129,797 results match your criteria post infection


Persistent visual dysfunction following PRES due to COVID-19: Case series and literature review.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Colorado University School of Medicine, 1675 North Aurora Ct. F731, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Background: The full spectrum of neurological sequelae in COVID-19 is beginning to emerge. SARS-CoV-2 has the potential to cause both direct and indirect brain vascular endothelial damage through infection and inflammation that may result in long-term neurological signs and symptoms. We sought to illuminate persistent neuro-ophthalmological deficits that may be seen following posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) due to COVID-19. Read More

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Experimental transmission of Leishmania (Mundinia) parasites by biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae).

PLoS Pathog 2021 Jun 11;17(6):e1009654. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Leishmania parasites, causative agents of leishmaniasis, are currently divided into four subgenera: Leishmania, Viannia, Sauroleishmania and Mundinia. The recently established subgenus Mundinia has a wide geographical distribution and contains five species, three of which have the potential to infect and cause disease in humans. While the other Leishmania subgenera are transmitted exclusively by phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae), natural vectors of Mundinia remain uncertain. Read More

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Leishmanicidal potentials of extract and its fractions on in a murine model: parasite burden, gene expression, and histopathological profile.

J Med Microbiol 2021 Jun;70(6)

Leishmaniasis Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical and subtropical disease caused by over 20 protozoan species. Treatment of this complex disease with traditional synthetic drugs is a major challenge worldwide. Natural constituents are unique candidates for future therapeutic development. Read More

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Treatment of High-Energy Intra-Articular Fractures of Tibia with Ilizarov External Fixator in Adults: A Tertiary Center Experience.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 11:e14488. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of the Ilizarov fixator in the proximal and distal fractures of the tibia.

Materials And Methodology: This retrospective study reviewed 59 patients having high-energy intra-articular proximal and distal tibia fractures associated with severe soft-tissue injury, who were managed surgically with an Ilizarov fixator. The functional outcome was evaluated by using the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society scoring system (AOFAS) and the Association for the Study and Application of the Method of Ilizarov (ASAMI) Italy scoring system for tibial plateau and plafond fractures respectively. Read More

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Safety Profile of the Adjuvanted Recombinant Zoster Vaccine in Immunocompromised Populations: An Overview of Six Trials.

Drug Saf 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

GSK, Avenue Fleming 20, 1300, Wavre, Belgium.

Introduction: The adjuvanted recombinant zoster vaccine (RZV) has demonstrated high efficacy against herpes zoster in older adults and immunocompromised populations. We present comprehensive safety data from six clinical trials in immunocompromised populations (autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplant and renal transplant recipients, patients with hematologic malignancies, patients with solid tumors, and human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults) who are at an increased risk of herpes zoster.

Methods: In all trials, immunocompromised adults ≥ 18 years of age were administered RZV or placebo. Read More

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Closed non-suction drain placement as haematoma and seroma formation preventive measure post-nylon darn surgery for inguinoscrotal hernias in adults.

Hernia 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, School of Biomedical and Allied Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Korle, Bu, Accra, Ghana.

Purpose: Inguinal hernia is a common male surgical disease. Intervention carries a wide range of complications such as scrotal haematoma and seroma which may require surgical re-intervention or predispose patients to developing infections, pains or feeling of mass. This could lead to long hospital stay. Read More

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How I Handle Retreatment of LUTS Following a Failed MIST.

Curr Urol Rep 2021 Jun 11;22(8):40. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Urology, Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, 425 East 61st street, 12th floor, New York, NY, 10065, USA.

Purpose Of Review: The goal of this paper is to review retreatment management after failed minimally invasive treatment (MIST) of various technologies.

Recent Findings: A failed MIST can be defined by the return, persistence, or worsening of LUTS, as documented by symptom scores. Persistence, development, or recurrence of comorbidities such as recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), retention, stones, hematuria, and incontinence can also signal a failed MIST. Read More

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Investigation of droplets released during digestive endoscopy using a high-speed camera (with video): a pilot study.

