31 results match your criteria plots fym


60 years of fertilization and liming impacts on soil organic carbon stabilization in a sub-tropical Alfisol.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Environmental Sciences and Biomedical Metrology Division, CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi, 110012, India.

Limited information is available on the C stabilization mechanism of tropical soils under different management practices including long-term organic manuring, mineral fertilization alone, or in combination with lime. Hence, to understand the effect of continuous application (for 60 years) of organic manure, fertilizer, and lime alone or in combination on an acidic Alfisol, stabilization of soil organic carbon (SOC) was evaluated under maize (Zea mays L.) wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Read More

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Inoculation of plant growth promoting-methane utilizing bacteria in different N-fertilizer regime influences methane emission and crop growth of flooded paddy.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 13;775:145826. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Division of Microbiology, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India. Electronic address:

Methane (CH) emission in rice fields is greatly influenced by the type and quantity of nitrogenous fertilizer used. The net methane emission from paddy fields is also influenced by the activity of methane utilizing bacteria, which inhabit the flooded paddy ecosystem. Efficient methane utilizing and plant growth promoting bacteria Methylobacterium oryzae MNL7 and Paenibacillus polymyxa MaAL70, respectively were co-inoculated along with different nitrogenous fertilizer combinations in flooded paddy to assess their impact on cumulative methane emission and crop growth promotion. Read More

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Edaphic factors and plants influence denitrification in soils from a long-term arable experiment.

Sci Rep 2020 09 29;10(1):16053. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Sustainable Agriculture Sciences Department, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire, AL5 2JQ, UK.

Factors influencing production of greenhouse gases nitrous oxide (NO) and nitrogen (N) in arable soils include high nitrate, moisture and plants; we investigate how differences in the soil microbiome due to antecedent soil treatment additionally influence denitrification. Microbial communities, denitrification gene abundance and gas production in soils from tilled arable plots with contrasting fertilizer inputs (no N, mineral N, FYM) and regenerated woodland in the long-term Broadbalk field experiment were investigated. Soil was transferred to pots, kept bare or planted with wheat and after 6 weeks, transferred to sealed chambers with or without KNO fertilizer for 4 days; NO and N were measured daily. Read More

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September 2020

Macronutrient in soils and wheat from long-term agroexperiments reflects variations in residue and fertilizer inputs.

Sci Rep 2020 02 24;10(1):3263. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Faculty of Agriculture, Dalhousie University, Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Previous studies in the long-term experiments at Pendleton, OR (USA), were focused on organic matter cycling, but the consequences of land management for nutrient status over time have received little attention. Soil and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) tissue samples were analyzed to determine the macronutrient dynamics associated with residue management methods and fertilizer rate under a dryland winter wheat-fallow rotation. Read More

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February 2020

Determination of heavy metals and their availability to plants in soil fertilized with different waste substances.

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Sep 3;190(10):567. Epub 2018 Sep 3.

Chair of Agricultural Chemistry and Environmental Protection, Faculty of Environmental Management and Agriculture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10 719, Olsztyn, Poland.

Field trials were conducted in 2004-2015, in Bałcyny, on haplic Luvisol formed out of light boulder clay. The experiment consisted of the following treatments: control (no fertilization), NPK, manure (FYM), dried pelleted sewage sludge (DPSS), composted sewage sludge (CSS), compost made from municipal sewage sludge and straw (SSCS), compost Dano made from unsorted household waste (CUHW), and compost produced from urban green waste (CUGW). Over a period of 12 years, 30 t DM/ha of each manure and composts were used, that is, 10 t DM/ha in each rotation of a crop rotation sequence. Read More

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September 2018

Effect of nutrient management on soil organic carbon sequestration, fertility, and productivity under rice-wheat cropping system in semi-reclaimed sodic soils of North India.

Environ Monit Assess 2018 Feb 5;190(3):117. Epub 2018 Feb 5.

ICAR- National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, Amravati Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra, 440033, India.

