42,324 results match your criteria post-traumatic stress


Trauma informed interventions: A systematic review.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(6):e0252747. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Nursing, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

Background: Health inequities remain a public health concern. Chronic adversity such as discrimination or racism as trauma may perpetuate health inequities in marginalized populations. There is a growing body of the literature on trauma informed and culturally competent care as essential elements of promoting health equity, yet no prior review has systematically addressed trauma informed interventions. Read More

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Psychiatric Outcomes of Childhood Maltreatment: A Retrospective Chart Review from a Children's Psychiatric Inpatient Program.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Childhood maltreatment is linked to deleterious outcomes, whereby post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been identified as one of the most debilitating. This retrospective chart review examined whether self-reported affective measures (anxiety, depression, trauma), type of maltreatment (sexual, physical, emotional/verbal abuses), and demographics predicted a diagnosis of anxiety or PTSD among 169 children in a psychiatric inpatient hospital. Secondly, this study identified significant predictors of a PTSD diagnosis. Read More

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Childhood adversity links to self-reported mood, anxiety, and stress-related disorders.

Authors:
Alan R King

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 6;292:623-632. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

University of North Dakota, Psychology Department, Stop 8380, Grand Forks, ND 58202-8380, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Child abuse has been identified within the DSM-5 as a putative etiologic risk for over two dozen psychiatric disorders.

Methods: This study examined associations between self-reported diagnostic histories of six Mood, Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders and childhood adversities measured using dichotomous ACE (Adverse Childhood Experiences) counts and dimensional indices of child abuse.

Results: Adversity odds ratio were all significant (p < . Read More

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Taking Care of Those Who Care: Attending Psychological Needs of Health Workers in a Hospital in Madrid (Spain) During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2021 06 19;23(7):44. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Psychiatry Department, Fundación Jiménez Díaz University Hospital, Health Research Institute (IIS-FJD, UAM), Madrid, Spain.

Purpose Of Review: We aim to review evidence of the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare professionals and the effects of the psychological crisis interventions and measures implemented to manage stress.

Recent Findings: Mental health problems are frequently encountered in health professionals during emergencies and often prevail over the following years. Results show health professionals exhibited symptoms of depression, anxiety, emotional distress, burnout, post-traumatic stress and poor sleep quality. Read More

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The Efficacy of MDMA (3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine) for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in Humans: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Cureus 2021 May 17;13(5):e15070. Epub 2021 May 17.

Psychiatry, Interfaith Medical Center, Brooklyn, USA.

: 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), known recreationally as "Molly" or "Ecstasy", is a triple monoamine reuptake inhibitor. MDMA specifically acts as a weak 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 receptor agonist, targeting 5-HT, 5-HT, and 5-HTreceptors. Its potential use for therapeutic purposes with these pharmacological profiles remains a controversial subject. Read More

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A Systematic Review of Autobiographical Memory and Mental Health Research on Refugees and Asylum Seekers.

Front Psychiatry 2021 4;12:658700. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Psychology, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, Subang Jaya, Malaysia.

Research examining trauma, memory, and mental health among refugee and asylum-seeking people has increased in recent years. We systematically reviewed empirical work focusing on the link between autobiographical memory and mental health among these populations. The review protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42018095888). Read More

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Prenatal Stress Exposure and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Associated With Risk of Postpartum Alcohol Misuse Among Women Veterans.

Womens Health Issues 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Division of Research & Education, VA Central Western Massachusetts Healthcare System, Leeds, Massachusetts; Department of Psychiatry & Division of Addiction, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts; Department of Population and Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Objectives: Maternal alcohol misuse during the postpartum period is associated with negative maternal and infant outcomes. This study examined whether greater stress exposure in the year before the baby's birth and maternal post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were associated with postpartum alcohol misuse among a sample of women veterans. Maternal PTSD was also examined as a moderator of the association between stress exposure and postpartum alcohol misuse. Read More

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A pilot randomized clinical trial of Brief Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia to reduce problematic cannabis use among trauma-exposed young adults.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Jun 16:108537. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Insomnia symptoms may be an important etiological factor for substance use disorders; however, whether improving sleep leads to reductions in problematic substance use among at-risk populations remains unclear.

