114,379 results match your criteria postoperative pain


Comparison of clinical outcomes after transforaminal interbody fusion using cortical bone trajectory versus percutaneous pedicle screw fixation.

World Neurosurg 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo College of Medicine, Mukogawa-cho 1-1, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8501, Japan.

Objective: The study aim was to compare clinical outcomes between patients undergoing transforaminal interbody fusion (TLIF) using percutaneous pedicle screw (PPS) and cortical bone trajectory (CBT) by a single surgeon.

Methods: This was a retrospective matched-cohort study of 77 patients (mean age: 71.7 years, 56% female) who underwent TLIF using CBT or PPS. Read More

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Intravenous tranexamic acid reduce postoperative drainage and pain after open elbow arthrolysis: A randomized controlled trial.

J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Orthopedics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Background: Open elbow arthrolysis (OEA), which has become an established treatment for post-traumatic elbow stiffness (PTES), requires complete release of contracture tissue and wide excision of ectopic bone, which results in extensive bleeding. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of intravenous tranexamic acid (TXA) on postoperative drainage, calculated blood loss and early clinical outcomes in patients undergoing OEA.

Methods: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial including 96 patients undergoing OEA was undertaken. Read More

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Sex Differences, Sleep Disturbance and Risk of Persistent Pain Associated With Groin Hernia Surgery: A Nationwide Register-Based Cohort Study.

J Pain 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Persistent pain after groin hernia repair is a major health problem. Sleep disturbance is associated with heightened pain sensitivity. The main objective of this study was to examine the role of sleep disturbance in the development and long-term maintenance of chronic postherniorrhaphy inguinal pain (CPIP), with exploration of sex differences. Read More

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Establishing the Minimal Clinically Important Difference and Patient-Acceptable Symptomatic State after Arthroscopic Meniscal Repair and Associated Variables for Achievement.

Arthroscopy 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Rush University Medical Center Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to establish the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and patient-acceptable symptomatic state (PASS) after arthroscopic meniscal repair and identify the factors associated with achieving these outcomes.

Methods: This is a retrospective study with prospectively collected data. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) were collected from April 2017 to March 2020. Read More

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Maternal haemodynamics during labour epidural analgesia with and without adrenaline.

Scand J Pain 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Anaesthesia, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog, Norway.

Objectives: Labour is one of the most painful experiences in a woman's life. Epidural analgesia using low-concentration local anaesthetics and lipophilic opioids is the gold standard for pain relief during labour. Pregnancy in general, particularly labour, is associated with changes in maternal haemodynamic variables, such as cardiac output and heart rate, which increase and peak during uterine contractions. Read More

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Pain and rehabilitation after total hip arthroplasty are approach dependent: a multisurgeon, single-center, prospective cohort study.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

ARCUS Sportklinik Pforzheim, Rastatterstr. 17-19, 75179, Pforzheim, Germany.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess perioperative pain and mobilization after total hip arthroplasty (THA) using three different surgical approaches.

Methods: This was a multisurgeon, prospective, single-center cohort study. A total of 188 patients who underwent hip arthroplasty (THA) between February 2019 and April 2019 were analyzed according to the surgical approach used (direct anterior, lateral, and posterior approach). Read More

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Difference in postoperative opioid consumption after spinal vs. general anaesthesia for ankle fracture surgery - a retrospective cohort study.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Research Group of Surgery, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical Research Center, Oulu University, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland.

Background: Surgical treatment of ankle fracture is associated with significant pain and high postoperative opioid consumption. The anaesthesia method may affect early postoperative pain. The main objective of the study was to compare postoperative opioid consumption after ankle-fracture surgery between patients treated with spinal anaesthesia and general anaesthesia. Read More

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Full-Endoscopic Oblique Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Technical Note With 1-Year Follow-Up.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Desert Institute for Spine Care, Phoenix, Arizona; Executive Director International Intradiscal Therapy Society, Phoenix, Arizona.

Background: Oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (OLLIF) is a minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion procedure using a bullet-shaped polyetheretherketone (PEEK) nonexpandable fusion cage modified to diminish risk to the exiting nerve root during posterolateral implantation through the Kambin safe zone under fluoroscopic guidance. The objective of this study was to present feasibility of this procedure and 1-year clinical outcome data.

