101,350 results match your criteria practice patterns

Impacts of COVID-19 Lockdown on Food Ordering Patterns among Youths in China: The COVID-19 Impact on Lifestyle Change Survey.

Obes Facts 2022 Jan 26:1-15. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

School of Resource and Environmental Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Introduction: Limited studies have focused on how the COVID-19 outbreak and thereby lockdown had affected the youth's food ordering patterns, which was associated with their dietary behaviors and could have longer term impacts on their later-life health status if the trend persists. This study aimed to evaluate changes in food ordering patterns among youths in China after the COVID-19 outbreak.

Methods: The data were obtained from a national retrospective survey (COINLICS) conducted in early May 2020 via social media platforms in China among more than 10,000 youth participants at 3 educational levels. Read More

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January 2022

Beyond Depth and Breadth: Taking "Types" of Health Information Sought into Consideration with Cluster Analysis.

J Health Commun 2022 Jan 26:1-10. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Department of Communication, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA.

Online health information-seeking behavior (OHIS) has been typically operationalized in an aggregate form representing either depth (e.g., how long) or breadth (e. Read More

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January 2022

Prediction of Shunt Responsiveness in Suspected Patients With Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus Using the Lumbar Infusion Test: A Machine Learning Approach.

Neurosurgery 2022 Jan 28. Epub 2022 Jan 28.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neurooncology, Military University Hospital, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Machine learning (ML) approaches can significantly improve the classical Rout-based evaluation of the lumbar infusion test (LIT) and the clinical management of the normal pressure hydrocephalus.

Objective: To develop a ML model that accurately identifies patients as candidates for permanent cerebral spinal fluid shunt implantation using only intracranial pressure and electrocardiogram signals recorded throughout LIT.

Methods: This was a single-center cohort study of prospectively collected data of 96 patients who underwent LIT and 5-day external lumbar cerebral spinal fluid drainage (external lumbar drainage) as a reference diagnostic method. Read More

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January 2022

Accelerometer derived physical activity patterns in 27.890 middle-aged adults - the SCAPIS cohort study.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2022 Jan 26. Epub 2022 Jan 26.

Department of Physical Activity and Health, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.

The present study aims to describe accelerometer-assessed physical activity (PA) patterns and fulfilment of PA recommendations in a large sample of middle-aged men and women, and to study differences between sub-groups of socio-demographic, socio-economic and lifestyle-related variables. A total of 27,890 (92.5% of total participants, 52% women, aged 50-64 years) middle-aged men and women with at least four days of valid hip-worn accelerometer data (Actigraph GT3X+, wGT3X+ and wGT3X-BT) from the Swedish CArdioPulmonary bioImage Study, SCAPIS, were included. Read More

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January 2022

Management of non-vestibular schwannomas in adult patients: a systematic review and consensus statement on behalf of the EANS skull base section Part II: Trigeminal and facial and nerve schwannomas (CN V, VII).

Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Barts Health NHS Trust, St. Bartholomew's and The Royal London Hospital, London, UK.

Background: Non-vestibular schwannomas are relatively rare, with trigeminal and jugular foramen schwannomas being the most common. This is a heterogenous group which requires detailed investigation and careful consideration to management strategy. The optimal management for these tumours remains unclear and there are several controversies. Read More

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January 2022

How Updates in Chicago Classification Impact Clinical Practice.

Foregut (Thousand Oaks) 2021 Sep 20;1(3):207-215. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, 676 St Clair Street, 14th floor, Chicago, Illinois 60611-2951, USA.

Chicago Classification version 4.0 (CC v4.0), published in 2021, presents several modifications largely aimed at minimizing over-diagnosis of inconclusive patterns on high-resolution manometry (HRM). Read More

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September 2021

Brachytherapy utilization for cervical cancer in Western United States border counties: seeking to understand referral patterns for outcome improvement.

J Contemp Brachytherapy 2021 Dec 30;13(6):620-626. Epub 2021 Dec 30.

UC San Diego School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Medicine and Applied Sciences, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Purpose: Standard of care for definitive treatment of locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) is concurrent chemoradiation followed by a brachytherapy boost. Only 55.8% of women in the United States receive brachytherapy, with even lower proportions in San Diego and Imperial Counties. Read More

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December 2021

Patterns of social relationships among community-dwelling older adults in Japan: latent class analysis.

BMC Geriatr 2022 Jan 25;22(1):75. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.

