51,140 results match your criteria populations scandinavia

Opioid availability statistics from the International Narcotics Control Board do not reflect the medical use of opioids: comparison with sales data from Scandinavia.

Scand J Pain 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

The NEPI Foundation and Unit of Health Care Analysis, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Objectives: Opioid analgesics are essential in clinical practice, but their excessive use is associated with addiction risk. Increases in opioid prescription rates have fuelled an epidemic of opioid addiction in the USA, making statistics on medical opioid use a critical warning signal. A dramatic 150% increase in Swedish opioid access 2001-2013 was recently reported based on data from the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB; Berterame et al. Read More

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Temporal changes in the probability of live birth among female survivors of childhood cancer: A Population-Based Adult Life After Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS) study in five Nordic countries.

Cancer 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Childhood Cancer Research Group, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: During the past 4 decades, there has been a growing focus on preserving the fertility of patients with childhood cancer; however, no large studies have been conducted of live births across treatment decades during this period. Therefore, the authors estimated the potential birth deficit in female childhood cancer survivors and the probability of live births.

Methods: In total, 8886 women were identified in the 5 Nordic cancer registries in whom a childhood cancer had been diagnosed during 1954 through 2006. Read More

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Real time remote symptom monitoring during chemotherapy for cancer: European multicentre randomised controlled trial (eSMART).

BMJ 2021 07 21;374:n1647. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Population Health and Genomics, Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK.

Objective: To evaluate effects of remote monitoring of adjuvant chemotherapy related side effects via the Advanced Symptom Management System (ASyMS) on symptom burden, quality of life, supportive care needs, anxiety, self-efficacy, and work limitations.

Design: Multicentre, repeated measures, parallel group, evaluator masked, stratified randomised controlled trial.

Setting: Twelve cancer centres in Austria, Greece, Norway, Republic of Ireland, and UK. Read More

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Prehospital characteristics of COVID-19 patients in Helsinki - experience of the first wave of the pandemic.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2021 Jul 19;29(1):95. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Departments of Emergency Medicine & Services, Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care Medicine, P.O. Box 112, 00099, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: There is a lack of knowledge how patients with COVID-19 disease differ from patients with similar signs or symptoms (but who will have a diagnosis other than COVID-19) in the prehospital setting. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of these two patient groups met by the emergency medical services.

Methods: All prehospital patients after the World Health Organisation (WHO) pandemic declaration 11. Read More

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Skeletal adverse events in childhood cancer survivors: An Adult Life after Childhood Cancer in Scandinavia (ALiCCS) cohort study.

Int J Cancer 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Childhood Cancer Research Group, Danish Cancer Society Research Center, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The dynamic growth of the skeleton during childhood and adolescence renders it vulnerable to adverse effects of cancer treatment. The lifetime risk and patterns of skeletal morbidity have not been described in a population-based cohort of childhood cancer survivors. A cohort of 26,334 one-year cancer survivors diagnosed before 20 years of age was identified from the national cancer registries of Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Sweden as well as a cohort of 127,531 age- and sex-matched comparison subjects randomly selected from the national population registries in each country. Read More

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The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in Denmark - a longitudinal population-based study before and during the first wave.

BMC Public Health 2021 07 18;21(1):1418. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

The Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University hospital, Universitetsbyen 21-23, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark.

Background: In the continuation of the first wave of the Covid-19 outbreak in Denmark, unprecedented restrictions with great impact on the citizen's everyday life were implemented. The objectives of this study were to investigate the influence of the Covid-19 pandemic on mental and physical health in the Danish population during the spring 2020 first wave outbreak and lockdown.

Methods: A sample from the adult Danish population (n = 2190) were included. Read More

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Outpatient physical therapy population has been aging faster than the general population: a total population register-based study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jul 18;21(1):708. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Statistical Consulting Center, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.

Background: The Icelandic population is aging like other populations in the world, the life expectancy is high, and the national focus is to help people to age in their own homes. The objectives of this research was to describe 17 years of demographic changes among outpatient physical therapy (OPT) clients and to determine if these changes reflect aging in the total population.

