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The psychological effects of stillbirth on parents: A qualitative evidence synthesis of psychoanalytic literature.

Z Psychosom Med Psychother 2021 Sep;67(3):329-350

Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences University of Brescia Viale Europa 11 I-25123 Brescia Italy.

To review and synthesize existing psychoanalytic literature on the psychological impact of stillbirth on mothers and fathers. This qualitative systematic review followed, as far as possible, the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. The Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing Archive, the Single Case Archive, and PsycINFO (1999-2019) were searched to identify relevant articles published between 1999-2019 that report clinical material or theoretical considerations concerning the psychological effects of stillbirth on parents, as emerging during classical analytic or psychoanalytic therapy session/journey. Read More

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September 2021

Continuing education meetings and workshops: effects on professional practice and healthcare outcomes.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Sep 15;9:CD003030. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Educational meetings are used widely by health personnel to provide continuing medical education and to promote implementation of innovations or translate new knowledge to change practice within healthcare systems. Previous reviews have concluded that educational meetings can result in small changes in behaviour, but that effects vary considerably. Investigations into which characteristics of educational meetings might lead to greater impact have yielded varying results, and factors that might explain heterogeneity in effects remain unclear. Read More

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September 2021

Analysis of Critical Success Factors to Design E-waste Collection Policy in India: A Fuzzy DEMATEL Approach.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, BITS, Pilani, Rajasthan, India.

The design of an e-waste collection policy is challenging, especially for a country like India, where the economy is a developing state, and there is a large diversity in socio-economic factors. The e-waste collection policy impacts the various stakeholders such as the manufacturer, the raw material producers, the assemblers, the retailers, the generator (households and bulk consumers), the scrap dealers, the smelters, the recyclers, and the regulators. The design of an e-waste collection policy needs to consider the appropriate set of Critical Success Factors (CSFs), which will maximise the e-waste collection providing business sustainability to the stakeholders while satisfying the environmental regulations in the operating locations. Read More

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September 2021

Caribbean Women's Health and Transnational Ethnobotany.

Econ Bot 2021 Sep 10:1-22. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

The New York Botanical Garden, Institute of Economic Botany, 2900 Southern Boulevard, Bronx, NY 10458 USA.

Immigrants from the Dominican Republic (DR) and Haiti are among the top foreign-born communities in New York City (NYC). As people migrate to new countries, they bring their ethnomedical beliefs and practices, and adapt their plant pharmacopoeias. Haiti and the DR share a flora on the island of Hispaniola. Read More

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September 2021

[Social representations of cardiovascular disease in the Tanvè Health Study (TAHES) cohort in Benin].

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Service de médecine interne et polyclinique, CHU Dupuytren, Limoges, France.

Objective: To describe the social representations associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the village of Tanvè in Benin.

Methods: Focus groups discussions and semi-structured interviews were conducted among participants of Tanvè Health Study (TAHES) cohort. Audio recordings were made during the interviews, as well as some note-taking. Read More

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September 2021

Traditional medicinal knowledge and practices among the tribal communities of Thakht-e-Sulaiman Hills, Pakistan.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Sep 13;21(1):230. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Institute of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Little is known about the medical material and practices of tribes in the western border areas of Pakistan. The local population has inhabited this remote and isolated area for centuries, and gained medicinal knowledge with personal experiences and knowledge learned from forefathers. Due to the geographical isolation of the communities in the Sulaiman hills of Pakistan and their unique culture, the area is of importance for exploration and assessment. Read More

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September 2021

Transcriptome analysis of Pará rubber tree (H. brasiliensis) seedlings under ethylene stimulation.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Sep 13;21(1):420. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Bioproduction Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8566, Japan.

Background: Natural rubber (cis-1,4-polyioprene, NR) is an indispensable industrial raw material obtained from the Pará rubber tree (H. brasiliensis). Natural rubber cannot be replaced by synthetic rubber compounds because of the superior resilience, elasticity, abrasion resistance, efficient heat dispersion, and impact resistance of NR. Read More

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September 2021

The (d)evolution of a technological species: A history and critique of ecopsychology's constructions of science and technology.

Authors:
Tal Davidson

J Hist Behav Sci 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada.

