1,754,829 results match your criteria positive microsporidia

Implementation of European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) recommendations for small-bowel capsule endoscopy into clinical practice: Results of an official ESGE survey.

Endoscopy 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Pomeranian Medical University, Department of Social Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Szczecin, Poland.

Background:  We aimed to document international practices in small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE), measuring adherence to European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ESGE) technical and clinical recommendations.

Methods:  Participants reached through the ESGE contact list completed a 52-item web-based survey.

Results:  217 responded from 47 countries (176 and 41, respectively, from countries with or without a national society affiliated to ESGE). Read More

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Coping strategies and chiropractic student perceived stress.

J Chiropr Educ 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Objective: To investigate coping strategies adopted by chiropractic college students and how these strategies affect student-perceived stress levels.

Methods: Four hundred seven (407) 1st-quarter students were recruited during 2014 and 2015. The validated Brief COPE inventory was used to assess coping strategies during the 1st week of classes. Read More

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Benefit vs Harm of Internal Mammary Node Irradiation for Node-Positive Breast Cancer.

Julia White

J Natl Cancer Inst 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

The James, Stefanie Spielman Comprehensive Breast Center, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.

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Experiences and perspectives of chiropractic students graduating from an alternate admission track plan.

J Chiropr Educ 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Objective: This study explored self-reported experiences of alternate admission track plan (AATP) students who completed a chiropractic training program at a US chiropractic college.

Methods: Our institution conducted semistructured exit interviews with 16 graduating AATP students. Our consensus-drafted open-ended interview questions probed in-depth for these students' experience throughout the training program, with national board exams, their personal characteristics, their satisfaction with the training program generally, and with the AATP program specifically. Read More

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Perceptions of chiropractic students regarding interprofessional health care teams.

J Chiropr Educ 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Objective: To describe perceptions of knowledge of interprofessional teams and value of interprofessional education (IPE) among 3 distinct years of chiropractic students at 1 chiropractic college.

Methods: A 24-item cross-sectional survey was administered to 247 chiropractic students in years 1-3 within a single institution. Surveys included 5 demographic questions and the 19-item Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS). Read More

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J Wildl Dis 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.

The common vole (Microtus arvalis) is a major agricultural pest in Europe and is a reservoir for several zoonotic agents, such as Leptospira spp. and Tula orthohantavirus (TULV). However, little is known about the occurrence of those pathogens in voles from Spain, where the species has largely expanded its distribution range in the past decades, causing agricultural pests and zoonotic diseases. Read More

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Dorsal papules as the presenting feature of anti-EJ positive anti-synthetase syndrome in an Indian patient.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India ID: 0000-0003-2753-2990.

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Association between diastolic stress test and H2FPEF score.

Arch Cardiol Mex 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Fellow of the American College of Cardiology (FACC) and the European Society of Cardiology (FESC); FEHFA, Department of Internal Medicine, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

Objective: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction is a highly prevalent disease; some advances for improving the diagnosis are the development of the H2FPEF score and the diastolic stress test for the evaluation of diastolic function. The objective is to describe the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of patients referred for stress tests, and the association between the H2FPEF score and the results of the diastolic test.

Methods: This is an analytical, observational, retrospective study. Read More

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Multiple cranial neuropathies as the initial presentation of EBV-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

N Z Med J 2021 Jul 30;134(1539):77-83. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

General Physician, Department of General Medicine, Hutt Valley District Health Board, Lower Hutt.

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Outcomes following open radical cystectomy: an 11-year Christchurch experience.

N Z Med J 2021 Jul 30;134(1539):63-73. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Statistician, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Background: Radical cystectomy (RC) remains the standard approach to treating muscle invasive bladder cancer. Despite improvements in surgical and anaesthetic care, morbidity and mortality remain high. In the United Kingdom, centralisation has improved outcomes following RC. Read More

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Four years of prevocational Community Based Attachments in New Zealand: a review.

N Z Med J 2021 Jul 30;134(1539):56-62. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Medical Education Officer, Waikato District Health Board, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the learning environment of the 13-week Community Based Attachment (CBA) (or 'rotation') during the prevocational training years at a metropolitan hospital in New Zealand, and to compare the results with general hospital attachments' scores using an internationally validated survey, the Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM).

