J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Apr 14;130:108409. Epub 2021 Apr 14.
Nicotine Dependence Services, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 175 College St, Toronto, ON M5T 1P7, Canada; Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 60 White Squirrel Way, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada; Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto, 500 University Ave, Toronto, ON M5G 1V7, Canada; Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 155 College, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, 250 College Street, Toronto, ON M5T 1R8, Canada. Electronic address:
Background: The effectiveness of care for substance-related problems varies across providers. Best-known treatments are rarely universally applied, and various process differences can affect participant outcomes. Measuring and understanding this variability can suggest changes that will improve system performance. Read More