Surg Endosc 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Gastroenterology, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Background: A large release of droplets is often expected around the periphery of the digestive endoscope insertion site. Therefore, a sense of alarm over infection because of droplets that may be released during digestive endoscopy examination is increasing. This study aimed to investigate the droplets released during digestive endoscopy using a high-speed camera. Read More

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First report of Kudoa thunni and Kudoa musculoliquefaciens affecting the quality of commercially harvested yellowfin tuna and broadbill swordfish in Eastern Australia.

Parasitol Res 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Science, Technology and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, QLD, Australia.

Recent anecdotal reports from seafood processors in eastern Australia have described an increased occurrence of post-mortem myoliquefaction ('jellymeat') in broadbill swordfish Xiphias gladius, and macroscopic cysts throughout the musculature of yellowfin tuna Thunnus albacares. A genus of parasitic cnidarians, Kudoa (Myxosporea, Multivalvulida), species of which are known to occur in economically important wild-caught fish species globally, can cause similar quality-deterioration issues. However, Kudoa sp. Read More

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The tolerance of physiotherapy treatment in patients with COVID-19 and undergoing surgery for fragility hip fracture: An observational study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26283

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Via Pupilli 1, Bologna, Italy.

Abstract: The aim of the present work was to evaluate the tolerance of physiotherapy treatment implemented for patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and undergoing hip surgeryCase-control study. During the period between March and May 2020, 9 patients were enrolled in the study with diagnosis of COVID-19 and hip fracture. In order to evaluate the tolerability of physiotherapy treatment a comparison group, involving 27 patients with a hip fracture but in the absence of suspicion of COVID-19 positivity, were put together. Read More

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First report of stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis, and crown rust, caused by Puccinia coronata var. avenae f. sp. avenae, on tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea) in Georgia, USA.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Georgia, 1355, 1109 Experiment Street, Griffin, Griffin, Georgia, United States, 30223.

Stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis, and crown rust, caused by P. coronata, are common rust diseases on cool-season grasses (Karakkat et al. 2018), for which long-distance spore dispersal was recorded in northern US (Harder and Haber 1992). Read More

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Medical abortion offered in pharmacy versus clinic-based settings.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Jun 11;6:CD013566. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Background: Medical abortion is usually offered in a clinic or hospital, but could potentially be offered in other settings such as pharmacies. In many countries, pharmacies are a common first point of access for women seeking reproductive health information and services. Offering medical abortion through pharmacies is a potential strategy to improve access to abortion. Read More

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Sample-to-answer COVID-19 nucleic acid testing using a low-cost centrifugal microfluidic platform with bead-based signal enhancement and smartphone read-out.

Lab Chip 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Nanobiotechnology, Department of Protein Science, Science for Life Laboratory, Solna, Sweden. and AIMES - Center for the Advancement of Integrated Medical and Engineering Sciences at Karolinska Institutet and, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

With its origin estimated around December 2019 in Wuhan, China, the ongoing SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is a major global health challenge. The demand for scalable, rapid and sensitive viral diagnostics is thus particularly pressing at present to help contain the rapid spread of infection and prevent overwhelming the capacity of health systems. While high-income countries have managed to rapidly expand diagnostic capacities, such is not the case in resource-limited settings of low- to medium-income countries. Read More

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[Adjacent segment degeneration after posterolateral lumbar fusion: results and complications of posterior revision surgery].

J Neurosurg Sci 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Post-Graduation in Health Sciences - IAMSPE, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Lumbar fusion is an important technique for the treatment of degenerative pathologies. Adjacent segment degeneration is a known complication after lumbar fusion that causes significant morbidity. Our objective was to evaluate the demographics, risk factors, type of surgery, and surgical complications in patients who underwent reoperation through a posterior route due to adjacent segment degeneration. Read More

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Guillain-Barré syndrome variant occurring after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination.

Ann Neurol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neurology, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Nottingham, UK.