Method: A retrospective analysis of data gathered from the PHEEM over four years was conducted. Responses from interns who undertook a CBA attachment at Waikato District Health Board (DHB) were compared with those who undertook a hospital-based attachment at the same DHB during that time period. Read More

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An evaluation of diagnostic tests in a case series of suspected leptospirosis patients seen in primary care.

N Z Med J 2021 Jul 30;134(1539):33-43. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Professor of Veterinary Public Health, Molecular Epidemiology and Public Health Laboratory, School of Veterinary Science, Massey University, Palmerston North.

Aims: This study describes 47 presentations of suspected leptospirosis in general practice in New Zealand. Our primary aim was to assess the laboratory diagnosis of leptospirosis in these patients, by comparing polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests, microscopic agglutination test (MAT) and culture results.

Methods: Patients suspected of leptospirosis were recruited from general practices in the Waikato (n=17) and Wairoa (n=30) between August 2011 and June 2015. Read More

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Impact of pharmacist involvement on medication safety in interprofessional transfer of care activity.

N Z Med J 2021 Jul 30;134(1539):9-20. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Associate Dean Medical Education, University of Otago, Christchurch, Specialist Respiratory Physician, Canterbury District Health Board.

Aim: Any transition of patient care is a high-risk time for communication error. This paper explores whether the presence of a pharmacist as part of an interprofessional group provides additional benefit and safety in transitions of care.

Method: Six pharmacy interns and newly qualified pharmacists joined participants from seven other health professional training programmes to take part in an interprofessional education activity. Read More

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High Rates of Incisional Hernia After Laparoscopic Right Colectomy With Midline Extraction Site.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Surgery Department of Imaging, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petach Tikva Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: Laparoscopic surgery aims at reducing wound complications and improving cosmetics, among other advantages. High rates of postoperative ventral hernia (POVH) are observed after laparoscopic-assisted colectomies.

Materials And Methods: In a 2011 to 2016 retrospective study of all patients at Rabin Medical Center, we examined POVH prevalence after right hemicolectomy for neoplasia and correlation to specimen extraction site. Read More

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In-Person Versus Telehealth for Concussion Clinical Care in Adolescents: A Pilot Study of Therapeutic Alliance and Patient Satisfaction.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation/Office for Sport Concussion Research, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville (Dr Elbin); Schmieding Developmental Center, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Lowell (Ms Stephenson and Dr Lipinski); Inova Sports Medicine Concussion Program, Fairfax, Virginia (Dr Womble); Baylor Scott & White Sports Concussion Program, Frisco, Texas (Drs Reynolds and Covert); and Department of Orthopedic Surgery, UPMC Sports Medicine Concussion Program, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Dr Kontos).

Objective: To conduct a pilot study of caregiver ratings of therapeutic alliance and patient satisfaction outcomes between telehealth and in-person concussion clinical care in male and female adolescent athletes.

Setting: Outpatient neuropsychology concussion clinic.

Participants: Fifteen patients (aged 15. Read More

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HER2 Protein Overexpression and Gene Amplification in Tubo-Ovarian High-grade Serous Carcinomas.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Pathology, University of Massachusetts Medical School-Baystate Health, Springfield, Massachusetts.

Most tubo-ovarian high-grade serous carcinomas (TO-HGSC) are diagnosed in advanced stages. Although the majority of patients achieve initial remission with cytoreductive surgery and chemotherapy, mortality rate remains high due to recurrent/progressive disease. The addition of trastuzumab to carboplatin-paclitaxel improved progression-free survival of patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive uterine serous carcinoma. Read More

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Positive effects of roflumilast on behavior, neuroinflammation, and white matter injury in mice with global cerebral ischemia.

Behav Pharmacol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil Neuroimmune Connect and Repair Lab., Biomedical Research Institute, Hasselt University, Hasselt, Belgium Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Inhibition of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) is a promising pharmacological strategy for the treatment of cerebral ischemic conditions. To increase the relevance and increase the translational value of preclinical studies, it is important to conduct experiments using different animal species and strains, different animal models, and to evaluate long-term functional outcomes after cerebral ischemia. In the present study, the effects of the selective PDE4 inhibitor roflumilast were evaluated in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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Image-enhanced endoscopy for detection of second primary esophageal neoplasms in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer: prevalence, risk factors, and characteristics.

