9,635 results match your criteria pleasures


Transcultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the Brazilian version of the Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS-Br).

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Louis A. Faillace, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, EUA.

Introduction: Anhedonia is a critical symptom of major depressive disorder and is defined as the reduced ability to experience pleasure. The Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale (TEPS) is commonly used to measure anhedonia and presents satisfactory reliability.

Objectives: We aim to perform the transcultural adaptation of the Brazilian version of the TEPS and evaluate its psychometric properties. Read More

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September 2021

Reading Motivation, Alcohol and Drug Use in Future Teachers in Preschool and Primary School.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Dec 18;10(4):1150-1157. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Evolutionary, Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

Future teachers will have to develop the reading habit in their students, as this is an essential factor in schoolchildren. The lack of reading motivation among young people and the need to have it in order to transmit it has been evidenced. Young people often prefer to spend their leisure time using alcohol and other drugs rather than reading books for pleasure. Read More

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December 2020

'I just drink to feel abnormal for some time': Reconfiguring heavy drinking and intoxication as pleasurable.

Authors:
Emeka W Dumbili

Int J Drug Policy 2021 Sep 16;99:103454. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Institute for Therapy and Health Research, Harmsstrasse 2, 24114, Kiel, Germany; Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Enugu-Onitsha Express Way, Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria; Department of Social and Political Sciences, Brunel University London Uxbridge, London UB8 3PW, UK. Electronic address:

Background: The sociocultural norms moderating alcohol consumption in Nigeria were more permissive for men than women in the traditional era. Alcohol use among young people was taboo, and intoxication among men who occupy drinking spaces was punished. In contemporary Nigeria, heavy drinking and the 'culture of intoxication' are reified features of some young people's leisure lives. Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sexual Behaviors: Findings From a National Survey in the United States.

J Sex Med 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Program in Human Sexuality, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Background: Studies from the first months of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the resulting lockdown and social distancing measures have shown that there have been decreases in sexual frequency and relationship satisfaction.

Aim: To evaluate the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexual behavior, relationship satisfaction, and intimate partner violence in the United States using a large national convenience sample.

Methods: About 1,051 participants across the United States were recruited in October 2020 to complete a cross-sectional online survey. Read More

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A Library of Old Photos Supporting Conversation of Two Generations Serving Reminiscence Therapy.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:704236. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Kyoto, Japan.

In Japan, a shift in family patterns has led to a sense of social isolation among older people, which increases the risk of major neurocognitive disorder. Interventions for them using old photos to implement reminiscence therapy (RT) have been proved to be effective. A super-aged society has in turn led to a shortage of medical resources and older people prefer home care over institutional care. Read More

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Effects of an Extract (Sabroxy) on Cognitive Function in Adults With Self-reported Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 31;13:728360. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

College of Science, Health, Engineering and Education, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia.

: has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for the prevention and treatment of several diseases and may have neuroprotective effects. : Examine the effects of on cognitive function in older adults with self-reported cognitive complaints. : Two-arm, parallel-group, 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Read More

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The effect of physical activity on anhedonia in individuals with depressive symptoms.

Psych J 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Key Laboratory of Brain Functional Genomics (MOE&STCSM), Affiliated Mental Health Center (ECNU), School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.

The therapeutic effect of antidepressants has been demonstrated for anhedonia in patients with depression. However, antidepressants may cause side-effects, such as cardiovascular dysfunction. Although physical activity has minor side-effects, it may serve as an alternative for improving anhedonia and depression. Read More

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September 2021

Balance-Aware Grid Collage for Small Image Collections.

IEEE Trans Vis Comput Graph 2021 Sep 16;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Grid collages (GClg) of small image collections are popular and useful in many applications, such as personal album management, online photo posting, and graphic design. In this study, we focus on how visual effects influence individual preferences through various arrangements of multiple images under such scenarios. A novel balance-aware metric is proposed to bridge the gap between multi-image joint presentation and visual pleasure. Read More

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September 2021

[The spirit and motivation of the for long working psychiatrist].

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2021 ;63(7):570-577

Background: Independent psychiatrists around 68 years old often postpone the phasing out of their working practices. They have difficulty to decide whether, when and how to retire.

Aim: Clarify why many independent psychiatrists keep on working for long after their retirement age, and how they eventually can phase out their practices. Read More

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September 2021

[The spirit and motivation of the for long working psychiatrist].

Authors:
E van Bodegraven

Tijdschr Psychiatr 2021 ;63(7):565-569

Background: Independent psychiatrists around 68 years old often postpone the phasing out of their working practices. They have difficulty to decide whether, when and how to retire.

