33 results match your criteria pool toes

Effects of Different Swimming Pool Conditions and Floor Types on Growth Performance and Footpad Dermatitis in Indoor-Reared White Roman Geese.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jun 7;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Hsinchu Branch, Livestock Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Miaoli 36848, Taiwan.

Footpad dermatitis (FPD) is a major foot disease in modern poultry production, and it affects both poultry health and animal welfare. It refers to inflammation and necrotizing lesions on the plantar surface of the footpads and toes. We investigated the effects of providing a swimming pool and different floor types on growth performance and FPD score in indoor-reared White Roman geese. Read More

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Pool Toes: Case Report and Review of Pool-Associated Pedal Dermatoses.

Philip R Cohen

Cureus 2020 Nov 28;12(11):e11756. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Dermatology, San Diego Family Dermatology, National City, USA.

Pool swimmers are susceptible to pedal dermatoses. The causes for these conditions are asteototic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, friction-induced injury, infections, keratoderma, pruritus, thermal injury, ultraviolet radiation exposure, and urticaria. The specific dermatoses include aquagenic keratoderma, aquagenic pruritus, aquagenic urticaria, cold-induced urticaria, contact urticaria, erosion interdigitalis blastomycetica, erythrasma, Mycobacterium abscessus hand and foot disease, onychomycosis, photosensitivity, pitted keratolysis, plantar verruca, pool dermatitis, pool feet, pool toes, pool water dermatitis, pseudomonas hot-foot syndrome, skin cancer, subcorneal hematoma, sunburn, swim fin dermatitis, tinea pedis, toe web infection, and xerosis. Read More

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November 2020

WNT5A-Ca-CaN-NFAT signalling plays a permissive role during cartilage differentiation in embryonic chick digit development.

Dev Biol 2021 01 12;469:86-95. Epub 2020 Oct 12.

Departamento de Medicina Genómica y Toxicología Ambiental, Instituto de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Ciudad Universitaria, Apartado Postal 70228, Mexico. Electronic address:

During digit development, the correct balance of chondrogenic signals ensures the recruitment of undifferentiated cells into the cartilage lineage or the maintenance of cells at the undifferentiated stage. WNT/β catenin maintains the pool of progenitor cells, whereas TGFβ signalling promotes cartilage differentiation by inducing Sox9 expression. Moreover, WNT5A promotes the degradation of β catenin during mouse limb development. Read More

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January 2021

Can Foot Anthropometry Predict Vertical Jump Performance?

J Strength Cond Res 2020 Aug 12. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Health and Exercise Science, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina.

Hawley, VS, Gurchiek, RD, and van Werkhoven, H. Can foot anthropometry predict vertical jump performance? J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-Vertical jumping is an important element of many sporting activities, and whether anthropometric adaptations can predict jumping performance is of interest. Few studies have specifically considered anthropometric measures of the foot and its link to performance. Read More

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Foot function and strength of patients with diabetes grouped by ulcer risk classification (IWGDF).

Diabetol Metab Syndr 2019 30;11:89. Epub 2019 Oct 30.

1Department of Physical Therapy, Speech, and Occupational Therapy, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Rua Cipotânea, 51-Cidade Universitária, São Paulo, 05360-160 Brazil.

Background: The stratification system from the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot (IWGDF) was used to classify the participants as to the ulcer risk. However, it is not yet known what the classification groups' individual deficits are regarding sensitivity, function, and musculoskeletal properties and mechanics. This makes it difficult to design proper ulcer prevention strategies for patients. Read More

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October 2019

The Correlation Between Tenosynovitis Pattern on Two-Phase Bone Scintigraphy and Clinical Manifestation in Patients with Suspected Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Nucl Med Mol Imaging 2019 Aug 3;53(4):278-286. Epub 2019 Jun 3.

1Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hanyang University Medical Center, 222-1 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, 04764 South Korea.