Methods: The authors present a prospective cohort study of 20 patients who underwent fluoroscopy-guided and full-endoscopic OLLIF in 22 segments allowing protection of the exiting nerve root from January 2018 to March 2019. Read More

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Five-Year Outcomes After Transforaminal Endoscopic Foraminotomy and Discectomy for Soft and Calcified Thoracic Disc Herniations.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

The Spinal Foundation, 17 Harley Street, London W1G 9QH.

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and long-term clinical outcomes of transforaminal full endoscopic discectomy and foraminotomy performed with manual reamers under local anesthesia on soft and calcified herniated discs in the mid and lower thoracic spine.

Methods: Postoperative pain relief was self-evaluated by 16 patients using a visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Patients were scored at 6, 12, 24, and 60 months after surgery. Read More

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Preoperative and Postoperative Sagittal Alignment and Compensatory Mechanisms in Patients With Posttraumatic Thoracolumbar Deformities Who Undergo Corrective Surgeries.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Clínica Alemana - Universidad del Desarrollo, , Santiago, Chile.

Background: Secondary posttraumatic spinal kyphosis is a fixed deformity that has an asymptomatic presentation in most patients, but in some, persistent pain and disability can develop refractory to conservative treatment, which may result in the need for corrective surgery. Our aim was to analyze the modification of sagittal alignment and the variation in compensation mechanisms of spinal-pelvic segments before and after surgical correction in a group of patients with symptomatic posttraumatic kyphosis.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 16 consecutive patients from the beginning of 2007 until the beginning of 2017 who underwent surgery due to thoracolumbar sagittal deformities was performed. Read More

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Influence of Patellar Morphology Classified by Wiberg Classification on Knee Joint Function and Patellofemoral Tracking After Total Knee Arthroplasty Without Patellar Resurfacing.

J Arthroplasty 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Orthopaedics, Fuyang Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Fuyang, Anhui Province, China.

Background: To evaluate the influence of patellar morphology on knee joint function and patellofemoral tracking in patients with primary osteoarthritis after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without patellar resurfacing.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 156 patients with primary osteoarthritis who underwent TKA without patellar resurfacing from April 2018 to July 2019. As per Wiberg classification, patients were divided into Wiberg type I (group A, n = 38), II (group B, n = 88), and III (group C, n = 30) groups. Read More

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Pheochromocytoma presenting as an authentic small vessel vasculitis and complicated with pulmonary embolism: An original presentation.

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Service de médecine interne, Hôpital Mongi Slim La Marsa, Tunis, Tunisia.

Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma can be simple when classic manifestations are present. It can also be challenging and complicated in some cases because of its wide array of faces and presentations. We present a case of a 30-year-old female patient who came with acute respiratory distress, chest pain, hemoptysis, asthenia, anorexia, weight loss of 20kg, and paresthesia in her lower limbs. Read More

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Epiphyseal enchondroma masking as osteoid osteoma: a case report.

Eur J Med Res 2021 May 7;26(1):42. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Rehabilitation, Hebei Provincial Academic of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang, 050000, Hebei, China.

Background: Enchondromas originating in the epiphyses of long bones are rare and epiphyseal osteoid osteomas are also uncommon. Diagnosis can become elusive when enchondromas or osteoid osteomas occur in atypical locations and present with nonspecific clinical and imaging characteristics.

Case Presentation: We report a case of epiphyseal enchondroma of the left proximal femur in a 15-year-old girl with a 2-month history of left lower extremity pain. Read More

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Monitoring of patients with microdialysis following pancreaticoduodenectomy-the MINIMUM study: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 May 7;22(1):329. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Anesthesiology, Division of Emergencies and Critical Care, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Postboks 4950 Nydalen, 0424, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Postoperative pancreatic fistula after pancreatoduodenectomy is a much-feared complication associated with substantial mortality and morbidity. The current standard for diagnosing postoperative pancreatic fistula, besides routine clinical examination, include radiological examinations, analysis of pancreatic drain amylase activity, and routine blood samples. Another promising method is by intraperitoneal microdialysis to monitor intraperitoneal metabolites measured at the pancreaticojejunostomy, thereby detecting what occurs locally, before chemical events can be reflected as measurable changes in systemic blood levels. Read More

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Mechanism and risk factors of nausea and vomiting after TACE: a retrospective analysis.

BMC Cancer 2021 May 7;21(1):513. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Radiology, Wuhan Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Jiefang Avenue #1277, Wuhan, 430022, China.

Purpose: The mechanism of postoperative nausea and vomiting after TACE is not clear. This study retrospectively analyzed the patient data to explore the mechanism and risk factors of postoperative nausea and vomiting after TACE.