Methods: Data was obtained from a national registry with information on all OPT clients reimbursed by Icelandic Health Insurance from 1999 to 2015, and general population data from the Statistics Iceland registry covering the same 17 years. Read More

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Trends in treatment for patients with depression in general practice in Norway, 2009-2015: nationwide registry-based cohort study (The Norwegian GP-DEP Study).

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jul 15;21(1):697. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Research Unit for General Practice, NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Årstadveien 17, N-5009, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Depression is highly prevalent, but knowledge is scarce as to whether increased public awareness and strengthened government focus on mental health have changed how general practitioners (GPs) help their depressed patients. This study aimed to examine national time trends in GP depression care and whether trends varied regarding patient gender, age, and comorbidity.

Methods: Nationwide registry-based cohort study, Norway. Read More

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Phylogeographic reconstructions can be biased by ancestral shared alleles: The case of the polymorphic lichen Bryoria fuscescens in Europe and North Africa.

Mol Ecol 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zürcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf, 8903, Switzerland.

Large phylogeographic studies on lichens are scarce, and none involves a single species within which different lineages show fixed alternative dispersal strategies. We investigated Bryoria fuscescens (including B. capillaris) in Europe and western North Africa by phenotypically characterizing 1400 specimens from 64 populations and genotyping them with 14 microsatellites. Read More

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Role of efficient testing and contact tracing in mitigating the COVID-19 pandemic: a network modelling study.

BMJ Open 2021 07 7;11(7):e045886. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

School of Medicine and Vanke School of Public Health Beijing, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Objectives: This study quantified how the efficiency of testing and contact tracing impacts the spread of COVID-19. The average time interval between infection and quarantine, whether asymptomatic cases are tested or not, and initial delays to beginning a testing and tracing programme were investigated.

Setting: We developed a novel individual-level network model, called CoTECT (Testing Efficiency and Contact Tracing model for COVID-19), using key parameters from recent studies to quantify the impacts of testing and tracing efficiency. Read More

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Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of immunocompromised patients infected with Pneumocystis jirovecii in a twelve-year retrospective study from Norway.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jul 7;21(1):659. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) severely menaces modern chemotherapy and immunosuppression. Detailed description of the epidemiology of Pneumocystis jirovecii today is needed to identify candidates for PCP-prophylaxis.

Methods: We performed a 12-year retrospective study of patients with P. Read More

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Dental caries among Finnish teenagers participating in physical activity and diet intervention: association with anthropometrics and behavioural factors.

BMC Oral Health 2021 07 6;21(1):333. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Medical Research Center, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

Background: An association between childhood anthropometric measurements and dental caries is conflicting. The prevalence and severity of dental caries and its association with anthropometric and behavioural factors, were investigated among Finnish teenagers.

Methods: The study sample comprised 202 15-17-year-old participants in the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children (PANIC) Study. Read More

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Fitness, strength and severity of COVID-19: a prospective register study of 1 559 187 Swedish conscripts.

BMJ Open 2021 07 5;11(7):e051316. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg Sahlgrenska Academy, Goteborg, Sweden.

Objective: To investigate the possible connection between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscle strength in early adulthood and severity of COVID-19 later in life.

Design: Prospective registry-based cohort study.

Participants: 1 559 187 Swedish men, undergoing military conscription between 1968 and 2005 at a mean age of 18. Read More

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Validation and reliability testing of the Breast-Q latissimus dorsi questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties in a Swedish population.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Jul 3;19(1):174. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Gothenburg, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gröna Stråket 8, 413 45, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: The main aim of post-mastectomy breast reconstruction is to improve the patient's quality of life, which makes high-quality and validated patient-reported outcome measurements essential. None of the established instruments include evaluation of donor-site morbidity, such as impact on upper extremity and back function, when a latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle is used; and BREAST-Q LD questionnaire was therefore recently developed for this purpose. The aim of this study was to translate into Swedish and culturally adapt the BREAST-Q LD questionnaire's two subscales, appearance and function, and perform a psychometric evaluation of the subscales in a Swedish population of patients. Read More

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Predicting the duration of sickness absence due to knee osteoarthritis: a prognostic model developed in a population-based cohort in Sweden.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jul 2;22(1):603. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Division of Insurance Medicine, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, SE-171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Predicting the duration of sickness absence (SA) among sickness absent patients is a task many sickness certifying physicians as well as social insurance officers struggle with. Our aim was to develop a prediction model for prognosticating the duration of SA due to knee osteoarthritis.

