16,197 results match your criteria plants influenced

Virus-induced plant volatiles mediate the olfactory behavior of its insect vectors.

Plant Cell Environ 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology & Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology of Crop Pathogens and Insects, Institute of Insect Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Plant viruses can manipulate their hosts to release odors that are attractive or repellent to their insect vectors. However, the volatile organic compounds (VOCs), either individually or as mixtures, which play a key role in the olfactory behavior of insect vectors remains largely unknown. Our study focused on green rice leafhoppers (GRLHs) vectoring rice dwarf virus (RDV) revealed that RDV infection significantly induced the emission of (E)-β-caryophyllene and 2-heptanol by rice plants which influenced the olfactory behavior of both non-viruliferous and viruliferous GRLHs. Read More

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Upward shift and elevational range contractions of subtropical mountain plants in response to climate change.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 5;783:146896. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Institute of Ecology and Key Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes of the Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

Elevational range shifts of mountain species in response to climate change have profound impact on mountain biodiversity. However, current evidence indicates great controversies in the direction and magnitude of elevational range shifts across species and regions. Here, using historical and recent occurrence records of 83 plant species in a subtropical mountain, Mt. Read More

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The Tonoplast-Localized Transporter OsNRAMP2 is involved in Fe Homeostasis and affects Seed Germination in rice.

J Exp Bot 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, College of Life Science, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Vacuolar storage of iron (Fe) is important for Fe homeostasis in plants. When sufficient, the excess Fe could be stored in vacuoles for remobilization in case of Fe deficiency. Although the mechanism of Fe remobilization from vacuoles is critical for crop development under low Fe stress, the transporters that mediate vacuolar Fe translocation into the cytosol in rice remains unknown. Read More

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Bioactive compounds in Apis mellifera monofloral honeys.

J Food Sci 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Facultad de Química y de Farmacia, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Santiago, Chile.

Honey is a natural product with a sweet flavor. Honey is made by the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) from the nectar of flowers or other plant secretions that are collected near the hive. Read More

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Pinpointing regulatory protein phosphatase 2A subunits involved in beneficial symbiosis between plants and microbes.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Apr 16;21(1):183. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

IKBM, Department of Chemistry, Bioscience and Environmental Engineering, University of Stavanger, 4036, Stavanger, Norway.

Background: PROTEIN PHOSPHATASE 2A (PP2A) expression is crucial for the symbiotic association between plants and various microbes, and knowledge on these symbiotic processes is important for sustainable agriculture. Here we tested the hypothesis that PP2A regulatory subunits, especially B'φ and B'θ, are involved in signalling between plants and mycorrhizal fungi or plant-growth promoting bacteria.

Results: Treatment of tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum) with the plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) Azospirillum brasilense and Pseudomonas simiae indicated a role for the PP2A B'θ subunit in responses to PGPR. Read More

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Responses of stomatal features and photosynthesis to porewater N enrichment and elevated atmospheric CO in Phragmites australis, the common reed.

Am J Bot 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Biology Department, Bowdoin College, Brunswick, ME, 04011, USA.

Premise: Biological invasions increasingly threaten native biodiversity and ecosystem services. One notable example is the common reed, Phragmites australis, which aggressively invades North American salt marshes. Elevated atmospheric CO and nitrogen pollution enhance its growth and facilitate invasion because P. Read More

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Genome-wide specificity of prime editors in plants.

Nat Biotechnol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

State Key Laboratory of Plant Cell and Chromosome Engineering, Center for Genome Editing, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Innovation Academy for Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Although prime editors (PEs) have the potential to facilitate precise genome editing in therapeutic, agricultural and research applications, their specificity has not been comprehensively evaluated. To provide a systematic assessment in plants, we first examined the mismatch tolerance of PEs in plant cells and found that the editing frequency was influenced by the number and location of mismatches in the primer binding site and spacer of the prime editing guide RNA (pegRNA). Assessing the activity of 12 pegRNAs at 179 predicted off-target sites, we detected only low frequencies of off-target edits (0. Read More

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Polyhydroxyalkanoates production from fermented domestic wastewater using phototrophic mixed cultures.

Water Res 2021 Apr 1;197:117101. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

UCIBIO-REQUIMTE, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal.

