154 results match your criteria political articulation


Urgent Considerations on the Relationship Between the Advance of Covid-19 in Indigenous Territories in Brazil and the Impacts of Monoepistemic Public Policies.

Front Sociol 2021 3;6:623656. Epub 2021 May 3.

Brazilian Indigenous Movement, Maranhão, Brazil.

This paper seeks to deal with the advance of Covid-19 in indigenous territories in Brazil, whether urban or rural. To do so, we have gone through a general analysis of the Brazilian government's indigenous policies, comparing bulletins and data from the Special Secretariat of Indigenous Health-Secretaria Especial de Saúde Indígena, an agency linked to the Ministry of Health, as well as data from the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil, the main Brazilian indigenous political movement. Furthermore, we systematize strategies that have been developed and executed by some indigenous peoples in Brazil, undertaken by an exploratory analysis of manifestations of indigenous leaders on the internet, along with actions in the legal sphere, as well as, actions in the indigenous territory. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Articulation of the Indigenous Peoples of Brazil in Facing the Covid-19 Pandemic.

Front Sociol 2021 17;6:611336. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of History, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia, Brasil.

This article aims to analyze how the indigenous communities of Brazil have organized autonomous actions and strategies to confront the Covid-19 pandemic based on the articulation among their own historical experiences, their health conceptions, partnerships with scientific communities and other segments of society that support the indigenous struggle. The research articulates the political and theoretical modernity/coloniality/decoloniality movement with indigenous experiences and conceptions of health, body/spirituality and territory. For this task, we adopted an undisciplined methodology based on conversation, solidarity and analysis of discussions, sites, lives, bibliographic productions and official documents prepared by indigenous organizations and partner entities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Covid-19 and the Brazilian Reality: The Role of Favelas in Combating the Pandemic.

Front Sociol 2020 17;5:611990. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Psychology Graduate Program, Psychology Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

The consequences of coronavirus in favelas in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) point to social inequality as a structuring factor in Brazilian society. The contagion spread and multiple death cases reveal the multiplicity of existence ways that cohabit the urban context, indicating that in many of these scenarios, access to decent housing, drinking water, and minimum income is not a reality and recommendations from international health agencies are challenging to implement. Against government technopolitics that drive different forms of death to the poorest, black communities, and slum dwellers, territorial insurgencies indicate other paths for the construction of a dignified life and access to fundamental rights, targeted solidarity practices, territorial political organization and the construction of specific public policies to deal with the effects of the virus which takes into account the particularities and distinct realities of the territory. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Public perceptions of scientific advice: toward a science savvy public culture?

Authors:
É Schultz J K Ward

Public Health 2021 Apr 15;194:86-88. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

INSERM, CNRS, EHESS, Université de Paris, CERMES3, Villejuif, France; Université Aix-Marseille, IRD, AP-HM, VITROME, Marseille, France.

Objectives: Both the political appetite for a science-based coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) policy and its acceptability to the public are little understood, at a time of sharp distrust not only of governments but also of scientists and their journals' review practices. We studied the case of France, where the independent Scientific Council on COVID-19 was appointed by President Macron on March 12, 2020.

Study Design: We conducted a survey on a representative sample of the French adult population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Socio-Political Roles of Neuroethics and the Case of Klotho.

AJOB Neurosci 2021 Apr 2:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

University of Tübingen.

An increasing amount of very diverse scholarship self-identifies as belonging to the field of neuroethics, illuminating a need to provide some reference points for what that field actually entails. We argue that neuroethics is a single field with distinct perspectives, roles, and subspecialties. We propose that-in addition to the three traditional perspectives delineated by Eric Racine-a fourth, socio-political perspective, must be recognized in neuroethics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Health needs of adolescents from the perspective of Primary Health Care professionals.

Cien Saude Colet 2021 Feb 30;26(2):425-434. Epub 2020 May 30.

Autor independente. Atualmente sem vínculo institucional. São Paulo SP Brasil.

The recognition of health needs is essential to develop public actions and policies.

Objective: to analyze the recognition and the meeting of the health needs of adolescents, from the perspective of Primary Health Care professionals.

Method: qualitative, exploratory and descriptive study, which analyzed 15 interviews with Primary Health Care professionals of the III Health District in the municipality of Recife, state of Pernambuco, Brazil, who have worked in Primary Health Care for a year or more. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Antibiotics, rational drug use and the architecture of global health in Zimbabwe.

