanced recovery pathway in pediatric bladder reconstruction: Flexibility, commitment, teamwork.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Division of Pediatric Urology, Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/ebyerkes.

Introduction: Although enhanced recovery pathways (ERP) provide a safe and effective way to improve the recovery of children undergoing bladder reconstruction, ERPs have not been widely adopted in pediatric urology. We describe a quality improvement initiative and outcomes after implementing a 24-element ERP at a single, freestanding children's hospital.

Study Design: Multiple stakeholder meetings were planned and executed, initially with pediatric practitioners with ERP experience to understand potential implementation barriers then with anesthesiologists, nurses, case managers, and other ancillary staff to draft our institution-specific ERP. Read More

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September 2021

Development of a laparoscopic surgical skills simulation curriculum: Enhancing resident training through directed coaching and closed-loop feedback.

Surgery 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA. Electronic address:

Background: Performance feedback through peer coaching and rigorous self-assessment is a critical part of technical skills improvement. However, formal collaborative programs using operative video-based skills assessments to generate peer coaching feedback have only been validated among attending surgeons. In this study, we developed a unique longitudinal, simulation video-based laparoscopic skills resident curriculum using video-based peer coaching and evaluated its association with skills acquisition among surgical trainees. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on aortic valve surgical service: a single centre experience.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 09 14;21(1):434. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: The coronavirus-disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic imposed an unprecedented burden on the provision of cardiac surgical services. The reallocation of workforce and resources necessitated the postponement of elective operations in this cohort of high-risk patients. We investigated the impact of this outbreak on the aortic valve surgery activity at a single two-site centre in the United Kingdom. Read More

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September 2021

Perioperative pain management and outcomes in patients who -discontinued or continued pre-existing buprenorphine therapy.

J Opioid Manag 2021 ;17(7):33-41

Ascension Seton Medical Center Austin, Austin, Texas. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7187-9134.

Objective: This study compared opioid utilization and clinical outcomes in surgical patients receiving maintenance buprenorphine therapy who discontinued versus those who continued buprenorphine treatment perioperatively. Lack of high-quality evidence, conflicting results in previous studies, and the possible need for reinduction after discontinuing therapy present clinicians with the complicated dilemma of choosing the best strategy to control post-operative pain in patients receiving buprenorphine.

Design: A multicenter, retrospective cohort study. Read More

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September 2021

Muscle Flap Reconstruction Based on Muscle Tension Line Groups to Repair the Philtrum of Patients With Microform Cleft Lip or Secondary Cleft Lip.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Cleft Lip and Palate, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100144, China.

Abstract: The muscle flap reconstruction technique was developed based on the concept of muscle tension line groups, which elucidates how nasolabial muscle tension helps maintain the shape of the philtrum. To investigate the operative effect, we reviewed 43 patients with microform cleft lip and 102 patients with secondary cleft lip treated with muscle flap reconstruction between January 2018 and June 2020. The patients were scanned using the digital three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry face system pre- and post-operatively, and comparative analysis of three-dimensional (3D) images was used to highlight variations of the philtrum. Read More

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September 2021

Perioperative risk factors for new-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation among patients after isolated coronary artery bypass grafting: A retrospective study.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, South Korea.

Aims: Incidence of atrial fibrillation is considerably high after open heart surgery, which may prolong hospitalization and increase mortality. The aim of the present study is to investigate the perioperative risk factors for the occurrence of new-onset atrial fibrillation following isolated coronary artery bypass grafting.

Design: A retrospective study. Read More

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September 2021

Alterations Of Brain Structural Mri Are Associated With Outcome Of Surgical Treatment In Trigeminal Neuralgia.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Neuroimaging Research Unit, Division of Neuroscience, IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

Background: To assess magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) alterations occurring in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and to explore the predictive ability of MRI for initial surgical outcome and long-term pain relief/recurrence after Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKS).

Methods: Thirty patients with idiopathic or classic TN, who underwent GKS and were followed for at least 24 months, were retrospectively included. Pre-treatment structural MRI and pre- and serial, post-operative clinical features were investigated. Read More

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September 2021

Predictive validity of American College of Surgeons: National Surgical Quality Improvement Project risk calculator in patients with ovarian cancer undergoing interval debulking surgery.

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Introduction: In gynecologic patients, few studies describe the accuracy of the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS-NSQIP) pre-operative risk calculator for women undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer.

Objective: To determine whether the ACS-NSQIP risk calculator accurately predicts post-operative complications and length of stay in patients undergoing interval debulking surgery for advanced stage epithelial ovarian cancer.

Methods: For this multi-institutional retrospective cohort study, pre-operative risk factors, post-operative complication rates, and Current Procedural Terminology codes were abstracted from records of patients with ovarian cancer managed with open interval debulking surgery from January 2010 to July 2015. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluating the literature on preoperative androgen stimulation for hypospadias repair using the fragility index - can we trust observational studies?

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Aug 9. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Health Research, Methods, Evidence & Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; Division of Urology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; McMaster Pediatric Surgical Research Collaborative, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Preoperative androgen stimulation (PAS) is typically used in hypospadias repair for patients with a proximal meatus or small glans size. Hypospadias PAS literature suffer from small sample sizes and lack of power to claim robust conclusions. Small changes in the number of events may completely change the statistical significance, making the conclusions drawn unreliable. Read More

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Pre-surgical and Post-surgical Aortic Aneurysm Maximum Diameter Measurement: Full Automation by Artificial Intelligence.

Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Aortic Centre, Hôpital Marie Lannelongue, Groupe Hospitalier Paris Saint Joseph, Université Paris Saclay, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate an automatic, deep learning based method (Augmented Radiology for Vascular Aneurysm [ARVA]), to detect and assess maximum aortic diameter, providing cross sectional outer to outer aortic wall measurements.

