1,112 results match your criteria pole nephrectomy


Open transperitoneal partial nephrectomy in a horseshoe kidney.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 14;14(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Geisinger Northeast Urology Department, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, USA.

We report the case of a 50-year-old Tibetan man who presented to an outpatient urology clinic after abdominal ultrasound for poorly defined abdominal pain demonstrated horseshoe kidney (HK) with a right moiety ~3.7 cm mass further characterised using contrast-enhanced CT scan (CECT). This dedicated imaging confirmed HK with a heterogeneously enhancing right upper pole 3. Read More

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Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma in Lynch/Muir-Torre Syndrome with Germline Pathogenic Variant in and Molecular Analysis: Report of a Case and Review of the Literature.

J Kidney Cancer VHL 2021 21;8(2):8-19. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Pathology & Immunology.

Lynch syndrome (LS) is an autosomal dominant inherited disorder due to pathogenic variations in the mismatch repair genes, which predisposes to malignancies, most commonly colon and endometrial carcinoma. Muir-Torre syndrome is a subset of LS with cutaneous sebaceous adenoma and keratoacanthoma in addition to the malignancies. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with LS is extremely rare. Read More

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Primary malignant teratoma of the kidney: a rare case report and literature review.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Apr;10(4):1807-1812

Department of Urology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Teratomas originate from pluripotent cells and can differentiate along one or more embryonic germ lines. Renal teratoma is infrequent and malignant renal teratoma is even rarer. Experience in the diagnosis and treatment of this uncommon malignancy is seriously limited. Read More

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Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy for Allograft Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Case Report.

Transplant Proc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Urology, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Nephron-sparing surgery is required for patients with kidney transplant with organ-confined renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the allograft kidney to preserve renal function. Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (RAPN) is expected to be the optimal surgical approach for these patients, as in the general population. However, RAPN for RCC arising in the allograft kidney is rarely reported. Read More

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Diagnosis, Management, and Challenges in Synchronous Bilateral Wilms Tumor in a Horseshoe Kidney: A Case Report.

J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Departments of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Pediatric Surgery Pediatric Radiology, Basaksehir Cam and Sakura City Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Horseshoe kidney (HK) refers to a congenital malformation that results from fusion of both the kidneys at one pole, and is the most common renal fusion defect with an incidence of 1 in 400 to 600 individuals. Synchronous bilateral development of Wilms tumor (WT) in an HK is extremely rare. Here, we present a case of synchronous bilateral WT in an HK in an 18-month-old girl. Read More

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Renal epidermoid cyst: A case report.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Sep 23;38:101649. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

División Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Del Norte, Km5 antigua Via Puerto Colombia, 81001, Barranquilla, Colombia.

A 56-year-old male patient with no significant clinical history manifested lumbar pain, macroscopic hematuria and dysuria. Radiology images found a renal mass in the upper right pole at the pyelocaliceal level. A partial nephrectomy was performed to resect the tumor, and histology revealed the diagnosis of a renal epidermoid cyst, which is an infrequent lesion with a benign biological behavior. Read More

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September 2021

A 27-Year-Old Primigravida with a Right Renal Cell Carcinoma Removed at 30 Weeks of Gestation by Robot-Assisted Retroperitoneoscopic Partial Nephrectomy.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 18;22:e927164. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Urology, Freiburg University, Freiburg in Breisgau, Germany.

BACKGROUND Large renal tumors during pregnancy are rare findings (0.07-0.1%). Read More

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Solitary Renal Metastasis Arising from a Pulmonary Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Urol 2021 30;2021:8863475. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Histopathology and Cytology Laboratory Services, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a malignancy affecting the salivary glands and rarely involving the lung. Due to its rarity, primary lung ACC remains incompletely understood. We herein report the case of a 57-year-old female patient who was initially diagnosed with primary lung ACC and was treated by lobectomy. Read More

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Cystic nephroma treated with nephron-sparing technique: A case report.

Mol Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 23;14(6):109. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Urology, Lourdes Clinic, I-80040 Massa di Somma, Italy.