In this paper, I aim to convey the history of ecopsychology's changing conceptualizations of science and technology and their role in facilitating engagement with the ecology movement. To do so, I compare ecopsychology's treatment of science and technology in two important publications: Gatherings, a non-peer-reviewed digital journal of the early 2000s that portrayed ecopsychology in humanistic, socially critical, and artistic terms; and Ecopsychology, a scholarly journal founded in 2009 that regarded ecopsychological questions as testable hypotheses, and distinguished itself from prior ("first generation") ecopsychology on the basis of its embrace of technological progress and the scientific method. As a part of this shift, ecopsychologists of the "second generation" championed the notion that humans are a "Technological Species," an ontological statement that naturalized the increasing sophistication of high technology as the result of inherent human drives, and established conceptual groundwork for studies that used consumer technology such as computers to mediate experiences of nature. Read More

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September 2021

A Preliminary Investigation of Social Justice Perceptions Among U.S. Speech-Language Pathologists: Clinical Implications.

Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Sep 13:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Communication Sciences & Disorders, Thelma P. Lally School of Education, The College of Saint Rose, Albany, NY.

Purpose The purpose of this survey research is to provide preliminary data regarding speech-language pathologists' (SLPs') perceptions of the role that social justice (SJ) plays in their work. As our professional organizations call us to advocate and communicate with regulatory agencies and legislative bodies to promote quality care for all individuals, this topic has become particularly important at this time. At present, there is a lack of data in peer-reviewed publications within the discipline of communication disorders on SJ and even less regarding the perceptions of SLPs on SJ. Read More

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September 2021

Phytophthora cactorum causing bleeding canker of Acer x freemanii in southern Idaho.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

university of idaho, Ada County Extension, Boise, Idaho, United States;

Since 2018, bleeding cankers have been observed on maple trees in multiple home gardens in southwest Idaho. The cankers ooze a dark sap and and are approximately 10 cm to 35 cm in diameter. Cankers typically occur on the main trunk but are also present on scaffold branches in severe infecrions. Read More

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September 2021

Complete intra-laboratory validation of a LAL assay for bacterial endotoxin determination in EBV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes.

Mol Ther Methods Clin Dev 2021 Sep 14;22:320-329. Epub 2021 May 14.

Unità Prodotti Cellulari (GMP), Fondazione Ri.MED c/o IRCCS-ISMETT (Istituto Mediterraneo per i Trapianti e Terapie ad Alta Specializzazione), Via E. Tricomi 5, 90127 Palermo, Italy.

Endotoxin content is a critical factor that affects the safety of biological pharmaceutical products. International pharmacopoeias describe several reference methods to determine endotoxin levels in advanced therapy medicinal product (ATMP) preparations. Administration of ATMPs must be done as rapidly as possible to ensure complete viability and potency of the cellular product. Read More

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September 2021

Practice of lingual orthodontics and practitioners' opinion and experience with lingual braces in the United States.

J Clin Exp Dent 2021 Aug 1;13(8):e789-e794. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Roseman University of Health Sciences, College of Dental Medicine, Henderson, NV, USA.

Background: A survey was done on practicing Orthodontists in the United States on their experience with lingual orthodontics. The objectives of this survey study were to assess 1) the satisfaction level with cases treated with lingual orthodontics, 2) factors that influence clinicians' decision to utilize or not utilize lingual braces in their current practices, and 3) intention of using lingual braces in their future practices, if not used currently, in the U.S. Read More

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Designing meta-resources for mathematics teachers in the context of curriculum reforms: the case of digital technology use and student autonomy in France.

ZDM 2021 Sep 3:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

University Rennes 1, Rennes, France.

The study presented in this paper concerns the design and evaluation of curriculum material that supports mathematics teachers' understanding and enactment of reform curricula and innovative teaching practices. Our focus is on curriculum material supporting mathematics teachers' practices combining the use of digital technology and the development of student autonomy. We refer to the theoretical framework of the Documentational Approach to Didactics, which considers teachers' documentation work as a central lever for the evolution of teachers' practices. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of cytopathology authors work: Comparative analysis based on Open-access cytopathology publications non-Open-access conventional publications.

Cytojournal 2021 28;18:20. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States.

Objectives: Open access (OA) is based on a set of principles and a range of practices through which fruits of research are distributed online, free of cost, or other access barriers. According to the 2001 definition, OA publications are without barriers to copy or reuse with free access to readers. Some studies have reported higher rates of citation for OA publications. Read More

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Rural and Female Patients with Old Myocardial Infarction Lacked Knowledge and Preventive Measures During the Beginning of the COVID-19 Epidemic in Chongqing, Southwest China.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Sep 13;27:e928512. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Cardiology, Yongchuan Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global threat. This study was performed to gain an understanding of COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices among susceptible individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who had been diagnosed with old myocardial infarction were followed up via telephone survey based on an established follow-up system at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak (January 2020) in Chongqing, Southwest China. Read More

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September 2021

Review of consensus test methods in medical imaging and current practices in photoacoustic image quality assessment.

