12,645 results match your criteria posttransplant

Abdominal Panniculectomy Can Simplify Kidney Transplantation in Obese Patients.

Urol Int 2021 Jun 15:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery and Laboratory for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine, University Hospital Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany.

Background: Obesity is frequently present in patients suffering from end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, overweight kidney transplant candidates are a challenge for the transplant surgeon. Obese patients tend to develop a large abdominal panniculus after weight loss creating an area predisposed to wound-healing disorders. Read More

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De Novo Inflammatory Bowel Disease Rarely Occurs During Posttransplant Immunosuppression.

Am J Clin Pathol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pathology, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Objectives: De novo chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (CIIBD) is reported to occur at higher rates in posttransplant patients than that of the general population. The previous reports, however, included patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), a known association with CIIBD. Hence, we investigated how often posttransplant de novo CIIBD occurs in the absence of PSC. Read More

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Karnofsky Performance Score-Failure to Thrive as a Frailty Proxy?

Transplant Direct 2021 Jul 8;7(7):e708. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA.

Among patients listed for kidney transplantation, the Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) Scale has been used as a proxy for frailty and proposed as a predictor of long-term posttransplant outcomes. The KPS is required by the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network for all transplants; however, the interrater reliability of KPS reporting in kidney transplant candidates has not been well investigated, and there is concern regarding limitations of using KPS that may influence transplant eligibility.

Methods: We performed an observational study using existing Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients data from 2006 to 2020 to examine the variability, reliability, and trends in the KPS among patients on the kidney transplant waitlist. Read More

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Impact of Subclinical and Clinical Kidney Allograft Rejection Within 1 Year Posttransplantation Among Compatible Transplant With Steroid Withdrawal Protocol.

Transplant Direct 2021 Jul 8;7(7):e706. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Medicine, Thomas E Starzl Transplantation Institute, Pittsburgh, PA.

Early acute kidney rejection remains an important clinical issue.

Methods: The current study included 552 recipients who had 1-2 surveillance or indication biopsy within the 1 y posttransplant. We evaluated the impact of type of allograft inflammation on allograft outcome. Read More

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Cumulative Deficits Frailty Index Predicts Outcomes for Solid Organ Transplant Candidates.

Transplant Direct 2021 Mar 22;7(3):e677. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Ajmera Transplant Centre, Toronto General Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Despite comprehensive multidisciplinary candidacy assessments to determine appropriateness for solid organ transplantation, limitations persist in identifying candidates at risk of adverse outcomes. Frailty measures may help inform candidacy evaluation. Our main objective was to create a solid organ transplant frailty index (FI), using the cumulative deficits model, from data routinely collected during candidacy assessments. Read More

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Risk of Lung Allograft Dysfunction Associated With Infection.

Transplant Direct 2021 Mar 18;7(3):e675. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Service de Chirurgie Thoracique, Vasculaire et Transplantation Cardio-pulmonaire, Hôpital Marie-Lannelongue, Le Plessis-Robinson, France.

We sought to determine whether invasive aspergillosis (IA) during the first year after lung transplantation increased the risk of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 191 patients who underwent lung transplantation at our institution between January 2013 and December 2017. Screening for was with bronchial aspirates, bronchoalveolar lavage if indicated or during surveillance bronchoscopy, radiography, and computed tomography. Read More

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Deep Learning-Based Quantification of Visceral Fat Volumes Predicts Posttransplant Diabetes Mellitus in Kidney Transplant Recipients.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 25;8:632097. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Because obesity is associated with the risk of posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM), the precise estimation of visceral fat mass before transplantation may be helpful. Herein, we addressed whether a deep-learning based volumetric fat quantification on pretransplant computed tomographic images predicted the risk of PTDM more precisely than body mass index (BMI). We retrospectively included a total of 718 nondiabetic kidney recipients who underwent pretransplant abdominal computed tomography. Read More

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Parental limited English proficiency in pediatric stem cell transplantation: Clinical impact and health care utilization.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Jun 9:e29174. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Hematologic Malignancies and Cellular Therapy, Duke Cancer Institute, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Limited English proficiency (LEP) is associated with adverse clinical outcomes. The clinical impact of LEP in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) has not been studied. The objectives of this study were to compare HSCT outcomes and health care utilization of Hispanic pediatric patients with and without parental LEP. Read More

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Percutaneous Transhepatic Single-Operator Cholangioscopy-Guided Intraductal Stone Therapy in a Liver Transplant Patient With Ischemic Cholangiopathy.