Multilocular cystic nephroma is a rare benign kidney tumor, which is typically characterized by a unilateral, multicystic renal mass without solid elements. Cystic nephroma has a bimodal distribution and two-thirds of tumors involve children aged between 3 months and 2 years, with male predominance; a second peak affects the age group >30 years old, in which females are predominantly affected. The incidence rate for this rare tumor in patients aged 5-30 years is only 5%. Read More

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Can extended upper pole ureterectomy prevent ureteral stump syndrome after proximal approach for duplex kidneys?

Int Braz J Urol 2021 Jul-Aug;47(4):821-826

Unidade de Urologia Pediátrica, Divisão de Urologia, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo - FMUSP, SP, Brasil.

Introduction: Symptomatic duplex kidneys usually present with recurrent urinary tract infection due to ureteral obstruction (megaureter, ureterocele or ectopic ureter) and/or vesicoureteral reflux. Upper-pole nephrectomy is a widely accepted procedure to correct symptomatic duplex systems with poor functioning moieties, also known as upper or proximal approach. The distal ureteral stump syndrome (DUSS) can be a late complication of this approach. Read More

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A rare case of ectopic ACTH syndrome caused by primary renal neuroendocrine tumor.

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep 2021 Apr 12;2021. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine.

Summary: Ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) secretion is responsible for 5-15% of Cushing's syndrome (CS). Neuroendocrine tumor (NET) is a common cause of ectopic ACTH syndrome (EAS). However, primary renal NET is exceedingly rare. Read More

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Cancer-Associated Retinopathy due to Clear Cell Renal Carcinoma.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2021 Mar 18;7(1):31-35. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

An 84-year-old female presented with bilateral scotomas and progressive nyctalopia over 1 year. Best-corrected visual acuity was 20/50 in both eyes with reduced color vision. Goldmann visual field showed bilateral cecocentral scotomas and generalized constriction of the visual fields. Read More

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A rare case of a cystic renal mass with heterotopic ossification and a mini literature review.

J Xray Sci Technol 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Introduction: It is a challenge to make accurate pre-surgical diagnosis for renal tumors. This study is to report the findings, management, and outcome of one rare case of ossification in a cystic renal mass. We present and discuss the pathological characteristics, radiologic features, and treatment alternatives of the patient. Read More

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Sporadic, classic-type renal angiomyolipoma with renal vein and inferior vena cava extension: an incidental case.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 16;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Odessa, Texas, USA.

Renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) were first described in the early 1900s by Gravitz, but it was not until 1951 that they were named renal AML. These kidney tumours are rare, occurring in 0.13%-0. Read More

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Malignant rhabdoid tumor of the kidney in an adult with loss of INI1 expression and mutation in the SMARCB1 gene.

J Pathol Transl Med 2021 Mar 9;55(2):145-153. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Pathology, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon, Korea.

A 57-year-old man with left flank pain was referred to our institute. Computed tomography scans revealed two enhancing masses in the left kidney. The clinical diagnosis was renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Read More

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Pathologically diagnosed incidentaloma transition cell carcinoma (TCC) of renal pelvis in a laproscopic radical nephrectomy specimen done for a lower pole renal mass.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Jul 11;37:101607. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Apollo Hospitals, Indore, India.

We are reporting a very rare case in the current era of modern diagnostics of an incidentally detected Transitional Cell Carcinoma(TCC) renal pelvis, detected pathologically when Right laparoscopic radical nephrectomy specimen of lower pole mass(RCC) was processed, with no prior suspicion of TCC clinically or pre-operative imaging. A 75-year-old female with 4 × 4cm strongly enhancing lower pole renal mass on CTscan underwent a Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy. Surprisingly histopathological examination revealed a focus of low-grade TCC, arising from renal pelvis, completely separate from lower pole mass which was a clear cell RCC. Read More

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Macronodular adrenal hyperplasia masquerading as an upper pole renal mass.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Jul 12;37:101603. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Macronodular hyperplasia (MAH) of the adrenal gland is a rare disease usually presenting with Cushing Syndrome. Although usually readily apparent on imaging, an adrenal tumor in an asymptomatic patient may be mistaken for a renal tumor. We present a patient with combined macro- and micro-nodular adrenal hyperplasia masquerading as an upper pole renal mass. Read More

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Ureteral duplication with an heterotopic ureteric implantation: a less common cause of adult urinary incontinence.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Feb 26;14(2). Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Urology, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Ocidental EPE, Lisboa, Portugal.