J Biomed Opt 2021 Sep;26(9)

Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Maryla, United States.

Significance: Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a powerful emerging technology with broad clinical applications, but consensus test methods are needed to standardize performance evaluation and accelerate translation.

Aim: To review consensus image quality test methods for mature imaging modalities [ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), x-ray CT, and x-ray mammography], identify best practices in phantom design and testing procedures, and compare against current practices in PAI phantom testing.

Approach: We reviewed scientific papers, international standards, clinical accreditation guidelines, and professional society recommendations describing medical image quality test methods. Read More

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September 2021

Causal theory on acceleration of seed germination in the vicinity of high voltage direct current transmission line.

J Theor Biol 2021 Sep 9:110899. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

School of Physics and Material Science, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala, Punjab 147004, India.

Seed germination is the primary stage of growth in a seed. A wealth of experiments exist in literature to support the existence of correlation between seed germination to the electric and magnetic fields. This becomes more important as researchers have suggested to develop technologies to build ecologically clean and environment-friendly solutions to agricultural practices. Read More

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September 2021

Max Clara: Sweet life in Istanbul with a bitter end 1950-1966 and the search for unethically obtained tissue specimens from his estate in Turkish collections.

Authors:
Erdem Bagatur

Ann Anat 2021 Sep 8:151822. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Orthopaedic surgeon in private practice Address: Bahcesehir 2. Mah., Ada Sok., D10 Blok, No.: 37, Basaksehir, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to examine the last period of Max Clara's (1899-1966) life in Istanbul (1950-1966) and his scientific activities there. Clara's career before and during the National Socialist (NS) era was extensively studied, however, almost no information is available regarding his late years and his relationship with old colleagues and the academic world after he was dismissed from the academic life in the postwar period. Max Clara's life in Istanbul was based on primary sources from the Istanbul University Archive. Read More

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September 2021

[Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on speech therapy for children with Speech and Language Disorders].

Laryngorhinootologie 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Schwerpunkt Kommunikationsstörungen der Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Klinik und Poliklinik - Plastische Operationen, Unimedizin Mainz, Germany.

Objective:  In December 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic began to spread around the world and caused massive restrictions in our daily life. Many educational facilities and practices delivering speech therapy were temporally closed (so-called lockdown). Children with a speech and language disorder were forced to pause their therapy. Read More

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September 2021

A posthuman decentring of person-centred care.

Health Sociol Rev 2021 Sep 10:1-16. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Centre for Person Centred Research, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

In this paper, we examine person-centred care through a Deleuzian posthuman lens with the aim of exploring what becomes possible when the concepts of both person and care are . We do so through a consideration of the sets of relations that produce 'the client' in health care contexts. Our analysis maps particular entangled material-semiotic forces producing 'M/michael', a young man with a diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, within a rehabilitation clinic. Read More

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September 2021

The Knowledge, Perception and Practices regarding the Novel COVID-19 among Undergraduate Clinical Dental Students in Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2021 08;38(8):791-799

Department of Child Dental Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, , Lagos State, Nigeria.

Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID -19), is an infectious disease that has become a major public health emergency of international concern. It is necessary that Nigerian dental students have adequate knowledge about prevention/control of COVID-19 pandemic in dental practice. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and perception about COVID-19 among Nigerian dental students and its impact on their academic life. Read More

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Labiaplasty: The Stigma Persists.

Aesthet Surg J 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL.

Background: Heightening interest in labiaplasty has driven potential patients to online forums, permitting the dissemination of material by potentially unqualified or inexperienced individuals. The discourse surrounding this procedure has been injected with strong opinions that are not entirely consistent with medical best-practice or evidence-based knowledge.

Objectives: Explore the rationale for ongoing public opposition to labiaplasty and if bringing awareness to the similarities of labiaplasty and breast reduction can alter an individual's perception. Read More

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September 2021

The role of the school food environment in improving the healthiness of school canteens and the readiness to reopen post COVID-19 pandemic: A study conducted in Indonesia.

J Public Health Res 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.

Background: Indonesian school children spend one-third of their time in school, where they are exposed to a variety of foods at school canteens. However, the healthiness of school canteens is not yet well understood. This study was conducted to (1) characterize the healthiness and quality of management of school canteens, and (2) measure readiness of school canteens to reopen following COVID-19 closures. Read More

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September 2021

Systematic approach towards establishing a National Inventory of Dangerous Pathogens.