The ever shrinking agricultural land availability and the swelling demand of food for the growing population fetch our attention towards utilizing partially reclaimed sodic soils for cultivation. In the present investigation, we compared six treatments, like control (T1), existing farmers' practice (T2), balanced inorganic fertilization (T3) and combined application of green gram (Vigna radiate) with inorganic NPK (T4), green manure (Sesbania aculeate) with inorganic NPK (T5), and farmyard manure with inorganic NPK (T6), to study the influence of nutrient management on soil organic carbon sequestration and soil fertility under long-term rice-wheat cropping system along with its productivity in gypsum-amended partially reclaimed sodic soils of semi-arid sub-tropical Indian climate. On an average, combined application of organics along with fertilizer NPK (T4, T5, and T6) decreased soil pH, ESP, and BD by 3. Read More

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February 2018

Responses of Soil Microbial Biomass and Enzyme Activities to Tillage and Fertilization Systems in Soybean ( L.) Production.

Front Plant Sci 2016 21;7:1730. Epub 2016 Nov 21.

Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, University of Kurdistan Sanandaj, Iran.

Tillage operation and fertilizer type play important roles in soil properties as far as soil microbial condition is concerned. Information regarding the simultaneous evaluation of the effect of long-term tillage and fertilization on the soil microbial traits of soybean farms is not available. Accordingly, it was hypothesized that, the microbial biomass and enzyme activity, more often than not, respond quickly to changes in soil tillage and fertilization. Read More

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November 2016

Monitoring temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon decomposition under maize-wheat cropping systems in semi-arid India.

Environ Monit Assess 2016 Aug 7;188(8):451. Epub 2016 Jul 7.

Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, 474002, India.

Long-term storage of soil organic carbon (SOC) is essential for sustainability of agricultural ecosystems and maintaining overall environment quality as soils contain a significant part of global carbon stocks. In this study, we attempted to explain the carbon mineralization and temperature sensitivity of SOC in maize-wheat systems, a common cropping system in the semi-arid regions of India. Soil samples(0-0. Read More

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Soil carbon fractions under maize-wheat system: effect of tillage and nutrient management.

Environ Monit Assess 2016 Jan 5;188(1):14. Epub 2015 Dec 5.

Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India.

Soil organic carbon plays a major role in sustaining agroecosystems and maintaining environmental quality as it acts as a major source and sink of atmospheric carbon. The present study aims to assess the impact of agricultural management practices on soil organic carbon pools in a maize-wheat cropping system of Indo-Gangetic Plains, India. Soil samples from a split plot design with two tillage systems (bed planting and conventional tillage) and six nutrient treatments (T1 = control, T2 = 120 kg urea-N ha(-1), T3 = T2 (25 % N substituted by FYM), T4 = T2 (25 % N substituted by sewage sludge), T5 = T2 + crop residue, T6 = 100 % organic source (50 % FYM + 25 % biofertilizer + 25 % crop residue) were used for determining the organic carbon pools. Read More

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January 2016

Improving soil microbiology under rice-wheat crop rotation in Indo-Gangetic Plains by optimized resource management.

Environ Monit Assess 2015 Mar 28;187(3):150. Epub 2015 Feb 28.

Department of Environmental Science, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Rae Bareily Road, Lucknow, 226025, India.

The resource-intensive agriculture involving use of chemical fertilizers, irrigation, and tillage practices is a major cause of soil, water, and air pollution. This study was conducted to determine whether integrated use of nutrient, water, and tillage (reduced) can be manipulated to improve the population of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (Azotobacter, Bacillus, and Pseudomonas) to enhance soil fertility and yield. The study was conducted in the Indo-Gangetic plain (IGP) region of India, where resource-intensive agriculture is practiced. Read More

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Impact of long-term organic residue recycling in agriculture on soil solution composition and trace metal leaching in soils.

Sci Total Environ 2014 Nov 10;499:560-73. Epub 2014 Jul 10.

INRA, UMR 1091 EGC, Environnement et Grandes Cultures, 78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France.

Recycling composted organic residues in agriculture can reduce the need of mineral fertilizers and improve the physicochemical and biological properties of cultivated soils. However, some trace elements may accumulate in soils following repeated applications and impact other compartments of the agrosystems. This study aims at evaluating the long-term impact of such practices on the composition of soil leaching water, especially on trace metal concentrations. Read More

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November 2014

Labile and stabilised fractions of soil organic carbon in some intensively cultivated alluvial soils.

