782,435 results match your criteria point prevalence


Determinants of smoking behavior among young males in rural Indonesia.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2019 Aug 14;33(5). Epub 2019 Aug 14.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: A high prevalence of tobacco smoking has been reported among adolescents and young adults, especially men, in lower-middle-income countries such Indonesia. Understanding the extent and determinants of smoking within this population, particularly those living in rural areas where smoking rates are anecdotally higher than in city areas, is essential to inform development of targeted smoking prevention and reduction programs. This study analyzes the prevalence and determinants of smoking behavior among young men in rural Indonesia. Read More

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Disability-Adjusted Life Years and Mortality Rate Attributed to Brain and Central Nervous System Cancer in the Middle East and North Africa Countries.

Neuroepidemiology 2021 Oct 14:1-13. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Clinical Research Development Centre, Taleghani and Imam Ali Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

Background: Primary brain tumors are among the main causes of death. This study aimed to determine the epidemiological features of the brain and central nervous system cancer in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.

Methods: In this study, data of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study were used to estimate the incidence, prevalence, deaths, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), and mortality in 21 countries in the MENA region from 1990 to 2019 based on age and sex. Read More

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October 2021

Unmet need in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the Middle East and Africa region: An expert panel consensus.

Respir Med 2021 Oct 5;189:106641. Epub 2021 Oct 5.

Division of Pulmonology and UCT Lung Institute, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town & Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has a significant impact on healthcare systems and health-related quality of life. Increased prevalence of smoking is an important factor contributing to high burden of COPD in the Middle East and Africa (MEA). Several other factors including sedentary lifestyle, urbanization, second-hand smoke, air pollution, and occupational exposure are also responsible for the upsurge of COPD in the MEA. Read More

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October 2021

Gestational diabetes mellitus, autistic traits and ADHD symptoms in toddlers: Placental inflammatory and oxidative stress cytokines do not play an intermediary role.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 Oct 2;134:105435. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China; Key Laboratory of Population Health Across Life Cycle (Anhui Medical University), Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China, No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China; NHC Key Laboratory of Study on Abnormal Gametes and Reproductive Tract, No. 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China; Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Population Health and Aristogenics, Anhui Medical University; No 81 Meishan Road, Hefei 230032, Anhui, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate whether gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased risks of autistic traits and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among offspring and whether placental inflammatory and oxidative stress cytokines play an intermediary role.

Methods: Based on a prospective cohort study from China, namely, the Ma'anshan Birth Cohort study (MABC), 3260 mother-child pairs were included. Autistic traits and ADHD symptoms among children were assessed at 18 months and 36 months, respectively. Read More

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October 2021

Back pain and treatment seeking among community-dwelling older adults: Findings from a population-based survey.

Geriatr Nurs 2021 Oct 11;42(6):1446-1453. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 400088.

This study explores the prevalence and factors associated with back pain and treatment seeking of older people. We used data from the Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI), 2017-18. A sample of 31,464 older adults aged 60 years and above was considered for this study. Read More

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October 2021

Possible Benefits of Zinc supplement in CVD and COVID-19 Comorbidity.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Oct 4;14(11):1686-1692. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Faculty of Dentistry, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia. Electronic address:

As far as comorbidity is concerned, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) appear to be accounted for the highest prevalence, severity, and fatality among COVID 19 patients. A wide array of causal links connecting CVD and COVID-19 baffle the overall prognosis as well as the efficacy of the given therapeutic interventions. At the centre of this puzzle lies ACE2 that works as a receptor for the SARS-CoV-2, and functional expression of which is also needed to minimize vasoconstriction otherwise would lead to high blood pressure. Read More

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October 2021

Diabetes Mellitus in Advanced Heart Failure.

J Card Fail 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine.

Background: Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased mortality in patients with less severe (stage C) HF. The prevalence of diabetes and its complications in advanced (stage D) HF and their contributions to mortality risk, are unknown.