Methods: A population-based prospective study of SA spells was conducted using comprehensive microdata linked from five Swedish nationwide registers. Read More

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Stratification in health and survival after age 100: evidence from Danish centenarians.

BMC Geriatr 2021 07 1;21(1):406. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Danish Aging Research Center, Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Biodemography, Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Odense C, Denmark.

Background: The existence of a super-select group of centenarians that demonstrates increased survivorship has been hypothesized. However, it is unknown if this super-select group possesses similar characteristics apart from extreme longevity.

Methods: In this study, we analyse high-quality health and survival data of Danish centenarians born in 1895, 1905 and 1910. Read More

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Association between Maternal Origin, Pre-Pregnancy Body Mass Index and Caesarean Section: A Nation-Wide Registry Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 1;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Norwegian Research Centre for Women's Health, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway.

Aims: To explore the association between maternal origin and birthplace, and caesarean section (CS) by pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and length of residence.

Methods: We linked records from 118,459 primiparous women in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway between 2013 and 2017 with data from the National Population Register. We categorized pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m) into underweight (<18. Read More

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Modifiable and Non-Modifiable Risk Factors for Atherothrombotic Ischemic Stroke among Subjects in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 6;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, SE 205 02 Malmö, Sweden.

Risk factors for ischemic stroke is suggested to differ by etiologic subtypes. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors and atherothrombotic stroke (i.e. Read More

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Concerns in the Norwegian Population during the Initial Lockdown Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 6;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Norwegian Center for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, 0409 Oslo, Norway.

Although concern affects one's welfare or happiness, few studies to date have focused on peoples' concerns during the initial COVID-19 lockdown. The aim of the study was to explore concerns in the Norwegian populations according to gender and age, and identify which concerns were most prominent during the lockdown. A population-based cross-sectional online survey using snowball-sampling strategies was conducted, to which 4527 adults (≥18 years) responded. Read More

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National Trends in Cycling in Light of the Norwegian Bike Traffic Index.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 8;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Sport, Food and Natural Sciences, Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, 6851 Sogndal, Norway.

National and international strategies and recommendations are intended to increase physical activity in the general population. Active transportation is included in interdisciplinary strategies to meet these recommendations. Cycling seems to be more health enhancing than walking for transportation since cycling seems to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and associated risk factors. Read More

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Decrease in All-Cause 30-Day Mortality after Bacteraemia over a 15-Year Period: A Population-Based Cohort Study in Denmark in 2000-2014.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 2;18(11). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen N, Denmark.

Introduction: Bacteraemia is a frequent infectious condition that strongly affects morbidity and mortality. The incidence is increasing worldwide. This study explores all-cause 30-day mortality after bacteraemia in two out of Denmark's five healthcare regions with approximately 2. Read More

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Use of Alcohol and Addictive Drugs During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Norway: Associations With Mental Health and Pandemic-Related Problems.

Front Public Health 2021 14;9:667729. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Faculty of Health Studies, VID Specialized University, Oslo, Norway.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has had a major impact on people's daily life. This study aimed to examine use of alcohol and addictive drugs during the COVID-19 outbreak in Norway and examine their association with mental health problems and problems related to the pandemic. A sample of 4,527 persons responded to the survey. Read More

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Phase- and gender-specific, lifetime, and future costs of cancer: A retrospective population-based registry study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jul;100(26):e26523

Department of Health Management and Health Economics, University of Oslo.