Purpose: To investigate the correlation between the tenosynovitis pattern on two-phase bone scintigraphy (2P-BS) and clinical manifestation in patients with suspected rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Method: 2P-BS including technetium-99m-methylene diphosphonate blood pool and bone phase imaging in 402 consecutive patients with clinically suspected RA were retrospectively reviewed. According to 2010 RA Classification Criteria, patients were grouped as RA and non-RA. Read More

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Kelly E Helmick

J Zoo Wildl Med 2017 09;48(3):915-917

Ulcerative skin lesions were observed in two captive adult female hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius) from a zoological collection. Lesions appeared as cracking, peeling, or vesicles of the skin affecting the lateral and ventral aspects of the neck, limbs, thorax, and abdomen, dorsum, toes, and perineal region. Some lesions drained blood, serum, or purulent material. Read More

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September 2017

Normative data for the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot, midfoot, hallux and lesser toes clinical rating system.

Int Orthop 2016 Feb 16;40(2):301-6. Epub 2015 Dec 16.

Orthopaedic Department, Herz Jesu-Hospital, Baumgasse 20A, 1030, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: Despite some theoretical reservations, the AOFAS clinical rating system with its scales for ankle-hindfoot, midfoot, hallux and lesser toes is one of the most widely used assessment tools in foot and ankle surgery. This study was designed to generate age- and gender-related norm values for all four subscales.

Methods: Despite not being used in a self-administered manner, the AOFAS score underwent cross cultural adaptation to guarantee unrestricted comparability of data. Read More

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February 2016

Barriers to chimerism after major histocompatibility complex-mismatched stem cell transplantation: a potential role for heterologous immunity.

Exp Hematol 2014 Sep 13;42(9):753-60. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

Department of Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. Electronic address:

The induction of mixed hematopoietic chimerism following allogeneic stem cell transplantation is a potential treatment modality for numerous nonmalignant diseases and generates a robust state of donor-specific tolerance. However, despite several promising results in murine studies, the translation to nonhuman primate models and clinical trials has proven to be more difficult. In contrast to specific pathogen-free bred laboratory mice, the immune system of humans has been in repeated contact with numerous pathogens, resulting in a broad memory-T-cell repertoire. Read More

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September 2014

Circulating plasmablasts/plasmacells as a source of anticitrullinated protein antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Ann Rheum Dis 2013 Jul 26;72(7):1259-63. Epub 2013 Apr 26.

Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objective: To study the characteristics and phenotype of anticitrullinated protein antibody (ACPA)-specific B cells in peripheral blood of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Methods: Peripheral blood B cells from ACPA-positive patients with RA were cultured with or without stimulating factors. Following culture, supernatants were assessed for the presence of ACPA-IgG and non-specific total IgG by ELISA. Read More

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Platelets and autoimmunity.

Eur J Clin Invest 2013 Jul 26;43(7):746-57. Epub 2013 Apr 26.

Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Vascular injury is the initial manifestation of inflammation resulting in the recruitment and activation of various cell types. The integrity of the vascular wall is monitored by platelets that become activated in the presence of exposed subendothelium. Besides their well-established role in haemostasis, ample data are now emerging on the many immunoregulatory functions of platelets. Read More

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Fc-glycosylation of IgG1 is modulated by B-cell stimuli.

Mol Cell Proteomics 2011 May 3;10(5):M110.004655. Epub 2011 Mar 3.

Department of Rheumatology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands.

We have recently shown that IgG1 directed against antigens thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis harbor different glycan moieties on their Fc-tail, as compared with total sera IgG1. Given the crucial roles of Fc-linked N-glycans for the structure and biological activity of IgG, Fc-glycosylation of antibodies is receiving considerable interest. However, so far little is known about the signals and factors that could influence the composition of these carbohydrate structures on secreted IgG produced by B lymphocytes. Read More

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Being held accountable.

Melanie Evans

Mod Healthc 2010 May;40(20):6-7, 14, 1

The private market has already dipped its toes into the accountable care organization pool, and now it's Medicare's turn. However, the waters are murky when it comes to what ACOs might look like or how they will overcome possible legal challenges. "There really is no model out there that says this is how you have to do it or how you should do it," said Palmer Evans, of the Tucson Medical Center. Read More

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Glycan profiling of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies isolated from human serum and synovial fluid.