Method: As such, the current pilot study used a randomized controlled design to test the effects of Brief Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia (BBTI) against a waitlist control among a sample of trauma-exposed young adults with elevated insomnia symptoms who regularly use cannabis (N = 56).

Results: Intent-to-treat multilevel modeling analyses indicated that BBTI may be more efficacious than waitlist control in reducing self-reported insomnia symptoms, with large effects three months post-treatment (d = 1. Read More

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Pilot study: undetected post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms among intellectually disabled.

Int J Dev Disabil 2018 Jun 20;66(1):36-45. Epub 2018 Jun 20.

Department of Psychology, National Center for Psychotraumatology, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

: Individuals with intellectual disability respond differently to traumatic events, compared to the general population, which makes post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms difficult to recognize. The current study aims to examine the presence of undetected PTSD among individuals with intellectual disability and a known history of trauma exposure. Nine individuals, who have not previously been diagnosed with PTSD, were evaluated for PTSD symptoms through case reports, which include descriptions of medical history, symptoms and behavior described in the former diagnostic reports, potential traumatic experiences, current symptoms and behavior in accordance to the Lancaster and North Gate Trauma Scale, and PTSD criteria from DM-ID. Read More

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Specialized psychiatric services: patient characteristics, referral practice and length of stay in a representative clinical sample 2010-2016.

Int J Dev Disabil 2018 Mar 15;65(4):277-284. Epub 2018 Mar 15.

Oslo University Hospital, Dikemark, Asker, Norway.

Background: Mental health services for patients intellectual disabilities (ID) and additional mental illnesses are only sparsely studied.

Objective: The objective was to describe a representative sample of patients with ID in a specialized psychiatric department.

Methods: Data were collected from case files in a 7-year period. Read More

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Severity of post-traumatic stress disorder and childhood abuse in adult crime victims as mediated by low resilience and dysfunctional coping strategies.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Jun 17;118:105154. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Ewha Brain Institute, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea; Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Experience of childhood abuse has been suggested to increase the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adulthood. We hypothesized that resilience and coping strategies, which could be altered by experiencing childhood abuse, may mediate the effects of childhood abuse on PTSD severity in adulthood.

Methods: Crime victims with PTSD (n = 212, 38 men, aged 20-65 years) were recruited from South Korea. Read More

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Preliminary findings for adverse childhood experiences and associations with negative physical and mental health and victimization in transmasculine adults.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Jun 16;118:105161. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

The Fenway Institute, Fenway Health Boston, MA, United States of America.; Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Hypertension, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America.; Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America.; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, United States of America.

Introduction: Studies highlight the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on risk for negative health outcomes in adulthood, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, substance use, and mental health. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people report higher rates of ACEs than non-LGBT people, with transgender people at greatest risk.

Objective: This study aims to comprehensively assess the prevalence of ACEs and association with health outcomes among transmasculine individuals. Read More

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The advent of fear conditioning as an animal model of post-traumatic stress disorder: Learning from the past to shape the future of PTSD research.

Neuron 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Neurocentre Magendie, Inserm U1215, 33077 Bordeaux, France; Université de Bordeaux, 33077 Bordeaux, France. Electronic address:

Translational research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has produced limited improvements in clinical practice. Fear conditioning (FC) is one of the dominant animal models of PTSD. In fact, FC is used in many different ways to model PTSD. Read More

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Parental post-traumatic stress and psychiatric care utilisation among refugee adolescents.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Parental psychiatric morbidity related to experiences of war and trauma has been associated with adverse psychological outcomes for children. The aim of this study was to investigate parental post-traumatic stress in relation to psychiatric care utilization among children of refugees with particular attention on the child's own refugee status, sex of both child and parents, and specific psychiatric diagnoses. This was a register study in a population of 16 143 adolescents from refugee families in Stockholm County born 1995-2000 and followed between 2011 and 2017 (11-18 years old). Read More