ACG Case Rep J 2021 Jun 7;8(6):e00595. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, WI.

Ischemic cholangiopathy is a feared complication after liver transplantation. We present a 68-year-old man who is status postorthotopic liver transplant from a donation after cardiac death. His posttransplant course was complicated by the development of a biliary anastomotic stricture, ischemic cholangiopathy, biloma, recurrent cholangitis, and intrahepatic stones. Read More

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Use of high-dose mesna and hyperhydration leads to lower incidence of hemorrhagic cystitis after posttransplant cyclophosphamide-based allogeneic transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope, Duarte, CA, USA.

Currently, there is no consensus on best practices to prevent hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in patients receiving posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy). We retrospectively reviewed 194 patients undergoing their first hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) who received PTCy from 2014 to 2018 to describe the incidence and severity of HC, identify potential risk factors, and impact of HC on HCT outcomes. Standard HC prophylaxis was hyperhydration with forced diuresis and mesna at 320% the daily dose of PTCy. Read More

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IL-7 and IL-15 Levels Reflect the Degree of T Cell Depletion during Lymphopenia and Are Associated with an Expansion of Effector Memory T Cells after Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

J Immunol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and Primary Immune Deficiency, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Differentially and functionally distinct T cell subsets are involved in the development of complications after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), but little is known about factors regulating their recovery after HSCT. In this study, we investigated associations between immune-regulating cytokines, T cell differentiation, and clinical outcomes. We included 80 children undergoing allogeneic HSCT for acute leukemia using bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cells grafted from a matched sibling or unrelated donor. Read More

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Non-HDL cholesterol is an independent predictor of long-term cardiovascular outcomes in patients with dyslipidemia after renal transplantation.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 9:e14465. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Acıbadem International Hospital, Department of Nephrology and Transplantation, İstanbul, Turkey.

Background: Posttransplant dyslipidemia is a common condition in renal transplantation recipients (RTR) and is related to poor cardiac outcomes. We aimed to demonstrate the value of non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) in predicting long-term major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) in RTR with dyslipidemia.

Methods: Patients who had undergone renal transplantation between 2011 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed and were classified as normal non-HDL-C and high non-HDL-C groups based on first year levels. Read More

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Peer Mentoring as an Avenue to Explore in Kidney Transplantation: Kidney Transplant Recipients' Perspectives on Peer Mentoring.

Transplant Direct 2021 Mar 18;7(3):e672. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Université de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada.

Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) face numerous challenges following transplantation. Given that healthcare professionals do not necessarily have first-hand experience living with or waiting for a transplant, it may be hard for them to communicate with and help patients when it comes to transplant-related issues. KTRs have experiential knowledge, which could enable them to help other patients going through similar situations. Read More

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Post-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation viral reactivations and viremias: a focused review on human herpesvirus-6, BK virus and adenovirus.

Ther Adv Infect Dis 2021 Jan-Dec;8:20499361211018027. Epub 2021 May 24.

Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, UMass Memorial Medical Center, 55 Lake Avenue North, Worcester, MA, 01655, USA.

Human cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus have been recognized as potential drivers of morbidity and mortality of patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation for years. Specific protocols for monitoring, prophylaxis and pre-emptive therapy are in place in many transplant settings. In this review, we focus on the next three most frequent viruses, human herpesvirus-6, BK virus and adenovirus, causing reactivation and/or viremia after allogeneic transplant, which are increasingly detected in patients in the post-transplant period owing to emerging techniques of molecular biology, recipients' characteristics, treatment modalities used for conditioning and factors related donors or stem cell source. Read More

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Effects of renal transplantation on erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Impot Res 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Urology, Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a major global health burden commonly observed in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although renal transplantation improves the problem in some patients, it persists in ≈20-50% of recipients. Studies regarding the effects of kidney transplantation on ED present contradictory findings. Read More

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Degree of foot process effacement in patients with genetic focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: a single-center analysis and review of the literature.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 8;11(1):12008. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, School of Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan.