Glob Health Action 2021 Jan;14(1):1971866

Centre for Infectious Disease Control, Laboratory for Zoonoses and Environmental Microbiology, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

International regulations stipulate that countries need to organize their biosafety and biosecurity systems to minimize the risk of accidental (biosafety) or malicious intentional (biosecurity) release of dangerous pathogens. International Health Regulations (IHR) benchmarks from the WHO state that even for a level of limited capacity countries need to 'Identify and document human and animal health facilities that store/maintain dangerous pathogens and toxins in the relevant sectors and health professionals responsible for them'. This study provides a stepwise, systematic approach and best practices for countries to initiate a national inventory of dangerous pathogens. Read More

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January 2021

Alternative Bedding Materials for Poultry: Availability, Efficacy, and Major Constraints.

Front Vet Sci 2021 17;8:669504. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

School of Agriculture, Geography, Environment, Ocean and Natural Sciences, The University of the South Pacific, Apia, Samoa.

The increasing demand of wood shavings (WS) and sawdust (SD) by other industries and growing concerns of potential chemical contaminants from wood products have amplified research interest in alternative bedding materials for commercial poultry. Several alternative materials-corn cob (CC), straws (ST) and hays (HA), sand (SA), shredded papers (SP), rice hulls (RH), peanut hulls (PH), and gypsum (CaSO2HO)-can replace conventional ones in poultry houses, depending on availability, cost, and ability to absorb and adsorb moisture and provide the birds enough room to exhibit their natural behaviors. Alternative materials hold a brighter future as bedding materials, but more studies about their physicochemical properties and litter management practices for optimum poultry welfare are recommended. Read More

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A toolkit for costing environmental health services in healthcare facilities.

J Water Sanit Hyg Dev 2021 Jul 4;11(4):668-675. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

The Water Institute, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.

Environmental health services (EHS) are critical for safe and functional healthcare facilities (HCFs). Understanding costs is important for improving and sustaining access to EHS in HCFs, yet the understanding of costs is poor and no tools exist to specifically support costing EHS in HCFs in low- and middle-income countries. We developed a toolkit to guide the following steps of costing EHS in HCFs: defining costing goals, developing and executing a data collection plan, calculating costs, and disseminating findings. Read More

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Meaning Making in a Retirement Migrant Community: Religion, Spirituality, and Social Practices of Daily Lives.

Front Psychol 2021 18;12:707060. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Humanism and Social Resilience, University of Humanistic Studies, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Meaning in life has also been seen as crucial to well-being, and especially, in later life. This study focused on the social complexity of meaning making processes and the role of religion and spirituality in them, by finding out the following: (1) How are meaning-making practices connected with religion and spirituality for Finnish retirement migrants of the boomer generation? (2) What does the role of religion and spirituality in meaning-making practices teach us about the relationship between individual and social aspects of meaning making? This was done by examining a particular group of older persons: Finnish retirement migrants aged 60 or over in Costa del Sol, Spain. The material for this study consists of 58 texts (written correspondence, dataset 1, year 2009), 10 semi-structured interviews (dataset 2, year 2011), and 30 completed online surveys with open-ended questions (dataset 3, year 2019). Read More

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[Made open: The state of international evidence-based research on Open Educational Resources (OER)].

Z Erziehwiss 2021 Aug 31:1-25. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Fakultät für Bildungswissenschaften, Lehrstuhl für Mediendidaktik und Wissensmanagement | Learning Lab, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Gebäude S06 S02 A43, Universitätsstraße 2, 45141 Essen, Deutschland.

Open Educational Resources (OER) are an integral part of the debate about the digitization of education. This article reviews the state of international empirical research on OER to identify possible desiderata for a future research agenda. A systematic mapping approach is used to map the empirical English-speaking research landscape. Read More

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[Relationship between occupational commitment and teaching practices among healthcare teachers].

Rev Med Chil 2021 Feb;149(2):268-273

Universidad Católica de Temuco, Temuco, Chile.

Background: A central aspect of professional identity is occupational commitment, which has a significant relationship with motivation and positive mental states in healthcare environments. However, it is not clear how occupational commitment is related to teaching practices in universities.

Aim: To apply the Occupational Commitment Questionnaire (OCQ) to university teachers and relate its results with the Teaching Practices Questionnaire. Read More

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February 2021

Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies and Associated Factors in Health Care Workers.

J Assoc Physicians India 2021 Aug;69(8):11-12

Consultant Pathologist, Seven Hills Dedicated Covid Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Objectives: To estimate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies among HCWs, and to study the factors associated with this seroprevalence.

Material And Methods: A cross-sectional study of HCWs from a Dedicated COVID Hospital was conducted from December 2020 to February 2021. Universal sampling for qualitative testing(by COVID-19 IgG rapid test device by Voxpress) was done and the samples which tested positive were subjected to quantitative testing (chemiluminescent immunoassay) by Serial testing. Read More

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