Background: Social relationships may be the key to successful aging among older adults. However, little is known about the variability of social relationships among community-dwelling older people. This study aimed to describe the patterns of social relationships and examine the differences in sociodemographic characteristics and mental and physical health status among these patterns. Read More

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January 2022

The power of proximity: Effects of a multidisciplinary fibroid clinic on inter-specialty perceptions and practice patterns.

PLoS One 2022 25;17(1):e0263058. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, United States of America.

Background: Multidisciplinary collaboration has generally been shown to have positive effects on healthcare but can be difficult to facilitate. This study assessed the effects of a multidisciplinary fibroid clinic on practice patterns and clinician perceptions to better understand drivers of interspecialty collaboration.

Materials And Methods: Annual rates of hysterectomies, myomectomies, and uterine fibroid embolizations (UFEs) performed in an urban healthcare system were collected from 2012-2019. Read More

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January 2022

Tips and Tricks for Facial Toxin Injections with Illustrated Anatomy.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2022 Feb;149(2):303e-312e

From the Westmount Institute of Plastic Surgery; Skin Associates of South Florida and Skin Research Institute; CH Dermatologia; Shino Bay Cosmetic Dermatology & Laser Institute; Department of Dermatology, Nova Southeastern University College of Osteopathic Medicine; private practice; Gold Skin Care Center, Tennessee Clinical Research Center; Ocean Clinic; Department for Hand, Plastic, and Aesthetic Surgery, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich; Clinical Research Unit, Erevna Innovations, Inc.; Division of Plastic Surgery, McGill University; and Department of Clinical Anatomy, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science.

Learning Objectives: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Recognize facial muscle contraction direction and muscle morphology based on skin surface movements and facial rhytides. 2. Read More

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February 2022

Telemedicine for Cranial Radiosurgery Patients in a Rural U.S. Population: Patterns and Predictors of Patient Utilization.

Telemed J E Health 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, USA.

Telemedicine retains potential for increasing access to specialty providers in underserved and rural communities. COVID-19 accelerated adoption of telehealth beyond rural populations, serving as a primary modality of patient-provider encounters for many nonemergent diagnoses. From 2020 to 2021, telemedicine was incorporated in management of stereotactic radiosurgery patients. Read More

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January 2022

Antibiotics for Spinal Cord Stimulation Trials and Implants: A Survey Analysis of Practice Patterns.

Anesth Pain Med 2021 Oct 30;11(5):e120611. Epub 2021 Oct 30.

University of Virginia Medical Center, Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Charlottesville, VA, USA.

Background: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an established treatment modality for neuropathic pain. Published guidelines exist to aid physicians in proper antibiotic use during and after spinal cord stimulation trials and implants. In this brief review, we present and analyze the current antibiotic practice patterns of clinicians. Read More

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October 2021

Understanding dynamics of private tuberculosis pharmacy market: a qualitative inquiry from a South Indian district.

BMJ Open 2022 Jan 24;12(1):e052319. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Health Service Delivery, Institute of Public Health Bengaluru, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: In India, retail private pharmacists (RPPs) are often patients' first point of contact for diseases, including tuberculosis (TB). We assessed the factors influencing RPPs' referral of patients with chest symptoms to the National TB Elimination Programme (NTEP) and the way business is carried out with reference to TB drugs.

Design: We conducted semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 41 RPPs in a South Indian district between May and October 2013. Read More

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January 2022

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on uveitis patient care.

Br J Ophthalmol 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Science, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California, USA

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly changed practice of medicine and patient care worldwide. The impact of the pandemic on patients with uveitis is unknown. We developed the COVID-19 Practice Patterns Study Group to evaluate the effect of the pandemic on uveitis patient care. Read More

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January 2022

Optimized tillage improves yield and energy efficiency while reducing carbon footprint in winter wheat-summer maize rotation systems.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Jan 21:153278. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Key Laboratory of Agricultural Soil and Water Engineering in Arid and Semiarid Areas of Ministry of Education, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China; College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China; Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Electronic address:

Conventional tillage consumes a lot of energy and produces a lot of greenhouse gases (GHGs), with quite limited contribution to food production. Optimizing tillage practices is an important measure to save energy, protect the environment and increase productivity. Based on this concept, a field experiment of two years duration (2019-2021) was performed to assess the impacts of various tillage techniques on grain yield, energy balance, carbon footprint (CF), and economic benefits of a winter wheat-summer maize rotation system in the Loess Plateau of China. Read More

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January 2022

Tuberculosis with discordant drug resistance patterns- A diagnostic dilemma.