Arthritis Rheum 2010 Jun;62(6):1620-9

Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objective: Anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) exhibit unique specificity for rheumatoid arthritis. However, it is incompletely understood whether and how ACPA contribute to disease pathogenesis. The Fc part of human IgG carries 2 N-linked glycan moieties that are crucial for the structural stability of the antibody and that modulate both its binding affinity to Fcgamma receptors and its ability to activate complement. Read More

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Persisting NK cell alloreactivity in the presence of long-term stable hematopoietic chimerism.

Exp Hematol 2009 Jun 25;37(6):739-43. Epub 2009 Apr 25.

Department of Immunohematology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Objective: Like other lymphocytes, natural killer (NK) cells need to develop tolerance toward self. In the last decade, major progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms behind this phenomenon. Yet the cellular mechanisms regulating the education of NK cells remain poorly understood. Read More

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Black heel, talon noir or calcaneal petechiae?

Australas J Dermatol 2008 Aug;49(3):148-51

Cátedra de Dermatología, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Andrés Bello, Chile.

We describe a series of six patients with superficial cutaneous haemorrhages of the feet, including a classical case of black heel (talon noir) and other similar cases with diverse clinical presentations that do not match the typical description of that process. The main differences lay in production mechanism, morphology and location. The causes of these 'atypical' lesions were: burns with hot sand, friction against the rough edge of a swimming pool, wearing new shoes, jogging, or pricking a blister with a needle. Read More

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'Dipping our toes in the research pool': novice researchers in a collaborative project.

Nurse Res 2008 ;15(3):59-71

Keele University School of Nursing and Midwifery, UK.

A study into research capacity at two universities offered opportunities to both novice and experienced researchers. Here, Julie Douglas and three novice researchers, Yvonne Flood, Sara Morris and Claire Rushton, reflect on their involvement in the collaborative project and how it contributed to individual and institutional development. Read More

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Mapping the naked neck (NA) and polydactyly (PO) mutants of the chicken with microsatellite molecular markers.

Genet Sel Evol 2000 Jan-Feb;32(1):73-86

Laboratoire de génétique cellulaire, Département de génétique animale, Institut national de la recherche agronomique, 31326 Castanet-Tolosan Cedex, France.

The bulked segregant analysis methodology has been used to map, with microsatellite markers, two morphological mutations in the chicken: polydactyly (PO) and naked neck (NA). These autosomal mutations show partial dominance for NA, and dominance with incomplete penetrance for PO. They were mapped previously to different linkage groups of the classical map, PO to the linkage group IV and NA being linked to the erythrocyte antigen CPPP. Read More

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February 2004

[Respiratory and circulatory parameters as indicators of the postoperative analgesic demand in newborns and infants].

Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther 1999 Dec;34(12):747-57

Klinik für Anästhesiologie und operative Intensivmedizin der Ruhruniversität Bochum, Marienhospital Herne.

Aim Of The Study: Due to immature cognitive functions, infants are unable to communicate their pain perception verbally. To assess postoperative analgesic demand, the anaesthetist has to rely on observational techniques. Generally, pain expression is considered to be a multidimensional phenomenon consisting of physiological, motor-reflex and behavioural patterns. Read More

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December 1999

Unilateral painful legs and moving toes syndrome with moving fingers--evidence for distinct oscillators.

Mov Disord 1998 Nov;13(6):965-8

Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinik Rudolf Virchow, Berlin, Germany.

This case report presents a patient with painful legs and moving toes on the right side followed by the development of involuntary movements in his right hand. The frequencies of the semirhythmic muscle activities in both extremities were different. This finding excludes one central pacemaker for both and supports the notion that separate oscillators in the segmental interneuron pool of different spinal areas may drive the individual movements in this case. Read More

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November 1998

Surface potentials generated by synchronous activation of different fractions of the motor pool.

Muscle Nerve 1996 Jul;19(7):836-42

Department of Neurology, Prince of Wales Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Surface electromyogram potentials were recorded from the abductor pollicis brevis, abductor digiti minimi, and extensor digitorum brevis muscles in response to finely graded nerve stimuli. Successive potentials were subtracted to obtain intermediate potentials 2%, 5%, 10%, 20%, and 50% of the maximal compound muscle action potential (mCMAP). The average latency of the onset and negative and positive peaks, and the average duration of the negative phase and whole potential were similar for all degrees of fractionation, although smaller fractionation was associated with increasing variability. Read More

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Insertional mutagenesis affecting programmed cell death leads to thymic hyperplasia and altered thymopoiesis.