Materials And Methods: The data of 221 patients who underwent TACE in the interventional department from January 2019 to December 2020 were collected. Read More

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Disparities in outcomes after spine surgery: a Michigan Spine Surgery Improvement Collaborative study.

J Neurosurg Spine 2021 May 7:1-9. Epub 2021 May 7.

1Department of Neurosurgery, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit.

Objective: Most studies on racial disparities in spine surgery lack data granularity to control for both comorbidities and self-assessment metrics. Analyses from large, multicenter surgical registries can provide an enhanced platform for understanding different factors that influence outcome. In this study, the authors aimed to determine the effects of race on outcomes after lumbar surgery, using patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in 3 areas: the North American Spine Society patient satisfaction index, the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) on the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for low-back pain, and return to work. Read More

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Enhanced Recovery After Surgery strategies for elective craniotomy: a systematic review.

J Neurosurg 2021 May 7:1-25. Epub 2021 May 7.

1Machine Intelligence in Clinical Neuroscience (MICN) Laboratory, Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Neuroscience Center, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Objective: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) has led to a paradigm shift in perioperative care through multimodal interventions. Still, ERAS remains a relatively new concept in neurosurgery, and there is no summary of evidence on ERAS applications in cranial neurosurgery.

Methods: The authors systematically reviewed the literature using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library databases for ERAS protocols and elements. Read More

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A case report of necrotizing soft tissue infection of the chest wall: Effective management with serial debridement.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;82:105908. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery II, Hokkaido University Faculty of Medicine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

Introduction: Necrotizing soft tissue infection (NSTI) of the chest wall is a rare, rapidly spreading, highly lethal surgical disease. Radical debridement interferes with the important anatomical function of the chest wall. We report a case of chest wall NSTI that was successfully managed with early diagnosis and serial debridement. Read More

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Preoperative Modified Spermatic Cord Block PREDICTS SUCCESS in Candidates for Microscopic Spermatic cord denervation.

Urology 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Urology, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA; Department of Urology, United Health Services, Johnson City, NY, USA.

Objective: To examine the utility of a modified spermatic cord block (MSCB) that targets known contributors to refractory chronic scrotal content pain (CSCP) at predicting postoperative pain relief following a microscopic spermatic cord denervation (MSCD).

Methods: A MSCB was performed in all patients with refractory CSCP. This was performed by injecting anesthetic circumferentially around the vas deferens and over the external ring. Read More

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Low dose of methylprednisolone for pain and immune function after thoracic surgery.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Anesthesiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of single low-dose preoperative methylprednisolone (MP) on the immunological function and postoperative pain of patients undergoing elective video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery under general anesthesia.

Methods: Eighty-one patients who underwent elective video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery were randomly assigned to the MP Group or the Control Group. The T lymphocyte subsets of CD3, CD4, and CD8, the CD4/CD8 ratio at T (before anesthesia), T (after surgery), and T (24 h after surgery) were all recorded. Read More

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Percutaneous Cryoneurolysis for Acute Pain Management: Current Status and Future Prospects.

Expert Rev Med Devices 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

University of California San Diego, Department of Anesthesiology, San Diego, California.

Introduction: Conventional nerve blocks utilize local anesthetic drugs to provide pain relief for hours or days following surgery or trauma. However, postoperative and trauma pain can last weeks or months. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cryoneurolysis is an anesthetic modality that offers substantially longer pain relief compared to local anesthetic-based nerve blocks. Read More

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Synthesis of a PVA drug delivery system for controlled release of a Tramadol-Dexketoprofen combination.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2021 May 7;32(5):56. Epub 2021 May 7.

Facultad de Odontología, Región Orizaba-Córdoba, Universidad Veracruzana, Abasolo Sur, SN, Tenango de Río Blanco, 94732, Veracruz, México.

The local administration of analgesic combinations by means of degradable polymeric drug delivery systems is an alternative for the management of postoperative pain. We formulated a Tramadol-Dexketoprofen combination (TDC) loaded in poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) film. Films were prepared by the solvent casting method using three different molecular weights of PVA and crosslinking those films with citric acid, with the objective of controlling the drug release rate, which was evaluated by UV-vis spectrometry. Read More

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Radiofrequency ablation and balloon kyphoplasty for palliation of painful spinal metastases.