Indian J Tuberc 2022 Jan 29;69(1):8-11. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis (PMDT) guidelines in India specify the use of cartridge based nucleic acid amplification test (CBNAAT) and Line probe assay (LPA) for early diagnosis of drug-resistant Tuberculosis. However, discrepancy among these genotypic tests (CBNAAT and LPA) or with the phenotypic DST in real practice poses a clinical dilemma. The usual solutions are to rely on methods with short turnaround times like CBNAAT and LPA to start an initial regimen. Read More

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January 2022

Inequalities in access to healthcare by local policy model among newly arrived refugees: evidence from population-based studies in two German states.

Int J Equity Health 2022 Jan 24;21(1):11. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Population Medicine and Health Services Research, School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, PO Box 10 01 31, 33501, Bielefeld, Germany.

Background: Access to healthcare is restricted for newly arriving asylum seekers and refugees (ASR) in many receiving countries, which may lead to inequalities in health. In Germany, regular access and full entitlement to healthcare (equivalent to statutory health insurance, SHI) is only granted after a waiting time of 18 months. During this time of restricted entitlements, local authorities implement different access models to regulate asylum seekers' access to healthcare: the electronic health card (EHC) or the healthcare voucher (HV). Read More

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January 2022

Real-world treatment patterns in resectable (stages I-III) non-small-cell lung cancer: a systematic literature review.

Future Oncol 2022 Jan 25. Epub 2022 Jan 25.

ICON plc., Burlington, ON, Canada.

The aim of this systematic literature review was to describe treatment patterns in non-metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. A search was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE. Eligible studies were multicentered (>50 patients) and conducted after 2000 in North America, Europe and Asia. Read More

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January 2022

Improving practice patterns in patients with newly diagnosed bladder masses treated with transurethral resection.

J Osteopath Med 2022 Jan 21. Epub 2022 Jan 21.

Clinical Assistant Professor of Surgery, Department of Urology, Franciscan Health Olympia Fields, Olympia Fields, IL, USA.

Context: Transurethral resection (TUR) is the mainstay for diagnosis, staging, and treatment of both high-grade and low-grade nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). It is reported that 51% of initial transurethral resection of bladder tumors (iTURBT) does not contain muscle, which results in higher rates of clinical upstaging on repeat transurethral resection (reTUR) and worse oncologic outcomes. Presence of muscle on iTURBT specimen and performing reTUR within 6 weeks in high-risk NMIBC aids in accurate staging and, therefore, guides proper treatment. Read More

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January 2022

Race, Income, and Medical Care Spending Patterns in High-Risk Primary Care Patients: Results From the STOP-DKD (Simultaneous Risk Factor Control Using Telehealth to Slow Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease) Study.

Kidney Med 2022 Jan 26;4(1):100382. Epub 2021 Oct 26.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC.

Rationale & Objective: Little is known about how socioeconomic status (SES) relates to the prioritization of medical care spending over personal expenditures in individuals with multiple comorbid conditions, and whether this relationship differs between Blacks and non-Blacks. We aimed to explore the relationship between SES, race, and medical spending among individuals with multiple comorbid conditions.

Study Design: Cross-sectional evaluation of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Read More

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January 2022

Allergic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic-Clinical practical considerations: An European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology survey.

Clin Transl Allergy 2022 Jan 17;12(1):e12097. Epub 2022 Jan 17.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery University Hospital Marburg Philipps-Universität Marburg Marburg Germany.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected health care systems unexpectedly. However, data focusing on practical considerations experienced by health care professionals (HCPs) providing care to allergic patients is scarce.

Methods: Under the framework of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI), a panel of experts in the field of immunotherapy developed a 42-question online survey, to evaluate real-life consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in allergy practice. Read More

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January 2022

Immunostimulatory Properties of Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer: From Immunogenic Modulation Mechanisms to Clinical Practice.

Front Immunol 2021 5;12:819405. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Medical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Science and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy among females. Chemotherapy drugs remain the cornerstone of treatment of BC and undergo significant shifts over the past 100 years. The advent of immunotherapy presents promising opportunities and constitutes a significant complementary to existing therapeutic strategies for BC. Read More

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January 2022

Pharmacotherapies for Drug-Induced Liver Injury: A Current Literature Review.