Whilst SARS-CoV-2 vaccines are very safe, we report four cases of the bifacial weakness with paraesthesias variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) occurring within three weeks of vaccination with the Oxford-AstraZeneca SARS-CoV-2 vaccine. This rare neurological syndrome has previously been reported in association with SARS-CoV-2 infection itself. Our cases were given either intravenous immunoglobulin, oral steroids, or no treatment. Read More

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Antibody persistency and trend post-SARS-CoV-2 infection at eight months.

Ann Ig 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Co-Founder, Association "Naso Sano" Onlus, Umbria Regional Registry of volunteer activities, Corciano, Italy.

Introduction: A large amount of recent research has focused on the nature of immunity elicited by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, particularly its robustness and the duration of protection it offers. As a vaccine's efficacy relies on its ability to induce a protective immune response, these questions remain particularly pertinent. An improved understanding of the immunity offered by the antibodies developed against SARS-CoV-2 in recovered patients is critical for the development of diagnostic tests and vaccines. Read More

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Predictors of CMV Infection in CMV-Seropositive Kidney Transplant Recipients: Impact of Pretransplant CMV-Specific Humoral Immunity.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2021 Jun 17;8(6):ofab199. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Excellence Center for Organ Transplantation, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Although cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seropositive solid organ transplant recipients have a relatively lower risk of CMV infection than CMV-seronegative recipients who receive allograft from CMV-seropositive donors, some patients remain at risk of CMV infection after transplant. We investigated the pretransplant CMV-specific humoral immunity (CHI) and other CMV infection predictors in CMV-seropositive kidney transplant (KT) recipients.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on adult CMV-seropositive KT recipients during 2017 and 2018. Read More

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Tandem Mass Tag-Based Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of Chicken Bursa of Fabricius Infected With Reticuloendotheliosis Virus.

Front Vet Sci 2021 25;8:666512. Epub 2021 May 25.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China.

Reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) is a type C avian retrovirus that causes immunosuppression, dwarf syndrome, and lymphoma in infected hosts. In this study, we used tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to characterize protein alterations in chicken bursa of Fabricius, before and after REV infection at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. Our data showed that 1,127, 999, 910, and 1,138 differentially expressed proteins were significantly altered at 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after REV infection, respectively. Read More

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Diet Rich in Lard Promotes a Metabolic Environment Favorable to Growth.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 25;8:667580. Epub 2021 May 25.

Laboratory of Immunobiology of Inflammation, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Brazil.

is a protozoan parasite that causes Chagas disease and affects 6-7 million people mainly in Latin America and worldwide. Here, we investigated the effects of hyperlipidic diets, mainly composed of olive oil or lard on experimental infection. C57BL/6 mice were fed two different dietary types in which the main sources of fatty acids were either monounsaturated (olive oil diet) or saturated (lard diet). Read More

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rs641738 Is Not Associated With the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma or Persistent Hepatitis B Infection.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:639438. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objective: A hot genetic variant, rs641738 within the and , was recently reported to be associated with several liver diseases. However, the results remain controversial. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the role of rs641738 in the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and persistent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Read More

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Recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections: definitions and risk factors.

Authors:
Tommaso Cai

GMS Infect Dis 2021 27;9:Doc03. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Hospital, Trento, Italy.

Recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) have a high impact on patients' quality of life and high direct and indirect costs for public health. Therefore, optimal management should be of high priority. Current international guidelines were reviewed, and a systematic literature search was performed in Medline, Cochrane, and Embase. Read More

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Does Presence of Femoral Arterial Calcification Have an Effect on Postoperative Complication and Mortality in Patients With Hip Fracture?

Cureus 2021 May 6;13(5):e14878. Epub 2021 May 6.

Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Istanbul Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, TUR.

Introduction In this study, we investigated the relationship between femoral arterial calcification on preoperative hip radiography and post-operative complications and all-time mortality rates in patients with hip fracture >65 years old. Methods This retrospective study was conducted by evaluating the records of patients who were operated for hip fractures. All patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of lower extremity arterial calcification (LEAC) at the femoral artery which was diagnosed using the hip radiograph. Read More

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A Rare Case of Isolated Intramedullary Spinal Cord Cysticercosis.