J Chin Med Assoc 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC School of Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Endoscopy Center for Diagnosis and Treatment, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC.

Background: Esophageal second primary neoplasms (ESPNs) are common in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) patients and are associated with poor prognoses. The effectiveness of image-enhanced endoscopy (IEE) has not been well established.

Methods: We reviewed the patients between April 2016 and April 2018 with HPSCC receiving ESPNs screening via white-light imaging, narrow-band imaging, and Lugol chromoendoscopy. Read More

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Objective and Subjective Outcomes in Patients with Hearing Aids: A Cross-Sectional, Comparative, Associational Study.

Audiol Neurootol 2021 Jul 28:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Hearing Center/Hearing and Speech Laboratory, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Introduction: Outcome assessment for hearing aids (HAs) is an essential part of HA fitting and validation. There is no consensus about the best or standard approach for evaluating HA outcomes. And, the relationship between objective and subjective measures is ambiguous. Read More

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IgE and IgG4 Repertoire in Asymptomatic HDM-Sensitized and HDM-Induced Allergic Rhinitis Patients.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2021 Jul 28:1-12. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Allergy, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), Wuhan, China.

Introduction: Asymptomatic sensitization is defined as the presence of positive skin prick test (SPT) and/or positive serum allergen-specific IgE in the absence of clinical allergic symptoms. Currently, there is no convincing explanation why some people with positive allergen tests do not show symptoms. We aimed to investigate the house dust mite (HDM)-specific IgE and IgG4 repertoire in asymptomatic HDM-sensitized subjects and HDM-induced allergic rhinitis (AR) patients. Read More

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Desmoplastic Small Round Cell Tumor of the Submandibular Gland: A Case Report and Literature Review.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2021 Jul 28:1-6. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Pathology, Maoming People's Hospital, Maoming, China.

Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare and aggressively malignant tumor mostly occurring in the abdominal and pelvic cavity of young patients. However, few cases had been reported concerning DSRCT occurring in the head and neck region. We presented a rare case of DSRCT of the right submandibular in a 25-year-old man. Read More

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Anomalous magnetoresistance and magneto-thermal properties of the half-Heuslers, RPdSi (R = Y, Gd-Er).

J Phys Condens Matter 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

School of Basic Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar, IIT Bhubaneswar,, Argul Campus, Jatni, Khordha, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, 752050, INDIA.

Here, we present a detailed study on the magnetic, magneto-transport, and magneto-thermal properties of the equiatomic half-Heusler compounds with the general formula, RPdSi (R = Y and rare-earth, Gd-Er). These materials crystallize in two different superstructures of the TiNiSi-type orthorhombic unit cell with the space groups Pnma and Pmmn. Our magnetic and heat capacity measurements reveal the onset of an antiferromagnetic (AFM) ordering in the temperature range 3-16 K for all the local moments bearing RPdSi compounds, while the non-magnetic analog, YPdSi exhibits a Pauli-paramagnetic behavior. Read More

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Associations between exercise, inflammation and symptom severity in those with mental health disorders.

Cytokine 2021 Jul 25;146:155648. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

School of Exercise Science, Sport and Health, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, Australia.

Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effects of 6-weeks of moderate intensity aerobic exercise on markers of inflammation and symptom severity in those undergoing management of a mental health disorder.

Method: Twenty six participants were allocated into two groups, those reporting as apparently healthy (AH, n = 13) or those undergoing the management of a mental health disorder (MI, n = 13). Following a baseline testing and familiarization session, participants commenced the 6-week aerobic training intervention, involving stationary cycling at 65% heart rate reserve for 35 min progressing to 70% for 40 min. Read More

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Interaction of tetrahydrofuran and methyl tert-butyl ether in waste gas treatment by a biotrickling filter bioaugmented with Piscinibacter caeni MQ-18 and Pseudomonas oleovorans DT4.