J Environ Biol 2013 Nov;34(6):1069-75

Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Gwalior-474 002, India.

The present investigation was undertaken in view of the limited information on the relative proportion of labile and stabilized fractions of soil organic carbon (SOC) in intensively cultivated lands, particularly under tropics. The specific objectives were i) to study the comparative recovery of SOC by different methods of labile carbon estimation under intensively cultivated lands and ii) to evaluate the impact of agricultural practices on carbon management index. For this purpose, in all, 105 surface soil samples were collected from intensively cultivated tube well and sewage irrigated agricultural lands. Read More

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November 2013

Impact of integrated nutrient management on tomato yield under farmers field conditions.

J Environ Biol 2013 Nov;34(6):1047-51

Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Environmental Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Central Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur--495 009, India.

Field trials were conducted in farmer's field of district Chandauli, Uttar Pradesh, India to assess the impact of integrated nutrient management (INM) on the performance of tomato crop during rabi (2008) and kharif (2009) season. Before conducting trials technological gap between actual and potential productivity were analyzed by interviewing growers to find out the major causes for low yield. Overall gap in use of fertilizers was recorded 64. Read More

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November 2013

PCDD/F and dioxin-like PCB profiles in soils amended with sewage sludge, compost, farmyard manure, and mineral fertilizer since 1962.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2011 Mar 12;18(3):461-70. Epub 2010 Sep 12.

European Commission, DG - Joint Research Center, Institute of Environment and Sustainability, Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027, Ispra, VA, Italy.

Background, Aim, And Scope: Biowaste contains compounds of agricultural value such as organic carbon, nutrients, and trace elements and can partially replace mineral fertilizer (MIN) and improve the physical properties of the soil. However, the obvious benefits of land spreading need to be carefully evaluated against potential adverse effects on the environment and human health. Environmental contamination resulting from biowaste application is one of the key variables when assessing cost/benefits. Read More

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Establishing relative release kinetics of faecal indicator organisms from different faecal matrices.

Lett Appl Microbiol 2009 Jul 30;49(1):124-30. Epub 2009 Apr 30.

North Wyke Research, Okehampton, Devon, UK.

Aims: A laboratory assay for comparative characterization of various faecal matrices with respect to faecal indicator organism (FIO) release using, artificial rain water.

Methods And Results: Fresh sheep and beef-cattle faeces, dairy cattle slurry and beef cattle farm yard manure (FYM) were collected from commercial units in south-west England and applied to 20 randomized 1 m(2) plots established on permanent grassland. Representative samples from each faecal matrix (n = 5) were collected on four occasions over 16 days. Read More

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Relative changes in phosphatase activities as influenced by source and application rate of organic composts in field crops.

Bioresour Technol 2008 Apr 15;99(6):1750-7. Epub 2007 May 15.

Vivekananda Institute of Hill Agriculture, Almora, Uttarakhand, India.

Potential impact of different levels and sources of organic composts on activities of phosphatases (acid and alkaline phosphatase, phosphodiesterase, and inorganic pyrophosphatase) was studied after three years of continuous application. Enzyme activities were compared with microbial biomass P and available P. Experimental plots were divided based on the organic source into three groups: those receiving farmyard manure (FYM), vermicompost (VC) and Lantana compost (LC). Read More

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Conventional crops and organic amendments for Pb, Cd and Zn treatment at a severely contaminated site.

Bioresour Technol 2008 Mar 1;99(5):1242-51. Epub 2007 May 1.

Ball State University, Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 2000 W. University Avenue, Muncie, IN 47306, USA.

The ability of selected plants and amendments to treat Pb, Cd and Zn accumulations from a metalliferous waste disposal site was studied both in the greenhouse and field. Spinach (Spinacea oleracea), cabbage (Brassica oleracea), and a grass-legume mix (red fescue, Festuca rubra; ryegrass, Lolium perenne); and bean (Vicia faba) were grown in the greenhouse on blast furnace slag or baghouse dust amended with composted peat (CP). All plant species accumulated Pb, Cd and Zn to varying degrees. Read More

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Alternative soil quality indices for evaluating the effect of intensive cropping, fertilisation and manuring for 31 years in the semi-arid soils of India.