J Immunol 1996 Jan;156(1):136-45

Division of Cellular Immunology, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany.

The mouse mutant Ft displays thymic hyperplasia and fused toes (Ft) of the forelimbs. Both phenotypic abnormalities are caused by transgene insertion in the D region of chromosome 8. While the forelimb defect is probably caused by developmentally dysregulated programmed cell death, the mechanism underlying thymic hyperplasia has not been characterized. Read More

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January 1996

Absorbable fixation of first ray osteotomies.

J Foot Ankle Surg 1994 May-Jun;33(3):290-4

Department of Surgery, Ohio College of Podiatric Medicine, Cleveland.

A study was undertaken to evaluate the use of ORTHOSORB absorbable pin fixation for distal first ray osteotomies, in the management of hallux valgus. Data presented include 20 osteotomies fixated with ORTHOSORB absorbable pins in a crossing fashion, performed in 14 patients with an average follow-up period of 11 months. The patient population presented with an average age of 30, all were female. Read More

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October 1994

Mechanical actions of heterogenic reflexes linking long toe flexors with ankle and knee extensors of the cat hindlimb.

J Neurophysiol 1994 Mar;71(3):1096-110

Department of Physiology, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia 30322.

1. To study the means whereby ankle biomechanics are represented in the interneuronal circuitry of the spinal cord we examined stretch-evoked reflex interactions between the physiological extensors flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and flexor digitorum longus (FDL) as well as their interactions with gastrocnemius (G), soleus (S), and the quadriceps group (Q) in 34 unanesthetized decerebrate cats. To evoke stretch, DC motors provided ramp-hold-release length changes to tendons detached from their bony insertions. Read More

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Evidence for age-dependent changes in motoneuron dendritic morphology following neonatal nerve-crush in the rat.

Neuroscience 1993 Dec;57(4):995-1005

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Saint Mary's Hospital Medical School, Imperial College, London, U.K.

Motoneurons supplying the extensor hallucis longus muscle of the rat were temporarily separated from the muscle by sciatic nerve-crush at five days postnatally. Such treatment permanently alters the reflex response of the affected motoneurons without the large-scale cell death associated with nerve-crush at birth. After reinnervation, the motoneurons were retrogradely labelled with cholera toxin subunit-B conjugated to horseradish peroxidase and the dendritic tree of each labelled cell was analysed. Read More

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December 1993

Contractile responses in rat extensor digitorum longus muscles at different times of postnatal development.

J Comp Physiol B 1993 ;163(3):203-11

Laboratory of General Physiology, URA 1340, National Veterinary School, University of Nantes, France.

Some contractile properties of small bundles (100-200 microns diameter) of muscle fibres isolated from the extensor digitorum longus muscle of rats at different times of development were compared. An increase of resting potential was observed in these muscles from -26.9 mV at 1 day of age to -72. Read More

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September 1993

Bone metastasis of undifferentiated pulmonary adenocarcinoma in a cat.

Nord Vet Med 1986 Sep-Oct;38(5):288-97

In the cat, metastases from primary lung tumors (PLT) to distal bones have been described by Moore & Middleton (differentiated adenocarcinoma) and Pool et al. (squamous cell carcinoma) (16 22). This paper describes the radiological and pathological findings in a cat with metastatic undifferentiated papillary adenocarcinoma. Read More

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January 1987

Kinesiological studies of self- and cross-reinnervated FDL and soleus muscles in freely moving cats.

J Neurophysiol 1985 Oct;54(4):852-66

The activity patterns in self- and cross-reinnervated flexor digitorum longus (FDL) and soleus (SOL) muscles were examined during natural movements in awake, unrestrained cats in which electromyographic (EMG) electrodes, tendon-force gauges, and muscle-length gauges had been chronically implanted under anesthesia and aseptic conditions. Kinesiological data were recorded between 13 and 22 mo after nerve surgery. Self-reinnervated FDL and SOL muscles (i. Read More

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October 1985