Front Pharmacol 2021 5;12:806249. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Institute of Liver Diseases, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has become a serious public health problem. For the management of DILI, discontinuation of suspicious drug or medicine is the first step, but the treatments including drugs and supporting approaches are needed. Reference to clinical patterns and disease severity grades of DILI, the treatment drugs were considered to summarize into hepatoprotective drugs (N-acetylcysteine and Glutathione, Glycyrrhizin acid preparation, Polyene phosphatidylcholine, Bicyclol, Silymarin), anticholestatic drug (Ursodeoxycholic acid, S-adenosylmethionine, Cholestyramine), immunosuppressants (Glucocorticoids) and specific treatment agents (L-carnitine, Anticoagulants). Read More

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January 2022

Should We Treat Immune Tolerant Chronic Hepatitis B? Lessons from Asia.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2022 Jan-Feb;12(1):144-154. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Emeritus Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences (KIMS), Bhubaneshwar, India.

Background: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remains a public health burden, with more than 257 million persons living with hepatitis B virus globally. Despite the availability of a safe and efficacious vaccine, access to immunization remains poor. As per current estimates, if Asian countries rely only on immunization to reduce the burden of disease, the timelines for HBV elimination will be extended to 2060-2090, a far cry from the World Health Organization's clarion call for viral hepatitis elimination by 2030. Read More

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Practice patterns of bupropion co-prescription with antipsychotic medications.

J Addict Dis 2022 Jan 22:1-8. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Harborview Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Bupropion is one of the few medications with an FDA indication for smoking cessation. This is of particular significance due to the high co-morbidity of tobacco use disorder in patients with schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders. We sought to determine whether historical suggestions of bupropion's pro-dopaminergic activity lead prescribers to withhold bupropion in populations receiving antipsychotic medications. Read More

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January 2022

How do we manage asthma? Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice patterns among pulmonologists and allergists.

J Asthma 2022 Jan 22:1-14. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

Department of Chest Diseases, Division of Immunology and Allergy Diseases, Uludağ University School of Medicine, Bursa, Turkey.

The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare knowledge, attitude, and practice patterns between pulmonologists and allergists for adult asthma in Turkey. Questionnaire-based data were gathered from pulmonologists (236) and allergists (62), who had been members of the Turkish Thoracic Society and Turkish National Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in January-March 2021. Univariate and multivariate statistics were used to determine the factors associated with primary reliever preferences. Read More

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January 2022

Antipsychotic treatment patterns in Alzheimer's disease patients with agitation: a cohort study using the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Curr Med Res Opin 2022 Jan 23:1-25. Epub 2022 Jan 23.

H. Lundbeck A/S (Lundbeck), 2500 Valby (Copenhagen), Denmark.

Objectives: There is lack of robust epidemiological evidence on antipsychotic (AP) use in patients with agitation in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Authors studied AP use in patients with AD and agitation and compared their use with patients with other or no neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS).

Methods: A retrospective cohort study in the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, included patients with AD between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2017. Read More

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January 2022

Decision making and surgical modality selection in glioblastoma patients: an international multicenter survey.

J Neurooncol 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Doctor Molewaterplein 40, 3015 GD, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: Due to the lack of consensus on the management of glioblastoma patients, there exists variability amongst surgeons and centers regarding treatment decisions. Though, objective data about the extent of this heterogeneity is still lacking. We aim to evaluate and analyze the similarities and differences in neurosurgical practice patterns. Read More

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January 2022

Influence of rurality on lymph node assessment among women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ and treated with mastectomy, SEER 2000-2015.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2022 Jan 24. Epub 2022 Jan 24.

Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, S475, Iowa City, IA, 52242, USA.

Purpose: Despite recommendations from national organizations supporting the use of lymph node assessment (LNA) among patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) at time of mastectomy, variation in practice patterns across the United States has been observed. However, few studies have evaluated LNA differences and rurality.

Methods: Data from the SEER Patterns of Care studies were used to identify women who underwent mastectomy for newly diagnosed DCIS during 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015. Read More

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January 2022

Barriers and facilitators to implementing practices for prevention of childhood obesity in primary care: A mixed methods systematic review.

Obes Rev 2022 Jan 22. Epub 2022 Jan 22.

School of Clinical and Applied Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK.

Primary care providers (PCPs) have an important role in prevention of excess weight gain in pre-school children. Guidelines exist to support PCPs' practices. This systematic review of PCPs' practice behaviors and their perceptions of barriers to and facilitators of implementation of guidelines was the first step toward the development of an intervention aimed at supporting PCPs. Read More

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January 2022