Environ Monit Assess 2008 Jan 25;136(1-3):419-35. Epub 2007 Apr 25.

Division of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi-110 012, India.

Soil quality assessment provides a tool for evaluating the sustainability of alternative soil management practices. Our objective was to develop the most sensitive soil quality index for evaluating fertilizer, farm yard manure (FYM), and crop management practices on a semiarid Inceptisol in India. Soil indicators and crop yield data from a long-term (31 years) fertilizer, manure, and crop rotation (maize, wheat, cowpea, pearl millet) study at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) near New Delhi were used. Read More

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January 2008

Response of soil microbial biomass and community structures to conventional and organic farming systems under identical crop rotations.

FEMS Microbiol Ecol 2007 Jul 18;61(1):26-37. Epub 2007 Apr 18.

GSF-National Research Centre for Environment and Health, Institute of Soil Ecology, Neuherberg, Germany.

In this study the influence of different farming systems on microbial community structure was analyzed using soil samples from the DOK long-term field experiment in Switzerland, which comprises organic (BIODYN and BIOORG) and conventional (CONFYM and CONMIN) farming systems as well as an unfertilized control (NOFERT). We examined microbial communities in winter wheat plots at two different points in the crop rotation (after potatoes and after maize). Employing extended polar lipid analysis up to 244 different phospholipid fatty acids (PLFA) and phospholipid ether lipids (PLEL) were detected. Read More

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Study on the weediness of winter wheat in a long-term fertilization field experiment.

Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 2006 ;71(3 Pt A):793-6

Georgikon Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Pannon University P.O. Box 71, H-8360 Keszthely, Hungary.

The study was carried out in Keszthely, in the long-term fertilization field experiment in April of 2005. In the experiment we had opportunity to compare the weediness in NPK and NPK + FYM* treatments, and we could study the effect of increasing N dosis on the weeds and winter wheat. The weed survey was made on the 20th of April at the end of tillering. Read More

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Effect of fertilization on the weediness of maize in a long-term field experiment.

Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci 2006 ;71(3 Pt A):787-92

Georgikon Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Pannon University P.O. Box 71, H-8360 Keszthely, Hungary.

We carried our examination in a long-term fertilization field experiment in 2005. In the experiment we had opportunity to compare the weediness in NPK and NPK + FYM1 treatments, and we could study the effect of increasing N dosis on the weeds and maize. The bi-factorial trial was arranged in split plot design with three replications. Read More

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Long-term effect of mineral fertilizers and amendments on microbial dynamics in an alfisol of Western Himalayas.

Indian J Microbiol 2007 Mar 14;47(1):86-9. Epub 2007 Jun 14.

Department of Microbiology, CSK Himachal Pradesh Agricultural University, Palampur, 176 062 India.

The microbial dynamics expressed in terms of culturable microbial populations i.e. bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes and Azotobacter were measured after 33 years of continuous application of mineral fertilizers and amendments to an acid alfisol. Read More

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Phosphorus availability to rice (Oriza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum estivum L.) in a Vertisol after eight years of inorganic and organic fertilizer additions.

Bioresour Technol 2007 May 24;98(7):1474-81. Epub 2006 Oct 24.

Indian Institute of Soil Science, Nabibagh, Berasia Road, Bhopal 462 038, India.

Integrated use of inorganic fertilizer N and well decomposed cattle manure (CM) or 30-35 days old Parthenium (Parthenium hysterophorus L.), a weed grown off site as green manure (GM) under repeated applications of fertilizer P and urea N for eight years in a rice (Oriza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticum estivum L. Read More

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The effect of cutting, mulching and applications of farmyard manure on nitrogen fixation in a red clover/grass sward.

Bioresour Technol 2007 Dec 22;98(17):3243-8. Epub 2006 Aug 22.

Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research (IGER), North Wyke Research Station, Okehampton, Devon, UK.

In organic farming, maximising the amount of nitrogen (N) which is fixed and retained within the soil is of paramount importance for the yield of the following crop. The aim of this study was to establish the extent to which increased soil fertility, farmyard manure (FYM) applications and/or mulching, could adversely affect fixation. At two sites, situated in the South West (SW) and North East (NE) of England, N(2) fixation was estimated in 'organically' managed red clover/grass plots, both with and without green manure (i. Read More

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December 2007

Effect of inorganic fertilizer and farmyard manure on soil physical properties, root distribution, and water-use efficiency of soybean in Vertisols of central India.