A 25-year-old woman with a history of frequent urinary tract infections and dribbling urinary incontinence since early childhood was referred to our urology clinic. An accurate investigation revealed a complete right ureteral duplication, with a dysplastic upper-pole renal moiety and an ectopic right ureter draining into the vagina. The patient underwent surgical exploration which confirmed the diagnosis. Read More

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February 2021

Minimal invasive approach for lower pole uretero-pelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) in duplication anomaly: A multi-institutional study.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Jan 16. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Department of Urology, Shamir Medical Center, Affiliated to the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Zerifin, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: We present a multi-institution experience of laparoscopic and robotic-assisted reconstruction approach of lower-pole UPJO (ureteropelvic junction obstruction) in duplicated collecting systems.

Methods: Retrospective review of patients who underwent laparoscopic or robotic pyeloplasty for lower pole UPJO between 2011 and 2020. Patient demographics, perioperative surgical data, complications and outcomes are described. Read More

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January 2021

Iatrogenic ureteral injury during retroperitoneal laparoscopy for large renal cysts: What we learned and a review of the literature.

J Xray Sci Technol 2021 ;29(1):185-196

Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

Purpose: To avoid Iatrogenic ureteral injury during retroperitoneal laparoscopy for large renal cyst (diameter > 70 mm), we present two cases of iatrogenic ureteral injury and discuss their clinical courses and final outcomes.

Patients And Methods: Two male patients (47 years old and 74 years old) with large left simple renal cysts underwent a retroperitoneal laparoscopic operation to treat the cysts. In the first patient, the left proximal ureter was partially transected (Grade 3) during the operation. Read More

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January 2021

A Case Series of Delayed Proximal Ureteral Strictures After Nephron-Sparing Treatment of Renal Masses.

J Endourol Case Rep 2020 29;6(4):544-547. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Delayed proximal ureteral stricture (DPUS) after nephron-sparing treatment (partial nephrectomy [PN] and image-guided percutaneous ablation) of renal masses is a rare complication that occurs because of an unrecognized injury to the proximal ureter and/or its associated vascular supply. We present a multi-institutional series of patients who developed DPUS after nephron-sparing treatment and review relevant tumor characteristics, timing of DPUS presentation, presenting symptoms, and outcome of stricture management. Between 2000 and 2019, nine patients (five PN and four ablation) were found to have DPUS diagnosed at an average of 9 (6-119) months after PN and 5. Read More

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December 2020

Renal Cell Carcinoma Presenting as an Isolated Eyelid Metastasis.

J Endourol Case Rep 2020 29;6(4):322-324. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Department of Surgery, Section of Urology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University Health, Augusta, Georgia, USA.

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a propensity to metastasize with the most common sites of metastasis being the lungs and bones. Cutaneous metastasis of RCC to the eyelid is exceedingly rare, with only six cases reported in the past decade. We are reporting a case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) that presented with a painless eyelid mass. Read More

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December 2020

Laparoscopic ligation of ectopic ureter in pediatric patients: a safe surgical option for the management of urinary incontinence due to ectopic ureters.

Pediatr Surg Int 2021 May 15;37(5):667-671. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Division of Pediatric General Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Manitoba, 820 Sherbrook Street, Winnipeg, MB, R3A 1R9, Canada.

Background: Ureteric ectopia is a pediatric urinary incontinence cause in girls. It is traditionally managed through hemi-nephrectomy or uretero-ureterostomy, which have the potential for complications including anastomotic stricture, leak, bleeding, and de-vascularization of the functioning renal moiety. Laparoscopic ureteric clipping has been shown to be a good alternative but has not been widely adopted yet. Read More

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Complex Surgical Reconstruction of Upper Pole Artery in Living-Donor Kidney Transplantation.

Ann Transplant 2021 Jan 15;26:e926850. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Surgery, Miami Transplant Institute, Miami, FL, USA.

BACKGROUND The use of allografts with multiple renal arteries has increased in the era of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. Although several studies recommend reconstructing lower pole arteries (LPAs) to reduce risk of urologic complications, it is common opinion to ligate upper pole arteries (UPAs) with a diameter less than 2 mm because of increased risk of thrombosis related to their reconstruction. This retrospective study evaluates the feasibility and safety of reconstructing thin UPAs during living-donor kidney transplantation, with the goal of maintaining the integrity of the graft and assuring its maximal function. Read More

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January 2021

Synchronous Renal Dedifferentiated Liposarcoma and Retroperitoneal Well-Differentiated Liposarcoma: A Case Report With Literature Review.

Int J Surg Pathol 2020 Dec 23:1066896920981682. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Liposarcoma is the most common soft tissue malignancy and usually occurs in the retroperitoneum or the extremities but rarely in the kidney. In this article, we report a case of a 71-year-old female patient who presented with abdominal lump and left flank pain for 1 month. An abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan demonstrated a 12 cm × 7 cm solid mass arising from the upper pole of left kidney and another 8 cm × 6 cm low-density retroperitoneal mass with fat density. Read More

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December 2020

Double partial nephrectomy in allograft transplanted kidney.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Mar 1;35:101517. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Nepean Urology Research Group, Nepean Hospital, Derby St, Kingswood, NSW 2747, Australia.

A 61-year-old female presented with an incidental anterior mid pole renal mass on ultrasound. She had previously undergone live directed donor renal transplantation 13 years prior. As the 10 year survival of living transplant recipients increases, malignancy presentations will continue to rise. Read More

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Cook's Hernia: Renal Tumor Parasitic Vessels Herniating into Right Inguinal Canal.

Curr Urol 2020 Oct 13;14(3):166-168. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Summit Urology Group, Provo, UT.

We report the incidental findings and management of a hernia whose contents included renal tumor parasitic vessels in a 52-year-old male who presented with a 22 cm large right renal tumor. His initial complaints were right sided fullness and hematuria. Incidentally on CT scan, the patient's large right renal mass was identified, as well as lower pole parasitic tumor vessels which were herniating into the patient's right inguinal canal. Read More

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October 2020

Adrenal-Renal Fusion with Adrenal Cortical Adenoma and Ectopic Adrenal Tissue, Presenting as Suspected Renal Mass: A Case Report.

Curr Urol 2020 Oct 13;14(3):163-165. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, St Louis, MO, USA.

Adrenal-renal fusion with adrenal cortical adenoma is a rare anomaly with only a few cases described in the literature. Imaging-based identification of this anomaly remains a diagnostic challenge, making it difficult to differentiate upper pole renal malignancy from adrenal cortical adenoma. We describe a case of a 62-year-old woman with an upper pole cystic renal mass on imaging, who underwent robotic partial nephrectomy. Read More

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October 2020

Usage of Modified Makuuchi Incision for Surgical Management of Complex Renal and Adrenal Lesions.

Cureus 2020 Oct 18;12(10):e11012. Epub 2020 Oct 18.

Surgical Gastroenterology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, IND.

Background:  Modified Makuuchi (MM) incision is less popular among the urological fraternity as Chevron, subcostal, flank, and midline incisions are commonly used for most of the complex renal and adrenal conditions. We present our experience and report the outcomes of patients operated using this incision.

Materials And Methods:  The records of patients who underwent open surgery for upper abdominal urological conditions using MM incision over the last five years in our department were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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October 2020

Unusual giant chromophobe renal cancer totally managed with laparoscopic technique: Report of a case.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2020 19;77S:S48-S51. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, Section of General and Urgent Surgery, University of Palermo, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Chromophobe carcinoma of the kidney is a rare pathological entity generally smaller and asymptomatic than other renal cell carcinomas and with a lower risk of metastatic disease. We describe a case of a giant renal chromophobe carcinoma successfully treated by laparoscopy.

Case Report: A 37-years-old Caucasian man presented at physical examination a rigid elastic mass in right upper abdominal quadrant. Read More

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October 2020