Soc Sci Med 2021 03 11;272:113594. Epub 2020 Dec 11.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Rising concerns around antimicrobial resistance (AMR) have led to a renewed push to rationalise antibiotic prescribing in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). There is increasing unease in conceptualising antibiotic use as individuals behaving '(ir)rationally' and recognition that rising use is emergent of and contributing to wider economic and political challenges. But in between these individual and societal 'drivers' of antibiotic use is an everyday articulation of care through these substances, written-in to the scripts, delivery chains and pedagogics of global healthcare. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Fundamentally uncaring: The differential multi-scalar impacts of COVID-19 in the U.S.

Soc Sci Med 2021 03 19;272:113707. Epub 2021 Jan 19.

Dartmouth College, 19 Fayerweather Hill Rd, 6017 Sherman Fairchild, Hanover, NH, 03755, USA. Electronic address:

2020 in the United States was marked by two converging crises-the COVID-19 pandemic and the large-scale uprisings in support of Black lives. These crises were met with both a counterproductive and inadequate response from the federal government. We examine these converging crises at the individual, social, and political scales. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Chapitre 8. Desarrollo del derecho a un ambiente saludable en la legislación y jurisprudencia peruana. Análisis preliminar.

Authors:
Lucila O Pautrat

J Int Bioethique Ethique Sci 2020 April August;31(2):121-173

From the 1960s to the present, most States in the world have enacted legislation aimed at reducing the impacts of environmental degradation. However, the affirmation of the right of every person to a healthy and adequate environment for life as a Human Right constituted an important milestone for its incorporation in the constitutional frameworks and legal systems of countries; in the policies, norms and programs of international organizations; as well as in the regulation of economic activities, promoting the development of Environmental Law. In a complementary manner, the prosecution of cases of violation of the fundamental right to a healthy and adequate environment for life not only provides an important source of constitutional jurisprudence at the national and international level; it also contributes to broaden the theoretical and conceptual scope of this right, as well as to clarify its interdependence and articulation with other principles. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

"Say It Loud, Say It Clear…": Concerting Solidarity in the Canadian Refugees Welcome Movement (2015-2016).

Can Rev Sociol 2020 11 5;57(4):632-655. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

University of Calgary.

The Canadian Refugees Welcome Movement (2015-2016) was one of the most sizeable, visible, and effective instances of collective action in recent Canadian history. It had a nationwide scope and grassroots initiation. It comprised a wide variety of participants and actively employed social media in its constitution. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Redressing the Corporate Cultivation of Consumption: Releasing the Weapons of the Structurally Weak.

Authors:
Sharon Friel

Int J Health Policy Manag 2020 Oct 27. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

School of Regulation and Global Governance, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

Corporate control of the global food system has resulted in greater global availability of highly processed, packaged and very palatable unhealthy food and beverages. Environmental harm, including climate change and biodiversity loss, occurs along the supply chains associated with trans-national corporations' (TNCs') practices and products. In essence, the corporatization of the global food system has created the conditions that cultivate excess consumption, manufacture disease epidemics and harm the environment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

[Financing of integrated health service networks].

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2020 6;44:e121. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Organización Panamericana de la Salud/Organización Mundial de la Salud Washington DC Estados Unidos de América Organización Panamericana de la Salud/Organización Mundial de la Salud, Washington, DC. Estados Unidos de América.

The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean need to increase their public resources in health to expand equitable and efficient access to health. The increase should finance a specific model with proven effectiveness, such as integrated health service networks (IHSN) based on primary health care. The global literature has not paid sufficient attention to financing IHSN; rather, it has focused on isolated facilities and agents, as well as on specific mechanisms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Explanatory Matrices on the Causes of a Tailing Dam Collapse in Brazil: The (Dis)Articulation of Epistemes.

Risk Anal 2020 12 18;40(12):2524-2538. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Rene Rachou Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (IRR/FIOCUZ), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.

Mining tailing dam ruptures are increasingly common events in South America. Due to their high potential degree for avoidance, they are considered to be technological disasters and often have a considerable impact on local populations and communities, as well as affecting the ecosystem. The failure of the Fundão dam in 2015 in the Brazilian State of Minas Gerais (is) considered one of the largest socioenvironmental disasters in the country's history. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

In Kinematically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty, Failure to Recreate Native Tibial Alignment Is Associated With Early Revision.

J Arthroplasty 2020 11 17;35(11):3166-3171. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Background: The goal of kinematically aligned (KA) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is to restore native knee anatomy. However, there are concerns about patellofemoral tracking problems with this technique that lead to early revision. We measured the differences between preoperative anatomic alignment and postoperative component alignment in a consecutive series of KA TKA and evaluated the association between alignment changes and the likelihood of early revision. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Defining the commercial determinants of health: a systematic review.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 29;20(1):1022. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Despite increasing attention to the social determinants of health in recent decades, globally there is an unprecedented burden from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Recently, the corporate and commercial conditions associated with these, commercial determinants of health (CDoH), have also begun to receive attention. This research aims to articulate the CDoH as described in the literature, summarize substantive findings, and assess strengths and limitations of current literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stolen lives: What the dead teach us.