Bioresour Technol 2006 Nov 10;97(16):2182-8. Epub 2005 Nov 10.

Indian Institute of Soil Science, Nabibagh, Berasia Road, Bhopal 462 038, Madhya Pradesh, India.

A field experiment was conducted on a Vertisol for three consecutive years (1998-2000) to study the effects of combined use of inorganic fertilizer (NPK) and organic manure (farmyard manure) on soil physical properties, water-use efficiency, root growth and yield of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] in a soybean-mustard cropping system. Read More

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November 2006

Effects of farmyard manure and fertilizers on yield, fibre quality and nutrient balance of rainfed cotton (Gossypium hirsutum).

Bioresour Technol 2005 Feb;96(3):345-9

Central Institute for Cotton Research, P.O. Bag No. 2, Shankarnagar, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440 010, India.

Two-year field experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of fertilizer with or without farmyard manure (FYM) application on cotton productivity and fibre quality. A partial nutrient balance was calculated by the difference method (nutrient applied--crop removal). Seed cotton yield was improved with addition of FYM (5 Mg ha(-1)). Read More

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February 2005

Comparative effectiveness of cattle manure, poultry manure, phosphocompost and fertilizer-NPK on three cropping systems in vertisols of semi-arid tropics. II. Dry matter yield, nodulation, chlorophyll content and enzyme activity.

Bioresour Technol 2004 Oct;95(1):85-93

Indian Institute of Soil Science, Nabibagh, Berasia Road, Bhopal 462038, Madhya Pradesh.

A field experiment was conducted on a deep Vertisol of Bhopal, India to compare root and shoot biomass, chlorophyll content, enzyme activity and nodulation in three cropping systems at three combinations of organic manure and inorganic-fertilizer: 75%NPK + 5 t farmyard manure (FYM), 75%NPK + 1.5 t poultry manure (PM), and 75%NPK + 5 t phosphocompost (PC) vis-a-vis 0%, 75% and 100% of fertilizer-NPK. In general, nodule number and its mass were lower in intercrop soybean than sole soybean. Read More

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October 2004

Emission of nitrous oxide from rice-wheat systems of Indo-Gangetic plains of India.

Environ Monit Assess 2002 Jul;77(2):163-78

Division of Environmental Sciences, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.

Nitrous oxide (N2O) accounts for 5% of the total enhanced greenhouse effect and responsible for the destruction of the stratospheric ozone. The rice-wheat cropping system occupying 26 million ha of productive land in Asia could be a major source of N2O as most of the fertilizer N in this region is consumed by this system. Emission of N2O as influenced by application of urea, urea plus farm yard manure (FYM), and urea plus dicyandiamide (DCD), a nitrification inhibitor, was studied in rice-wheat systems of Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Read More

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Methane fluxes in aerobic soils.

Environ Monit Assess 1996 Sep;42(1-2):175-87

Soil Science Department, IACR-Rothamsted, AL5 2JQ, Harpenden, Herts, UK.

Aerobic soils are an important sink for methane (CH4), contributing up to 15% of global CH4 destruction. However, the sink strength is significantly affected by land management, nitrogen (N) fertilizers and acidity. The rates of uptake from the atmosphere of both enhanced (10 ppmv) and ambient (2 ppmv) concentrations of CH4 were measured in laboratory incubations of soil cores under controlled conditions taken from sites in the U. Read More

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September 1996

Nutrient run-off following application of livestock wastes to grassland.

Environ Pollut 1995 ;88(1):51-6

AFRC Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research, North Wyke, Okehampton, Devon, UK, EX20 2SB.

Three types of farm waste (cattle slurry, dirty water and farm yard manure (FYM)) were applied to hydrologically isolated grassland plots on a sloping poorly draining soil. Two applications were made, the first in October and the second in February. Application rates were 50 m(3) ha(-1) of slurry and dirty water and 50 t ha(-1) of FYM. Read More

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January 2005