Abstract: Valid estimates of cancer treatment costs are import for priority setting, but few studies have examined costs of multiple cancers in the same setting.We performed a retrospective population-based registry study to evaluate phase-specific (initial, continuing, and terminal phase) direct medical costs and lifetime costs for 13 cancers and all cancers combined in Norway. Mean monthly cancer attributable costs were estimated using nationwide activity data from all Norwegian hospitals. Read More

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Associations between previous sport and exercise experience and physical literacy elements among physically inactive Danes.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 29;21(1):1248. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Public Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Background: Physical inactivity is recognized as a leading global public health threat. Physical Literacy, a concept describing an individual's prerequisites to participate in and adhere to physical activities, has been suggested to be a key concept in understanding physical activity in various populations. The aim of this study was to describe the prerequisites for physical activity among inactive adults in terms of their physical literacy and previous experience with sport and exercise and how these are interrelated. Read More

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Informal care and the impact on depression and anxiety among Swedish adults: a population-based cohort study.

BMC Public Health 2021 06 29;21(1):1263. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Tomtebodavägen 18A, 171 77, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: As the population is ageing, the need for informal caregivers increases, and thus we need to know more about the effects on caregivers. This study aims to determine both cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between perceived limitation of informal caregiving and mental health of caregivers.

Methods: This population-based cohort study was based on the Swedish Psykisk hälsa, Arbete och RelaTioner (PART) study, and 9346 individuals aged 18-65 were included. Read More

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GPS collars have an apparent positive effect on the survival of a large carnivore.

Biol Lett 2021 06 30;17(6):20210128. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), 7485 Trondheim, Norway.

Are instrumented animals representative of the population, given the potential bias caused by selective sampling and the influence of capture, handling and wearing bio-loggers? The answer is elusive owing to the challenges of obtaining comparable data from individuals with and without bio-loggers. Using non-invasive genetic data of a large carnivore, the wolverine () in Scandinavia, and an open-population spatial capture-recapture model, we found a 16 (credible interval: 4-30) percentage points lower mortality probability for GPS-collared individuals compared with individuals without GPS collars. While the risk of dying from legal culling was comparable for collared and non-collared wolverines, the former experienced lower probability of mortality due to causes other than legal culling. Read More

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Intensifying rehabilitation of combined sewer systems using trenchless technology in combination with low impact development and green infrastructure.

Water Sci Technol 2021 Jun;83(12):2947-2962

Faculty of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, 1430 Ås, Norway E-mail:

Throughout Europe, there is a considerable need for investment in the upgrade of sewer systems - due to three main factors: ageing infrastructure, climate change and urban population growth. The need for investments is expected to grow significantly in the years ahead. Trenchless rehabilitation (no-dig) of sewer pipelines is a cost-efficient and environmental friendly method for upgrading existing pipelines with sufficient capacity. Read More

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Nephrectomy improves the survival of metastatic renal cell cancer patients with moderate to good performance status-results from a Finnish nation-wide population-based study from 2005 to 2010.

World J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 28;19(1):190. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Surgery, Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.

Background: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) and metastasectomies on the survival of patients with synchronous metastatic renal cell cancer (mRCC) using real-life, population-based national dataset.

Methods: Nationwide data, including all cases of synchronous mRCC in Finland diagnosed on a 6-year timeframe, based on the Finnish Cancer Registry and complemented with patient records from the treating hospitals, were analyzed. Patients with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 3-4 were excluded. Read More

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High incidence of inguinal hernias among patients with congenital abdominal wall defects: a population-based case-control study.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Aug 25;180(8):2693-2698. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Paediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland.

The aim of this nationwide population-based case-control study was to assess the incidence of inguinal hernia (IH) among patients with congenital abdominal wall defects. All infants born with congenital abdominal wall defects between Jan 1, 1998, and Dec 31, 2014, were identified in the Finnish Register of Congenital Malformations. Six controls matched for gestational age, sex, and year of birth were selected for each case in the Medical Birth Register. Read More

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