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Testing a tailored weight management program for veterans with PTSD: The MOVE! + UP randomized controlled trial.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Jun 16;107:106487. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

VA Puget Sound Healthcare System, Seattle Division, Health Services Research and Development, 1660 South Columbian Way (S-152), Seattle, WA 98108, United States; VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Center of Excellence in Substance Addiction Treatment and Education (CESATE), 1660 South Columbian Way, Seattle, WA 98108, United States; University of Washington, School of Public Health, Department of Health Services, United States; University of Washington, Department of Medicine, 1959 NE Pacific St, Seattle, WA 98195, United States. Electronic address:

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), prevalent among Veterans, increases risk for having a high Body Mass Index. Although the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) offers an evidence-based behavioral weight management program called MOVE!, participants with PTSD lose less weight than those without mental health conditions, despite comparable participation. PTSD symptoms can interfere with one's ability to be physically active and maintain a healthy diet, the key targets in weight management programs. Read More

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COVID-19 and post-traumatic stress disorder among nurses: a descriptive cross-sectional study in a COVID hospital.

Med Lav 2021 Jun 15;112(3):241-249. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Crema Hospital, Italy.

Background: In March 2020, the World Health Organisation (WHO) declared the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak a global pandemic. Healthcare professionals directly involved in diagnosing, treating and caring for patients with COVID-19 are at risk of developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Objective: This study investigated the prevalence of PTSD among nurses working in a COVID hospital and evaluated associated factors. Read More

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Posttraumatic Stress in Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Prevalence and Relationships to Patient-Reported Outcomes.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: Patients with chronic illness are at increased risk for traumatic stress because of medical trauma. Initial studies of posttraumatic stress (PTS) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have found that approximately one-third of patients may experience significant PTS symptoms including flashbacks, nightmares, hypervigilance, disrupted sleep, and low mood. We aim to better characterize PTS in IBD and its relationship with patient outcomes in a large cohort of patients with IBD. Read More

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Intercellular adhesion molecule-1-induced post-traumatic brain injury neuropathology in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus leads to sensorimotor function deficits and psychological stress.

eNeuro 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Laboratory of CNS injury and Molecular Therapy, JFK Neuroscience Institute, Hackensack Meridian Health JFK University Medical Center, 65 James St, Edison, NJ-08820, United States

Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) promotes adhesion and transmigration of circulating leukocytes across the blood-brain barrier. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes transmigrated immunocompetent cells to release mediators (LFA-1 and Mac-1) that stimulate glial and endothelial cells to express ICAM-1 and release cytokines, sustaining neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Although a strong correlation exists between TBI-mediated inflammation and impairment in functional outcome following brain trauma, the role of ICAM-1 in impairing functional outcome by inducing neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration after TBI remains inconclusive. Read More

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Cross-Lagged Relationships Between Insomnia and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Treatment-Receiving Veterans.

Behav Ther 2021 07 5;52(4):982-994. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

Phoenix Australia-Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health and University of Melbourne.

Insomnia is a risk factor for the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while it is also plausible that PTSD symptoms can maintain insomnia symptoms. The present study examined longitudinal bidirectional relationships between insomnia and PTSD symptoms in treatment-seeking veterans. Participants were 693 ex-serving members of the Australian Defence Force who participated in an accredited, hospital-based outpatient PTSD program. Read More

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Latent Profiles of Comorbid Depression as Predictors of PTSD Treatment Outcome.

Behav Ther 2021 07 5;52(4):970-981. Epub 2021 Jan 5.

University of Washington.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) frequently co-occurs with major depressive disorder, and empirically supported PTSD treatments consistently improve depression. However, both diagnoses are heterogeneous and specific patterns of symptom overlap may be related to worse treatment outcome. Two hundred individuals with chronic PTSD participated in a doubly randomized preference trial comparing prolonged exposure and sertraline. Read More

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Are Individuals Always Aware of Their Trauma-Related Intrusive Thoughts? A Study of Meta-Awareness.