Methods And Results: We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study of all adult residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota with advanced HF between 2007-2017. Read More

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October 2021

Screening patients at admission to Copenhagen hospitals for carriage of resistant bacteria after contact with health care systems abroad, 2016-2019.

Int J Antimicrob Agents 2021 Oct 11:106452. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Clinical Microbiology, Copenhagen University Hospital - Herlev and Gentofte, Borgmester Ib Juuls Vej 1, Copenhagen, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: Patients with previous contact with health care systems abroad are routinely screened for resistant bacteria at admission to Copenhagen hospitals. The aim of this study was to present carriage prevalence and geographic risk stratification as well as pheno- and genotypic characterisation of resistant isolates.

Methods: We included screening samples analysed at one department of clinical microbiology in Copenhagen from 2016-2019. Read More

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October 2021

Differences in distribution by department of prevalence and incidence of spondyloarthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases declared to the French National Health Insurance and their evolution between 2008 and 2018.

Joint Bone Spine 2021 Oct 11:105289. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Rheumatology, CHRU de Besançon, 3 boulevard Fleming, 25000 Besançon, France; EA 4267 "PEPITE", UFR Santé, Franche-Comté University, 19 rue Ambroise Paré, bâtiment S, 25030 Besançon cedex, France. Electronic address:

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October 2021

Post-cardiac arrest physiology and management in the neonatal intensive care unit.

Resuscitation 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and The University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Aim: The importance of high-quality post-cardiac arrest care is well-described in adult and paediatric populations, but data are lacking to inform post-cardiac arrest care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The objective of this study was to describe post-cardiac arrest physiology and management in a quaternary NICU.

Methods: Retrospective descriptive study of post-cardiac arrest physiology and management. Read More

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October 2021

A state of the art overview of carbon-based composites applications for detecting and eliminating pharmaceuticals containing wastewater.

Chemosphere 2021 Oct 11;288(Pt 2):132535. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Chemistry, New Horizon College of Engineering Affiliated to VTU, Bangalore, 560087, India.

The growing prevalence of new toxins in the environment continues to cause widespread concerns. Pharmaceuticals, organic pollutants, heavy metal ions, endocrine-disrupting substances, microorganisms, and others are examples of persistent organic chemicals whose effects are unknown because they have recently entered the environment and are displaying up in wastewater treatment facilities. Pharmaceutical pollutants in discharged wastewater have become a danger to animals, marine species, humans, and the environment. Read More

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October 2021

An operant ethanol self-administration paradigm that discriminates between appetitive and consummatory behaviors reveals distinct behavioral phenotypes in commonly used rat strains.

Neuropharmacology 2021 Oct 11:108836. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Center for Alcohol Research in Epigenetics, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA. Electronic address:

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) constitutes a major burden to global health. Recently, the translational success of animal models of AUD has come under increased scrutiny. Efforts to refine models to gain a more precise understanding of the neurobiology of addiction are warranted. Read More

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October 2021

Prevalence, Risk Factors, and Impact of Delirium on Hospitalized Older Adults With Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Oct 11. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

Objectives: High prevalence of delirium superimposed on dementia (DSD) was previously reported, with associated negative impact on hospitalized older adults. However, data were conflicting, and no meta-analysis has been conducted. Although dementia is the leading risk factor for delirium, risk factors for DSD have not been adequately studied. Read More

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October 2021

Absence of COVID-19 Disease Among Chronically Ventilated Nursing Home Patients.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Sep 29. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

NYU Long Island School of Medicine, Mineola, NY, USA; Department of Medicine, NYU Langone Hospital-Long Island, Mineola, NY, USA.

Objective: To describe the experience of COVID-19 disease among chronically ventilated and nonventilated nursing home patients living in 3 separate nursing homes.

Design: Observational study of death, respiratory illness and COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) results among residents and staff during nursing home outbreaks in 2020.

