5,633 results match your criteria ppe

Stepping towards benign alternatives: sustainable conversion of plastic waste into valuable products.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Laboratory, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-Central Leather Research Institute (CLRI), Chennai 600020, Tamil Nadu, India.

The extensive use of plastic and the absence of efficient and sustainable methods for its degradation has raised critical concerns about its disposal and degradation. Furthermore, the escalated use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and masks during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has put us under tremendous pressure of generating huge amounts of plastic waste. Traditional plastic waste disintegration protocols, while effective, pose additional inevitable environmental risks. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Evaluating the Level of Pesticides in the Blood of Small-Scale Farmers and Its Associated Risk Factors in Western Ethiopia.

Environ Health Insights 2021 8;15:11786302211043660. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Environmental Health Science and Technology, Jimma University, Ethiopia.

Background: The presence of agricultural pesticide residue can cause adverse health effects.The main objective of this study was to evaluate the level of pesticides in the blood of small-scale farmers (SSFs) and associated risk factors in western Ethiopia.

Methods: Across sectional study was conducted in June 2020 using 240 blood samples, 140 from the exposed small-scale farmers (ESSFs) and 100 from non-exposed small-scale farmers (NESSFs). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Protective Modifications in Ophthalmology Practice during COVID-19 Pandemic: Challenges and Lessons Learned.

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2021 Jan;31(1):S32-S34

Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan.

Ophthalmology is a specialty which involves close contact with patients. Personal protective equipment (PPE) along with modifications in examination techniques and equipment are needed to avoid spread of coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) to health professionals. This communication aims to highlight and critically analyse the measures suggested to control this spread. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Modulation of alternative splicing during early infection of human primary B lymphocytes with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV): a novel function for the viral EBNA-LP protein.

Nucleic Acids Res 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

CIRI, Centre International de Recherche en Infectiologie, RNA Expression in Viruses and Eukaryotes Group, Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon I, INSERM U1111, CNRS UMR5308, ENS Lyon, Lyon F-69007, France.

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human herpesvirus associated with human cancers worldwide. Ex vivo, the virus efficiently infects resting human B lymphocytes and induces their continuous proliferation. This process is accompanied by a global reprogramming of cellular gene transcription. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Couple of Nonpolarized/Polarized Electrodes Building a New Universal Electrochemical Energy Storage System with an Impressive Energy Density.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Soft Matter Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China.

Herein, we propose a new concept of energy storage system composed of a nonpolarized electrode and a polarized electrode (PPE) with an impressive energy density. It offered nearly 4 times higher energy density than that of carbon-based supercapacitor. Among the suggested potential PPE system, we introduced an electrodeposited nanozinc on the copper foam as the nearly nonpolarized electrode and a Zn-2,5-dihydroxyterephthalic acid (DHTA) metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived activated porous carbon as a nearly polarized electrode in KOH-ZnO electrolyte to constitute the C|Zn PPE system prototype. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cognition-Enhanced Machine Learning for Better Predictions with Limited Data.

Top Cogn Sci 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Air Force Research Laboratory.

The fields of machine learning (ML) and cognitive science have developed complementary approaches to computationally modeling human behavior. ML's primary concern is maximizing prediction accuracy; cognitive science's primary concern is explaining the underlying mechanisms. Cross-talk between these disciplines is limited, likely because the tasks and goals usually differ. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Spanish nurses' experiences with personal protective equipment and perceptions of risk of contagion from COVID-19: A qualitative rapid appraisal.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

AFIN Research Group and Outreach Centre, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.

Aims And Objetives: Explore nurses' experiences and perception of risk regarding the use of personal protective equipment during the first wave of the pandemic in Spain.

Background: The contribution of our study is to use qualitative methods to understand nurses' experiences and perceptions of the risk of the contagion linked to the shortage of PPE during the first wave of the pandemic, whose explosive start strained health systems around the globe.