Death Stud 2020 13;44(11):736-745. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Department of Latin American and Latino Studies, University of California, Santa Cruz, Estados Unidos.

This paper questions the utility the social category of "refugee" as defined by international human rights discourse. The notion of "racializing assemblages" supplies an analytic tool for situating the deportation machine and mass incarceration of refugees/asylum seekers as "death spaces" within modern Western humanity. Building on discussions related to "political death," "social death" and "muertas en vida" (living dead), this paper explores an alternative framing of "the refugee" that relies less on human rights and more on other forms of emancipation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Partisans and the Use of Knowledge versus Science.

Authors:
Richard Staley

Ber Wiss 2019 Sep 7;42(2-3):220-234. Epub 2019 Aug 7.

Hans Rausing Lecturer in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, UK.

This paper explores the kind of knowledge that partisans profess in order to contribute to our studies of what has usually been thought of as the "denial of science." Building on the research of Robert Proctor, Naomi Oreskes and Erik Conway, I show that the tobacco interests and climate science skeptics usually described as "doubt mongers" also purveyed forms of certainty and rested their arguments on three different registers of truth: that of narrowly defined "facts" that could sustain a controversy, ideological commitments to free enterprise, and the truths of self-conscious partisans engaged in battle. Thus, in many respects they have used elements of general knowledge, as well as social, economic and political commitments, to argue against specific scientific findings. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2019

Evaluation of the Program to Combat Neglected Diseases in controlling schistosomiasis mansoni in three hyperendemic municipalities, Pernambuco, Brazil, 2014.

Epidemiol Serv Saude 2019 07 29;28(2):e2018085. Epub 2019 Jul 29.

Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Departamento de Medicina Social, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Objective: to evaluate the implementation of schistosomiasis mansoni control actions under the Program to Combat Neglected Diseases in three municipalities in Pernambuco state, Brazil.

Methods: implementation analysis was done in 2014, considering the following components - management, epidemiological surveillance, patient care, laboratorial support and health education -; direct observation and interviews were carried out with managers and technical personnel at the state, regional, and municipal levels.

Results: partial implementation was found in municipalities A and B 69. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Data Work: Meaning-Making in the Era of Data-Rich Medicine.

J Med Internet Res 2019 07 9;21(7):e11672. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Institute for History and Ethics of Medicine, Technical University of Munich School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

In the era of data-rich medicine, an increasing number of domains of people's lives are datafied and rendered usable for health care purposes. Yet, deriving insights for clinical practice and individual life choices and deciding what data or information should be used for this purpose pose difficult challenges that require tremendous time, resources, and skill. Thus, big data not only promises new clinical insights but also generates new-and heretofore largely unarticulated-forms of work for patients, families, and health care providers alike. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stigma: A biocultural proposal for integrating evolutionary and political-economic approaches.

Am J Hum Biol 2020 07 7;32(4):e23290. Epub 2019 Jul 7.

School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona.

Objectives: Stigma-the process by which people become socially discredited because they hold a characteristic that is classified as unacceptable or undesirable-has barely been considered in biocultural analyses. Yet, it provides an acute point of articulation for evolutionary and political-economic perspectives on human variation, including the biocultural production of health disparities. To explain the theoretical integration of the two perspectives to stigma, we first lay out some operationalizable definitions of stigma, and review feasible methods to capture them in the field. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A right to remoteness? A missing bridge and articulations of indigeneity along an East Siberian railroad.

Soc Anthropol 2019 May 6;27(2):236-252. Epub 2019 Jun 6.

Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology University of Vienna Universitaetsstrasse 7 Vienna Austria.

The Soviet Union and its successor states have been avid supporters of a modernisation paradigm aimed at 'overcoming remoteness' and 'bringing civilisation' to the periphery and its 'backward' indigenous people. The Baikal-Amur Mainline (BAM) railroad, built as a much-hyped prestige project of late socialism, is a good example of that. The BAM has affected indigenous communities and reconfigured the geographic and social space of East Siberia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Critical analysis of interculturality in the National Policy for the Care of Indigenous Peoples in BrazilAnálisis crítico de la interculturalidad en la Política Nacional de Atención a las Poblaciones Indígenas en Brasil].

Rev Panam Salud Publica 2018 27;42:e178. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Instituto de Saúde Coletiva (ISC), Salvador (BA), Brasil.