Eur Spine J 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Spine Center, Helios Hospitals Erfurt, Nordhaeuser Street 74, 99089, Erfurt, Germany.

Purpose: This study was designed with an aim to assess the safety and early postoperative outcomes of the combined Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and Balloon Kyphoplasty (BKP) used for the treatment of painful neoplastic spinal lesions palliatively.

Patients And Methods: Between December 2015 and December 2018, 60 patients (35 men and 25 women) with spinal metastases were operated using RFA and BKP at our institution. Transpedicular biopsy was performed in all cases. Read More

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The impact of loco-regional anaesthesia on postoperative opioid use in elderly hip fracture patients: an observational study.

Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Anesthesiology, Luzerner Kantonsspital, Luzern, Switzerland.

Purpose: Hip fractures are a common health problem among the elderly with an increasing incidence. They are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Optimal pain management remains challenging and inadequate pain control is known for negatively affecting outcomes. Read More

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Comparison of Clinical Features and Serum Parameters of Culture-Positive Children with Culture-Negative Children in Septic Arthritis and Acute Osteomyelitis.

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2021 ;88(2):131-136

Umraniye Training and Research Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Umraniye/Istanbul, Turkey.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of this study was to investigate the culture results of children undergoing debridement for suspected septic arthritis or acute osteomyelitis and to compare the laboratory parameters and clinical characteristics of culture-positive and culture-negative patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who underwent surgery in our hospital for septic arthritis and acute osteomyelitis between 2011 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Seventy-two of 96 patients were included in the study. Read More

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January 2021

[Revision ACL Reconstruction in Our Study Population].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2021 ;88(2):124-130

Klinika dětské a dospělé ortopedie a traumatologie 2. lékařské fakulty Univerzity Karlovy a Fakultní nemocnice v Motole, Praha.

INTRODUCTION The authors present the long-term clinical outcomes of revision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The aim was to compare the surgical technique with respect to the clinical outcomes within 3 years postoperatively. MATERIAL AND METHODS The clinical evaluation of revision anterior cruciate ligament reconstructions performed at our department in 2002-2017 was carried out. Read More

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January 2021

[Simultaneous Bilateral Femoral Osteotomies in Neurogenic Hip Instability: a Feasibility Study].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2021 ;88(2):95-100

Oddělení ortopedie a traumatologie, AGEL Středomoravská nemocniční a.s., Nemocnice Přerov.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study aimed to evaluate the intraoperative and early postoperative response to simultaneous bilateral femoral osteotomy usually accompanied by soft tissue release of hip joints, or open reduction, capsuloplasty, pelvic osteotomy or extraarticular shelf procedure. MATERIAL AND METHODS A bilateral surgery was performed in 16 children. Twelve children suffered from (spastic) cerebral palsy and there was one case of paralytic dislocation in a patient with myelomeningocele, while the remaining patients suffered from chromosome I aberrations, Dandy-Walker syndrome and merosin-deficient muscular dystrophy. Read More

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January 2021

Benefits of Early Ambulation in Elderly Patients Undergoing Lumbar Decompression and Fusion Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Orthop Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Spine Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of early ambulation on elderly patients' postoperative physical functional outcomes, complications, 90-day readmission rate, and the length of postoperative hospital stay.

Methods: This is a prospective cohort study conducted between June 2019 and December 2019. The study enrolled 86 elderly patients (39 males) with newly diagnosed lumbar degenerative disease undergoing single-segment decompression and fusion surgerywere enrolled. Read More

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Evaluation of Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Postoperative Infections in Living Liver Donors.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 6:e14324. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Inonu University Faculty of Medicine, 44280, Malatya, Turkey.

Aim: To analyze developing infections after living donor hepatectomy (LDH) in living liver donors (LLDs).

Methods: Demographic and clinical charecteristics of 1106 LLDs were retrospectively analysed in terms of whether postoperative infection development. Therefore, LLDs were divided into two group: with (n=190) and without (n=916) antimicrobial agent use. Read More

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Perioperative Inpatient Opioid Consumption Following Autologous Free-Flap Breast Reconstruction Patients: An Examination of Risk and Patient-Reported Outcomes.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: The response to the unprecedented opioid crisis in the US has increased focus on multimodal pain regimens and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways to reduce opioid use. This study aimed to define patient and system-level factors related to perioperative consumption of opioids in autologous free-flap breast reconstruction.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective study to identify patients who underwent autologous breast reconstruction between 2010 and 2016. Read More

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