2,553 results match your criteria plants remedy

Can nitrifiers from the sidestream deammonification process be a remedy for the N-overload of the mainstream reactor?

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 27;790:148066. Epub 2021 May 27.

Faculty of Environmental Engineering, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland.

The combination of sidestream deammonification and bioaugmentation of the mainstream reactor using ammonia oxidizers from partial nitritation (PN) was not achieved before. This novel solution not only enables the efficient sidestream nitrogen removal, but also improves mainstream resistance to stress situations such as biomass washout or nitrogen overload. This feature is important for wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) equipped with reject water deammonification as its implementation leads to lower nitrifier mass in the mainstream reactor and therefore diminish ability to cope with rapid increase in the loading rate (i. Read More

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Herbal/Plant Remedies and Supplements Used by Hispanics/Latinxs for Diabetes: Source of Functional Foods?

Sci Diabetes Self Manag Care 2021 Feb;47(1):94-104

From School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, North Carolina.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the use of herbal/plant remedies and supplements for type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among Hispanics/Latinxs in North Carolina and identify demographic and diabetes-related factors associated with use of these therapies.

Methods: Baseline data from a family-based diabetes intervention tailored for Hispanics/Latinxs were analyzed using descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and logistic regression. A convenience sample of 186 adults with T2DM and adult family members with and without T2DM was recruited from community-based settings and data obtained from face-to-face interviews conducted in Spanish. Read More

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February 2021

Anti-Allergic, Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Hyperglycemic Activity of Leaf Extract and Its Profiling Using LC/MS and GLC/MS.

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 31;10(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Abbassia 11566, Egypt.

This study aims to comprehensively explore the phytoconstituents as well as investigate the different biological activities of (Iridaceae) for the first time. Metabolic profiling of the leaf methanol extract of (CAL) was carried out using HPLC-PDA-ESI-MS/MS. Twenty-nine compounds were annotated belonging to various phytochemical classes including organic acids, cinnamic acid derivatives, flavonoids, isoflavonoids, and fatty acids. Read More

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Triterpenoids from Stem Barks Reduce Nitrite Levels in LPS-Stimulated Macrophages.

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 18;10(5). Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Pharmacy, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Naples Federico II, Via Domenico Montesano 49, 80131 Naples, Italy.

C. F. Gaertn is widely used in African traditional medicine as an anti-inflammatory remedy to treat rheumatism, gastric problems, diarrhea, and dysentery. Read More

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(L.) DC., a Traditional Herbal Tea, Exerts Antioxidant and Neuroprotective Properties in Different   and Systems.

Biology (Basel) 2021 May 18;10(5). Epub 2021 May 18.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Jorge, Villanueva de Gállego, 50830 Zaragoza, Spain.

In traditional medicine, (L.) DC or rock tea (RT) has been mainly used to treat digestive and respiratory pathologies but also as an antimicrobial or an antidepressant herbal remedy. An ethanolic extract of RT has been demonstrated to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, which may be explained by its phytochemical profile, rich in polyphenols and pigments. Read More

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A Narrative Review on Therapeutic Potentials of in Human Disorders.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 7;2021:5516450. Epub 2021 May 7.

Medicinal Plants Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran.

() is an aquatic vegetable that belongs to the Brassicaceae family, and it often grows near water. In traditional medicine, is a known remedy for hypercholesterolemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, arthritis, bronchitis, diuresis, odontalgia, and scurvy. It also acts as an antiestrogenic and can be used as a nutritional supplement. Read More

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Recent advances on bioactive polysaccharides from mulberry.

Food Funct 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Food Science and Engineering, Institute of Food Safety and Nutrition, Guangdong Engineering Technology Center of Food Safety Molecular Rapid Detection, Jinan University, Guangzhou, P. R. China.

Mulberry (Moraceae family), commonly considered as a folk remedy, has a long history of usage in many regions of the world. Polysaccharides regarded as one of the major components in mulberry plants, and they possess antioxidant, antidiabetic, hepatoprotective, prebiotic, immunomodulatory and antitumor properties, among others. In recent decades, mulberry polysaccharides have been widely studied for their multiple health benefits and potential economic value. Read More

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Facilitating SARS CoV-2 RNA-Dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) drug discovery by the aid of HCV NS5B palm subdomain binders: In silico approaches and benchmarking.

Comput Biol Med 2021 May 11;134:104468. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh, 33516, Egypt. Electronic address:

Corona Virus 2019 Disease (COVID-19) is a rapidly emerging pandemic caused by a newly discovered beta coronavirus, called Sever Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2). SARS CoV-2 is an enveloped, single stranded RNA virus that depends on RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) to replicate. Therefore, SARS CoV-2 RdRp is considered as a promising target to cease virus replication. Read More

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Ethanol Extract of A. Berger (Crassulaceae) Protects Against Type 2 Diabetes by Reducing Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Inflammation in Mice.

J Med Food 2021 May;24(5):464-478

Biosafety Research Institute and Laboratory of Pathology (BK21 Plus Program), College of Veterinary Medicine, Jeonbuk National University, Iksan-si, Jeollabuk-do, Korea.

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a threaten human health problem, and accompanied by hyperglycemia and disorder of insulin secretion, is a major cause of abnormalities in maintaining blood glucose homeostasis. Also, low-grade inflammation, as well as insulin resistance (IR), is a common feature in patients with T2D. Numerous causes of the outbreak of T2D have been suggested by researchers, who indicate that genetic background and epigenetic predisposition, such as overnutrition and deficient physical activity, hasten the promotion of T2D milieu. Read More

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Therapeutic Potentials of Antiviral Plants Used in Traditional African Medicine With COVID-19 in Focus: A Nigerian Perspective.

Front Pharmacol 2021 26;12:596855. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is caused by an infectious novel strain of coronavirus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which was earlier referred to as 2019-nCoV. The respiratory disease is the most consequential global public health crisis of the 21st century whose level of negative impact increasingly experienced globally has not been recorded since World War II. Up till now, there has been no specific globally authorized antiviral drug, vaccines, supplement or herbal remedy available for the treatment of this lethal disease except preventive measures, supportive care and non-specific treatment options adopted in different countries via divergent approaches to halt the pandemic. Read More

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The evolution of the socio-cultural and religious characteristics of cancer patients in Morocco: case of the National Institute of Oncology Rabat.

BMC Cancer 2021 May 7;21(1):516. Epub 2021 May 7.

Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.

Background: In 2020, Morocco recorded more than 59,370 new cases of cancer and more than 35,265 cases of death (International Agency for Research on Cancer, Annual report Morocco, 2020). Cancer is always accompanied by socially constructed, differentiated, and contingent interpretations and practices according to the socio-cultural and religious characteristics of each region. The study aims at describing the evolution of the socio-cultural and religious aspects of Moroccan cancer patients followed at the National Institute of Oncology (NIO) of Rabat between 2010 and 2020. Read More

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Mapping Evapotranspiration of Agricultural Areas in Ghana.

ScientificWorldJournal 2021 17;2021:8878631. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Remote Sensing and Climate Center, Ghana Space Science and Technology Institute, Accra, Ghana.

Climate change is having an adverse effect on the environment especially in sub-Sahara Africa, where capacity for natural resource management such as water is very low. The scope of the effect on land use types have to be estimated to inform proper remedy. A combined estimation of transpiration and evaporation from plants and soil is critical to determine annual water requirement for different land use. Read More

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A real-time approach of diagnosing rice leaf disease using deep learning-based faster R-CNN framework.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 7;7:e432. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Innovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics and Sports Laboratory, Faculty of Manufacturing and Mechatronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia.

The rice leaves related diseases often pose threats to the sustainable production of rice affecting many farmers around the world. Early diagnosis and appropriate remedy of the rice leaf infection is crucial in facilitating healthy growth of the rice plants to ensure adequate supply and food security to the rapidly increasing population. Therefore, machine-driven disease diagnosis systems could mitigate the limitations of the conventional methods for leaf disease diagnosis techniques that is often time-consuming, inaccurate, and expensive. Read More

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Algae-Derived Bioactive Molecules for the Potential Treatment of SARS-CoV-2.

Molecules 2021 Apr 8;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

School of Chemical Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China.

The recently emerged COVID-19 disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has adversely affected the whole world. As a significant public health threat, it has spread worldwide. Scientists and global health experts are collaborating to find and execute speedy diagnostics, robust and highly effective vaccines, and therapeutic techniques to tackle COVID-19. Read More

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Synthesis and production of steviol glycosides: recent research trends and perspectives.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 May 29;105(10):3883-3900. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Plant Cytology and Embryology, Institute of Botany, Faculty of Biology, Jagiellonian University, ul. Gronostajowa 9, 30-387, Krakow, Poland.

Steviol glycosides (SvGls) are plant secondary metabolites belonging to a class of chemical compounds known as diterpenes. SvGls have been discovered only in a few plant species, including in the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. Over the last few decades, SvGls have been extensively researched for their extraordinary sweetness. Read More

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A review of antidiabetic active thiosugar sulfoniums, salacinol and neokotalanol, from plants of the genus Salacia.

J Nat Med 2021 Jun 26;75(3):449-466. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Pharmaceutical Research and Technology Institute, Kindai University, 3-4-1 Kowakae, Higashi-osaka, Osaka, 577-8502, Japan.

During our studies characterizing functional substances from food resources for the prevention and treatment of lifestyle-related diseases, we isolated the active constituents, salacinol (1) and neokotalanol (4), and related thiosugar sulfoniums, from the roots and stems of the genus Salacia plants [Celastraceae (Hippocrateaceae)] such as Salacia reticulata Wight, S. oblonga Wall., and S. Read More

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Effect of COD on methanotrophic growth and the anaerobic digestibility of its sludge as a further step for integration in WWTPS.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jul 19;290:112543. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Civil Engineering, Lassonde School of Engineering, York University, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address:

Within wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), the anaerobically produced biogas is often underutilized. Fortunately, methanotrophic based biotechnologies can be the remedy for on-site exploitation and recovery of unused biogas. In this regard, efforts have been placed on evaluating the suitably of methanotrophs to be deployed in WWTPs. Read More

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Comparison of antifungal efficacy of ethanolic extracts of leaf and peel in uncontrolled diabetic patients wearing removable dentures: A randomized controlled clinical trial.

Curr Med Mycol 2020 Sep;6(3):15-20

Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Mamata Dental College, Khammam, Telangana, India.

Background And Purpose: The search for the development of a suitable novel antimicrobial agent for fungal diseases continues to be a key problem in the current clinical field. The present investigation was aimed to determine the antifungal effect of the ethanolic crude extracts of leaf (Wfl) and Punica granatum peel (Pgp) in uncontrolled diabetic patients wearing removable dentures.

Materials And Methods: The ethanolic extracts of both plants were prepared using the soxhlet extraction method, and the obtained metabolites were confirmed by thin- layer chromatography. Read More

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September 2020

Composition of Essential Oils from Roots and Aerial Parts of and Their Antibacterial and Cytotoxic Activities.

Molecules 2021 Mar 26;26(7). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Maj Institute of Pharmacology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Smętna Street 12, 31-343 Kraków, Poland.

L., one of the two species occurring in Europe, in the Far East and India, found use as a vegetable and a traditional medicinal remedy for several ailments. In the present study, compositions of essential oils distilled from roots and shoots of plants, cultivated in the open field, have been studied by GC-MS-FID supported by NMR spectroscopy. Read More

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Reproductive phasiRNA loci and DICER-LIKE5, but not microRNA loci, diversified in monocotyledonous plants.

Plant Physiol 2021 Apr;185(4):1764-1782

Center for Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, Delaware Biotechnology Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA.

In monocots other than maize (Zea mays) and rice (Oryza sativa), the repertoire and diversity of microRNAs (miRNAs) and the populations of phased, secondary, small interfering RNAs (phasiRNAs) are poorly characterized. To remedy this, we sequenced small RNAs (sRNA) from vegetative and dissected inflorescence tissue in 28 phylogenetically diverse monocots and from several early-diverging angiosperm lineages, as well as publicly available data from 10 additional monocot species. We annotated miRNAs, small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and phasiRNAs across the monocot phylogeny, identifying miRNAs apparently lost or gained in the grasses relative to other monocot families, as well as a number of transfer RNA fragments misannotated as miRNAs. Read More

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Report of ventricular fibrillation in a 44-year-old man using kratom.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 23;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, New York, USA.

Kratom is an unregulated kappa-opioid receptor agonist available for order on the internet that is used as a remedy for chronic pain. We present a case of a middle-aged man who suffered a cardiac arrest in the setting of kratom ingestion. Read More

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Seaweeds fast EDC bioremediation: Supporting evidence of EE2 and BPA degradation by the red seaweed Gracilaria sp., and a proposed model for the remedy of marine-borne phenol pollutants.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jun 2;278:116853. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, Ltd. The National Institute of Oceanography. Tel Shikmona 8030, Haifa, 31080, Israel.

In the last few decades, Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) have taken significant roles in creating harmful effects to aquatic organisms. Many proposed treatment applications are time consuming, expensive and focus mainly on waste water treatment plants (WWTP), which are indeed a major aquatic polluting source. Nonetheless, the marine environment is the ultimate sink of many pollutants, e. Read More

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LSTrAP-Kingdom: an automated pipeline to generate annotated gene expression atlases for kingdoms of life.

Bioinformatics 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, 60 Nanyang Drive, Singapore, 637551, Singapore.

Motivation: There are now more than two million RNA sequencing experiments for plants, animals, bacteria and fungi publicly available, allowing us to study gene expression within and across species and kingdoms. However, the tools allowing the download, quality control and annotation of this data for more than one species at a time are currently missing.

Results: To remedy this, we present the Large-Scale Transcriptomic Analysis Pipeline in Kingdom of Life (LSTrAP-Kingdom) pipeline, which we used to process 134,521 RNA-seq samples, achieving ∼12,000 processed samples per day. Read More

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Kratom: The safe legal high?

Epilepsy Behav 2021 04 6;117:107882. Epub 2021 Mar 6.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

Illicit drugs are used to produce a sense of euphoria in the user. Like marijuana, kratom is a plant-based substance. The leaves of the Mitragyna speciosa tree were used to treat mild medical conditions in Thailand and Malaysia as a stimulant in low doses, and sedative and analgesic at high doses. Read More

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Pharmacological evaluation and modeling study of compounds isolated from .

Heliyon 2021 Feb 26;7(2):e06367. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Chemistry, University of Malakand, Chakdara, Dir Lower, 18800 KPK, Pakistan.

Medicines derived from plants are preferred over synthetic therapeutic agents in treating different diseases. (a member of Rhamnaceae family) is a medicinal plant used as a remedy of different diseases in Greek and Ayurveda medical systems. roots were shade dried and then subjected to extraction of bioactive compounds using different solvent systems and silica gel. Read More

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February 2021

An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants in Kelala District, South Wollo Zone of Amhara Region, Northeastern Ethiopia.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 24;2021:6651922. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Debre Birhan University, P.O. Box 445, Debre Birhan, Ethiopia.

This research was carried out to record and document the medicinal plants and associated indigenous plant use knowledge of the local people in Kelala District of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Ethnobotanical data were collected by conducting preprepared semistructured interview items with 60 informants. Focus group discussion and guided field walk were also used. Read More

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February 2021

Proniosomal Formulation Encapsulating Pomegranate Peel Extract for Nutraceutical Applications.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2021 05;21(5):2907-2916

Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Unit of Drug Sciences, University of Cagliari, Cagliari 09124, Italy.

In this study, pomegranate peel as a traditional natural remedy was extracted and encapsulated in proniosomal systems in order to improve its stability against harsh environmental conditions. Pomegranate peel was extracted by using sonication as a green extraction technology and the antioxidant activity of the obtained extract was evaluated to be 85.37% by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radicals. Read More

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Therapeutic Potentials of Leaf Extract for the Alleviation of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes and Diabetic Complications: In vivo and in silico-Based Studies.

J Inflamm Res 2021 19;14:443-459. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Dhaka, 1229, Bangladesh.

Introduction: Hypoglycemia in diabetes mellitus (DM) correlates with hepatic impairment, nephropathy, lipid abnormalities, and oxidative stress and subsequently complicates the disease pathogenesis. Medicinal plants have been used for the management of diabetes since ancient times. In this study, we explored the potentials of (CA), a plant known to possess anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory activities, as a remedy for diabetes and related complications. Read More

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February 2021

Exploring algae and cyanobacteria as a promising natural source of antiviral drug against SARS-CoV-2.

Biomed J 2021 03 7;44(1):54-62. Epub 2020 Dec 7.

Cyanobacterial Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biosciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

The present outburst of coronavirus-associated (SARS-CoV-2) acute respiratory disease coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) in December 2019 in Wuhan, China is the third recognised spill over due to the zoonotic transmission. SARS-CoVs are about 29.7 kb positive, single stranded (ss) RNA viruses that are considered as zoonotic pathogens, bat being their natural reservoirs and also shows transmission within humans. Read More

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Evaluation of the Antimicrobial Effect of the Extracts of the Pods of (Schumach.) Milne-Redh. (Fabaceae).

Adv Pharmacol Pharm Sci 2021 13;2021:6616133. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Department of Biochemistry, University of Zimbabwe, Mt. Pleasant, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Plants have been used traditionally by people in treating and the management of diseases since time immemorial. Traditional medicines including the herbal medicines are used for primary healthcare in some domains in almost every country. Approximately 80% of the population in developing coutries depend on plants as their source of medicine for combating diseases. Read More

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February 2021