Cureus 2021 May 6;13(5):e14864. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Cardiology, U N Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, Ahmedabad, IND.

Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic disease often involving the central nervous system by and is commonly seen in developing countries. The majority of these cases have either isolated brain involvement or combined involvement of the brain and spinal cord. Isolated involvement of the spinal cord is very rare. Read More

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Surgical Management of Thoracolumbar Spondylodiscitis in End-Stage Renal Disease.

Indian J Orthop 2021 May 6;55(Suppl 1):176-181. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Orthopaedics, M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, India.

Background: In recent times due to the advancement of haemodialysis techniques, there is increase in the life span of the patients with end-stage renal disease, which tends to increase the risk of complications of bacteraemia due to skin penetration for blood access and leading to propensity for more skeletal and spinal complications. Hence, early diagnosis of spine infection and early initiation of appropriate therapy are important in ensuring successful treatment and preventing further morbidity.

Materials And Methods: The study included 22 males and 12 females who were known case of end-stage renal disease undergoing haemodialysis therapy and diagnosed with spondylodiscitis based on the clinical and radiological signs. Read More

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Rabies Virus-Induced Autophagy Is Dependent on Viral Load in BV2 Cells.

Front Microbiol 2021 25;12:595678. Epub 2021 May 25.

College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, China.

An increasing number of studies are showing that autophagy plays a vital role in viral replication and escape. Rabies virus (RABV), a typical neurotropic virus, has been proven to induce autophagy in neurons. However, there are no reports indicating that RABV can cause autophagy in other cells of the central nervous system. Read More

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Viral Nephropathies, Adding SARS-CoV-2 to the List.

Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis 2021 3;14:157-164. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Joan C Edwards Marshall University School of Medicine, Huntington, WV, USA.

Viral infections in the immunocompetent host can cause both acute and chronic kidney disease either as a direct damage to the infected kidney cells or as a consequence of systemic immune responses that impact kidney function. Since identifying these entities in the 1970s and 80s, major breakthroughs in the understanding of the viral mechanisms have occurred. Viruses have evolved mechanisms to hijack signaling pathways of infected cells to evade antiviral immune responses by the host. Read More

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Infection and Liver Cirrhosis - A Retrospective, Cohort Study.

Clin Exp Gastroenterol 2021 3;14:229-235. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Medicine, Bronx Care Health System, Affiliated with Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Bronx, NY, USA.

Purpose: infection (CDI) is one of the most common health care-associated infections in the United States. Studies revealed a higher mortality when CDI is associated with liver cirrhosis. We aim to present the outcomes of CDI among patients with and without liver cirrhosis and to analyze the association of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) and Child-Pugh (CPT) scoring with the severity of CDI. Read More

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Sustainability of Ophthalmology Practice and Training During and Post the Pandemic of Coronavirus (COVID-19): A Review.

Authors:
Ahmed Almazroa

Clin Ophthalmol 2021 4;15:2355-2365. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Imaging Research Department, King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: To review and analyse the globally established ophthalmic practice protocols during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

Methods: A literature review using search strategy was conducted to identify appropriate publications relevant to COVID-19 and ophthalmology practice and training. The safety and feasibility of the protocols were illustrated and discussed. Read More

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Optimisation of a TALE nuclease targeting the HIV co-receptor CCR5 for clinical application.

Gene Ther 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, Research Department Cell and Gene Therapy, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Disruption of the C-C-Chemokine-receptor-5 (CCR5) gene induces resistance towards CCR5-tropic HIV. Here we optimised our previously described CCR5-Uco-TALEN and its delivery by mRNA electroporation. The novel variant, CCR5-Uco-hetTALEN features an obligatory heterodimeric Fok1-cleavage domain, which resulted in complete abrogation of off-target activity at previously found homodimeric as well as 7/8 in silico predicted, potential heterodimeric off-target sites, the only exception being highly homologous CCR2. Read More

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