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 13;286(Pt 1):131552. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

College of Environment, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, 310032, China; School of Petrochemical Engineering and Environment, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan, 316004, China. Electronic address:

Bioaugmented biotrickling filter (BTF) seeded with Piscinibacter caeni MQ-18, Pseudomonas oleovorans DT4, and activated sludge was established to investigate the treatment performance and biodegradation kinetics of the gaseous mixtures of tetrahydrofuran (THF) and methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). Experimental results showed an enhanced startup performance with a startup period of 9 d in bioaugmented BTF (25 d in control BTF seeded with activated sludge). The interaction parameter I of control (7. Read More

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Investigation of the triplet excited state and application of cationic meso-tetra(cisplatin)porphyrins in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 Jul 25:102459. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Laboratório De Bioinorgânica e Materiais Porfirínicos, Departamento De Química, Universidade Federal De Santa Maria, UFSM, Av. Roraima 1000, 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.. Electronic address:

In this manuscript, we report, for the first time, the photophysical study of triplet excited states and antimicrobial photoinactivation of positively charged tetra-cisplatin porphyrin derivatives against Gram + and Gram ‒ bacterial strains. Isomeric cisplatin-porphyrins were used and applied in aPDT assays in the bacilli Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Gram negative) and a cocci Staphylococcus aureus (Gram positive) strains. The results show that compound substituted at meta position (3-cis-PtTPyP) is the more efficient photosensitizer against bacteria culture. Read More

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Validation and implementation of a direct RT-qPCR method for rapid screening of SARS-CoV-2 infection by using non-invasive saliva samples.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jul 25. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Deu, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Medicine, Universitat Internacional de Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain; Consorcio de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain; Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Universitat de Barcelona, Esplugues de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To validate and implement an optimised screening method for detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA combining use of self-collected raw saliva samples, single-step heat-treated virus inactivation and RNA extraction, and direct RT-qPCR.

Methods: 3-phased study conducted in Barcelona (Spain) in June-October, 2020, including: i) analytical validation against standard RT-qPCR in saliva samples; ii) diagnostic validation against standard RT-qPCR using paired saliva-nasopharyngeal samples obtained from asymptomatic teenagers and adults in a sports academy; and iii) pilot screening of asymptomatic health workers in a tertiary hospital.

Results: Phase i) Detection yield of the new method was comparable to that of standard RT-qPCR. Read More

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How dirty are the pens in health-care environment༟An easily overlooked detail of hand hygiene.

Am J Infect Control 2021 Jul 25. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Department of General Surgery, Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University/ Peking University Ninth School of Clinical Medicine, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Pens, common in hospitals, may be a potential vehicle for cross-infection. In this study, the number of pathogens on different pens and the positive rates of several common multi-drug-resistant bacteria were calculated and compared according to the nature of use and material. In addition, the effect of pens on bacterial transmission was explored through simulation experiments. Read More

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Commentary: The Benefit of Surgery for Stage III N2 Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer is Independent of Where the Okies Go.

Abbas E Abbas

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Jul 25. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Professor and Chief of Thoracic Surgery, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Chief of Thoracic Oncology, Lifespan Cancer Center and Hospitals, Providence, RI. Electronic address:

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Italian translation and psychometric validation of the ABILHAND-26 and its correlation with upper limb objective and subjective measures in multiple sclerosis subjects.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 Jul 21;55:103160. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Dept. of Rehabilitation, CRRF "Mons. Luigi Novarese", Moncrivello, VC, Italy.

Background: Upper limb (UL) function is affected in about 50% of people with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS). In the last decade, Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROM) are playing an important role in clinical trial and practice. ABILIHAND-26 is a PROM that assess self-perceived manual ability defined as the capacity to manage daily activities using the upper limbs. Read More

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Resident cardiac macrophages mediate adaptive myocardial remodeling.

Immunity 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Departmental of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine; Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine; Department of Developmental Biology, Washington University School of Medicine. Electronic address:

Cardiac macrophages represent a heterogeneous cell population with distinct origins, dynamics, and functions. Recent studies have revealed that C-C Chemokine Receptor 2 positive (CCR2) macrophages derived from infiltrating monocytes regulate myocardial inflammation and heart failure pathogenesis. Comparatively little is known about the functions of tissue resident (CCR2) macrophages. Read More

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