Behav Ther 2021 07 12;52(4):874-882. Epub 2020 Nov 12.

Flinders University.

Individuals are not always aware of their mental content. We tested whether lack of awareness occurs in those who have experienced trauma, with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We also examined the role of proposed cognitive mechanisms (working memory and inhibition) in explaining unnoticed intrusions. Read More

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Exposure Therapy Beliefs and Utilization for Treatment of PTSD: A Survey of Licensed Mental Health Providers.

Behav Ther 2021 07 23;52(4):1019-1030. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Case Western Reserve University.

Exposure-based therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety disorders remain underutilized, despite their effectiveness and widescale dissemination efforts. This study surveyed a broad range of licensed providers (N = 155) to examine rates at which prolonged exposure (PE) and other interventions are used to treat PTSD and to investigate provider characteristics linked to exposure beliefs and utilization. While 92. Read More

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Incidence of PTSD and generalized anxiety symptoms during the first wave of COVID-19 outbreak: an exploratory study of a large sample of the Italian population.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 16;21(1):1158. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Pychological Science, Istituto Europeo d'Oncologia IRCCS, Viale Ripamonti 435, 20141, Milan, Italy.

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, between March and May 2020, in Italy, people were asked to shelter in place and most had to put their life on hold, while news of the spread of the virus constantly were broadcasted. The change in habits and the potential exposure to a dangerous virus can be categorized as a catastrophic event, which are usually traumatic and therefore have psychological consequences for the people involved.

Objective: Assuming the COVID-19 pandemic as a possible traumatic event, this study aims to explore the contingent behavioural and psychological impact of COVID-19 spread and related lockdown on the Italian general population, through measuring anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms . Read More

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Complex post-traumatic stress disorder and pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2021 Jun 17:48674211025627. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Central Department of Psychiatry, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

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A network analysis investigation of the comorbidity between sleep dysfunction and PTSD symptomatology among Filipino domestic workers in Macao (SAR) China.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 30;140:337-345. Epub 2021 May 30.

New York University (Shanghai), People's Republic of China; School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly comorbid with sleep dysfunction. This association was previously explained based on cognitive and emotional dysfunction. The current study extends this literature by investigating the symptom level comorbidity of sleep dysfunction and DSM-5 PTSD utilizing a network approach. Read More

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Traumatic Distress, Alexithymia, Dissociation, and Risk of Addiction During the First Wave of COVID-19 in Italy: Results from a Cross-sectional Online Survey on a Non-clinical Adult Sample.

Int J Ment Health Addict 2021 Jun 10:1-17. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, Kore University of Enna, Enna, Italy.

This study aimed to explore the prevalence of post-traumatic distress, alexithymia, dissociation, and addictive behaviors during the stressful situation of the COVID-19 pandemic. It also aimed to determine whether trauma, alexithymia, and dissociation can effectively predict the risk of addiction in non-clinical subjects during the COVID-19 pandemic. Two hundred nineteen subjects completed a web survey during the first COVID-19 lockdown in Italy, including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R), the Dissociative Experience Scale-II (DES-II), and the Addictive Behavior Questionnaire (ABQ). Read More

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Describing the Mental Health State of Nurses in British Columbia: A Province-Wide Survey Study.

Healthc Policy 2021 May;16(4):31-45

Case and Contact Management, Pandemic Response, Island Health; Former Consultant, Former Executive Councillor of Occupational Health and Safety, British Columbia Nurses' Union, Burnaby, BC.

A cross-sectional province-wide survey study of 3,978 British Columbia (BC) nurses was conducted to explore the mental health state of the nursing workforce in BC. About one third of nurses reported depression and anxiety; about half reported symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder and at least one third reported high levels of one or more dimensions of burnout. Mental health problems were about 1. Read More

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