Phototrophic mixed cultures (PMC) have been found to be a promising technology to produce polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), however, work performed thus far has focussed mainly on the use of synthetic feedstocks and operational conditions that differ from those expectable in full-scale processes. The goals of this work were to study, for the first time, the capability of PMCs to produce PHA using real fermented domestic wastewater as feedstock under mixing/light/temperature conditions that are naturally found in outdoor open systems. Various operational strategies were evaluated in this study to increase PHA productivity, namely the poly(3-hydroxybutyric-co-3-hydroxyvaleric) copolymer (PHBV) by PMC systems. Read More

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Influence of tropical upright pasture structural and chemical characteristics on lamb grazing time.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0242642. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Texas A&M University, Stephenville, Texas, United States of America.

Tropical pasture canopy characteristics can alter lamb ingestive behavior. Our study evaluated the ingestive behavior of young lambs in different tropical pastures to identify which variables interfere in their grazing activity. Two years of study were carried out with 54 weaned lambs distributed in three different pasture canopies: 1) monoculture of an upright grass, guinea grass (Panicum maximum; GG); 2) monoculture of a shrubby legume pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan; PP) and 3) contiguous paddock with half GG and half PP (GP). Read More

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Ploidy influences wheat mesophyll cell geometry, packing and leaf function.

Plant Direct 2021 Apr 7;5(4):e00314. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Animal and Plant Sciences University of Sheffield Sheffield UK.

Leaf function is influenced by leaf structure, which is itself related not only to the spatial arrangement of constituent mesophyll cells, but also their size and shape. In this study, we used confocal microscopy to image leaves of genotypes varying in ploidy level to extract 3D information on individual mesophyll cell size and geometry. Combined with X-ray Computed Tomography and gas exchange analysis, the effect of changes in wheat mesophyll cell geometry upon leaf structure and function were investigated. Read More

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/ collected worldwide: Microsatellite markers data and genetic cluster assignment.

Data Brief 2021 Jun 18;36:106967. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

INRAE, GAFL, 84143 Montfavet, France.

is a cosmopolitan aphid species able to colonize hundreds of plant species from various families [1]. It causes serious damage to a wide range of crops and it is considered a major pest of cucurbits and cotton [2]. It reproduces clonally, by obligate parthenogenesis, on secondary hosts present throughout the year in the intertropical area. Read More

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Dataset of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in a Mediterranean coastal wetland.

Data Brief 2021 Jun 15;36:106934. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Research Center on Desertification (CIDE), Environmental and Food Safety Research Group of the University of Valencia (SAMA-UV), CSIC-UV-GV, Moncada-Naquera Road km 4.5, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain.

The dataset provides information on Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) detected in the Albufera Natural Park (Valencia, Spain), a typical Mediterranean coastal wetland. These PPCPs constitute an important group of organic pollutants highly representative of the human impact. The concentrations values measured in soil, sediment and water and the statistical relationship of contaminants between them and with the environmental parameters could help to understand their fate in different compartments. Read More

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Deciphering the role of microRNAs during gene mediated resistance response in rice.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 Mar 10;27(3):633-647. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

ICAR-National Institute for Plant Biotechnology, Pusa Campus, New Delhi, 110012 India.

The broad-spectrum resistance gene confers resistance to multiple isolates of in rice. In order to decipher the molecular mechanism underlying the mediated resistance in rice line Taipei309 (carrying ), miRNAome study was performed at 24 h post-inoculation (hpi) with . A total of 222 known miRNAs representing 101 miRNA families were found in this study. Read More

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Effect of glyphosate and P on the growth and nutrition of Coffea arabica cultivars and on weed control.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 14;11(1):8095. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Agricultural and Veterinarian Sciences, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Jaboticabal, São Paulo, 14884-900, Brazil.

The effect of the phosphorus (P) and glyphosate interactions on the growth and nutrition of Arabica coffee cultivars (Coffea arabica), as well as on the control of Ipomoea grandifolia and Urochloa decumbens, was evaluated. Catuaí-Amarelo/IAC-62 and Catuaí-Vermelho/IAC-144 cultivars did not show glyphosate poisoning, regardless of the soil P content. However, glyphosate reduced the growth of Catuaí-Vermelho/IAC-144. Read More

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The Tonoplast-Localized Transporter OsNRAMP2 is involved in Fe Homeostasis and affects Seed Germination in rice.

J Exp Bot 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, College of Life Science, Nanjing Agriculture University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Vacuolar storage of iron (Fe) is important for Fe homeostasis in plants. When sufficient, the excess Fe could be stored in vacuoles for remobilization in case of Fe deficiency. Although the mechanism of Fe remobilization from vacuoles is critical for crop development under low Fe stress, the transporters that mediate vacuolar Fe translocation into the cytosol in rice remains unknown. Read More

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Dataset on the effect of flavonoids on the stabilization of the resin-dentin interface.

Data Brief 2021 Apr 19;35:106984. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Grupo de Investigaciones Básicas y Aplicadas en Odontología, Departamento de Salud Oral, Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia.

Data in this article are associated with our research article "Effect of Myricetin on Odontoblast-like Cells and its Potential to Preserve Resin-Dentin Bonds." Both a poor infiltration of resin monomers into the demineralized dentin matrix and hydrolytic degradation of the adhesive could lead to the instability of the resin-dentin interface. The degradation of collagen is caused by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) and cysteine cathepsins. Read More

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Sediments nitrogen cycling influenced by submerged macrophytes growing in winter.

Water Sci Technol 2021 Apr;83(7):1728-1738

Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China; Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area, Chongqing 400030, China and Chongqing Key Laboratory of Wetland Science Research Center of the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River, Chongqing 401331, China E-mail:

Restoration of submerged macrophytes is one of the important measures for ecological treatment of eutrophic lakes. The changes in physical and chemical conditions caused by submerged macrophytes also affect the process of benthic nitrogen cycling. The growth period of Potamogeton crispus is mainly in winter. Read More

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Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in Stachys inflata and Scariola orientalis affected by particulate matters of a cement factory in central Iran.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, 84156-83111, Iran.

Industrial activities can affect accumulation of pollutants (e.g., heavy metals (HMs)) by plants and influence their entrance to the food chain. Read More

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Trait means or variance-What determines plant species' local and regional occurrence in fragmented dry grasslands?

Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 10;11(7):3357-3365. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

University Potsdam, Plant Ecology & Nature Conservation Potsdam Germany.

One of the few laws in ecology is that communities consist of few common and many rare taxa. Functional traits may help to identify the underlying mechanisms of this community pattern, since they correlate with different niche dimensions. However, comprehensive studies are missing that investigate the effects of species mean traits (niche position) and intraspecific trait variability (ITV, niche width) on species abundance. Read More

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Poplar protease inhibitor expression differs in an herbivore specific manner.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Apr 9;21(1):170. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology (MPI-CE), Hans-Knöll-Str. 8, 07745, Jena, Germany.

Background: Protease inhibitors are defense proteins widely distributed in the plant kingdom. By reducing the activity of digestive enzymes in insect guts, they reduce the availability of nutrients and thus impair the growth and development of the attacking herbivore. One well-characterized class of protease inhibitors are Kunitz-type trypsin inhibitors (KTIs), which have been described in various plant species, including Populus spp. Read More

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Apple MPK4 Mediates Phosphorylation of MYB1 to Enhance Light-Induced Anthocyanin Accumulation.

Plant J 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China.

Anthocyanins are plant pigments with diverse biological functions that contribute to fruit quality and are beneficial to human health. Anthocyanin accumulation can be influenced by environmental signals, such as light, and plants have developed sophisticated systems to receive and transduce these signals. However, the associated molecular mechanisms are not well understood. Read More

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The impact of intra-specific diversity in the rhizobia-legume symbiosis.

Microbiology (Reading) 2021 Apr;167(4)

Department of Animal Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, UK.

Rhizobia - nitrogen-fixing, root-nodulating bacteria - play a critical role in both plant ecosystems and sustainable agriculture. Rhizobia form intracellular infections within legumes roots where they produce plant accessible nitrogen from atmospheric nitrogen and thus reduce the reliance on industrial inputs. The rhizobia-legume symbiosis is often treated as a pairwise relationship between single genotypes, both in research and in the production of rhizobial inoculants. Read More

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Different Zn loading in Urea-Formaldehyde influences the N controlled release by structure modification.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 7;11(1):7621. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

National Nanotechnology Laboratory for Agribusiness (LNNA), Embrapa Instrumentação, XV Novembro Street, CP: 741, São Carlos, SP, 13560-206, Brazil.

Nitrogen fertilization has been a critical factor for high crop productivity, where urea is currently the most used N source due to its high concentration and affordability. Nevertheless, urea fast solubilization leads to frequent losses and lower agronomic efficiency. The modification of urea structure by condensation with formaldehyde has been proposed to improve nutrient uptake by plants and to reduce environmental losses. Read More

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Microbiomes of willow-galling sawflies: effects of host plant, gall type, and phylogeny on community structure and function.

Genome 2021 Apr 7:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Ecosystems in the Barents Region, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, Svanvik, Norway.

While free-living herbivorous insects are thought to harbor microbial communities composed of transient bacteria derived from their diet, recent studies indicate that insects that induce galls on plants may be involved in more intimate host-microbe relationships. We used 16S rDNA metabarcoding to survey larval microbiomes of 20 nematine sawfly species that induce bud or leaf galls on 13 species. The 391 amplicon sequence variants (ASVs) detected represented 69 bacterial genera in six phyla. Read More

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LED Enhances Plant Performance and Both Carotenoids and Nitrates Profiles in Lettuce.

Plant Foods Hum Nutr 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

University of Almería, Almería, 04120, Spain.

Recent studies show that vegetables at early stage of development contain higher amounts of phytonutrients and minerals, and lower amounts of nitrates than at fully developed stage. Nevertheless, the effects of some spectrum light on the carotenoid content of lettuce microgreens are unknown. Three different LED lamps were checked: (i) artificial white light (T); (ii) continuous light-emitting diodes with longer blue-wavelength (T), and (iii) continuous light-emitting diodes with longer red-wavelength (T). Read More

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Variability factors of heavy metals in soils and transfer to pasture plants of Mayabeque in Cuba.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Apr 6;193(5):245. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro (Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro - UFRRJ), Seropédica, RJ, Brazil.

Studies to assess variability factors of heavy metals in soils are essential to understand their behavior in the environment and for the assessment of contaminated areas. In this context, this research aimed to study the factors that influence the variability of heavy metal levels and their bioavailability in pasture areas in the Alturas de Nazareno region, Mayabeque, Cuba, as well as the transfer to plants. Forty-five points were distributed in a natural pasture and at two depths (0-20 and 20-40 cm) as a function of relief and soil type. Read More

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Exogenous 5-azaCitidine accelerates flowering and external GA increases ornamental value in Iranian Anemone accessions.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 5;11(1):7478. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran.

The Anemone genus is a tuberous geophyte which undergoes a dormancy period during unfavorable environmental conditions for growth. Five species of the Anemone genus naturally grow in several regions of Iran. The diverse uses of Anemone in gardens for landscaping, cut flowers, and potted plants indicate its high ornamental potential. Read More

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Succession of endophytic fungi and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with the growth of plant and their correlation with secondary metabolites in the roots of plants.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Apr 5;21(1):165. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

College of life Sciences, Shihezi University, Shihezi City, 832003, Xinjiang, China.

Background: To decipher the root and microbial interaction, secondary metabolite accumulation in roots and the microbial community's succession model during the plant's growth period demands an in-depth investigation. However, till now, no comprehensive study is available on the succession of endophytic fungi and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) with roots of medicinal licorice plants and the effects of endophytic fungi and AMF on the secondary metabolite accumulation in licorice plant's root.

Results: In the current study, interaction between root and microbes in 1-3 years old medicinal licorice plant's root and rhizospheric soil was investigated. Read More

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[Iscussion on the use of hexane extract of Serenoa repens for combination therapy in patients with LUTS/BPH].

Urologiia 2021 Mar(1):131-139

N.A. Lopatkin Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology branch of the National Medical Research Radiological Center, Moscow, Russia.

Based on literature data, feasibility of combined therapy with Serenoa repens extracts (including Permixon) and 1-adrenoblocators in patients with LUTS/BPH based on the pathogenesis of these drugs and clinical results was analyzed. The composition and biological activity of various SRE is influenced by the extraction method, as well as the production technology used by the manufacturer, which can lead to different results of experimental and clinical studies. The mechanism of action of SRE, including hexane extract Permixon, is multicomponent, which combines an antiandrogenic effect, influence on neurogenic regulation of urinary tract function (-adrenoreceptors, M-holinoreceptors, vanilloid receptors), anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous actions. Read More

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Uncovering Competitive and Restorative Effects of Macro- and Micronutrients on Sodium Benzoate Biodegradation.

Front Microbiol 2021 17;12:634753. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Institute of Science, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, India.

A model aromatic compound, sodium benzoate, is generally used for simulating aromatic pollutants present in textile effluents. Bioremediation of sodium benzoate was studied using the most abundant bacteria, , isolated from the effluent treatment plants of South Gujarat, India. Multiple nutrients constituting the effluent in actual conditions are proposed to have interactive effects on biodegradation which needs to be analyzed strategically for successful field application of developed bioremediation process. Read More

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