Aim: Clarify why many independent psychiatrists keep on working for long after their retirement age, and how they eventually can phase out their practices. Read More

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September 2021

Socio-Cultural Significance of Yerba Maté among Syrian Residents and Diaspora.

Econ Bot 2021 Sep 10:1-15. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Kamýcká 129, 165 00 Praha - Suchdol, Czech Republic.

. Syria is the world's second-largest importer of the dried leaves of A.St. Read More

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September 2021

Neural underpinnings of morality judgment and moral aesthetic judgment.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 14;11(1):18232. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Psychology South, China Normal University, Tianhe District, No. 55 West Zhongshan Avenue, Guangzhou, 510631, China.

Morality judgment usually refers to the evaluation of moral behavior`s ability to affect others` interests and welfare, while moral aesthetic judgment often implies the appraisal of moral behavior's capability to provide aesthetic pleasure. Both are based on the behavioral understanding. To our knowledge, no study has directly compared the brain activity of these two types of judgments. Read More

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September 2021

The genetics of eating behaviors: research in the age of COVID-19.

bioRxiv 2021 Sep 5. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

How much pleasure we take in eating is more than just how much we enjoy the taste of food. Food involvement - the amount of time we spend on food beyond the immediate act of eating and tasting - is key to the human food experience. We took a biological approach to test whether food-related behaviors, together capturing food involvement, have genetic components and are partly due to inherited variation. Read More

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September 2021

Attention to emotion and reliance on feelings in decision-making: Variations on a pleasure principle.

Cognition 2021 Sep 10;217:104904. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, United States of America.

Individuals are thought to differ in the extent to which they attend to and value their feelings, as captured by the construct of attention to emotion. The well-being correlates of attention to emotion have been extensively studied, but the decision-making correlates have not been. A three study program of research (total N = 328) sought to examine relationships between stimulus-specific feelings and decisions concerning those stimuli in the context of high levels of within-subject power. Read More

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September 2021

Correction to: Work and pleasure-a 'heady mix'?

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Sep 27;37(5):495. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

National Heart Institute, New Delhi, India.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s12055-021-01188-z.]. Read More

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September 2021

Deconstructing Apathy in Parkinson's Disease: Challenges in Isolating Core Components of Apathy From Depression, Anxiety, and Fatigue.

Front Neurol 2021 26;12:720921. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Zurich, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Apathy, fatigue and depression are amongst the most debilitating non-motor syndromes of Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of apathy, depression, anxiety and fatigue and whether these syndromes are separable in PD. A total of 337 patients were examined using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS part III), the Apathy Evaluation Scale, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the Fatigue Severity Scale. Read More

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The Effectiveness of Facial Expression Recognition in Detecting Emotional Responses to Sound Interventions in Older Adults With Dementia.

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:707809. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China.

This research uses facial expression recognition software (FaceReader) to explore the influence of different sound interventions on the emotions of older people with dementia. The field experiment was carried out in the public activity space of an older adult care facility. Three intervention sound sources were used, namely, music, stream, and birdsong. Read More

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Compensatory Belief in Health Behavior Management: A Concept Analysis.

Front Psychol 2021 27;12:705991. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

School of Nursing, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Purpose: This study aimed to identify the exact definition of the concept of compensatory belief (CB) and to help clinicians and caregivers to distinguish patients who tend to form such beliefs.

Methods: This study is a conceptual analysis based on the strategy of Walker and Avant (2014). We retrieved studies from existing literature using databases such as PubMed, CINAHL, Wiley, and Web of Science, and extracted information from the results. Read More

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Predictors in ASD: The Importance of Parents' Perception.

Front Psychiatry 2021 26;12:506148. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Public Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Several predictors may influence children's developmental trajectories with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), and parents' concerns may play an important role. This study aimed to investigate developmental trajectories of two groups of children with ASD to understand predictive factors, including parental perception. We examined the clinical features of a sample of 55 children with ASD at 3 and 6 years of age in two moments of evaluation to understand this process. Read More

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Work and pleasure-a 'heady mix'?

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Sep 5;37(5):493-494. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

National Heart Institute, New Delhi, India.

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September 2021

The effect of COVID-19 on mental well-being in Switzerland: a cross-sectional survey of the adult Swiss general population.

BMC Fam Pract 2021 09 10;22(1):181. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Centre for Primary Health Care, University of Basel, Kantonsspital Baselland, Rheinstrasse 26, 4410, Liestal, Switzerland.

