Br J Nutr 2021 Jun 14:1-43. Epub 2021 Jun 14.
Professor, Department of Nutritional Sciences and Laboratory of Human Nutrition, University Hospital/Faculty of Medicine/University of Brest, France.
The first investigation of dietary intake in the Mediterranean region was undertaken at the initiative of the government of Greece in 1948. Plant foods (cereals, pulses, nuts, potatoes, vegetables and fruits) accounted for 61% of total energy intake (TEI), animal foods (meat, eggs, fish, and dairy products) for 7% of TEI, and olive oil was the main oil used. In 1950s, Ancel Keys undertook studies in USA, Italy, Spain, England, Japan, Australia, Canada leading him to hypothesize that a link could exist between diet, plasma cholesterol and coronary heart disease (CHD). Read More