Setting And Participants: 93 chronically ventilated nursing home patients and 1151 nonventilated patients living among 3 separate nursing homes on Long Island, New York, as of March 15, 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence, variability, and predictors of sinus surgery in pediatric patients with cystic fibrosis.

Pediatr Pulmonol 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis is common among individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) and has an impact on quality of life. Sinus surgery is a treatment option, but minimal literature exists regarding prevalence and indications.

Methods: Using the linked CF Foundation Patient Registry (CFFPR) - Pediatric Health Information Systems (PHIS) database, we investigated variability in receipt of surgery, predictors of surgery, and time to first surgery. Read More

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October 2021

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HARVEST MANAGEMENT AND CHRONIC WASTING DISEASE PREVALENCE TRENDS IN WESTERN MULE DEER (ODOCOILEUS HEMIONUS) HERDS.

J Wildl Dis 2021 Oct;57(4):831-843

Colorado Division of Parks and Wildlife, 317 W Prospect Road, Fort Collins, Colorado 80526, USA.

We analyzed retrospective data on harvest management practices and corresponding chronic wasting disease (CWD) prevalence trends in 36 western US and Canadian mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) management units (units). Our analyses employed logistic regression and model selection, exploiting variation in practices within and among jurisdictions to examine relationships between harvest management and apparent prevalence (the proportion of positive animals among those sampled). Despite notable differences in hunting practices among jurisdictions, our meta-analysis of combined data revealed strong evidence that the amount of harvest was related to CWD prevalence trends among adult male mule deer in the 32 units where prevalence at the start of the analysis period was ≤5%. Read More

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October 2021

High prevalence of HIV-1 transmitted drug resistance and factors associated with time to virological failure and viral suppression in Taiwan.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Center for Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Integrase strand transfer inhibitor (InSTI)-based regimens have become the major first-line treatment for HIV-1-infected patients in Taiwan. Transmitted drug resistance (TDR) and several clinical characteristics are associated with time to virological failure or viral suppression; however, these have not been investigated in Taiwan.

Objectives: To determine the impact of several factors on treatment outcomes in HIV-1-infected patients in Taiwan. Read More

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October 2021

Resistance to post-emergent herbicides is becoming common for grass weeds on New Zealand wheat and barley farms.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258685. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

School of Agriculture and Environment, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.

To estimate the prevalence of herbicide-resistant weeds, 87 wheat and barley farms were randomly surveyed in the Canterbury region of New Zealand. Over 600 weed seed samples from up to 10 mother plants per taxon depending on abundance, were collected immediately prior to harvest (two fields per farm). Some samples provided by agronomists were tested on an ad-hoc basis. Read More

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October 2021

Burden of chronic kidney disease in the general population and high-risk groups in South Asia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258494. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging public health issue globally. The prevalence estimates on CKD in South Asia are however limited. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of CKD among the general and high-risk population in South Asia. Read More

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October 2021

Exploring the factors associated with the mental health of frontline healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Cyprus.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258475. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Introduction: The spread of COVID-19 into a global pandemic has negatively affected the mental health of frontline healthcare-workers. This study is a multi-centre, cross-sectional epidemiological study that uses nationwide data to assess the prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression and burnout among health care workers managing COVID-19 patients in Cyprus. The study also investigates the mechanism behind the manifestation of these pathologies, as to allow for the design of more effective protective measures. Read More

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October 2021

Factors associated with nutritional status, knowledge and attitudes among tuberculosis patients receiving treatment in Ghana: A cross-sectional study in the Tema Metropolis.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258033. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Population and Behavioural Sciences, School of Public Health (Hohoe Campus), University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Background: Nutritional deficiencies are generally associated with increased risk and severity of tuberculosis. This study investigated the nutritional status, knowledge, and attitudes of tuberculosis (TB) patients receiving treatment in the Tema Metropolis.

Method: A cross-sectional design was used to collect data on the nutritional knowledge, attitude, and status of TB patients. Read More

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October 2021

Plasma electrophoresis profiles of Blanding's turtles (Emydoidea blandingii) and influences of month, age, sex, health status, and location.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258397. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Wildlife Epidemiology Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States of America.

Baseline plasma electrophoresis profiles (EPH) are important components of overall health and may aid in the conservation and captive management of species. The aim of this study was to establish plasma protein fractions for free-ranging Blanding's turtles (Emydoidea blandingii) and evaluate differences due to age class (adult vs. sub-adult vs. Read More

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October 2021

Risk factors and prognosis in very low birth weight infants treated for hypotension during the first postnatal week from the Korean Neonatal Network.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258328. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Pediatrics, Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea.

Hypotension in the early stages of life appears in 20% of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. The gestational age and birth weight are the risk factors highly related to the postnatal hypotension. Other risk factors slightly differ between different studies. Read More

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October 2021

Psychological distress among healthcare providers during COVID-19 in Asia: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0257983. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang Selangor, Malaysia.

Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic is having a devastating effect on the mental health and wellbeing of healthcare providers (HCPs) globally. This review is aimed at determining the prevalence of depression, anxiety, stress, fear, burnout and resilience and its associated factors among HCPs in Asia during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Material And Methods: We performed literature search using 4 databases from Medline, Cinahl, PubMed and Scopus from inception up to March 15, 2021 and selected relevant cross-sectional studies. Read More

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October 2021

Risk factors for increased COVID-19 case-fatality in the United States: A county-level analysis during the first wave.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0258308. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Harvard Medical School and Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States of America.

The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is causing significant morbidity and mortality across the US. In this ecological study, we identified county-level variables associated with the COVID-19 case-fatality rate (CFR) using publicly available datasets and a negative binomial generalized linear model. Variables associated with decreased CFR included a greater number of hospitals per 10,000 people, banning religious gatherings, a higher percentage of people living in mobile homes, and a higher percentage of uninsured people. Read More

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October 2021

Prevalence and health correlates of Onine Fatigue: A cross-sectional study on the Italian academic community during the COVID-19 pandemic.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(10):e0255181. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Psychology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy.

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, many people had to shift their social and work life online. A few researchers and journalists described a new form of fatigue associated with a massive use of technology, including videoconferencing platforms. In this study, this type of fatigue was referred to as Online Fatigue. Read More

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October 2021

Binge Drinking Among Adults, by Select Characteristics and State - United States, 2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 Oct 15;70(41):1441-1446. Epub 2021 Oct 15.

Excessive alcohol use* is associated with disease, injury, and poor pregnancy outcomes and is responsible for approximately 95,000 deaths in the United States each year (1). Binge drinking (five or more drinks on at least one occasion for men or four or more drinks for women) is the most common and costly pattern of excessive alcohol use (2). CDC analyzed data from the 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to estimate past 30-day binge drinking prevalence, frequency, and intensity (number of drinks per occasion), overall and by select characteristics and state. Read More

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October 2021

Use of modern contraceptives in Lagos Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Health Care Women Int 2021 Oct 14:1-16. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

We estimated modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) and examined predictors of modern contraceptives utilization amongst 1,445 sampled reproductive age women in Lagos (Nigeria's epicenter) during the devastating COVID-19 pandemic. Estimated mCPR was 30.8%. Read More

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October 2021

Total Polyphenol Intake, Polyphenol Subtypes, and Prevalence of Hypertension in the CUME Cohort.

J Am Coll Nutr 2021 Oct 14:1-12. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Clinical and Social Nutrition, School of Nutrition, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Epidemiological studies have shown associations between polyphenol consumption and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. This study aimed to assess the association between polyphenol intake and the prevalence of hypertension.This cross-sectional study was performed on data from the Cohort of Universities of Minas Gerais (CUME) project. Read More

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October 2021