Background: In addition to the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic to physical health, mental health is challenged by the emotional response to the situation and the official measures taken to stop the pandemic. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of impaired mental well-being due to COVID-19 and explore associated factors.

Methods: The study was an observational, population-based, nationwide, cross-sectional online survey of a representative sample of the general Swiss population performed between March and April 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Young people's perceptions of young women's engagement in sexting.

Authors:
Claire Meehan

Cult Health Sex 2021 Sep 10:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Sociology and Criminology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Young women are increasingly engaging with digital sexual media, yet discussion of female desire remains absent or is vilified. This paper examines young women's online sexual expression, as seen through the eyes of both young men and young women. Based on small friendship group interviews conducted with 106 12-16-year-old young women and men in Aotearoa New Zealand, I analysed perceptions of young women's sexual expression. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence of Psychoactive Drug Use among Medical Students in a Medical College of Nepal.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2020 Oct 15;58(230):717-720. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences, Dhulikhel, Nepal.

Introduction: Psychoactive drug is a worrisome and emerging global problem. This is a disturbing matter, especially in the case of medical students, as it affects not only their health and academic performance alone but their clinical efficiency as well. This study aims to determine the prevalence of psychoactive drug use among medical students in a medical college in Nepal. Read More

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October 2020

Keystroke Dynamics Patterns While Writing Positive and Negative Opinions.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Sep 6;21(17). Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland.

This paper deals with analysis of behavioural patterns in human-computer interaction. In the study, keystroke dynamics were analysed while participants were writing positive and negative opinions. A semi-experiment with 50 participants was performed. Read More

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September 2021

The PPARg System in Major Depression: Pathophysiologic and Therapeutic Implications.

Authors:
Philip W Gold

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Aug 26;22(17). Epub 2021 Aug 26.

National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

To an exceptional degree, and through multiple mechanisms, the PPARg system rapidly senses cellular stress, and functions in the CNS in glial cells, neurons, and cerebrovascular endothelial cell in multiple anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective ways. We now know that depression is associated with neurodegeneration in the subgenual prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, decreased neuroplasticity, and defective neurogenesis. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is markedly depleted in these areas, and is thought to contribute to the neurodegeneration of the subgenual prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus. Read More

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The choice levels modulate outcome processing during outcome independent of behavior selection: Evidence from event-related potentials.

Int J Psychophysiol 2021 Sep 7;169:44-54. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality of the Ministry of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China. Electronic address:

Having a choice is a basic demand to influence human behavior. However, how various choice levels modulate outcome processing when the outcome is independent of the choices remains unclear. In this event-related potential (ERP) study, thirty-seven participants were instructed to perform a one-person choice task in which they were required to choose one card from 1 (no-choice level), 2 (medium-choice level), and 8 cards (high-choice level) to win a reward, with a 50% chance. Read More

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September 2021

Ablating the transporter NaDC3 prevents leukodystrophy in Canavan disease mice.

Ann Neurol 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Institute for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, UC Davis, c/o Shriners Hospital, 2425 Stockton Blvd, Sacramento, CA, 95817.

Canavan disease is caused by ASPA mutations that diminish brain aspartoacylase activity, and is characterized by excessive brain storage of the aspartoacylase substrate N-acetyl-L-aspartate (NAA) and by astroglial and intramyelinic vacuolation. Astroglia and arachnoid mater express NaDC3, encoded by Slc13a3, a sodium-coupled transporter for NAA and other dicarboxylates. Constitutive Slc13a3 deletion in aspartoacylase-deficient Canavan disease mice prevents brain NAA over-accumulation, ataxia, and brain vacuolation. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical Implications for Exercise at Altitude Among Individuals With Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Sep 9:e023225. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

An increasing number of individuals travel to mountainous environments for work and pleasure. However, oxygen availability declines at altitude, and hypoxic environments place unique stressors on the cardiovascular system. These stressors may be exacerbated by exercise at altitude, because exercise increases oxygen demand in an environment that is already relatively oxygen deplete compared with sea-level conditions. Read More

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September 2021

The power of Dionysus-Effects of red wine on consciousness in a naturalistic setting.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(9):e0256198. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Germany.

There is lack of research on effects of red wine on consciousness when drank in wine bars designed to enhance the pleasurableness of the wine drinking experience. Effects of a moderate dose of red wine (≈ 40.98 g of ethanol) on consciousness were examined in a naturalistic study taking place in a wine bar located in one of the most touristic areas of Lisbon, Portugal. Read More

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September 2021