Determining the cause of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) has crucial implications for evaluating the risk of posttransplant recurrence. The degree of foot process effacement (FPE) on electron micrographs (EM) of native kidney biopsies can reportedly differentiate primary FSGS from secondary FSGS. However, no systematic evaluation of FPE in genetic FSGS has been performed. Read More

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Relationship of transitional regulatory B and regulatory T cells and immunosuppressive drug doses in stable renal transplant recipients.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Transplantation Immunology, Institute of Immunology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Objectives: Regulatory B cells (Bregs) and T cells (Tregs) are thought to be involved in the regulation of graft acceptance in renal transplant recipients. However, mechanisms that affect Breg differentiation and interaction with Tregs are rather unclear.

Methods: Using eight-color-fluorescence flow cytometry, Tregs and CD19+ CD24hiCD38hi Bregs were analyzed in whole blood samples of 80 stable kidney transplant recipients, 20 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and 32 healthy controls (HC). Read More

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Correlation of Chronic Histologic Changes on Preimplantation Frozen Section Biopsy With Transplant Outcomes After Deceased Donor Kidney Transplantation.

Arch Pathol Lab Med 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

From the Department of Medicine (Ninan, Nair, Heilman), Mayo Clinic Arizona Phoenix, Arizona.

Context.—: It is unclear if preimplantation frozen section biopsy correlates with outcomes after deceased donor kidney transplantation.

Objective. Read More

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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation During Induction Treatment With Rabbit-Derived Antithymocyte Globulin For Kidney Transplant.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

From the Department of Pharmacy Services and Clinical Pharmacy, Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan Health System and University of Michigan College of Pharmacy, Michigan, USA.

Rabbit antithymocyte globulin is a lymphocytedepleting agent commonly used as induction therapy in kidney transplants. Although its use is generally safe and well tolerated, serious side effects can occur. Here, we describe a case of a severe immune complex hypersensitivity reaction with disseminated intravascular coagulation in response to rabbit antithymocyte globulin infusion. Read More

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Evaluation of Clinical Neuropathy After Living Donor Liver Transplant.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

From the Department of Pharmacy, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, Taiwan.

Objectives: Neurologic complications are more common in liver transplants than in other solid-organ transplants. One such neurologic complication, peripheral neuropathy, may cause functional limitations for recipients and have a negative effect on posttransplant quality of life. We aimed to examine the risk factors associated with the occurrence of clinical neuropathy after liver transplant and to investigate the frequency of sensory deficits. Read More

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Intraoperative Factors Associated With Early Recipient Death After Adult-to-Adult Living Donor Liver Transplant.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

From the Department of Surgery, Great Western Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Swindon, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Living donor liver transplant is the gold standard therapy for patients with terminal hepatic disorders for whom no alternative therapy is available. The primary aim was to assess different intraoperative factors that may predict early death after adult-to-adult living donor liver transplant. The secondary aim was to assess the effect of small-for-size syndrome on mortality. Read More

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Combining Donor and Recipient Age With Preoperative MELD and UKELD Scores for Predicting Survival After Liver Transplantation.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Jun;19(6):570-579

From the Department of HPB Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Royal Free Hospital, Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; and the Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK.

Objectives: The end-stage liver disease scoring systems MELD, UKELD, and D-MELD (donor age × MELD) have had mediocre results for survival assessment after orthotopic liver transplant. Here, we introduced new indices based on preoperative MELD and UKELDscores and assessed their predictive ability on survival posttransplant.

Materials And Methods: We included 1017 deceased donor orthotopic liver transplants that were performed between 2008 (the year UKELD was introduced) and 2019. Read More

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Posttransplant Diabetes Mellitus Incidence and Risk Factors in Adult Liver Transplantation Recipients.

Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) 2020 Oct-Dec;16(4):449-453

Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine - General Surgery, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: Posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a metabolic complication that usually occurs after liver transplantation (LT) due to immunosuppression. In this study, our aim was to identify PTDM incidence after LT in our center and the potential risk factors.

Materials And Methods: In this study, 238 adult LT patients were evaluated in terms of PTDM development. Read More

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis in solid organ transplant donors and recipients.

Curr Opin Organ Transplant 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Section of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, UC Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Due to impaired immune response, solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are susceptible to tuberculosis (TB) and its subsequent morbidity and mortality. Current prevention strategies, diagnostic and treatment approach to TB infection in donors and recipients were reviewed in this article.

Recent Findings: Screening of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in donors and recipients is the cornerstone of TB-preventive strategy in recipients and requires an assessment of TB risk factors, TB-specific immunity testing, and radiographic evaluation. Read More

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Comparison of Upfront Transplantation and Pretransplant Cytoreductive Therapy for Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, China; Department of Hematology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China; Department of Hematology and Oncology, International Cancer Center, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Precision Medicine for Hematological Malignancies, Shenzhen University General Hospital, Shenzhen University Clinical Medical Academy, Shenzhen University Health Science Center, Shenzhen, China. Electronic address:

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the only curative therapy for advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). However, the value of pretransplant cytoreduction remains debatable.

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively compared the outcomes of upfront transplantation and pretransplant cytoreduction. Read More

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Therapeutic Use of Valproic Acid and All-Trans Retinoic Acid in Acute Myeloid Leukemia-Literature Review and Discussion of Possible Use in Relapse after Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation.

Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 2021 May 2;14(5). Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, N-5021 Bergen, Norway.

Even though allogeneic stem cell transplantation is the most intensive treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chemo-resistant leukemia relapse is still one of the most common causes of death for these patients, as is transplant-related mortality, i.e., graft versus host disease, infections, and organ damage. Read More

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Transmission of malaria from donors to solid organ transplant recipients: A case report and literature review.

Transpl Infect Dis 2021 May 31:e13660. Epub 2021 May 31.

Division of Transplant Surgery, Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia.

Malaria is a febrile and potentially fatal infection. It is typically transmitted to humans through the bite of Anopheles mosquitoes and less frequently can be contracted through blood transfusions, sharing contaminated needles and syringes, mother-to-child transmission, or after solid organ transplantation (SOT). Posttransplant malaria has rarely been reported in the literature, even in endemic areas. Read More

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Third retransplantation using a whole liver graft for late graft failure from hepatic vein stent stenosis in a pediatric patient who underwent split liver retransplantation.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2021 May;25(2):299-306

Department of Pediatrics, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

We present a case of third retransplantation using a whole liver graft in a 13-year-old girl who suffered graft failure and hepatopulmonary syndrome following split liver retransplantation with endovascular stenting of the hepatic and portal veins as an infant. She was diagnosed with biliary atresia-polysplenia syndrome, and thus underwent living donor liver transplantation from her mother at 9 months of age. The first liver graft failed due to stenosis of the portal vein. Read More

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Clinical Effects of COVID-19 on Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Outcomes in Pediatric Patients.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 05;19(5):501-507

From the Pediatric Cell and Gene Therapy Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; and the Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Department, Children's Hospital, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria.

Coronavirus disease 2019 is the third zoonotic acute respiratory disease after SARS virus and Middle East respiratory syndrome. Most cases are mild in healthy children. In contrast, the infection is more severe in patients with underlying health conditions. Read More

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High-Intensity Training for 6 Months Safely, but Only Temporarily, Improves Exercise Capacity in Selected Solid Organ Transplant Recipients.

Transplant Proc 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Transplantation, Laboratory of Abdominal Transplantation, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; Department of Abdominal Transplant Surgery, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Organ transplantation is a life-saving intervention that improves quality of life of patients with irreversible organ failure. Although exercise training immediately after transplantation has been suggested to be beneficial, such interventions remain rare in stable transplant recipients, whereas effects of high-intensity training (HIT) are even less frequently investigated. Moreover, sustainability of such interventions has not yet been reported. Read More

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