Methods: Accurate external aortic wall diameter measurement is performed along the entire aorta, from the ascending aorta to the iliac bifurcations, on both pre- and post-operative contrast enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA) scans. A training database of 489 CTAs was used to train a pipeline of neural networks for automatic external aortic wall measurements. Read More

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September 2021

Transverse Vaginal Septum Resection: Technique, Timing and the Utility of Dilation. A Scoping Review of the Literature.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

University of Calgary, Dept. of Ob/Gyn, Calgary Alberta, Canada.

Study Objective: Transverse vaginal septae (TVS) are congenital, obstructive anomalies of the vagina typically presenting with abdominal pain and amenorrhea. Currently, the literature about surgical management is sparse. Postoperative complications are common. Read More

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September 2021

A novel digital technique for maintaining maxillomandibular relations in fixed prosthetic rehabilitations.

J Dent 2021 Sep 10:103798. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Research fellow and clinical lecturer, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia School of Dentistry, Foggia, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: In fixed prosthetic rehabilitations, the restorations must be designed and fabricated in a proper maxillomandibular relationship, with correct vertical dimensions of occlusion (VDO) and centric relations (CR). This short communication introduces a novel digital technique that allows to obtain the maxillomandibular record and transfer it throughout the treatment procedure.

Methods: The protocol consisted of the following steps: 1. Read More

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September 2021

Changes in hemostatic factors after kidney transplantation: A retrospective cohort study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(36):e27179

Department of Surgery, Uijeongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijeongbu-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea.

Abstract: Chronic kidney disease affects hemostasis in complex ways, producing both thrombotic and hemorrhagic diatheses. These changes may impact patient morbidity and mortality pre-transplantation, as well as allograft survival after kidney transplantation (KT). This study was conducted to analyze changes in hemostatic factors in the early post-KT period. Read More

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September 2021

Postoperative cognitive dysfunction after endovascular treatments for unruptured intracranial aneurysms: A pilot study.

Interv Neuroradiol 2021 Sep 13:15910199211039917. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, 21782University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, USA.

Objective: Post operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has been widely observed after major surgery, particularly in elderly patients with general anesthesia (GA). However, a specific unanswered question is whether different approaches to anesthetic managements are associated with different cognitive outcomes after endovascular treatments for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). The purpose of this study is to assess the correlation of POCD with GA versus monitored anesthesia care (MAC). Read More

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September 2021

Propensity matched analysis of minimally invasive versus conventional isolated aortic valve replacement.

Perfusion 2021 Sep 13:2676591211045802. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, Bristol Heart Institute, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objective: To analyse the early and mid-term outcome of patients undergoing conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) versus minimally invasive via hemi-sternotomy aortic valve replacement (MIAVR).

Methods: A single centre retrospective study involving 653 patients who underwent isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) either via conventional AVR ( = 516) or MIAVR ( = 137) between August 2015 and March 2020. Using pre-operative characteristics, patients were propensity matched (PM) to produce 114 matched pairs. Read More

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September 2021

Predictors for lower urinary tract symptoms in patients underwent radical prostatectomy: implications for postoperative nursing care.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Sep 12. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Department of Urology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Aims And Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors for lower urinary tract symptoms in prostate cancer patients underwent radical prostatectomy, thus providing therapeutic evidence for post-operative nursing.

Background: Prostate cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed male malignancy in recent years. With surgical treatments, patients with prostate cancer indeed have satisfying survival rate. Read More

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September 2021

Early changes in immune cell count, metabolism, and function following sleeve gastrectomy: a prospective human study.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Laboratory for Surgical and Metabolic Research, Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objective: To characterize longitudinal changes in blood biomarkers, leukocyte composition, and gene expression following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG).

Background: LSG is an effective treatment for obesity, leading to sustainable weight loss and improvements in obesity-related co-morbidities and inflammatory profiles. However, the effects of LSG on immune function and metabolism remain uncertain. Read More

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September 2021

3D Printed Patient-Specific Complex Hip Arthroplasty Models Streamline the Preoperative Surgical Workflow: A Pilot Study.

Front Surg 2021 26;8:687379. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Surgery, Austin Health, The University of Melbourne, Heidelberg, VIC, Australia.

Surgical planning for complex total hip arthroplasty (THA) often presents a challenge. Definitive plans can be difficult to decide upon, requiring unnecessary equipment to be ordered and a long theatre list booked. We present a pilot study utilising patient-specific 3D printed models as a method of streamlining the pre-operative planning process. Read More

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Outcome of Delayed Perineal Anastomotic Urethroplasty in Children with Post-Traumatic Urethral Stricture in a Tertiary Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Res Rep Urol 2021 29;13:631-637. Epub 2021 Aug 29.

Department of Surgery, Pediatric Surgery Division, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Urethral stricture is a challenging urologic problem resulting from congenital, idiopathic, traumatic, iatrogenic,and inflammatory causes. Road traffic accidents and falling-down accidents are the most common traumatic causes. Although most management principles are extrapolated from adults, stricture in children has a unique anatomic challenge. Read More

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Cessation of Pulsed Lavage During the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: The Effect on Hip Hemiarthroplasty Cement Mantles.

Cureus 2021 Aug 1;13(8):e16809. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, GBR.

Background With the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, we were issued with guidance to minimize aerosol-generating procedures and discontinued the use of pulsed lavage for hip hemiarthroplasty. Instead, we used a bladder syringe to wash the femoral canal. The aim of this study was to assess whether this change in practice had a detrimental effect on the quality of the bone cement mantles in patients undergoing cemented hip hemiarthroplasty. Read More

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