Design: Qualitative descriptive design according to the Rapid Research Evaluation and Appraisal model. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Attitudes, stressors and work outcomes related to the COVID-19 pandemic among dental assistants in Germany: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 15;11(9):e045881. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Institute of Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Centre for Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Duesseldorf, Dusseldorf, Germany

Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has posed great challenges to medical professionals worldwide. Dental assistants (DAs) are at exceptionally high risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2 due to frequent and close patient contact and involvement in various high-risk dental procedures. This study aimed to investigate attitudes, stressors and work outcomes among DAs from all over Germany at the peak of cases in spring 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Assessment of health equity consideration in masking/PPE policies to contain COVID-19 using PROGRESS-plus framework: a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 16;21(1):1682. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

School of Pharmacy, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

Introduction: There is increasing evidence that COVID-19 has unmasked the true magnitude of health inequity worldwide. Policies and guidance for containing the infection and reducing the COVID-19 related deaths have proven to be effective, however the extent to which health inequity factors were considered in these policies is rather unknown. The aim of this study is to measure the extent to which COVID-19 related policies reflect equity considerations by focusing on the global policy landscape around wearing masks and personal protection equipment (PPE). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Pyrolysis of polypropylene plastic waste into carbonaceous char: Priority of plastic waste management amidst COVID-19 pandemic.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Aug 26;803:149911. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia; Centre for Advanced Composite Materials (CACM), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM, Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia.

COVID-19 global pandemic, originated from Wuhan, resulted in a massive increase in the output of polypropylene (PP)-based personal protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare workers. The continuous demand of PPE across the world caused the PP based plastic wastes accumulation. Some alternative approaches that have been practiced apart from collecting the plastic waste in the landfills are incineration approach and open burning. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Video-Enhanced, Electronic Modality for Preparticipation Examination of Young Athletes.

Curr Sports Med Rep 2021 Sep;20(9):485-488

PRIVIT, Inc, London, Ontario, CANADA.

Abstract: We developed a video-enhanced preparticipation evaluation symptom questionnaire (the V-PPE), intended to help screen athletes for heart disease. We now report results of a pilot quality improvement study evaluating V-PPE's performance. In a prospective before-and-after study, approximately 5700 high-school athletes were prompted to voluntarily fill out the V-PPE questionnaire. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Assessing personal protective equipment needs for healthcare workers.

Health Sci Rep 2021 Sep 8;4(3):e370. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

School of Kinesiology Auburn University Auburn Alabama USA.

Background: Personal protective equipment (PPE) is critical for healthcare workers (HCWs) since it acts as a barrier to infection transmission; however, current PPE is not ideally suited to their needs due to limitations in protection and comfort. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify major issues of current PPE for body protection and assess its needs within health care.

Methods: An online survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 200 U. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder on health professionals in the era of COVID-19 pandemic, Northwest Ethiopia, 2020: A multi-centered cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(9):e0255340. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Pediatrics and Child Health Nursing, College of Health Science, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia.

Objective: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of post-traumatic stress disorder among health professionals working in South Gondar Zone hospitals in the era of the COVID-19 pandemic, Amhara Ethiopia 2020.

Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted. A total of 396 respondents completed the questionnaire and were included in the analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

COVID-19 and Brazilian healthcare professionals: a cross-sectional survey of perceptions and feelings during pandemics in one of the top three most-affected countries.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Aug 1. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

Laboratory of Innovations in Therapies, Education and Bioproducts, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (LITEB-IOC/Fiocruz), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Av. Brasil, 4365, Rio de Janeiro, BR.

Background: The importance of the health professionals is recognized for COVID-19 pandemic affected-countries, especially those such as Brazil, one of the top three countries more affected in the world. However, the perception of the stress on these workers and the changes that the pandemic has caused in their lives could vary according to the conditions offered by these affected countries, including salaries, individual protection equipment and psychological support.

Objective: Our purpose is to identify the perceptions of Brazilian health workers regarding the COVID-19 pandemic impact on their lives, including possible self-contamination and mental health. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Challenges to the orthopedic resident workforce during the first wave of COVID-19 pandemic: Lessons learnt from a global cross-sectional survey.

J Orthop 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

University Orthopedics, Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery Cluster (UOHC), National University Health System, 1E Kent Ridge Road, NUHS Tower Block Level 11, 119228, Singapore.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused unprecedented concerns on the safety, well-being, quality of life(QOL), and training of the orthopedic resident physician workforce worldwide. Although orthopedic residency programs across the globe have attempted to redefine resident roles, educational priorities, and teaching methods, the global orthopedic residents' perspective with regards to their safety, well-being, QOL, and training, taking into account regional variances remains unknown.

Methods: A 56-item-questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was conducted online during the COVID-19 pandemic involving 1193 orthopedic residents from 29 countries across six geographical regions to investigate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the well-being, safety, and training of orthopedic residents at a global level, as well as to analyze the challenges confronted by orthopedic residency programs around the world to safeguard and train their resident workforce during this period. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Lessons learnt from the rapid implementation of reusable personal protective equipment for COVID-19 in Malawi.

BMJ Glob Health 2021 09;6(9)

Clinical Infection, Microbiology and Immunology, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has challenged health systems and healthcare workers worldwide. Access to personal protective equipment (PPE) is essential to mitigate the risk of excess mortality in healthcare providers. In Malawi, the cost of PPE represents an additional drain on available resources. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Availability of personal protective equipment among dermatologists in the COVID-19 pandemic: Assessment and risk factors in a web-based, global study.

Clin Dermatol 2021 May-Jun;39(3):451-456. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Dermatology, Alpert Medical School, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The availability of personal protective equipment (PPE) among dermatologists during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has not been studied.

Methods: We have assessed PPE availability among dermatologists and relevant aspects of hospital service by surveying 733 dermatologists.

Results: Considerable percentages of respondents had to purchase their own PPE (40. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Reversal of elastase-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm following the delivery of nanoparticle-based pentagalloyl glucose (PGG) is associated with reduced inflammatory and immune markers.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Sep 10:174487. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, SC, 29634, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: An Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a deadly disease in elderly population, is featured by expansion of aortic diameter, degradation and weakening of vasculature. Its common and significant characteristics are disarray and inflammation in vasculature. We tested the hypothesis that the reversal of abdominal aortic aneurysm by pentagalloyl glucose-loaded nanoparticles (PGG-NPs) therapy that targets degraded elastin suppresses inflammatory and immune markers to ameliorate the pathophysiology of the disease in advance stage aneurysm in a porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE)-induced mouse model of AAA. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Prevention and control strategies for the post-pandemic era: finding a balance between COVID-19 and reviving medical service.

J Infect Dev Ctries 2021 08 31;15(8):1074-1079. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Hospital-Acquired Infection Control, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Introduction: Public life in China is gradually returning to normal with strong measures in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) control. Because of the long-term effects of COVID-19, medical institutions had to make timely adjustments to control policies and priorities to balance between COVID-19 prevention and daily medical services.

Methodology: The framework for infection prevention and control in the inpatient department was effectively organized at both hospital and department levels. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anthelmintic activity of pomegranate peel extract (Punica granatum) and synthetic anthelmintics against gastrointestinal nematodes in cattle, sheep, goats, and buffalos: in vivo study.

Parasitol Res 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, 11221, Egypt.

Parasitic gastroenteritis (PGE) is one of the most important parasitic diseases that causes economic losses and health problems in ruminants. PGE causes a drop in milk, meat, and wool production in addition to decreasing animal fertility and sometimes leading to animal death. Conventional anthelmintics used for animal treatment are expensive, especially for farmers in developing countries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Serosurvey for Health-Care Workers Provides Supportive Evidence for the Effectiveness of Hydroxychloroquine Prophylaxis against SARS-CoV-2 Infection.

J Epidemiol Glob Health 2021 09 23;11(3):283-288. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Pediatric Immunology and Leukocyte Biology, ICMR-National Institute of Immunohematology, 13th floor, New Multi-storeyed Building, KEM Hospital Complex, Parel, Mumbai 400012, India.

Background: The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has resulted in occupational exposure among Healthcare Workers (HCWs) and a high risk of nosocomial transmission. Asymptomatic infection and transmission of infection before the development of symptoms are well-recognized factors contributing to the spread of infection. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study to understand the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among HCWs and to verify the appropriateness of infection control measures, particularly Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) prophylaxis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Materials in Advanced Design of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): A Review.

Mater Today Adv 2021 Sep 8:100171. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Research Center for Smart Wearable Technology, Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 999077, Hong Kong, China.

The outbreak of Covid-19 pandemic has aroused tremendous attention towards personal protective equipment (PPE) in both scientific research and industrial manufacture. Despite decades of development in PPE design and fabrication, there's still much room for further optimization, in terms of both protection performance and wear comfort. Interdisciplinary efforts have been devoted in this research field in recent years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Lessons Learned During the Pandemic: Correlation of QT Intervals Between Telemetry and 12-Lead Electrocardiogram.

Cureus 2021 Aug 4;13(8):e16877. Epub 2021 Aug 4.

Heart and Vascular Center, MetroHealth Medical Center/Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA.