Concern for culturally appropriate and intercultural care, based on the articulation and complementarity among health knowledges, has been a priority for ensuring primary health care for indigenous peoples since the Alma-Ata Conference. In Brazil, a country with significant sociocultural variety in the South American indigenous context, a National Policy for the Care of Indigenous Peoples (PNASPI) was established 16 years ago, focusing on the notion of differentiated care. This concept, considered incomplete and contradictory, has been variably operationalized in indigenous primary health care. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2018

Exploring physical activity and sedentary behaviour: perspectives of individuals with osteoarthritis and knee arthroplasty.

Disabil Rehabil 2020 07 18;42(14):1971-1978. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Faculty of Kinesiology and Recreation Management, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.

To explore the understanding of physical activity and sedentary behaviour, including barriers and health influences in people with osteoarthritis and knee arthroplasty. Eight participants with knee osteoarthritis and 14 participants with total knee arthroplasty were recruited to five focus groups. Interpretive description was used with thematic analysis of data. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

'We are not infertile': challenges and limitations faced by women in same-sex relationships when seeking conception services in São Paulo, Brazil.

Cult Health Sex 2019 11 11;21(11):1257-1272. Epub 2019 Jan 11.

Department of Health, Life Cycles and Society, School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

The use of reproductive technologies has expanded beyond cases of infertility, and opportunities for individuals of different sexual orientations to use such technologies for conception have increased. The authors examined the challenges and limitations faced by women in same-sex relationships seeking conception services in São Paulo, Brazil. They interviewed 16 women in same-sex relationships who conceived children using reproductive technologies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

Patient Journeys of Nonintegration in Hungary: A Qualitative Study of Possible Reasons for Considering Medical Modalities as Mutually Exclusive.

Integr Cancer Ther 2018 12 26;17(4):1270-1284. Epub 2018 Sep 26.

2 University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA.

Introduction: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use has been increasing in the past decades in tandem with changes regarding the notions of health and illness. Comparing conventional medicine (CM) and CAM in how they address health problems has been a point of focus for both the health sciences and individuals dealing with health problems. Various social, cultural, political, economic, and personal factors play a role in whether different health approaches are integrated or not when addressing illness experiences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2018

Eye of the beholder? Observation versus self-report in the measurement of disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth.

Reprod Health Matters 2018 10;26(53):107-122. Epub 2018 Sep 10.

g Chief Research Scientist , Ifakara Health Institute , Dar es Salaam , Tanzania.

Human rights has been a vital tool in the global movement to reduce maternal mortality and to expose the disrespect and abuse that women experience during childbirth in facilities around the world. Yet to truly transform the relationship between women and providers, human rights-based approaches (HRBAs) will need to go beyond articulation, dissemination and even legal enforcement of formal norms of respectful maternity care. HRBAs must also develop a deeper, more nuanced understanding of how power operates in health systems under particular social, cultural and political conditions, if they are to effectively challenge settled patterns of behaviour and health systems structures that marginalise and abuse. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2019

The challenges of health situation analysis in Colombia.

Biomedica 2018 Jun 15;38(2):162-172. Epub 2018 Jun 15.

Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia Unidad de Investigaciones y Docencia, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Medellín, Colombia.

General and local health situation analyses have increasingly become a political issue with implications for the population under study and for decision makers, as it involves the spheres of power, and entails economic, social and cultural responsibilities.As an essential function of public health, health situation analysis has assessment parameters that make it possible to direct its development and measure its implications. This is where the first challenge lies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Shifting vulnerabilities: gender and reproductive care on the migrant trail to Europe.

Comp Migr Stud 2018 6;6(1):23. Epub 2018 Jul 6.

1European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, Via Boccaccio 121, 50133 Firenze (FI), Italy.

The reproductive care of pregnant migrants entering the European Union via its Mediterranean borders represents an under-examined topic, despite a growing scholarly emphasis on female migrants and the gendered aspects of migration in the past three decades. This article uses ethnographic data gathered in Greece, Italy, and Spain to examine pregnant migrants' experiences of crossing, first reception, and reproductive care. We discuss our findings through the conceptual lens of vulnerability, which we understand as a shifting and relational condition attributed to, or dynamically endorsed by, migrant patients within given social contexts and encounters. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Body -to-head transplant; a "caputal" crime? Examining the corpus of ethical and legal issues.

Philos Ethics Humanit Med 2018 07 13;13(1):10. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

Georgetown University School of Medicine, 3900 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC, 20057, USA.

Neurosurgeon Sergio Canavero proposed the HEAVEN procedure - i.e. head anastomosis venture - several years ago, and has recently received approval from the relevant regulatory bodies to perform this body-head transplant (BHT) in China. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF