15,617 results match your criteria places study

Parasite community structure in sympatric Bornean primates.

Int J Parasitol 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Japan; Institute for Tropical Biology and Conservation, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.

Parasites are important components of ecosystems, influencing trophic networks, competitive interactions and biodiversity patterns. Nonetheless, we are not nearly close to disentangling their complex roles in natural systems. Southeast Asia falls within global areas targeted as most likely to source parasites with zoonotic potential, where high rates of land conversion and fragmentation have altered the circulation of wildlife species and their parasites, potentially resulting in altered host-parasite systems. Read More

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Risk of emergency surgery for complicated appendicitis: Japanese nationwide study.

Ann Gastroenterol Surg 2021 Mar 9;5(2):236-242. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

The Japanese Society of Gastroenterological Surgery Tokyo Japan.

Aim: Appendicitis is divided into two categories: complicated appendicitis (CA) and uncomplicated appendicitis (UA). In pediatric patients with CA, the use of interval appendectomy (IA), which is non-operative management followed by elective surgery, has decreased the number of postoperative complications. Before discussing the merit of IA for adult patients, we need to clarify whether the frequency and seriousness of the complication rate after emergency surgery is higher for CA than for UA. Read More

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Enforcement agencies and smoke-free policy compliance: An observational study in Qingdao, China.

Tob Induc Dis 2021 12;19:26. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, United States.

Introduction: In recent years, tobacco control policy initiatives have emerged at the subnational level in China. In 2013, for example, Qingdao enacted a 100% smoke-free policy that gave regulatory authority to multiple enforcement agencies. Given that little is known about the extent of smoke-free policy compliance in smaller Chinese cities, this study assessed compliance with Qingdao's Tobacco Control Regulation and whether compliance differed by enforcement agency. Read More

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Development of wastewater pooled surveillance of SARS-CoV-2 from congregate living settings.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA

Wastewater-based monitoring for SARS-CoV-2 at individual building-level could be an efficient, passive means of early detection of new cases in congregate living settings, but this approach has not been validated. Preliminary samples were collected from a hospital and a local municipal wastewater treatment plant. Molecular diagnostic methods were compared side-by-side to assess feasibility, performance and sensitivity. Read More

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Exploring the risk of hypospadias in children born from mothers living close to a vineyard.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249800. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Inserm U1195, University Paris Saclay, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France.

Hypospadias (H) is a common birth defect affecting the male urinary tract. It has been suggested that exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals might increase the risk of H by altering urethral development. However, whether H risk is increased in places heavily exposed to agricultural pesticides, such as vineyards, remains debated and difficult to ascertain. Read More

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Neural correlates of confusability in recognition of morphologically complex Korean words.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249111. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Psychology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

When people confuse and reject a non-word that is created by switching two adjacent letters from an actual word, is called the transposition confusability effect (TCE). The TCE is known to occur at the very early stages of visual word recognition with such unit exchange as letters or syllables, but little is known about the brain mechanisms of TCE. In this study, we examined the neural correlates of TCE and the effect of a morpheme boundary placement on TCE. Read More

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Fishing for food: Values and benefits associated with coastal infrastructure.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249725. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Duke University Marine Lab, Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Beaufort, North Carolina, United States of America.

While there is substantial literature about the socio-cultural characteristics and values associated with recreational and commercial fisheries in the U.S., studies directed at those who 'fish for food'-those who depend on consuming their catch to various degrees-are relatively sparse. Read More

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Ancient and modern mitogenomes from Central Argentina: new insights into population continuity, temporal depth and migration in South America.

Hum Mol Genet 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades, Departamento de Antropología, Córdoba, Argentina.

The inverted triangle shape of South America places Argentina territory as a geographical crossroads between the two principal peopling streams that followed either the Pacific or the Atlantic coasts, which could have then merged in Central Argentina. Although the genetic diversity from this region is therefore crucial to decipher past population movements in South America, its characterization has been overlooked so far. We report 92 modern and 22 ancient mitogenomes spanning a temporal range of 5000 years, which were compared to a large set of previously reported data. Read More

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Biomechanical and histological data from abdominal aortas harvested in autopsy.