Background and objective QT prolongation is associated with an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias. Since some patients on contact or droplet precautions require QT-prolonging medications, monitoring the QT interval may become imperative to prevent fatal arrhythmias. To limit the exposure of staff to patients during and even after the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and judiciously use personal protective equipment (PPE), it is important to find alternatives to frequent 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECG). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Knowledge about COVID-19 and pandemic impact on Madrid dental students (Spain).

J Clin Exp Dent 2021 Aug 1;13(8):e762-e768. Epub 2021 Aug 1.

MD, DDS, PhD. Associate Professor. Department of Dental Clinical Specialties, Faculty of Dentistry, Complutense University of Madrid, Spain.

Background: COVID-19 has had a major impact on dental activity, with implications on dental education. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge about it and the pandemic impact on Spanish dental students.

Material And Methods: An observational and cross-sectional study with a 17-items questionnaire was conducted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Antimicrobial Effect of Pomegranate Peel Extract versus Chlorhexidine in High Caries Risk Individuals Using Quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction: A Randomized Triple-Blind Controlled Clinical Trial.

Int J Dent 2021 30;2021:5563945. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Velappanchavady, Poonamalle High Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600077, India.

The aim of the present study was to compare the antibacterial effectiveness of chlorhexidine and PPE oral rinse on , , and , in clinical salivary samples of patients with advanced stages of dental caries at baseline and two and four weeks with PCR technique. This triple-blind randomized clinical trial involved 60 high caries risk adult patients, 19-59 years of age, randomly allocated into two groups of 30 subjects each. The intervention group received pomegranate peel extract mouthwash, whereas the control group received chlorhexidine mouthwash. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Psychological Problems in a Sample of Jordanian Healthcare Workers Involved in Caring for Patients With COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:679785. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Faculty of Nursing/Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, Zarqa Private University, Zarqa, Jordan.

To explore the psychological problems (stress, depression, and anxiety) and the level of resilience among frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) who provide care for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Additionally, the current study identified the correlation among these problems, resilience, and demographics of participants. The study explored the main predictors of stress, depression, anxiety, and resilience. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nanotechnology-Based Approach to Combat Pandemic COVID 19: A Review.

Macromol Symp 2021 Jun 17;397(1):2000336. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Chemistry Amity Institute of Applied Sciences Amity University Sector-125 Noida Uttar Pradesh 201313 India.

The emergence of a novel Corona virus (COVID 19) originated on December 19 from China. The city of Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei province, China, is responsible for an outbreak of respiratory illness known as COVID 19 and it has been rapidly spread across the world claiming millions of lives. The sudden outbreak of novel Coronavirus, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2 or 2019-nCoV), is a big concern for their speedy mitigation using the predictable treatment and creating its approach around the world. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Patients, procedures, and PPE: Safe office-based anesthesia recommendations in the COVID-19 era.

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2021 Oct 20;35(3):415-424. Epub 2020 Nov 20.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, USA; Institute for Safety in Office-Based Surgery, Boston, MA, USA.

The growth of office-based surgery (OBS) has been due to ease of scheduling and convenience for patients; office-based anesthesia safety continues to be well supported in the literature. In 2020, the Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) has resulted in dramatic shifts in healthcare, especially in the office-based setting. The goal of closing the economy was to flatten the curve, impacting office-based and ambulatory practices. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Framework for creating an incident command center during crises.

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2021 Oct 16;35(3):377-388. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Department of Anesthesiology, LSU Health Shreveport, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71103, USA. Electronic address:

The Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) is an incident management system specific to hospitals based on the principles of Incident Command System (ICS), and it includes prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery. It plays a crucial role in effective and timely response during the periods of disasters, mass casualties, and public health emergencies. In recent times, hospitals have used a customized HICS structure to coordinate effective responses to public health problems such as the Ebola outbreak in the US and SARS epidemic in Taiwan. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Principles of supply chain management in the time of crisis.

Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2021 Oct 16;35(3):369-376. Epub 2020 Nov 16.

Departments of Anesthesiology and Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Neurosciences, LSU Health Shreveport, 1501 Kings Highway, Shreveport, LA 71103, USA. Electronic address:

Hospitals face catastrophic financial challenges in light of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Acute shortages in materials such as masks, ventilators, intensive care unit capacity, and personal protective equipment (PPE) are a significant concern. The future success of supply chain management involves increasing the transparency of where our raw materials are sourced, diversifying of our product resources, and improving our technology that is able to predict potential shortages. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021