Data Brief 2021 Apr 16;35:106953. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Vascular and Endovascular Surgery Division, Department of Surgery, Laboratory for Medical Investigation #2, (LIM 02), University of São Paulo School of Medicine (FMUSP), Av. Dr. Arnaldo, 455 - Cerqueira César - Postal code: 01246903 - Room 1312, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

This data article describes biomechanical and histological information of abdominal aortas harvested in autopsy. Eight abdominal aorta aneurysms (AAA) and 30 normal diameter abdominal aortas were collected and submitted to an inflation test up to their rupture. This inflation procedure was part of the research entitled "Experimental study of rupture pressure and elasticity of abdominal aortic aneurysms found at autopsy", submitted to Annals of Vascular Surgery. Read More

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Complete Genetic Analysis of Plasmids Carrying and Other Resistance Genes in Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli Isolates from Diseased Chickens in Anhui Province in China.

mSphere 2021 Apr 14;6(2). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Veterinary Pathobiology and Disease Control College of Animal Science and Technology, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, China

Antimicrobial resistance associated with colistin has emerged as a significant concern worldwide, threatening the use of one of the most important antimicrobials for treating human disease. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of colistin-resistant avian-pathogenic (APEC) and shed light on the possibility of transmission of (mobilized colistin resistance)-positive APEC. A total of 72 APEC isolates from Anhui Province in China were collected between March 2017 and December 2018 and screened for the gene. Read More

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Designing an App to Overcome Language Barriers in the Delivery of Emergency Medical Services: Participatory Development Process.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Apr 14;9(4):e21586. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of General Practice, University Medical Center Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.

Background: In emergencies, language barriers may have dangerous consequences for the patients. There have been some technical approaches to overcome language barriers in medical care but not yet in the prehospital emergency care setting. The use of digital technologies in health care is expanding rapidly. Read More

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Postnatal care coverage and its determinants in Sri Lanka: analysis of the 2016 demographic and health survey.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Apr 13;21(1):299. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Ministry of Health, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Postnatal care (PNC) is important for preventing morbidity and mortality in mothers and newborns. Even though its importance is highlighted, PNC received less attention than antenatal care. This study determines the level of PNC coverage and its determinants in Srilanka. Read More

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COVID-19 related knowledge and practice and barriers that hinder adherence to preventive measures among the Egyptian community. An epidemiological study in Upper Egypt.

J Public Health Res 2021 Mar 5;10(1). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag.

Background: This study aims to assess COVID-19 related knowledge and practice among the Egyptians in Upper Egypt and to identify barriers that hinder adherence to these preventive measures.

Design And Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a structured questionnaire. Data was collected from 21 to 30 August 2020, via both online survey and personal interviews using a non-probability self-nominated sample. Read More

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Genetic evidence for the association between COVID-19 epidemic severity and timing of non-pharmaceutical interventions.

Nat Commun 2021 04 12;12(1):2188. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis and the Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Unprecedented public health interventions including travel restrictions and national lockdowns have been implemented to stem the COVID-19 epidemic, but the effectiveness of non-pharmaceutical interventions is still debated. We carried out a phylogenetic analysis of more than 29,000 publicly available whole genome SARS-CoV-2 sequences from 57 locations to estimate the time that the epidemic originated in different places. These estimates were examined in relation to the dates of the most stringent interventions in each location as well as to the number of cumulative COVID-19 deaths and phylodynamic estimates of epidemic size. Read More

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Enhancement of cue-induced reinstatement of alcohol seeking by acute total sleep restriction in male Wistar rats.

Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2021 Apr 9;205:173188. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA; Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA. Electronic address:

Clinical studies suggest that sleep impairment is a barrier to successful treatment in alcohol use disorder (AUD) patients, with sleep disruption associated with relapse to alcohol taking. To date, no preclinical study has evaluated the relationship between impaired sleep and alcohol relapse. In the present study, we used a self-administration model to investigate the effects of sleep restriction on reinstatement induced by alcohol-paired environmental cues. Read More

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Genetics animates structure: leveraging genetic interactions to study the dynamics of ribosome biogenesis.

Curr Genet 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Molecular Biosciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USA.

The assembly of eukaryotic ribosomes follows an assembly line-like pathway in which numerous trans-acting biogenesis factors act on discrete pre-ribosomal intermediates to progressively shape the nascent subunits into their final functional architecture. Recent advances in cryo-electron microscopy have led to high-resolution structures of many pre-ribosomal intermediates; however, these static snapshots do not capture the dynamic transitions between these intermediates. To this end, molecular genetics can be leveraged to reveal how the biogenesis factors drive these dynamic transitions. Read More

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Utilization of Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Detect Splenic Microabscesses in Pediatric Melioidosis.

Cureus 2021 Mar 8;13(3):e13760. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Children's Emergency, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, SGP.

Melioidosis is an infectious disease most commonly found in places with tropical climates. Definitive diagnosis can be confirmed by culture or pathological results of blood or infected organ. However, imaging study is helpful in providing early provisional diagnosis and guiding therapy. Read More

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A Paper-Based Electrochemical Sensor For Ho Detection In Aerosol Phase: Measure Of Ho Nebulized By A Reconverted Ultrasonic Aroma Diffuser As A Case Of Study.

Microchem J 2021 Apr 5:106249. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Chemical Science and Technologies, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, Rome, 00133, Italy.

The outbreak of COVID-19 is caused by high contagiousness and rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2 virus between people when an infected person is in close contact with another one. In this overall scenario, the disinfection processes have been largely improved. For instance, some countries have approved no-touch technologies by vaporizing disinfectants such as hydrogen peroxide, with the overriding goal to boost the safety of the places. Read More

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Linking Patient Care Ownership and Professional Identity Formation through Simulation.

Teach Learn Med 2021 Apr-May;33(2):164-172. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia, USA.

Theory: The link between ownership of patient care and professional identity formation (PIF) has not been formally established, yet PIF researchers frequently cite clinical experiences as powerful contributions to PIF. Using clinical simulation, this study aimed to explore the relationship between patient care ownership and the cognitive processes involved in the creation of a professional identity. In 2018-2019, 189 third-year students participated in a simulation in which they were placed in the role of a physician treating a patient in respiratory distress. Read More

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October 2020

Stress Response, Immunity, and Organ Mass in Toads (Rhinella diptycha) Living in Metal-Contaminated Areas.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Laboratory of Behavior and Evolutionary Physiology, lab. 206, Department of Physiology, Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Mining is one of the main activities that drive the economy of Brazil. Mining activity is associated with risk of contamination of environment and local fauna by metals. Amphibians have a life cycle that requires a transition between aquatic and terrestrial environments, increasing their vulnerability to metal contamination in the water and substrate. Read More

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Sustainable border control policy in the COVID-19 pandemic: A math modeling study.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 Apr 7;41:102044. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Systems Science and Industrial Engineering, State University of New York at Binghamton, Binghamton, NY 13902, United States.

Background: Imported COVID-19 cases, if unchecked, can jeopardize the effort of domestic containment. We aim to find out what sustainable border control options for different entities (e.g. Read More

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Trauma exposure and the PTSD symptoms of college teachers during the peak of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Stress Health 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Sociology, Central China Normal University, China.

This study aimed to explore influencing factors for the psychological impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on Wuhan college teachers, posttraumatic stress symptoms in particular, so as to inform evidence-based strategy development to ameliorate such adverse impacts. An online survey was conducted from 26 to 29 April 2020, and 1650 teachers (47.54% male; M = 40. Read More

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Suspended sediment load prediction using long short-term memory neural network.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 9;11(1):7826. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya (U.M.), 50603, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Rivers carry suspended sediments along with their flow. These sediments deposit at different places depending on the discharge and course of the river. However, the deposition of these sediments impacts environmental health, agricultural activities, and portable water sources. Read More

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Exercise Self-efficacy, Perceived Benefits, and Barriers to Exercise Among Patients Following Acute Myocardial Infarction.

J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Abedalmajeed Shajrawi, PhD, MSN, BSN Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Applied Science Private University, Amman, Jordan. Heba Khalil, PhD, BSN Assistant Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Higher Colleges of Technology-Fujairah Women's Campus, Fujairah, United Arab Emirates. Raghad Abdel Qader, PhD, BSN Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Applied Science Private University, Amman, Jordan. Manal Al-Sutry, PhD, BSN Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Jeddah University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Mohannad Abu Al-Ruz, PhD, BSN Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Applied Science Private University, Amman, Jordan.

Background: Increasing patient adherence to regular exercise post acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a major goal after hospitalization. It is therefore essential to identify perceived benefits and barriers to exercise and its association with exercise self-efficacy among patients post AMI.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to identify the perceived benefits and barriers to exercise and the predictors of exercise self-efficacy among patients after AMI. Read More

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Impact of self-decision to stop cancer treatment on advanced genitourinary cancer patients.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e25397

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Fukui.

Abstract: Decision-making to stop cancer treatment in patients with advanced cancer is stressful, and it significantly influences subsequent end-of-life palliative treatment. However, little is known about the extent to which the patient's self-decisions influenced the prognostic period. This study focused on the patient's self-decision and investigated the impact of the self-decision to stop cancer treatment on their post-cancer treatment survival period and place of death. Read More

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Hangings: Lessons Learned from the Coroner's Office.

J Surg Res 2021 Apr 5;264:158-162. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Division of Acute Care Surgery, LAC+USC Medical Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California.

Background: Hangings are an infrequent wounding mechanism among patients arriving alive to hospital but are frequently encountered by the Coroner's Office. It is unclear if classically described hanging injuries, such as the Hangman's fracture, are common among contemporary hangings patients who typically do not suspend from height. This study was undertaken to define patient and injury characteristics after hangings causing death. Read More

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Age-related differences in memory for "who," "when," and "where" are detectable in middle-aged adults.

Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 2021 Apr 8:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA.

Our study examined age-related differences across the adult lifespan using a recently developed test assessing memory for "who, when, and where" in addition to associations among these elements. Young (ages 18-25), middle-aged (ages 40-55), and older adults (ages 60+) were asked to remember a sequence of pictures of different faces paired with different places and place the pairs in the correct sequence. Young adults remembered significantly more face-place pairs in the correct sequence than middle-aged ( < . Read More

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Morphological and molecular analyses of a population with high intragenomic rRNA polymorphism.

J Nematol 2020 6;52. Epub 2020 Nov 6.

Ningbo Customs Technical Centre (Ningbo Inspection and Quarantine Science Technology Academy), 8 Huikang Road, Ningbo, 315100, Zhejiang, P.R. China.

Root-knot nematode, can cause damage in trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants, and was placed on the EPPO Alert List in 2014. In the present study, we report a population isolated from Japanese maple. The recovered population is described by detailed morphological and molecular approaches. Read More

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November 2020

The Influence of Contextual Aspects in Talent Development: Interaction Between Relative Age and Birthplace Effects in NBA-Drafted Players.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 22;3:642707. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

The aims of this study were two-fold: (1) to inspect separately for the relative age and birthplace effects for players selected in the National Basketball Association (NBA) draft; (2) to explore the interaction among these factors and analyse this interaction in players' career performance. The database was obtained from the official records of the players ( = 1,738), who were selected during the annual editions of the NBA Draft from 1990 to 2019. The participants' date of birth was analyzed according to the month of birth and divided into four quartiles. Read More

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